Children’s Health and Exercise Research Centre

Key publications of academic staff

Research Output Since 2006

Original articles

1.      Middlebrooke, A.R., Armstrong, N., Winsley, R.J., Ramos-Ibanez, N. (2006). Aerobic Fitness and Visceral Adipose Tissue in Children. Acta Paediatr, 95(11), 1435-1438

2.      Ratel, S., Williams, C.A., Oliver, J., Armstrong, N. (2006). Effects of Age and Recovery Duration on Performance During Multiple Treadmill Sprints. Int J Sports Med, 27(1), 1-8.

3.      Wood, L.E., Dixon, S., Grant, C., Armstrong, N. (2006). Elbow Flexor Strength, Muscle Size, and Moment Arms in Prepubertal Boys and Girls. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 18(4), 457-469.

4.      Deighan, M., De Ste Croix, M., Grant, C., Armstrong, N. (2006). Measurement of Maximal Muscle Cross-sectional Area of the Elbow Extensors and Flexors in Children, Teenagers and Adults. J Sport Sci, 24(5), 543-546.

5.      Williams, C.A., Doust, J., Hammond, A. (2006). Power Output and Vo2 Responses During 30s Maximal Isokinetic Sprints at Different Cadences in Comparison to the Wingate Test. Isokinetic Exe Sci, 14(4), 327-333.

6.      Tolfrey, K., Barker, A., Thom, J.M., Morse, C.I., Narici, M.V., Batterham, A.M. (2006). Scaling of Maximal Oxygen Uptake By Lower Leg Muscle Volume in Boys and Men. J Appl Physiol, 100(6), 1851-1856.

7.      Barker, A.R., Welsman, J.R., Welford, D., Fulford, J., Williams, C.A., Armstrong, N. (2006). Reliability of 31P-magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy During an Exhaustive Incremental Exercise Test in Children. Eur J Appl Physiol, 98(6), 556-565.

8.      Oliver, J.L., Williams, C.A., Armstrong, N. (2006). Reliability of a Field and Laboratory Test of Repeated Sprint Ability. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 18(3), 339-350.

9.      Oliver, J., Armstrong, N., Williams, C.A. (2007). Reliability and Validity of a Soccer-specific Test of Prolonged Repeated-sprint Ability. Int J Sport Physiol Perform, 2, 137-149.8. 8. 

10.  Oliver, J.L. Armstrong, N., Williams, C.A. (2008). Changes in Jump Performance and Muscle Activity Following Soccer Specific Exercise. J Sport Sci, 26(2), 141-148.

11. Williams, C.A., Dekerle, J., McGawley, K., Berthoin, S., Carter, H. (2008). Critical Power in Adolescent Boys and Girls - an Exploratory Study. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 33(6), 1105-1111.

12.  Dodd, C.J., Welsman, J.R., Armstrong, N. (2008). Energy Intake and Appetite Following Exercise in Lean and Overweight Girls. Appetite, 51(3), 482-488.

13.  Mountjoy, M., Armstrong, N., Bizzini, L., Blimkie, C., Evans, J., Gerrard, D., Hangen, J., Knoll, K., Micheli, L., Sangenis, P., et al (2008). IOC Consensus Statement on Training the Elite Child Athlete. Clin J Sport Med, 18(2), 122-123.

14.  Mountjoy, M., Armstrong, N., Bizzini, L., Blimkie, C., Evans, J., Gerrard, D., Hangen, J., Knoll, K., Micheli, L., Sangenis, P., et al (2008). IOC Consensus Statement: training the Elite Child Athlete'. Brit J Sport Med, 42(3), 163-164.

15.  Wood, L.E., Dixon, S., Grant, C., Armstrong, N. (2008). Isokinetic Elbow Torque Development in Children. Int J Sports Med, 29(6), 466-470.

16.  Barker, A.R., Welsman, J.R., Fulford, J., Welford, D., Williams, C.A., Armstrong, N. (2008). Muscle Phosphocreatine and Pulmonary Oxygen Uptake Kinetics in Children at the Onset and Offset of Moderate Intensity Exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol, 102(6), 727-738.

17.  Barker, A.R., Welsman, J.R., Fulford, J., Welford, D., Armstrong, N. (2008). Muscle Phosphocreatine Kinetics in Children and Adults at the Onset and Offset of Moderate-intensity Exercise. J Appl Physiol, 105(2), 446-456.

18.  Williams, C.A. Chedzoy, S. (2008). The Benefits of Being Physically Active. Primary Sci. (March/April), 5-7.

19.  Dekerle, J., Williams, C., McGawley, K., Carter H. (2009). Critical Power is Not Attained at the end of an Isokinetic 90-second All-out Test in Children J Sports Sci, 27(4), 379-385.

20.  Stevens, D., Oades, P.J., Armstrong, N., Williams, C.A. (2009). Early Oxygen Uptake Recovery Following Exercise Testing in Children with Chronic Chest Diseases. Pediatr Pulmonol, 44(5), 480-488.

21.  Oliver, J.L., Armstrong, N., Williams, C.A. (2009). Relationship Between Brief and Prolonged Repeated Sprint Ability. J Sci Med Sport, 12(1), 238-243.

22.  Lloyd, R., Oliver, J., Hughes, M.G., Williams, C.A. (2009). Reliability and Validity of Field-based Measures of Leg Stiffness and Reactive Strength Index in Youths. J Sport Sci. 27(14), 1565-1573.

23.  Brokenshire, C.S., Armstrong, N., Williams, C.A. (2009). The Reliability of Adolescent Thermoregulatory Responses During a Heat Acclimation Protocol. J Sport Sci Med, 8(4), 689-695.

24.  Ramos-Ibanez, N., Winsley, R.J., Armstrong, N. (2009). Relationship Among Diet and Energy Expenditure and Intra-abdominal Adipose Tissue in Young Girls. Ann Nutr Metab, 55, 529-529

25.  Winsley, R.J., Fulford, J., Roberts, A.C., Welsman, J.R., Armstrong, N. (2009). Sex Difference in Peak Oxygen Uptake in Prepubertal Children. J Sci Med Sport, 12(6), 647-651.

26.  Stevens, D., Oades, P.J., Armstrong, N., Williams, C.A. (2010). A Survey of Exercise Testing and Training in Uk Cystic Fibrosis Clinics. J Cyst Fibros. 9(5), 302-306

27.  Willcocks, R.J., Williams, C.A., Barker, A.R., Fulford, J., Armstrong, N. (2010). Age- and Sex-related Differences in Muscle Phosphocreatine and Oxygenation Kinetics During High-intensity Exercise in Adolescents and Adults. NMR Biomed, 23(6), 569-577.

28.  Barker, A.R., Welsman, J.R., Fulford, J., Welford, D., Armstrong, N. (2010). Quadriceps Muscle Energetics During Incremental Exercise in Children and Adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 42(7), 1303-1313.

29.  Barker, A.R., Jones, A.M., Armstrong, N. (2010). The Influence of Priming Exercise on Oxygen Uptake, Cardiac Output, and Muscle Oxygenation Kinetics During Very Heavy-intensity Exercise in 9- to 13-yr-old Boys. J Appl Physiol, 109(2), 491-500.

30.  Breese, B.C., Williams, C.A., Barker, A.R., Welsman, J.R., Fawkner, S.G., Armstrong, N. (2010). Longitudinal Change in the Oxygen Uptake Kinetic Response to Heavy-intensity Exercise in 14- to 16-years-old Boys. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 22(2), 314-325.

31.  Barker, A.R., Williams, C.A., Jones, A.M., Armstrong, N. (In Press). Establishing Maximal Oxygen Uptake in Young People During a Ramp Cycle Test to Exhaustion. Brit J Sport Med.

32.  Montfort-Steiger, V., Williams, C.A.P., Armstrong, N., Fulford, J. (In Press). Gastric Emptying Rate of Young Cyclists By Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Three Case Studies. J Exe Sci Fit. 8, 31-37.

Review articles

1.      Armstrong, N., Welsman, J.R. (2006). The Physical Activity Patterns of European Youth with Reference to Methods of Assessment. Sports Med, 36(12), 1067-1086.

2.      Ratel, S., Williams, C.A. (2006). Muscle Fatigue During High-intensity Exercise in Children. Sports Med, 36, 1031-1065.

3.      Armstrong, N., Barrett, L., Welsman, J. (2007). Cardiorespiratory Training During Childhood and Adolescence. J Exer Sci Physiother, (3), 17-25.

4.      Armstrong, N., Welsman, J.R. (2007). Aerobic Fitness: What Are We Measuring?. Med Sport Sci, 50, 5-25

5.      Sharp, N.C.C., Williams, C.A. (2007). 20th Anniversary of the Children's Health and Exercise Centre, University of Exeter, Uk. J Sport Sci Med, 6(3), I-I.

6.      Montfort-Steiger, V., Williams, C.A. (2007). Carbohydrate Intake Considerations for Young Athletes. J Sport Sci Med, 6(3), 343-352.

7.      Stevens, D., Williams, C.A. (2007). Exercise Testing and Training with the Young Cystic Fibrosis Patient. J Sport Sci Med, 6(3), 286-291.

8.      Matos, N., Winsley, R.J. (2007). Trainability of Young Athletes and Overtraining. J Sport Sci Med, 6(3), 353-367.

9.      Fawkner, S., Armstrong, N. (2007). Can We Confidently Study VO2 Kinetics in Young People?. J Sport Sci Med, 6(3), 277-285.

10.  Armstrong, N., Fawkner, S.G. (2008). Non-invasive Methods in Paediatric Exercise Physiology. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 33(2), 402-410.

11.  Radtke, T., Stevens, D., Benden, C., Williams, C.A. (2009). Clinical Exercise Testing in Children and Adolescents with Cystic Fibrosis. Pediatr Physical Therapy. 21(3), 275-281.

12.  Armstrong, N., Barker, A.R. (2009). Oxygen Uptake Kinetics in Children and Adolescents: a Review. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 21(2), 130-147.

13.  Barker, A.R., Armstrong, N. (2010). Insights into developmental muscle metabolism through the use of 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy: a review. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 22(3), 350-368.

14.  Williams C.A., Benden, C., Stevens, D., Radtke, T. (In press). Exercise training in Children with Cystic Fibrosis: Theory into Practice. Int J Pediatr.  

Text books

1.      Armstrong, N. (2006). Paediatric Exercise Physiology. Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone.

2.      Williams, C.A., James, D.V., Wilson, C. (2008). Mathematics and Science for Exercise and Sport. The Basics. , London, Routledge.

3.      Jurimae, T., Armstrong, N., Jurimae, J. (2008). Children and Exercise Xxiv. London, Routledge.

4.      Armstrong, N., Van Mechelen, W. (2008). Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine(2nd Edition). Oxford, Oxford University Press.

5.      Williams, C.A., Ratel, S. (2009). Human Muscle Fatigue. Abingdon, Ovon, London, Routledge.

6.      Armstrong, N., McManus, A.M. (In Press). The Elite Young Athlete. Basel, Karger. To be published as part of the Medicine and Sport Science series.

Book chapters

1.      Armstrong, N., Fawkner, S. (2006). Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N (ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 161-188.

2.      Armstrong, N., Welsman, J. (2006). Exercise Metabolism. In Armstrong N (ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 71-98.

3.      Welsman, J., Armstrong, N. (2006). Interpreting Performance in Relation to Body Size. In Armstrong N (ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 27-46.

4.      Armstrong, N., Chia, M. (2006). Maximal Intensity Exercise. In Armstrong N (ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 99-118.

5.      Fawkner, S., Armstrong, N. (2006). Oxygen Uptake Kinetics. In Armstrong N (ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 189-212.

6.      Williams, C.A. (2006). Exercise and Environmental Conditions. In Armstrong N (ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 235-274.

7.      Winsley, R.J. (2006). Cardiovascular Function. In Armstrong N (ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 139-160

8.      Armstrong, N. (2007). Physical Fitness and Physical Activity Patterns of European Youth. In Brettschneider WD, Naul R (eds.) Obesity in Europe: Young People's Physical Activity and Sedentary Lifestyles, Berlin: Lang, 27-55.

9.      Welsman, J., Armstrong, N. (2007). Scaling for Size: Relevance to Understanding the Effects of Growth on Performance. In Hebestreit H, Bar-Or O (eds.) Encyclopaedia of Sports Medicine: the Young Athlete, Oxford: Blackwell, 50-62.

10.  Stratton, G., Williams, C.A. (2007). Children and Fitness Testing. In Winetr EM, Jones AM, Davison RCR, Bromley PD, Mercer TH (eds.) Sport and Exercise Physiology Testing Guidelines: the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences Guide, Oxon: Routledge, UK, 211-223.

11.  Stratton, G., Williams, C.A. (2007). Children and Fitness Testing. In Winter EM, Jones AM, Davison RCR, Bromley PD, Mercer TH (eds.) Sport and Exercise Physiology Testing Guidelines. The British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences Guide, Oxon: Routledge, UK, 321-333.

12.  Armstrong, N., Welsman, J.R. (2008). Assessment: Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 97-108.

13.  Armstrong, N., Welsman, J.R., Williams, C.A. (2008). Assessment: Maximal Intensity Exercise. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 55-66.

14.  Armstrong, N., Mc Manus, A.M., Welsman, J.R. (2008). Development: Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 269-282.

15.  Armstrong, N., Fawkner, S.G. (2008). Development: Exercise Metabolism. In Armstrong N, Mechelen MV (eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 213-226.

16.  Welsman, J.R., Armstrong, N. (2008). Interpreting Exercise Performance Data in Relation to Body Size. In Armstrong N, Mechelen MV (eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 13-22.

17.  Fawkner, S.G., Armstrong, N. (2008). Oxygen Uptake Kinetics. In Armstrong N, Mechelen MV (eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 297-308.

18.  Mc Manus, A.M., Armstrong, N. (2008). The Elite Young Athlete. In Armstrong N, Mechelen MV (eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 489-502.

19.  Williams, C.A. (2008). Maximal Intensity Exercise,. In Armstrong N, Mechelen MV (eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 227-242.

20.  Ratel, S., Williams, C.A. (2008). Children’s Musculoskeletal System: New Research Perspectives. In Beaulieu NP (ed) Physical Activity and Children: New Research, New York: Nova Publications, 117-135.

21.  Barker, A.R., Boreham, C., van Praagh, E.V., Rowlands, A.V. (2008). Special Considerations for Assessing Performance in Young People. In Eston R, Reilly T (eds.) Kinanthropometry and Exercise Physiology Laboratory Manual, Routledge, 197-230

22.  Aucouturier, J., Doré, E., Ratel, S., Williams, C.A., Duche, P. (2010). Substrates Mobilization and Utilization During Aerobic Exercise: Metabolic Health Benefits. In Coloumbus F (ed) Aerobic Exercise: Types, Duration and Health Benefits, New York: Nova Science Publishers, 155-178.

23.  Williams, C.A., Aucouturier, J., Dore, E., Duche, P., Ratel, S. (2010). The Health Benefits of Aerobic Activity and Physical Fitness in Young People. In Aerobic Exercise: Types, Duration and Health Benefits, New York: Nova Science Publishers, 205-223.

24.  Armstrong, N., Barker, A.R. (In press). Endurance Training. In Armstrong N, McManus A.M. (eds). The Elite Young Athlete. Medicine and Sport Science series. Karger.

25.  Barker, A.R., Armstrong, N. (In press). Exercise Testing and the Elite Young Athlete. In Armstrong N, McManus A.M. (eds). The Elite Young Athlete. Medicine and Sport Science series. Karger. 

26.  Armstrong, N., McManus, A.M. (In press). Physiology of Elite Young Male Athletes. In Armstrong N, McManus A.M. (eds). The Elite Young Athlete. Medicine and Sport Science series. Karger. 

27.  McManus, A.M., Armstrong, N. (In press). Physiology of Elite Young Female Athletes. In Armstrong N, McManus A.M. (eds). The Elite Young Athlete. Medicine and Sport Science series. Karger. 

28.  Winsley, R. Matos, N. (In press). Overtraining and Elite Young Athletes. In Armstrong N, McManus A.M. (eds). The Elite Young Athlete. Medicine and Sport Science series. Karger.  

29. Williams, C.A. (In press). Environmental Factors Affecting Elite Young Athletes. In Armstrong N, McManus A.M. (eds). The Elite Young Athlete. Medicine and Sport Science series. Karger.