Professor Craig Williams
Professor of Paediatric Physiology and Health/Director of Research

Key publications | Publications by category | Publications by year

Key publications



Williams CA, Gowing L, Horn R, Stuart AG (2017). A survey of exercise advice and recommendations in United Kingdom paediatric cardiac clinics. Cardiology in the Young, 27(5), 951-956. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Pieles GE, Husk V, Blackwell T, Wilson D, Collin SM, Williams CA, Stuart AG (2017). High g-Force Rollercoaster Rides Induce Sinus Tachycardia but No Cardiac Arrhythmias in Healthy Children. Pediatr Cardiol, 38(1), 15-19. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Oliveira RS, Barker AR, Wilkinson KM, Abbott RA, Williams CA (2017). Is cardiac autonomic function associated with cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity in children and adolescents? a systematic review of cross-sectional studies. Int J Cardiol, 236, 113-122. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Bangsbo J, Krustrup P, Duda J, Hillman C, Andersen LB, Weiss M, Williams CA, Lintunen T, Green K, Hansen PR, et al (2016). The Copenhagen Consensus Conference 2016: children, youth, and physical activity in schools and during leisure time. Br J Sports Med, 50(19), 1177-1178. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Pieles GE, Gowing L, Forsey J, Ramanujam P, Miller F, Stuart AG, Williams CA (2015). The relationship between biventricular myocardial performance and metabolic parameters during incremental exercise and recovery in healthy adolescents. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 309(12), H2067-H2076. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2014). Impaired aerobic function in patients with cystic fibrosis during ramp exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 46(12), 2271-2278. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.

Publications by category


Books

Williams C, Armstrong N (2011). Children and Exercise XXVII., Routledge.
Williams CA, Ratel S (eds)(2009). Human Muscle Fatigue. Abingdon, Ovon, London, Routledge.
Williams CA, James DV, Wilson C (2008). Mathematics and Science for Exercise and Sport. The Basics. , London, Routledge.
Williams CAP, Wragg C (2003). Data Analysis and Research for Sport and Exercise Science., London, Routledge.
Williams CA, James DV (2001). Science for Exercise and Sport., London, Routledge.

Journal articles

Cockcroft EJ, williams C, jackman S, armstrong N, barker A (In Press). Agreement and Reliability of Fasted and Oral Glucose Tolerance Test-Derived Indices of Insulin Sensitivity and Beta Cell Function in Boys. International journal of sports medicince Full text. DOI.
Williams CAP, Vlachopoulos D, Ubago-Guisade E, Barker AR, Metcalf B, Fatouros IG, Avoniti A, Knapp K, Gracia-Marco L (In Press). Determinants of bone outcomes in adolescent athletes at baseline: the PRO-BONE study. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise Full text.
Gracia Marco L, Vlachopoulos D, Barker AR, Williams CA, Knapp K, Metcalf BS (In Press). Effect of a program of short bouts of exercise on bone health in adolescents involved in different sports: the PRO-BONE study protocol. BMC Public Health Abstract.  Full text.
Wilkinson K, Vlachopoulos D, Klentrou P, Ubago-Guisado E, de Moraes AC, Barker AR, Williams CA, Moreno LA, Gracia Marco L (In Press). Soft tissues, areal bone mineral density and hip geometry estimates in active young boys: the PRO-BONE study. European Journal of Applied Physiology Full text.
Bond B, Hind S, Williams CA, Barker AR (In Press). The acute effect of exercise intensity on vascular function in adolescents. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise Abstract.  Full text.
Vlachopoulos D, Barker, Williams CA, Arngrímsson SA, Knapp KM, Metcalf B, Fatouros IG, Moreno LA, Gracia Marco (In Press). The impact of sport participation on bone mass and geometry in adolescent males. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise Full text.
Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Jackman SR, Bassi S, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2018). A single bout of high-intensity interval exercise and work-matched moderate-intensity exercise has minimal effect on glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in 7- to 10-year-old boys. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36(2), 149-155. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Oliveira RS, Barker AR, Williams CA (2018). Cardiac Autonomic Function, Cardiovascular Risk and Physical Activity in Adolescents. Int J Sports Med, 39(2), 89-96. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Williams CA, Tomlinson OW, Chubbock LV, Stevens D, Saynor ZL, Oades PJ, Barker AR (2018). The oxygen uptake efficiency slope is not a valid surrogate of aerobic fitness in cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Pulmonol, 53(1), 36-42. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Williams CA, Gowing L, Horn R, Stuart AG (2017). A survey of exercise advice and recommendations in United Kingdom paediatric cardiac clinics. Cardiology in the Young, 27(5), 951-956. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Williams CA, Gowing L, Horn R, Graham Stuart A (2017). A survey of exercise advice and recommendations in United Kingdom paediatric cardiac clinics - CORRIGENDUM. Cardiol Young, 27(5). Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Weaver H, O'Connor A, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2017). Acute Exercise and Insulin Sensitivity in Boys: a Time-Course Study. Int J Sports Med, 38(13), 967-974. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Malik AA, Williams CA, Bond B, Weston KL, Barker AR (2017). Acute cardiorespiratory, perceptual and enjoyment responses to high-intensity interval exercise in adolescents. European Journal of Sport Science, 17(10), 1335-1342. Full text. DOI.
Varley-Campbell JL, Fulford J, Moore MS, Williams CA (2017). Adolescent brain activation: dependence on sex, dietary satiation, and restraint. Nutr Neurosci, 1-8. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Dormehl SJ, Robertson SJ, Barker AR, Williams CA (2017). Confirming the Value of Swimming-Performance Models for Adolescents. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 12(9), 1177-1185. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Williams CA (2017). Elite Youth Sports-From Best Pediatric Science Practice to Sports Practice-2016. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 29(1), 19-22. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Pieles GE, Husk V, Blackwell T, Wilson D, Collin SM, Williams CA, Stuart AG (2017). High g-Force Rollercoaster Rides Induce Sinus Tachycardia but No Cardiac Arrhythmias in Healthy Children. Pediatr Cardiol, 38(1), 15-19. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Cockcroft EJ, Moudiotis C, Kitchen J, Bond B, Williams CA, Barker AR (2017). High-intensity interval exercise and glycemic control in adolescents with type one diabetes mellitus: a case study. Physiol Rep, 5(13). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Oliveira RS, Barker AR, Wilkinson KM, Abbott RA, Williams CA (2017). Is cardiac autonomic function associated with cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity in children and adolescents? a systematic review of cross-sectional studies. Int J Cardiol, 236, 113-122. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Vlachopoulos D, Barker AR, Ubago-Guisado E, Fatouros IG, Knapp KM, Williams CA, Gracia-Marco L (2017). Longitudinal Adaptations of Bone Mass, Geometry, and Metabolism in Adolescent Male Athletes: the PRO-BONE Study. J Bone Miner Res, 32(11), 2269-2277. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Williams CA, Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Tomlinson OW (2017). Measurement of V̇o2max in clinical groups is feasible and necessary. J Appl Physiol (1985), 123(4). Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Malik AA, Williams CA, Weston KL, Barker AR (2017). Perceptual Responses to High- and Moderate-Intensity Interval Exercise in Adolescents. Med Sci Sports Exerc Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Bond B, Weston KL, Williams CA, Barker AR (2017). Perspectives on high-intensity interval exercise for health promotion in children and adolescents. Open Access J Sports Med, 8, 243-265. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Gelbart M, Ziv-Baran T, Williams CA, Yarom Y, Dubnov-Raz G (2017). Prediction of Maximal Heart Rate in Children and Adolescents. Clin J Sport Med, 27(2), 139-144. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Williams CA, Winsley RJ, Pinho G, de Ste Croix M, Lloyd RS, Oliver JL (2017). Prevalence of non-functional overreaching in elite male and female youth academy football players. Science and Medicine in Football, 1(3), 222-228. Full text. DOI.
Tomlinson OW, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2017). Scaling the Oxygen Uptake Efficiency Slope for Body Size in Cystic Fibrosis. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 49(10), 1980-1986. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Vlachopoulos D, Barker AR, Ubago-Guisado E, Ortega FB, Krustrup P, Metcalf B, Castro Pinero J, Ruiz JR, Knapp KM, Williams CA, et al (2017). The effect of 12-month participation in osteogenic and non-osteogenic sports on bone development in adolescent male athletes. The PRO-BONE study. J Sci Med Sport Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Varley-Campbell JL, Moore MS, Williams CA (2017). The effects of a mid-morning snack and moderate-intensity exercise on acute appetite and energy intake in 12-14-year-old adolescents. Br J Nutr, 117(4), 602-610. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Bond B, Williams CA, Barker AR (2017). The reliability of a single protocol to determine endothelial, microvascular and autonomic functions in adolescents. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging, 37(6), 703-709. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Williams CA (2016). Elite Youth Sports. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 28(1), 16-18. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Tomlinson OW, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2016). Exercise capacity following a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in a young female with cystic fibrosis: a case report. Physiological Reports, 4(16). Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2016). Impaired Pulmonary V˙O2 Kinetics in Cystic Fibrosis Depend on Exercise Intensity. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 48(11), 2090-2099. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Williams CA (2016). Physical activity and health of adults with cystic fibrosis. Respirology, 21(3), 404-405. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Dormehl SJ, Williams CA (2016). Stability of within-sport specialisation in competitive adolescent sub-elite swimmers. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS IN SPORT, 16(1), 12-28. Author URL.  Full text.
Bangsbo J, Krustrup P, Duda J, Hillman C, Andersen LB, Weiss M, Williams CA, Lintunen T, Green K, Hansen PR, et al (2016). The Copenhagen Consensus Conference 2016: children, youth, and physical activity in schools and during leisure time. Br J Sports Med, 50(19), 1177-1178. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Williams CA (2016). Trainability of Young Athletes: Short-Term Goals or Long-Term Mission?. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 28(4), 485-487. Author URL. DOI.
Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Tomlinson OW, Williams CA (2016). Validity and Reliability Concerns Associated with Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing Young People with Cystic Fibrosis. Respiration, 92(1), 61-62. Full text. DOI.
Bond B, Williams CA, Jackman SR, Woodward A, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). Accumulating exercise and postprandial health in adolescents. Metabolism: clinical and experimental Abstract.  Full text.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2015). Airflow limitation following cardiopulmonary exercise testing and heavy-intensity intermittent exercise in children with cystic fibrosis. European Journal of Pediatrics, 174(2), 251-257. Abstract. DOI.
Nimmerichter A, Williams CA (2015). Comparison of power output during ergometer and track cycling in adolescent cyclists. J Strength Cond Res, 29(4), 1049-1056. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA (2015). Elite youth sports. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 27(1), 18-20. Author URL. DOI.
Rosenblum O, Katz U, Reuveny R, Williams CA, Dubnov-Raz G (2015). Exercise Performance in Children and Young Adults After Complete and Incomplete Repair of Congenital Heart Disease. Pediatric Cardiology, 36(8), 1573-1581. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Rosenblum O, Katz U, Reuveny R, Williams CA, Dubnov-Raz G (2015). Exercise Performance in Children and Young Adults After Complete and Incomplete Repair of Congenital Heart Disease. Pediatric Cardiology Abstract. DOI.
Bond B, Williams CA, Isic C, Jackman SR, Tolfrey K, Barrett LA, Barker AR (2015). Exercise intensity and postprandial health outcomes in adolescents. Eur J Appl Physiol, 115(5), 927-936. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Bond B, Gates PE, Jackman SR, Corless LM, Williams CA, Barker AR (2015). Exercise intensity and the protection from postprandial vascular dysfunction in adolescents. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 308(11), H1443-H1450. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams AJ, Wyatt KM, Williams CA, Logan S, Henley WE (2015). Exploring the Potential of a School Impact on Pupil Weight Status: Exploratory Factor Analysis and Repeat Cross-Sectional Study of the National Child Measurement Programme. PLoS One, 10(12). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Tomlinson OW, Vlachopoulos D, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). High intensity interval exercise is an effective alternative to moderate intensity exercise for improving glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in adolescent boys. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18(6), 720-724. Abstract. DOI.
Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Tomlinson OW, Vlachopoulos D, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). High intensity interval exercise is an effective alternative to moderate intensity exercise for improving glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in adolescent boys. J Sci Med Sport, 18(6), 720-724. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Lloyd RS, Oliver JL, Faigenbaum AD, Howard R, De Ste Croix MBA, Williams CA, Best TM, Alvar BA, Micheli LJ, Thomas DP, et al (2015). Long-term athletic development, part 2: barriers to success and potential solutions. J Strength Cond Res, 29(5), 1451-1464. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Lloyd RS, Oliver JL, Faigenbaum AD, Howard R, De Ste Croix MBA, Williams CA, Best TM, Alvar BA, Micheli LJ, Thomas DP, et al (2015). Long-term athletic development- part 1: a pathway for all youth. J Strength Cond Res, 29(5), 1439-1450. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Varley-Campbell JL, Moore MS, Ewen RE, Williams CA (2015). Perceived energy compensation following various sports: an age and sex comparison. Preliminary observations. Eur J Clin Nutr, 69(12), 1344-1345. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Fulford J, Varley-Campbell JL, Williams CA (2015). The effect of breakfast versus no breakfast on brain activity in adolescents when performing cognitive tasks, as assessed by fMRI. Nutritional Neuroscience, 19(3), 110-115. Full text. DOI.
Pieles GE, Gowing L, Forsey J, Ramanujam P, Miller F, Stuart AG, Williams CA (2015). The relationship between biventricular myocardial performance and metabolic parameters during incremental exercise and recovery in healthy adolescents. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 309(12), H2067-H2076. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Bond B, Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Harris S, Gates PE, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). Two weeks of high-intensity interval training improves novel but not traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors in adolescents. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 309(6), H1039-H1047. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Williams AJ, Wyatt KM, Williams CA, Logan S, Henley WE (2014). A repeated cross-sectional study examining the school impact on child weight status. Prev Med, 64, 103-107. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Pieles GE, Szantho G, Rodrigues JCL, Lawton CB, Stuart AG, Bucciarelli-Ducci C, Turner MS, Williams CA, Tulloh RMR, Hamilton MCK, et al (2014). Adaptations of aortic and pulmonary artery flow parameters measured by phase-contrast magnetic resonance angiography during supine aerobic exercise. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 114(5), 1013-1023. Author URL. DOI.
Pieles GE, Szantho G, Rodrigues JCL, Lawton CB, Stuart AG, Bucciarelli-Ducci C, Turner MS, Williams CA, Tulloh RMR, Hamilton MCK, et al (2014). Adaptations of aortic and pulmonary artery flow parameters measured by phase-contrast magnetic resonance angiography during supine aerobic exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 1-11.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2014). Airflow limitation following cardiopulmonary exercise testing and heavy-intensity intermittent exercise in children with cystic fibrosis. European Journal of Pediatrics Abstract. DOI.
Oliver JL, De Ste Croix MBA, Lloyd RS, Williams CA (2014). Altered neuromuscular control of leg stiffness following soccer-specific exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology
Oliver JL, De Ste Croix MBA, Lloyd RS, Williams CA (2014). Altered neuromuscular control of leg stiffness following soccer-specific exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114(11), 2241-2249. Abstract. DOI.
Williams CA, Saynor ZL, Tomlinson OW, Barker AR (2014). Cystic fibrosis and physiological responses to exercise. Expert Rev Respir Med, 8(6), 751-762. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Wu M-Y, Bowtell JL, Williams CA (2014). Glycaemic index of meals affects appetite sensation but not energy balance in active males. Eur J Nutr, 53(1), 309-319. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Bendiksen M, Williams CA, Hornstrup T, Clausen H, Kloppenborg J, Shumikhin D, Brito J, Horton J, Barene S, Jackman SR, et al (2014). Heart rate response and fitness effects of various types of physical education for 8- to 9-year-old schoolchildren. European Journal of Sport Science
Bendiksen M, Williams CA, Hornstrup T, Clausen H, Kloppenborg J, Shumikhin D, Brito J, Horton J, Barene S, Jackman SR, et al (2014). Heart rate response and fitness effects of various types of physical education for 8- to 9-year-old schoolchildren. European Journal of Sport Science, 14(8), 861-869. Abstract. DOI.
Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2014). Impaired aerobic function in patients with cystic fibrosis during ramp exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 46(12), 2271-2278. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Fulford J, Williams CA (2014). Influence of thigh activation on the VO₂ slow component in boys and men. Eur J Appl Physiol, 114(11), 2309-2319. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Fulford J, Williams CA (2014). Influence of thigh activation on the [Formula Presented] O2 slow component in boys and men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114(11), 2309-2319. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Fulford J, Williams CA (2014). Influence of thigh muscle activation on pulmonary O2 uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in boys and men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114, 2309-2319. Abstract.  Full text.
Willcocks RJ, Fulford J, Armstrong N, Barker AR, Williams CA (2014). Muscle metabolism during fatiguing isometric quadriceps exercise in adolescents and adults. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 39(4), 439-445. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Pieles GE, Horn R, Williams CA, Stuart AG (2014). Paediatric exercise training in prevention and treatment. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 99(4), 380-385. Abstract. DOI.
Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2014). The effect of ivacaftor in adolescents with cystic fibrosis (G551D mutation): an exercise physiology perspective. Pediatr Phys Ther, 26(4), 454-461. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Barker AR, Day J, Smith A, Bond B, Williams CA (2014). The influence of 2 weeks of low-volume high-intensity interval training on health outcomes in adolescent boys. J Sports Sci, 32(8), 757-765. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Willcocks RJ, Fulford J, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2014). Two protocols to measure mitochondrial capacity in women and adolescent girls: a 31P-MRS preliminary study. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 26(2), 210-217. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Pieles GE, Szantho G, Rodrigues JCL, Lawton CB, Williams CA, Stuart AG, Tulloh RMR, Hamilton MCK (2014). Use of phase-contrast magnetic resonance angiography to measure adaptations of aortic and pulmonary artery flow during supine aerobic exercise. LANCET, 383, 80-80. Author URL.
Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2013). A protocol to determine valid V˙O2max in young cystic fibrosis patients. J Sci Med Sport, 16(6), 539-544. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2013). A protocol to determine valid V̇O2max in young cystic fibrosis patients. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 16(6), 539-544. Abstract. DOI.
Varley J, Moore M, Williams CA (2013). Acute energy intake and appetite responses following high-intensity interval exercise in 12-13 year old boys and girls. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NUTRITION SOCIETY, 72(OCE3), E151-E151. Author URL. DOI.
Patikas D, Kansizoglou A, Koutlianos N, Williams CA, Hatzikotoulas K, Bassa E, Kotzamanidis C (2013). Fatigue and recovery in children and adults during sustained contractions at 2 different submaximal intensities. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, 38(9), 953-959. Abstract. DOI.
Pieles GE, Horn R, Williams CA, Stuart AG (2013). Paediatric exercise training in prevention and treatment. Archives of Disease in Childhood
Williams CA, Stevens D (2013). Physical activity and exercise training in young people with cystic fibrosis: Current recommendations and evidence. JOURNAL OF SPORT AND HEALTH SCIENCE, 2(1), 39-46. Author URL. DOI.
Birrer D, Lienhard D, Williams CA, Röthlin P, Morgan G (2013). Prevalence of non-functional overreaching and the overtraining syndrome in Swiss elite athletes. Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Sportmedizin und Sporttraumatologie, 61(4), 23-29. Abstract.
Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2013). Reproducibility of maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing for young cystic fibrosis patients. Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, 12(6), 644-650. Abstract. DOI.
Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2013). Reproducibility of maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing for young cystic fibrosis patients. J Cyst Fibros, 12(6), 644-650. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Gracia-Marco L, Ortega FB, Ruiz JR, Williams CA, HagstrÖmer M, Manios Y, Kafatos A, Béghin L, Polito A, De Henauw S, et al (2013). Seasonal variation in physical activity and sedentary time in different European regions. The HELENA study. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31(16), 1831-1840. Abstract. DOI.
Gracia-Marco L, Ortega FB, Ruiz JR, Williams CA, Hagströmer M, Manios Y, Kafatos A, Béghin L, Polito A, De Henauw S, et al (2013). Seasonal variation in physical activity and sedentary time in different European regions. The HELENA study. J Sports Sci, 31(16), 1831-1840. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams AJ, Henley WE, Williams CA, Hurst AJ, Logan S, Wyatt KM (2013). Systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between childhood overweight and obesity and primary school diet and physical activity policies. International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity, 10 Full text.
McGawley K, Leclair E, Dekerle J, Carter H, Williams CA (2012). A Test to Assess Aerobic and Anaerobic Parameters During Maximal Exercise in Young Girls. PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 24(2), 262-274. Author URL. DOI.
Williams AJ, Wyatt KM, Hurst AJ, Williams CA (2012). A systematic review of associations between the primary school built environment and childhood overweight and obesity. HEALTH & PLACE, 18(3), 504-514. Author URL. DOI.
Lloyd RS, Oliver JL, Hughes MG, Williams CA (2012). Age-related differences in the neural regulation of stretch-shortening cycle activities in male youths during maximal and sub-maximal hopping. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 22(1), 37-43. Abstract. DOI.
Musa DI, Williams CA (2012). Cardiorespiratory fitness, fatness, and blood pressure associations in Nigerian youth. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 44(10), 1978-1985. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Barker AR, Bond B, Toman C, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2012). Critical power in adolescents: physiological bases and assessment using all-out exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol, 112(4), 1359-1370. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Nimmerichter A, Eston R, Bachl N, Williams C (2012). Effects of low and high cadence interval training on power output in flat and uphill cycling time-trials. Eur J Appl Physiol, 112(1), 69-78. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Bailey SD, Mauger AR (2012). External exercise information provides no immediate additional performance benefit to untrained individuals in time trial cycling. Br J Sports Med, 46(1), 49-53. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Blackwell J (2012). Hydration status, fluid intake, and electrolyte losses in youth soccer players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 7(4), 367-374. Abstract.  Author URL.
Andersen TB, Bendiksen M, Pedersen JM, Ørntoft C, Brito J, Jackman SR, Williams CA, Krustrup P (2012). Kicking velocity and physical, technical, tactical match performance for U18 female football players--effect of a new ball. Hum Mov Sci, 31(6), 1624-1638. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Jones AM, Williams CA (2012). The effect of baseline metabolic rate on pulmonary O₂ uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in boys and men. Respir Physiol Neurobiol, 180(2-3), 223-229. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Lloyd RS, Oliver JL, Hughes MG, Williams CA (2012). The effects of 4-weeks of plyometric training on reactive strength index and leg stiffness in male youths. J Strength Cond Res, 26(10), 2812-2819. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Armstrong N (2011). Children and exercise XXVII: the proceedings of the XXVIIth international symposium of the European group of Pediatric work physiology, September, 2011. International Symposium of the European Group of Pediatric Work Physiology, September, 2011, 1-333. Abstract. DOI.
Bouchant A, Abdelmoula A, Martin V, Lavet C, Williams CA, Ratel S (2011). Comparative analysis of quadriceps endurance during sustained submaximal isometric contractions in children and adults. , 91-95. DOI.
Barker AR, Bond B, Toman C, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2011). Critical power in adolescents: physiological bases and assessment using all-out exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 1-12.
Williams C (2011). Environmental factors affecting elite young athletes. Med Sport Sci, 56, 150-170. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Barker AR, Williams CA, Jones AM, Armstrong N (2011). Establishing maximal oxygen uptake in young people during a ramp cycle test to exhaustion. BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 45(6), 498-503. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2011). Exercise metabolism during moderate-intensity exercise in children with cystic fibrosis following heavy-intensity exercise. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 36(6), 920-927. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Nimmerichter A, Eston RG, Bachl N, Williams C (2011). Longitudinal monitoring of power output and heart rate profiles in elite cyclists. J Sports Sci, 29(8), 831-840. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Matos NF, Winsley RJ, Williams CA (2011). Prevalence of nonfunctional overreaching/overtraining in young English athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 43(7), 1287-1294. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Oliver JL, Faulkner J (2011). Seasonal monitoring of sprint and jump performance in a soccer youth academy. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 6(2), 264-275. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lloyd RS, Oliver JL, Hughes MG, Williams CA (2011). Specificity of test selection for the appropriate assessment of different measures of stretch-shortening cycle function in children. JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS, 51(4), 595-602. Author URL.
Ford P, de Ste Croix M, Lloyd R, Meyers R, Moosavi M, Oliver J, Till K, Williams C (2011). The Long-Term Athlete Development model: Physiological evidence and application. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(4), 389-402. Abstract. DOI.
Mauger AR, Jones AM, Williams CA (2011). The effect of non-contingent and accurate performance feedback on pacing and time trial performance in 4-km track cycling. Br J Sports Med, 45(3), 225-229. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Breese BC, Armstrong N, Barker AR, Williams CA (2011). The effect of pedal rate on pulmonary O2 uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in trained and untrained teenage boys. Respir Physiol Neurobiol, 177(2), 149-154. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Aucouturier J, Doré E, Duché P, Ratel S (2011). The health benefits of aerobic activity and physical fitness in young people. , 143-167. Abstract.
Lloyd RS, Oliver JL, Hughes MG, Williams CA (2011). The influence of chronological age on periods of accelerated adaptation of stretch-shortening cycle performance in pre and postpubescent boys. J Strength Cond Res, 25(7), 1889-1897. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2010). A survey of exercise testing and training in UK cystic fibrosis clinics. J Cyst Fibros, 9(5), 302-306. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Willcocks RJ, Williams CA, Barker AR, Fulford J, Armstrong N (2010). Age- and sex-related differences in muscle phosphocreatine and oxygenation kinetics during high-intensity exercise in adolescents and adults. NMR IN BIOMEDICINE, 23(6), 569-577. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Nimmerichter A, Williams C, Bachl N, Eston R (2010). Evaluation of a field test to assess performance in elite cyclists. Int J Sports Med, 31(3), 160-166. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Benden C, Stevens D, Radtke T (2010). Exercise training in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis: theory into practice. Int J Pediatr, 2010 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Montfort-Steiger V, Williams CA, Armstrong N, Fulford J (2010). GASTRIC EMPTYING RATE OF YOUNG CYCLISTS BY MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING: THREE CASE STUDIES. JOURNAL OF EXERCISE SCIENCE & FITNESS, 8(1), 34-40. Author URL. DOI.
Mauger AR, Jones AM, Williams CA (2010). Influence of acetaminophen on performance during time trial cycling. J Appl Physiol (1985), 108(1), 98-104. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Mauger AR, Jones AM, Williams CA (2010). Influence of exercise variation on the retention of a pacing strategy. Eur J Appl Physiol, 108(5), 1015-1023. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Weisman JR, Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2010). Longitudinal Changes in the Oxygen Uptake Kinetic Response to Heavy-Intensity Exercise in 14- to 16-Year-Old Boys (Reprinted from PES, vol 22). PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 22(2), 314-325. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fawker SG, Armstrong N (2010). Longitudinal changes in the oxygen uptake kinetic response to heavy-intensity exercise in 14- to 16-year-old boys. Pediatric Exercise Science, 22(1), 69-80. Full text. DOI.
Barker AR, Breese BC, Willcocks RJ, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2010). The importance of exercise intensity when studying developmental energy metabolism. Journal of Applied Physiology, 109(5), 1565-1566. DOI.
Radtke T, Stevens D, Benden C, Williams CA (2009). Clinical Exercise Testing in Children and Adolescents with Cystic Fibrosis. PEDIATRIC PHYSICAL THERAPY, 21(3), 275-281. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Dekerle J, Williams C, McGawley K, Carter H (2009). Critical power is not attained at the end of an isokinetic 90-second all-out test in children. J Sports Sci, 27(4), 379-385. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Ratel S (2009). Definitions of muscle fatigue. , 3-16. DOI.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2009). Early oxygen uptake recovery following exercise testing in children with chronic chest diseases. Pediatr Pulmonol, 44(5), 480-488. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Nimmerichter A, Bachl N, Williams C, Eston R (2009). Evaluation of a Field Test to Assess Performance in Elite Cyclists. International Journal of Sports Medicine DOI.
Mauger AR, Jones AM, Williams CA (2009). Influence of feedback and prior experience on pacing during a 4-km cycle time trial. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 41(2), 451-458. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Ratel S, Duché P, Williams CA (2009). Muscle fatigue in children. , 79-102. DOI.
Williams CA, Ratel S (2009). Preface. Human Muscle Fatigue, xvii-xviii. DOI.
Williams CA, Ratel S (2009). Preface. Human Muscle Fatigue, 9780203885482, xvii-xviii.
Oliver J, Armstrong N, Williams CAP (2009). Relationship between brief and prolonged repeated sprint ability. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12, 238-243.
Lloyd RS, Oliver JL, Hughes MG, Williams CA (2009). Reliability and validity of field-based measures of leg stiffness and reactive strength index in youths. JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 27(14), 1565-1573. Author URL. DOI.
Arent SM, Davitt P, Golem DL, Williams CA, McKeever KH, Jaouhari C (2009). The effects of a post-workout nutraceutical drink on body composition, performance and hormonal and biochemical responses in Division I college football players. Comparative Exercise Physiology, 6(2), 73-80. Abstract. DOI.
Brokenshire CS, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2009). The reliability of adolescent thermoregulatory responses during a heat acclimation protocol. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 8(4), 689-695. Abstract.
Oliver JL, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2008). Changes in jump performance and muscle activity following soccer specific exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26(2), 141-148.
Williams CA, Dekerle J, McGawley K, Berthoin S, Carter H (2008). Critical power in adolescent boys and girls--an exploratory study. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 33(6), 1105-1111. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Willcocks RJ, Barker AR, Fulford J, Welford D, Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2008). Kinetics of Phosphocreatine and Deoxyhemoglobin in Children and Adults During High-Intensity Exercise. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S20-S20. Author URL. DOI.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2008). Muscle phosphocreatine and pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics in children at the onset and offset of moderate intensity exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol, 102(6), 727-738. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA (2008). Program development for the multisport high school athlete. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 30(4), 51-55. Abstract. DOI.
Williams CA, Willcocks RJ, Barker AR, Fulford J, Welford D, Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2008). Recovery of Muscle Oxygenation and Phosphocreatine in Children and Adults Following High-Intensity Quadriceps Exercise. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S20-S20. Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Chedzoy S (2008). The Benefits of Being Physically Active. Primary Scienc. Primary Science(March/April), 5-7.
Sharp NCC, Williams CA (2007). 20th anniversary of the Children's Health and Exercise Centre, University of Exeter, UK. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 6(3).
Montfort-Steiger V, Williams CA (2007). Carbohydrate intake considerations for young athletes. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 6(3), 343-352.
Stevens D, Williams CA (2007). Exercise testing and training with the young cystic fibrosis patient. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 6(3), 286-291.
Brickley G, Green S, Jenkins DJ, McEinery M, Wishart C, Doust JH, Williams CA (2007). Muscle metabolism during constant and alternating intensity exercise around critical power. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 28, 303-315.
Brickley G, Green S, Jenkins DG, McEinery M, Wishart C, Doust JD, Williams CA (2007). Muscle metabolism during constant- and alternating-intensity exercise around critical power. Int J Sports Med, 28(4), 300-305. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA (2007). Physiological changes of the young athlete and the effects on sports performance. SportEx Medicine, 6-11.
Oliver JL, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2007). Reliability and Validity of a Soccer-Specific Test of Prolonged Repeated-Sprint Ability. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, 2(2), 137-149. Author URL. DOI.
Winsley RJ, Middlebrooke AR, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2006). Aerobic fitness and visceral adipose tissue in children. Acta Paeditrica, 95(11), 1435-1438.
Winsley RJ, Armstrong N, Middlebrooke AR, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams CA (2006). Aerobic fitness and visceral adipose tissue in children. Acta Paediatr, 95(11), 1435-1438. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Ratel S, Williams CA, Oliver J, Armstrong N (2006). Effects of age and recovery duration on performance during multiple treadmill sprints. Int J Sports Med, 27(1), 1-8. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Ratel S, Williams CA (2006). Muscle fatigue during high-intensity exercise in children. Sports Medicine, 36, 1031-1065.
Williams CA, Doust J, Hammond A (2006). Power output and VO2 responses during 30s maximal isokinetic sprints at different cadences in comparison to the Wingate test. Isokinetic and Exercise Science, 14(4), 327-333.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Welford D, Fulford J, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2006). Reliability of 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy during an exhaustive incremental exercise test in children. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 98(6), 556-565.
Barker A, Welsman J, Welford D, Fulford J, Williams C, Armstrong N (2006). Reliability of 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy during an exhaustive incremental exercise test in children. Eur J Appl Physiol, 98(6), 556-565. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Oliver JL, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2006). Reliability of a field and laboratory test of repeated sprint ability. Pediatric Exercise Science, 18(3), 339-350. Abstract. DOI.
Oliver JL, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2006). The reliability and validity of running tests of repeated sprint ability. Pediatric Exercise Science, 18, 339-350.
Williams CA, Ratel S, Armstrong N (2005). Achievement of peak VO2 during a 90-s maximal intensity cycle sprint in adolescents. Can J Appl Physiol, 30(2), 157-171. Abstract.  Author URL.
Ratel S, Williams CAP, Oliver JL, Armstrong N (2005). Effects of Age and Recovery Duration on Performance During Multiple Treadmill Sprints. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 26, 1-8.
Carter H, Dekerle J, Brickley G, Williams CAP (2005). Physiological responses to 90 s all out isokinetic sprint cycling in boys and men. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 4, 437-445.
Carter H, Dekerle J, Brickley G, Williams CAP (2005). Physiological responses to 90 s all out isokinetic sprint cycling in boys and men. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 4, 437-445.
Winsley RJ, Fulford J, Macleod K, Ramos-Ibanez N, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2005). Prediction of Visceral Adipose Tissue Using Air Displacement Plethysmography in Children. Obesity Research, 13(12), 2048-2051.
Winsley RJ, Fulford J, MacLeod KM, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2005). Prediction of visceral adipose tissue using air displacement plethysmography in children. Obes Res, 13(12), 2048-2051. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CAP, Ratel S, Armstrong N (2005). The achievement of peak VO2 during a 90 s maximal intensity cycle sprint in adolescent children. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, 30(2), 157-171.
Montfort-Steiger V, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2005). The reproducibility of an endurance performance test in adolescent cyclists. Eur J Appl Physiol, 94(5-6), 618-625. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Ratel S, Williams CA, Oliver J, Armstrong N (2004). Effects of age and mode of exercise on power output profiles during repeated sprints. Eur J Appl Physiol, 92(1-2), 204-210. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Ratel S, Lazaar N, Dore E, Baquet G, Williams CA, Berthoin S, Van Praagh E, Bedu M, Duche P (2004). High-intensity intermittent activities at school: Controversies and facts. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 44(3), 272-280. Abstract.
Ratel S, Duche P, Hautier CA, Williams CAP, Bedu M (2004). Physiological responses during cycling with noncircular “Harmonic” and circular chainrings. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 91, 100-104.
Day S, Williams C, Folland J, Gohlke P, Williams A (2004). The acute effects of exercise and glucose ingestion on circulating angiotensin-converting enzyme in humans. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 92(4-5). DOI.
Ratel S, Lazaar N, Williams CA, Bedu M, Duché P (2003). Age differences in human skeletal muscle fatigue during high-intensity intermittent exercise. Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics, 92(11), 1248-1254. Abstract. DOI.
Williams CA, Dore E, Albaan J, Van Praagh E (2003). Short term power output in 9 year old children: Typical error between ergometers and protocols. Pediatric Exercise Science, 15(3), 302-312.
Williams CAP, Hammond A, Doust JH (2003). Short term power output of females during isokinetic cycling. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 11, 123-131.
Brickley G, Doust J, Williams CAP (2002). Physiological responses during exercise to exhaustion at critical power. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 88, 146-151.
Williams CA, Lopes P (2002). The influence of ventilatory control on heart variability in children. Journal of Sport Sciences, 20, 407-415.
Williams CAP, Keen P (2001). Isokinetic measurement of maximal muscle power during leg cycling – a comparison of adolescent boys and adult men. Pediatric Exercise Science, 13, 154-166.
Williams CA, Carter H, Jones AM, Doust JH (2001). Oxygen uptake kinetics during treadmill running in boys and men. J Appl Physiol (1985), 90(5), 1700-1706. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CAP, Carter H, Jones AM, Doust JH (2001). Oxygen uptake kinetics during treadmill running in children and adults. Journal of Applied Physiology, 90, 1700-1706.
Williams CA, Armstrong N, Powell J (2000). Aerobic responses of prepubertal boys to two modes of training. Br J Sports Med, 34(3), 168-173. Abstract.  Author URL.
Carter H, Jones AM, Barstow TJ, Burnley M, Williams CAP, Doust JH (2000). Effect of endurance training on oxygen uptake kinetics during treadmill running. Journal of Applied Physiology, 89, 1744-1752.
Carter H, Jones AM, Barstow TJ, Burnley M, Williams C, Doust JH (2000). Effect of endurance training on oxygen uptake kinetics during treadmill running. J Appl Physiol, 89(5), 1744-1752. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Williams CA, Kirby BJ (2000). Longitudinal changes in young people's short-term power output. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 32(6), 1140-1145. Abstract.  Author URL.
Brickley G, Jenkins DJ, Green S, Williams CA, Wishart C, McEinery M, Doust J (2000). Metabolic responses to intermittent exercise using the critical power concept. Journal of Sports Sciences, 18(7), 526-527.
Carter H, Jones AM, Barstow TJ, Burnley M, Williams CA, Doust JH (2000). Oxygen uptake kinetics in treadmill running and cycle ergometry: a comparison. J Appl Physiol, 89(3), 899-907. Abstract.
Carter H, Jones AM, Doust JH, Burnley M, Williams CAP, Barstow TJ (2000). The comparison of VO2 kinetics in treadmill running and cycling ergometry. Journal of Applied Physiology, 89, 899-907.
Burnley M, Carter H, Jones AM, Williams CA, Doust JH (2000). The effect of two different mathematical modelling procedures on the characterization of oxygen uptake kinetics during heavy exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 18(1), 28-29.
Burnley M, Carter H, Jones AM, Williams CA, Doust JH (2000). The effects of prior exercise on phase II pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics and the slow component during heavy exercise in humans. Journal of Sports Sciences, 18(7).
Williams CA (1999). Anaerobic cycling performance of young people. Sport and Medicina, 5, 21-27.
Williams CA, Smith J, Ainsley J (1999). The effects of a physiotherapy intervention programme on children with developmental co-ordination disorder. Association of Paediatric Chartered Physiotherapists, 91, 32-40.
Williams CA, Bale P (1998). Bias and limits of agreement between hydrodensitometry, bioelectrical impedance and skinfold calipers measures of percentage body fat. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 77(3), 271-277. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA (1998). Young people and physical activity - a literature review. HEALTH EDUCATION RESEARCH, 13(1), 156-157. Author URL.
Williams CA (1998). Young people and physical activity - Promoting better practice. HEALTH EDUCATION RESEARCH, 13(1), 157-157. Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA (1997). Children’s and Adolescents’ Anaerobic Performance During Cycle Ergometry. Sports Medicine, 24, 227-240.
Willíams CA, Singh M (1997). Dynamic trunk strength of Canadian football players, soccer players, and middle to long distance runners. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 25(4), 271-276. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
McManus AM, Armstrong N, Williams CA (1997). Effect of training on the aerobic power and anaerobic performance of prepubertal girls. Acta Paediatr, 86(5), 456-459. Abstract.  Author URL.
Williams CA, Armstrong N, Eves N, Faulkner A (1996). Peak aerobic fitness of visually impaired and sighted adolescent girls. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 90(6), 495-500. Abstract.
Williams CA (1994). Child-Adult Anaerobic Performance Differences. British Journal of Physical Education, 25(2).
Williams CA, Armstrong N (1993). Test-Retest Reproducibility of Optimised Peak Power Output During Maximal Sprint Pedalling. British Journal of Physical Education, Research Supplement, 13, 12-15.

Chapters

Williams CAP, Wood L, De Ste Croix M (2011). Growth and maturation during childhood. In Croix MDS, Korff T (Eds.) Paediatric Biomechanics and Motor Control, Routledge, 3-26.
Williams C (2010). Environmental factors affecting elite young athletes. In  (Ed) The Elite Young Athlete, 150-170.  Abstract. DOI.
Aucouturier J, Doré E, Ratel S, Williams CA, Duche P (2010). Substrates Mobilization and Utilization during Aerobic Exercise: Metabolic Health Benefits. In Coloumbus F (Ed) Aerobic Exercise: Types, Duration and Health Benefits, New York: Nova Science Publishers.
Williams CA, Aucouturier J, Dore E, Duche P, Ratel S (2010). The Health Benefits of Aerobic Activity and Physical Fitness in Young People. In  (Ed) Aerobic Exercise: Types, Duration and Health Benefits, New York: Nova Science Publishers.
Armstrong N, Welsman J, Williams CA (2008). Assessment of Maximal Intensity Exercise. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 55-66.
Ratel S, Williams CA (2008). Children’s Musculoskeletal System: New Research Perspectives. In Beaulieu NP (Ed) Physical Activity and Children: New Research, New York: Nova Publications, 117-135.
Williams CA (2008). Maximal Intensity Exercise. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 227-242.
Williams CA (2007). Exercise and Environmental Conditions. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, London: Elsevier, 235-274.
Stratton G, Williams CA (2006). Children and Fitness Testing. In Winter EM, Jones AM, Davison RCR, Bromley PD, Mercer TH (Eds.) Sport and Exercise Physiology Testing Guidelines: the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences Guide, Oxon: Routledge, UK, 211-223.
Stratton G, Williams CA (2006). Children and Fitness Testing. In Winter EM, Jones AM, Davison RCR, Bromley PD, Mercer TH (Eds.) Sport and Exercise Physiology Testing Guidelines. The British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences Guide, Oxon: Routledge, UK, 321-333.
Pate RR, Trost SG, Williams CAP (1998). Critique of existing guidelines for physical activity in youth. In Biddle, S, Sallis, J, Cavill, N (Eds.) Young and Active - Current Policy and Implications, Health Education Authority, 162-176.

Conferences

Williams CA, Ramanujam P, Miller F, Forsey J, Stewart AG, Pieles GE (2014). Myocardial Two-Dimensional Left Ventricular Strain Exercise Echocardiography in Healthy Children and Adolescents.  Author URL. DOI.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2008). EARLY RECOVERY OF OXYGEN UPTAKE FOLLOWING EXERCISE TESTING IN CHILDREN WITH CHRONIC CHEST DISEASES.  Author URL.
Willis-Esqueda C (2008). Introduction: Motivational aspects of prejudice and racism.  Author URL. DOI.
Oades PJ, Stevens D, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2008). OXYGEN UPTAKE RESPONSES IN CHILDREN WITH CHRONIC CHEST DISEASES FOLLOWING SIMULATED SPORTING ACTIVITY.  Author URL.
Carter H, Williams CA, Jones AM, Doust JH (2000). Oxygen uptake kinetics during treadmill running in children and adults.  Author URL.

Reports

Williams CAP (2003). Ethics in paediatric exercise science. BASES World.  1 pages.

Publications by year



In Press

Cockcroft EJ, williams C, jackman S, armstrong N, barker A (In Press). Agreement and Reliability of Fasted and Oral Glucose Tolerance Test-Derived Indices of Insulin Sensitivity and Beta Cell Function in Boys. International journal of sports medicince Full text. DOI.
Williams CAP, Vlachopoulos D, Ubago-Guisade E, Barker AR, Metcalf B, Fatouros IG, Avoniti A, Knapp K, Gracia-Marco L (In Press). Determinants of bone outcomes in adolescent athletes at baseline: the PRO-BONE study. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise Full text.
Gracia Marco L, Vlachopoulos D, Barker AR, Williams CA, Knapp K, Metcalf BS (In Press). Effect of a program of short bouts of exercise on bone health in adolescents involved in different sports: the PRO-BONE study protocol. BMC Public Health Abstract.  Full text.
Wilkinson K, Vlachopoulos D, Klentrou P, Ubago-Guisado E, de Moraes AC, Barker AR, Williams CA, Moreno LA, Gracia Marco L (In Press). Soft tissues, areal bone mineral density and hip geometry estimates in active young boys: the PRO-BONE study. European Journal of Applied Physiology Full text.
Bond B, Hind S, Williams CA, Barker AR (In Press). The acute effect of exercise intensity on vascular function in adolescents. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise Abstract.  Full text.
Vlachopoulos D, Barker, Williams CA, Arngrímsson SA, Knapp KM, Metcalf B, Fatouros IG, Moreno LA, Gracia Marco (In Press). The impact of sport participation on bone mass and geometry in adolescent males. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise Full text.

2018

Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Jackman SR, Bassi S, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2018). A single bout of high-intensity interval exercise and work-matched moderate-intensity exercise has minimal effect on glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in 7- to 10-year-old boys. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36(2), 149-155. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Oliveira RS, Barker AR, Williams CA (2018). Cardiac Autonomic Function, Cardiovascular Risk and Physical Activity in Adolescents. Int J Sports Med, 39(2), 89-96. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Williams CA, Tomlinson OW, Chubbock LV, Stevens D, Saynor ZL, Oades PJ, Barker AR (2018). The oxygen uptake efficiency slope is not a valid surrogate of aerobic fitness in cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Pulmonol, 53(1), 36-42. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.

2017

Williams CA, Gowing L, Horn R, Stuart AG (2017). A survey of exercise advice and recommendations in United Kingdom paediatric cardiac clinics. Cardiology in the Young, 27(5), 951-956. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Williams CA, Gowing L, Horn R, Graham Stuart A (2017). A survey of exercise advice and recommendations in United Kingdom paediatric cardiac clinics - CORRIGENDUM. Cardiol Young, 27(5). Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Weaver H, O'Connor A, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2017). Acute Exercise and Insulin Sensitivity in Boys: a Time-Course Study. Int J Sports Med, 38(13), 967-974. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Malik AA, Williams CA, Bond B, Weston KL, Barker AR (2017). Acute cardiorespiratory, perceptual and enjoyment responses to high-intensity interval exercise in adolescents. European Journal of Sport Science, 17(10), 1335-1342. Full text. DOI.
Varley-Campbell JL, Fulford J, Moore MS, Williams CA (2017). Adolescent brain activation: dependence on sex, dietary satiation, and restraint. Nutr Neurosci, 1-8. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Dormehl SJ, Robertson SJ, Barker AR, Williams CA (2017). Confirming the Value of Swimming-Performance Models for Adolescents. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 12(9), 1177-1185. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Williams CA (2017). Elite Youth Sports-From Best Pediatric Science Practice to Sports Practice-2016. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 29(1), 19-22. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Pieles GE, Husk V, Blackwell T, Wilson D, Collin SM, Williams CA, Stuart AG (2017). High g-Force Rollercoaster Rides Induce Sinus Tachycardia but No Cardiac Arrhythmias in Healthy Children. Pediatr Cardiol, 38(1), 15-19. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Cockcroft EJ, Moudiotis C, Kitchen J, Bond B, Williams CA, Barker AR (2017). High-intensity interval exercise and glycemic control in adolescents with type one diabetes mellitus: a case study. Physiol Rep, 5(13). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Oliveira RS, Barker AR, Wilkinson KM, Abbott RA, Williams CA (2017). Is cardiac autonomic function associated with cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity in children and adolescents? a systematic review of cross-sectional studies. Int J Cardiol, 236, 113-122. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Vlachopoulos D, Barker AR, Ubago-Guisado E, Fatouros IG, Knapp KM, Williams CA, Gracia-Marco L (2017). Longitudinal Adaptations of Bone Mass, Geometry, and Metabolism in Adolescent Male Athletes: the PRO-BONE Study. J Bone Miner Res, 32(11), 2269-2277. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Williams CA, Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Tomlinson OW (2017). Measurement of V̇o2max in clinical groups is feasible and necessary. J Appl Physiol (1985), 123(4). Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Malik AA, Williams CA, Weston KL, Barker AR (2017). Perceptual Responses to High- and Moderate-Intensity Interval Exercise in Adolescents. Med Sci Sports Exerc Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Bond B, Weston KL, Williams CA, Barker AR (2017). Perspectives on high-intensity interval exercise for health promotion in children and adolescents. Open Access J Sports Med, 8, 243-265. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Gelbart M, Ziv-Baran T, Williams CA, Yarom Y, Dubnov-Raz G (2017). Prediction of Maximal Heart Rate in Children and Adolescents. Clin J Sport Med, 27(2), 139-144. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Williams CA, Winsley RJ, Pinho G, de Ste Croix M, Lloyd RS, Oliver JL (2017). Prevalence of non-functional overreaching in elite male and female youth academy football players. Science and Medicine in Football, 1(3), 222-228. Full text. DOI.
Tomlinson OW, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2017). Scaling the Oxygen Uptake Efficiency Slope for Body Size in Cystic Fibrosis. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 49(10), 1980-1986. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Vlachopoulos D, Barker AR, Ubago-Guisado E, Ortega FB, Krustrup P, Metcalf B, Castro Pinero J, Ruiz JR, Knapp KM, Williams CA, et al (2017). The effect of 12-month participation in osteogenic and non-osteogenic sports on bone development in adolescent male athletes. The PRO-BONE study. J Sci Med Sport Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Varley-Campbell JL, Moore MS, Williams CA (2017). The effects of a mid-morning snack and moderate-intensity exercise on acute appetite and energy intake in 12-14-year-old adolescents. Br J Nutr, 117(4), 602-610. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Bond B, Williams CA, Barker AR (2017). The reliability of a single protocol to determine endothelial, microvascular and autonomic functions in adolescents. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging, 37(6), 703-709. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.

2016

Williams CA (2016). Elite Youth Sports. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 28(1), 16-18. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Tomlinson OW, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2016). Exercise capacity following a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in a young female with cystic fibrosis: a case report. Physiological Reports, 4(16). Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2016). Impaired Pulmonary V˙O2 Kinetics in Cystic Fibrosis Depend on Exercise Intensity. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 48(11), 2090-2099. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Williams CA (2016). Physical activity and health of adults with cystic fibrosis. Respirology, 21(3), 404-405. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Dormehl SJ, Williams CA (2016). Stability of within-sport specialisation in competitive adolescent sub-elite swimmers. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS IN SPORT, 16(1), 12-28. Author URL.  Full text.
Bangsbo J, Krustrup P, Duda J, Hillman C, Andersen LB, Weiss M, Williams CA, Lintunen T, Green K, Hansen PR, et al (2016). The Copenhagen Consensus Conference 2016: children, youth, and physical activity in schools and during leisure time. Br J Sports Med, 50(19), 1177-1178. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Williams CA (2016). Trainability of Young Athletes: Short-Term Goals or Long-Term Mission?. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 28(4), 485-487. Author URL. DOI.
Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Tomlinson OW, Williams CA (2016). Validity and Reliability Concerns Associated with Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing Young People with Cystic Fibrosis. Respiration, 92(1), 61-62. Full text. DOI.

2015

Bond B, Williams CA, Jackman SR, Woodward A, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). Accumulating exercise and postprandial health in adolescents. Metabolism: clinical and experimental Abstract.  Full text.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2015). Airflow limitation following cardiopulmonary exercise testing and heavy-intensity intermittent exercise in children with cystic fibrosis. European Journal of Pediatrics, 174(2), 251-257. Abstract. DOI.
Nimmerichter A, Williams CA (2015). Comparison of power output during ergometer and track cycling in adolescent cyclists. J Strength Cond Res, 29(4), 1049-1056. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA (2015). Elite youth sports. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 27(1), 18-20. Author URL. DOI.
Rosenblum O, Katz U, Reuveny R, Williams CA, Dubnov-Raz G (2015). Exercise Performance in Children and Young Adults After Complete and Incomplete Repair of Congenital Heart Disease. Pediatric Cardiology, 36(8), 1573-1581. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Rosenblum O, Katz U, Reuveny R, Williams CA, Dubnov-Raz G (2015). Exercise Performance in Children and Young Adults After Complete and Incomplete Repair of Congenital Heart Disease. Pediatric Cardiology Abstract. DOI.
Bond B, Williams CA, Isic C, Jackman SR, Tolfrey K, Barrett LA, Barker AR (2015). Exercise intensity and postprandial health outcomes in adolescents. Eur J Appl Physiol, 115(5), 927-936. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Bond B, Gates PE, Jackman SR, Corless LM, Williams CA, Barker AR (2015). Exercise intensity and the protection from postprandial vascular dysfunction in adolescents. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 308(11), H1443-H1450. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams AJ, Wyatt KM, Williams CA, Logan S, Henley WE (2015). Exploring the Potential of a School Impact on Pupil Weight Status: Exploratory Factor Analysis and Repeat Cross-Sectional Study of the National Child Measurement Programme. PLoS One, 10(12). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Tomlinson OW, Vlachopoulos D, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). High intensity interval exercise is an effective alternative to moderate intensity exercise for improving glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in adolescent boys. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18(6), 720-724. Abstract. DOI.
Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Tomlinson OW, Vlachopoulos D, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). High intensity interval exercise is an effective alternative to moderate intensity exercise for improving glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in adolescent boys. J Sci Med Sport, 18(6), 720-724. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Lloyd RS, Oliver JL, Faigenbaum AD, Howard R, De Ste Croix MBA, Williams CA, Best TM, Alvar BA, Micheli LJ, Thomas DP, et al (2015). Long-term athletic development, part 2: barriers to success and potential solutions. J Strength Cond Res, 29(5), 1451-1464. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Lloyd RS, Oliver JL, Faigenbaum AD, Howard R, De Ste Croix MBA, Williams CA, Best TM, Alvar BA, Micheli LJ, Thomas DP, et al (2015). Long-term athletic development- part 1: a pathway for all youth. J Strength Cond Res, 29(5), 1439-1450. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Varley-Campbell JL, Moore MS, Ewen RE, Williams CA (2015). Perceived energy compensation following various sports: an age and sex comparison. Preliminary observations. Eur J Clin Nutr, 69(12), 1344-1345. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Fulford J, Varley-Campbell JL, Williams CA (2015). The effect of breakfast versus no breakfast on brain activity in adolescents when performing cognitive tasks, as assessed by fMRI. Nutritional Neuroscience, 19(3), 110-115. Full text. DOI.
Pieles GE, Gowing L, Forsey J, Ramanujam P, Miller F, Stuart AG, Williams CA (2015). The relationship between biventricular myocardial performance and metabolic parameters during incremental exercise and recovery in healthy adolescents. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 309(12), H2067-H2076. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Bond B, Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Harris S, Gates PE, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). Two weeks of high-intensity interval training improves novel but not traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors in adolescents. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 309(6), H1039-H1047. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.

2014

Williams AJ, Wyatt KM, Williams CA, Logan S, Henley WE (2014). A repeated cross-sectional study examining the school impact on child weight status. Prev Med, 64, 103-107. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Pieles GE, Szantho G, Rodrigues JCL, Lawton CB, Stuart AG, Bucciarelli-Ducci C, Turner MS, Williams CA, Tulloh RMR, Hamilton MCK, et al (2014). Adaptations of aortic and pulmonary artery flow parameters measured by phase-contrast magnetic resonance angiography during supine aerobic exercise. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 114(5), 1013-1023. Author URL. DOI.
Pieles GE, Szantho G, Rodrigues JCL, Lawton CB, Stuart AG, Bucciarelli-Ducci C, Turner MS, Williams CA, Tulloh RMR, Hamilton MCK, et al (2014). Adaptations of aortic and pulmonary artery flow parameters measured by phase-contrast magnetic resonance angiography during supine aerobic exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 1-11.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2014). Airflow limitation following cardiopulmonary exercise testing and heavy-intensity intermittent exercise in children with cystic fibrosis. European Journal of Pediatrics Abstract. DOI.
Oliver JL, De Ste Croix MBA, Lloyd RS, Williams CA (2014). Altered neuromuscular control of leg stiffness following soccer-specific exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology
Oliver JL, De Ste Croix MBA, Lloyd RS, Williams CA (2014). Altered neuromuscular control of leg stiffness following soccer-specific exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114(11), 2241-2249. Abstract. DOI.
Williams CA, Saynor ZL, Tomlinson OW, Barker AR (2014). Cystic fibrosis and physiological responses to exercise. Expert Rev Respir Med, 8(6), 751-762. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Williams AJ (2014). Determination of school-based contextual factors and their associations with the prevalence of overweight and obese children.  Abstract.
Wu M-Y, Bowtell JL, Williams CA (2014). Glycaemic index of meals affects appetite sensation but not energy balance in active males. Eur J Nutr, 53(1), 309-319. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Bendiksen M, Williams CA, Hornstrup T, Clausen H, Kloppenborg J, Shumikhin D, Brito J, Horton J, Barene S, Jackman SR, et al (2014). Heart rate response and fitness effects of various types of physical education for 8- to 9-year-old schoolchildren. European Journal of Sport Science
Bendiksen M, Williams CA, Hornstrup T, Clausen H, Kloppenborg J, Shumikhin D, Brito J, Horton J, Barene S, Jackman SR, et al (2014). Heart rate response and fitness effects of various types of physical education for 8- to 9-year-old schoolchildren. European Journal of Sport Science, 14(8), 861-869. Abstract. DOI.
Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2014). Impaired aerobic function in patients with cystic fibrosis during ramp exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 46(12), 2271-2278. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Fulford J, Williams CA (2014). Influence of thigh activation on the VO₂ slow component in boys and men. Eur J Appl Physiol, 114(11), 2309-2319. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Fulford J, Williams CA (2014). Influence of thigh activation on the [Formula Presented] O2 slow component in boys and men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114(11), 2309-2319. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Fulford J, Williams CA (2014). Influence of thigh muscle activation on pulmonary O2 uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in boys and men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114, 2309-2319. Abstract.  Full text.
Willcocks RJ, Fulford J, Armstrong N, Barker AR, Williams CA (2014). Muscle metabolism during fatiguing isometric quadriceps exercise in adolescents and adults. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 39(4), 439-445. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Williams CA, Ramanujam P, Miller F, Forsey J, Stewart AG, Pieles GE (2014). Myocardial Two-Dimensional Left Ventricular Strain Exercise Echocardiography in Healthy Children and Adolescents.  Author URL. DOI.
Pieles GE, Horn R, Williams CA, Stuart AG (2014). Paediatric exercise training in prevention and treatment. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 99(4), 380-385. Abstract. DOI.
Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2014). The effect of ivacaftor in adolescents with cystic fibrosis (G551D mutation): an exercise physiology perspective. Pediatr Phys Ther, 26(4), 454-461. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Barker AR, Day J, Smith A, Bond B, Williams CA (2014). The influence of 2 weeks of low-volume high-intensity interval training on health outcomes in adolescent boys. J Sports Sci, 32(8), 757-765. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Willcocks RJ, Fulford J, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2014). Two protocols to measure mitochondrial capacity in women and adolescent girls: a 31P-MRS preliminary study. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 26(2), 210-217. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Pieles GE, Szantho G, Rodrigues JCL, Lawton CB, Williams CA, Stuart AG, Tulloh RMR, Hamilton MCK (2014). Use of phase-contrast magnetic resonance angiography to measure adaptations of aortic and pulmonary artery flow during supine aerobic exercise. LANCET, 383, 80-80. Author URL.

2013

Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2013). A protocol to determine valid V˙O2max in young cystic fibrosis patients. J Sci Med Sport, 16(6), 539-544. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2013). A protocol to determine valid V̇O2max in young cystic fibrosis patients. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 16(6), 539-544. Abstract. DOI.
Varley J, Moore M, Williams CA (2013). Acute energy intake and appetite responses following high-intensity interval exercise in 12-13 year old boys and girls. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NUTRITION SOCIETY, 72(OCE3), E151-E151. Author URL. DOI.
Patikas D, Kansizoglou A, Koutlianos N, Williams CA, Hatzikotoulas K, Bassa E, Kotzamanidis C (2013). Fatigue and recovery in children and adults during sustained contractions at 2 different submaximal intensities. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, 38(9), 953-959. Abstract. DOI.
Pieles GE, Horn R, Williams CA, Stuart AG (2013). Paediatric exercise training in prevention and treatment. Archives of Disease in Childhood
Williams CA, Stevens D (2013). Physical activity and exercise training in young people with cystic fibrosis: Current recommendations and evidence. JOURNAL OF SPORT AND HEALTH SCIENCE, 2(1), 39-46. Author URL. DOI.
Birrer D, Lienhard D, Williams CA, Röthlin P, Morgan G (2013). Prevalence of non-functional overreaching and the overtraining syndrome in Swiss elite athletes. Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Sportmedizin und Sporttraumatologie, 61(4), 23-29. Abstract.
Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2013). Reproducibility of maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing for young cystic fibrosis patients. Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, 12(6), 644-650. Abstract. DOI.
Saynor ZL, Barker AR, Oades PJ, Williams CA (2013). Reproducibility of maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing for young cystic fibrosis patients. J Cyst Fibros, 12(6), 644-650. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Gracia-Marco L, Ortega FB, Ruiz JR, Williams CA, HagstrÖmer M, Manios Y, Kafatos A, Béghin L, Polito A, De Henauw S, et al (2013). Seasonal variation in physical activity and sedentary time in different European regions. The HELENA study. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31(16), 1831-1840. Abstract. DOI.
Gracia-Marco L, Ortega FB, Ruiz JR, Williams CA, Hagströmer M, Manios Y, Kafatos A, Béghin L, Polito A, De Henauw S, et al (2013). Seasonal variation in physical activity and sedentary time in different European regions. The HELENA study. J Sports Sci, 31(16), 1831-1840. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams AJ, Henley WE, Williams CA, Hurst AJ, Logan S, Wyatt KM (2013). Systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between childhood overweight and obesity and primary school diet and physical activity policies. International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity, 10 Full text.

2012

McGawley K, Leclair E, Dekerle J, Carter H, Williams CA (2012). A Test to Assess Aerobic and Anaerobic Parameters During Maximal Exercise in Young Girls. PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 24(2), 262-274. Author URL. DOI.
Williams AJ, Wyatt KM, Hurst AJ, Williams CA (2012). A systematic review of associations between the primary school built environment and childhood overweight and obesity. HEALTH & PLACE, 18(3), 504-514. Author URL. DOI.
Lloyd RS, Oliver JL, Hughes MG, Williams CA (2012). Age-related differences in the neural regulation of stretch-shortening cycle activities in male youths during maximal and sub-maximal hopping. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 22(1), 37-43. Abstract. DOI.
Musa DI, Williams CA (2012). Cardiorespiratory fitness, fatness, and blood pressure associations in Nigerian youth. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 44(10), 1978-1985. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Barker AR, Bond B, Toman C, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2012). Critical power in adolescents: physiological bases and assessment using all-out exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol, 112(4), 1359-1370. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Nimmerichter A, Eston R, Bachl N, Williams C (2012). Effects of low and high cadence interval training on power output in flat and uphill cycling time-trials. Eur J Appl Physiol, 112(1), 69-78. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Bailey SD, Mauger AR (2012). External exercise information provides no immediate additional performance benefit to untrained individuals in time trial cycling. Br J Sports Med, 46(1), 49-53. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Blackwell J (2012). Hydration status, fluid intake, and electrolyte losses in youth soccer players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 7(4), 367-374. Abstract.  Author URL.
Andersen TB, Bendiksen M, Pedersen JM, Ørntoft C, Brito J, Jackman SR, Williams CA, Krustrup P (2012). Kicking velocity and physical, technical, tactical match performance for U18 female football players--effect of a new ball. Hum Mov Sci, 31(6), 1624-1638. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Jones AM, Williams CA (2012). The effect of baseline metabolic rate on pulmonary O₂ uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in boys and men. Respir Physiol Neurobiol, 180(2-3), 223-229. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Lloyd RS, Oliver JL, Hughes MG, Williams CA (2012). The effects of 4-weeks of plyometric training on reactive strength index and leg stiffness in male youths. J Strength Cond Res, 26(10), 2812-2819. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2011

Williams C, Armstrong N (2011). Children and Exercise XXVII., Routledge.
Williams CA, Armstrong N (2011). Children and exercise XXVII: the proceedings of the XXVIIth international symposium of the European group of Pediatric work physiology, September, 2011. International Symposium of the European Group of Pediatric Work Physiology, September, 2011, 1-333. Abstract. DOI.
Bouchant A, Abdelmoula A, Martin V, Lavet C, Williams CA, Ratel S (2011). Comparative analysis of quadriceps endurance during sustained submaximal isometric contractions in children and adults. , 91-95. DOI.
Barker AR, Bond B, Toman C, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2011). Critical power in adolescents: physiological bases and assessment using all-out exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 1-12.
Williams C (2011). Environmental factors affecting elite young athletes. Med Sport Sci, 56, 150-170. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Barker AR, Williams CA, Jones AM, Armstrong N (2011). Establishing maximal oxygen uptake in young people during a ramp cycle test to exhaustion. BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 45(6), 498-503. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2011). Exercise metabolism during moderate-intensity exercise in children with cystic fibrosis following heavy-intensity exercise. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 36(6), 920-927. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CAP, Wood L, De Ste Croix M (2011). Growth and maturation during childhood. In Croix MDS, Korff T (Eds.) Paediatric Biomechanics and Motor Control, Routledge, 3-26.
Nimmerichter A, Eston RG, Bachl N, Williams C (2011). Longitudinal monitoring of power output and heart rate profiles in elite cyclists. J Sports Sci, 29(8), 831-840. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Matos NF, Winsley RJ, Williams CA (2011). Prevalence of nonfunctional overreaching/overtraining in young English athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 43(7), 1287-1294. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Oliver JL, Faulkner J (2011). Seasonal monitoring of sprint and jump performance in a soccer youth academy. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 6(2), 264-275. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lloyd RS, Oliver JL, Hughes MG, Williams CA (2011). Specificity of test selection for the appropriate assessment of different measures of stretch-shortening cycle function in children. JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS, 51(4), 595-602. Author URL.
Ford P, de Ste Croix M, Lloyd R, Meyers R, Moosavi M, Oliver J, Till K, Williams C (2011). The Long-Term Athlete Development model: Physiological evidence and application. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(4), 389-402. Abstract. DOI.
Mauger AR, Jones AM, Williams CA (2011). The effect of non-contingent and accurate performance feedback on pacing and time trial performance in 4-km track cycling. Br J Sports Med, 45(3), 225-229. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Breese BC, Armstrong N, Barker AR, Williams CA (2011). The effect of pedal rate on pulmonary O2 uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in trained and untrained teenage boys. Respir Physiol Neurobiol, 177(2), 149-154. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Aucouturier J, Doré E, Duché P, Ratel S (2011). The health benefits of aerobic activity and physical fitness in young people. , 143-167. Abstract.
Lloyd RS, Oliver JL, Hughes MG, Williams CA (2011). The influence of chronological age on periods of accelerated adaptation of stretch-shortening cycle performance in pre and postpubescent boys. J Strength Cond Res, 25(7), 1889-1897. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2010

Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2010). A survey of exercise testing and training in UK cystic fibrosis clinics. J Cyst Fibros, 9(5), 302-306. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Willcocks RJ, Williams CA, Barker AR, Fulford J, Armstrong N (2010). Age- and sex-related differences in muscle phosphocreatine and oxygenation kinetics during high-intensity exercise in adolescents and adults. NMR IN BIOMEDICINE, 23(6), 569-577. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Williams C (2010). Environmental factors affecting elite young athletes. In  (Ed) The Elite Young Athlete, 150-170.  Abstract. DOI.
Nimmerichter A, Williams C, Bachl N, Eston R (2010). Evaluation of a field test to assess performance in elite cyclists. Int J Sports Med, 31(3), 160-166. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Benden C, Stevens D, Radtke T (2010). Exercise training in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis: theory into practice. Int J Pediatr, 2010 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Montfort-Steiger V, Williams CA, Armstrong N, Fulford J (2010). GASTRIC EMPTYING RATE OF YOUNG CYCLISTS BY MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING: THREE CASE STUDIES. JOURNAL OF EXERCISE SCIENCE & FITNESS, 8(1), 34-40. Author URL. DOI.
Mauger AR, Jones AM, Williams CA (2010). Influence of acetaminophen on performance during time trial cycling. J Appl Physiol (1985), 108(1), 98-104. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Mauger AR, Jones AM, Williams CA (2010). Influence of exercise variation on the retention of a pacing strategy. Eur J Appl Physiol, 108(5), 1015-1023. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Weisman JR, Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2010). Longitudinal Changes in the Oxygen Uptake Kinetic Response to Heavy-Intensity Exercise in 14- to 16-Year-Old Boys (Reprinted from PES, vol 22). PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 22(2), 314-325. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fawker SG, Armstrong N (2010). Longitudinal changes in the oxygen uptake kinetic response to heavy-intensity exercise in 14- to 16-year-old boys. Pediatric Exercise Science, 22(1), 69-80. Full text. DOI.
Aucouturier J, Doré E, Ratel S, Williams CA, Duche P (2010). Substrates Mobilization and Utilization during Aerobic Exercise: Metabolic Health Benefits. In Coloumbus F (Ed) Aerobic Exercise: Types, Duration and Health Benefits, New York: Nova Science Publishers.
Williams CA, Aucouturier J, Dore E, Duche P, Ratel S (2010). The Health Benefits of Aerobic Activity and Physical Fitness in Young People. In  (Ed) Aerobic Exercise: Types, Duration and Health Benefits, New York: Nova Science Publishers.
Barker AR, Breese BC, Willcocks RJ, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2010). The importance of exercise intensity when studying developmental energy metabolism. Journal of Applied Physiology, 109(5), 1565-1566. DOI.

2009

Radtke T, Stevens D, Benden C, Williams CA (2009). Clinical Exercise Testing in Children and Adolescents with Cystic Fibrosis. PEDIATRIC PHYSICAL THERAPY, 21(3), 275-281. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Dekerle J, Williams C, McGawley K, Carter H (2009). Critical power is not attained at the end of an isokinetic 90-second all-out test in children. J Sports Sci, 27(4), 379-385. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Ratel S (2009). Definitions of muscle fatigue. , 3-16. DOI.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2009). Early oxygen uptake recovery following exercise testing in children with chronic chest diseases. Pediatr Pulmonol, 44(5), 480-488. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Nimmerichter A, Bachl N, Williams C, Eston R (2009). Evaluation of a Field Test to Assess Performance in Elite Cyclists. International Journal of Sports Medicine DOI.
Williams CA, Ratel S (eds)(2009). Human Muscle Fatigue. Abingdon, Ovon, London, Routledge.
Mauger AR, Jones AM, Williams CA (2009). Influence of feedback and prior experience on pacing during a 4-km cycle time trial. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 41(2), 451-458. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Ratel S, Duché P, Williams CA (2009). Muscle fatigue in children. , 79-102. DOI.
Williams CA, Ratel S (2009). Preface. Human Muscle Fatigue, xvii-xviii. DOI.
Williams CA, Ratel S (2009). Preface. Human Muscle Fatigue, 9780203885482, xvii-xviii.
Oliver J, Armstrong N, Williams CAP (2009). Relationship between brief and prolonged repeated sprint ability. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12, 238-243.
Lloyd RS, Oliver JL, Hughes MG, Williams CA (2009). Reliability and validity of field-based measures of leg stiffness and reactive strength index in youths. JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 27(14), 1565-1573. Author URL. DOI.
Arent SM, Davitt P, Golem DL, Williams CA, McKeever KH, Jaouhari C (2009). The effects of a post-workout nutraceutical drink on body composition, performance and hormonal and biochemical responses in Division I college football players. Comparative Exercise Physiology, 6(2), 73-80. Abstract. DOI.
Brokenshire CS, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2009). The reliability of adolescent thermoregulatory responses during a heat acclimation protocol. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 8(4), 689-695. Abstract.

2008

Armstrong N, Welsman J, Williams CA (2008). Assessment of Maximal Intensity Exercise. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 55-66.
Oliver JL, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2008). Changes in jump performance and muscle activity following soccer specific exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26(2), 141-148.
Ratel S, Williams CA (2008). Children’s Musculoskeletal System: New Research Perspectives. In Beaulieu NP (Ed) Physical Activity and Children: New Research, New York: Nova Publications, 117-135.
Williams CA, Dekerle J, McGawley K, Berthoin S, Carter H (2008). Critical power in adolescent boys and girls--an exploratory study. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 33(6), 1105-1111. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2008). EARLY RECOVERY OF OXYGEN UPTAKE FOLLOWING EXERCISE TESTING IN CHILDREN WITH CHRONIC CHEST DISEASES.  Author URL.
Willis-Esqueda C (2008). Introduction: Motivational aspects of prejudice and racism.  Author URL. DOI.
Willcocks RJ, Barker AR, Fulford J, Welford D, Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2008). Kinetics of Phosphocreatine and Deoxyhemoglobin in Children and Adults During High-Intensity Exercise. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S20-S20. Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, James DV, Wilson C (2008). Mathematics and Science for Exercise and Sport. The Basics. , London, Routledge.
Williams CA (2008). Maximal Intensity Exercise. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 227-242.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2008). Muscle phosphocreatine and pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics in children at the onset and offset of moderate intensity exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol, 102(6), 727-738. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Oades PJ, Stevens D, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2008). OXYGEN UPTAKE RESPONSES IN CHILDREN WITH CHRONIC CHEST DISEASES FOLLOWING SIMULATED SPORTING ACTIVITY.  Author URL.
Williams CA (2008). Program development for the multisport high school athlete. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 30(4), 51-55. Abstract. DOI.
Williams CA, Willcocks RJ, Barker AR, Fulford J, Welford D, Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2008). Recovery of Muscle Oxygenation and Phosphocreatine in Children and Adults Following High-Intensity Quadriceps Exercise. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S20-S20. Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Chedzoy S (2008). The Benefits of Being Physically Active. Primary Scienc. Primary Science(March/April), 5-7.

2007

Sharp NCC, Williams CA (2007). 20th anniversary of the Children's Health and Exercise Centre, University of Exeter, UK. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 6(3).
Montfort-Steiger V, Williams CA (2007). Carbohydrate intake considerations for young athletes. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 6(3), 343-352.
Williams CA (2007). Exercise and Environmental Conditions. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, London: Elsevier, 235-274.
Stevens D, Williams CA (2007). Exercise testing and training with the young cystic fibrosis patient. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 6(3), 286-291.
Brickley G, Green S, Jenkins DJ, McEinery M, Wishart C, Doust JH, Williams CA (2007). Muscle metabolism during constant and alternating intensity exercise around critical power. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 28, 303-315.
Brickley G, Green S, Jenkins DG, McEinery M, Wishart C, Doust JD, Williams CA (2007). Muscle metabolism during constant- and alternating-intensity exercise around critical power. Int J Sports Med, 28(4), 300-305. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA (2007). Physiological changes of the young athlete and the effects on sports performance. SportEx Medicine, 6-11.
Oliver JL, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2007). Reliability and Validity of a Soccer-Specific Test of Prolonged Repeated-Sprint Ability. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, 2(2), 137-149. Author URL. DOI.

2006

Winsley RJ, Middlebrooke AR, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2006). Aerobic fitness and visceral adipose tissue in children. Acta Paeditrica, 95(11), 1435-1438.
Winsley RJ, Armstrong N, Middlebrooke AR, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams CA (2006). Aerobic fitness and visceral adipose tissue in children. Acta Paediatr, 95(11), 1435-1438. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Stratton G, Williams CA (2006). Children and Fitness Testing. In Winter EM, Jones AM, Davison RCR, Bromley PD, Mercer TH (Eds.) Sport and Exercise Physiology Testing Guidelines: the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences Guide, Oxon: Routledge, UK, 211-223.
Stratton G, Williams CA (2006). Children and Fitness Testing. In Winter EM, Jones AM, Davison RCR, Bromley PD, Mercer TH (Eds.) Sport and Exercise Physiology Testing Guidelines. The British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences Guide, Oxon: Routledge, UK, 321-333.
Ratel S, Williams CA, Oliver J, Armstrong N (2006). Effects of age and recovery duration on performance during multiple treadmill sprints. Int J Sports Med, 27(1), 1-8. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Ratel S, Williams CA (2006). Muscle fatigue during high-intensity exercise in children. Sports Medicine, 36, 1031-1065.
Williams CA, Doust J, Hammond A (2006). Power output and VO2 responses during 30s maximal isokinetic sprints at different cadences in comparison to the Wingate test. Isokinetic and Exercise Science, 14(4), 327-333.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Welford D, Fulford J, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2006). Reliability of 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy during an exhaustive incremental exercise test in children. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 98(6), 556-565.
Barker A, Welsman J, Welford D, Fulford J, Williams C, Armstrong N (2006). Reliability of 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy during an exhaustive incremental exercise test in children. Eur J Appl Physiol, 98(6), 556-565. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Oliver JL, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2006). Reliability of a field and laboratory test of repeated sprint ability. Pediatric Exercise Science, 18(3), 339-350. Abstract. DOI.
Oliver JL, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2006). The reliability and validity of running tests of repeated sprint ability. Pediatric Exercise Science, 18, 339-350.

2005

Williams CA, Ratel S, Armstrong N (2005). Achievement of peak VO2 during a 90-s maximal intensity cycle sprint in adolescents. Can J Appl Physiol, 30(2), 157-171. Abstract.  Author URL.
Ratel S, Williams CAP, Oliver JL, Armstrong N (2005). Effects of Age and Recovery Duration on Performance During Multiple Treadmill Sprints. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 26, 1-8.
Carter H, Dekerle J, Brickley G, Williams CAP (2005). Physiological responses to 90 s all out isokinetic sprint cycling in boys and men. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 4, 437-445.
Carter H, Dekerle J, Brickley G, Williams CAP (2005). Physiological responses to 90 s all out isokinetic sprint cycling in boys and men. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 4, 437-445.
Winsley RJ, Fulford J, Macleod K, Ramos-Ibanez N, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2005). Prediction of Visceral Adipose Tissue Using Air Displacement Plethysmography in Children. Obesity Research, 13(12), 2048-2051.
Winsley RJ, Fulford J, MacLeod KM, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2005). Prediction of visceral adipose tissue using air displacement plethysmography in children. Obes Res, 13(12), 2048-2051. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CAP, Ratel S, Armstrong N (2005). The achievement of peak VO2 during a 90 s maximal intensity cycle sprint in adolescent children. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, 30(2), 157-171.
Montfort-Steiger V, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2005). The reproducibility of an endurance performance test in adolescent cyclists. Eur J Appl Physiol, 94(5-6), 618-625. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2004

Ratel S, Williams CA, Oliver J, Armstrong N (2004). Effects of age and mode of exercise on power output profiles during repeated sprints. Eur J Appl Physiol, 92(1-2), 204-210. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Ratel S, Lazaar N, Dore E, Baquet G, Williams CA, Berthoin S, Van Praagh E, Bedu M, Duche P (2004). High-intensity intermittent activities at school: Controversies and facts. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 44(3), 272-280. Abstract.
Ratel S, Duche P, Hautier CA, Williams CAP, Bedu M (2004). Physiological responses during cycling with noncircular “Harmonic” and circular chainrings. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 91, 100-104.
Day S, Williams C, Folland J, Gohlke P, Williams A (2004). The acute effects of exercise and glucose ingestion on circulating angiotensin-converting enzyme in humans. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 92(4-5). DOI.

2003

Ratel S, Lazaar N, Williams CA, Bedu M, Duché P (2003). Age differences in human skeletal muscle fatigue during high-intensity intermittent exercise. Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics, 92(11), 1248-1254. Abstract. DOI.
Williams CAP, Wragg C (2003). Data Analysis and Research for Sport and Exercise Science., London, Routledge.
Williams CAP (2003). Ethics in paediatric exercise science. BASES World.  1 pages.
Williams CAP (2003). Ethics in paediatric exercise science. BASES World(March), 10-11.
Williams CA, Dore E, Albaan J, Van Praagh E (2003). Short term power output in 9 year old children: Typical error between ergometers and protocols. Pediatric Exercise Science, 15(3), 302-312.
Williams CAP, Hammond A, Doust JH (2003). Short term power output of females during isokinetic cycling. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 11, 123-131.

2002

Brickley G, Doust J, Williams CAP (2002). Physiological responses during exercise to exhaustion at critical power. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 88, 146-151.
Williams CA, Lopes P (2002). The influence of ventilatory control on heart variability in children. Journal of Sport Sciences, 20, 407-415.

2001

Williams CAP, Keen P (2001). Isokinetic measurement of maximal muscle power during leg cycling – a comparison of adolescent boys and adult men. Pediatric Exercise Science, 13, 154-166.
Williams CA, Carter H, Jones AM, Doust JH (2001). Oxygen uptake kinetics during treadmill running in boys and men. J Appl Physiol (1985), 90(5), 1700-1706. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CAP, Carter H, Jones AM, Doust JH (2001). Oxygen uptake kinetics during treadmill running in children and adults. Journal of Applied Physiology, 90, 1700-1706.
Williams CA, James DV (2001). Science for Exercise and Sport., London, Routledge.

2000

Williams CA, Armstrong N, Powell J (2000). Aerobic responses of prepubertal boys to two modes of training. Br J Sports Med, 34(3), 168-173. Abstract.  Author URL.
Carter H, Jones AM, Barstow TJ, Burnley M, Williams CAP, Doust JH (2000). Effect of endurance training on oxygen uptake kinetics during treadmill running. Journal of Applied Physiology, 89, 1744-1752.
Carter H, Jones AM, Barstow TJ, Burnley M, Williams C, Doust JH (2000). Effect of endurance training on oxygen uptake kinetics during treadmill running. J Appl Physiol, 89(5), 1744-1752. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Williams CA, Kirby BJ (2000). Longitudinal changes in young people's short-term power output. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 32(6), 1140-1145. Abstract.  Author URL.
Brickley G, Jenkins DJ, Green S, Williams CA, Wishart C, McEinery M, Doust J (2000). Metabolic responses to intermittent exercise using the critical power concept. Journal of Sports Sciences, 18(7), 526-527.
Carter H, Williams CA, Jones AM, Doust JH (2000). Oxygen uptake kinetics during treadmill running in children and adults.  Author URL.
Carter H, Jones AM, Barstow TJ, Burnley M, Williams CA, Doust JH (2000). Oxygen uptake kinetics in treadmill running and cycle ergometry: a comparison. J Appl Physiol, 89(3), 899-907. Abstract.
Carter H, Jones AM, Doust JH, Burnley M, Williams CAP, Barstow TJ (2000). The comparison of VO2 kinetics in treadmill running and cycling ergometry. Journal of Applied Physiology, 89, 899-907.
Burnley M, Carter H, Jones AM, Williams CA, Doust JH (2000). The effect of two different mathematical modelling procedures on the characterization of oxygen uptake kinetics during heavy exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 18(1), 28-29.
Burnley M, Carter H, Jones AM, Williams CA, Doust JH (2000). The effects of prior exercise on phase II pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics and the slow component during heavy exercise in humans. Journal of Sports Sciences, 18(7).

1999

Williams CA (1999). Anaerobic cycling performance of young people. Sport and Medicina, 5, 21-27.
Williams CA, Smith J, Ainsley J (1999). The effects of a physiotherapy intervention programme on children with developmental co-ordination disorder. Association of Paediatric Chartered Physiotherapists, 91, 32-40.

1998

Williams CA, Bale P (1998). Bias and limits of agreement between hydrodensitometry, bioelectrical impedance and skinfold calipers measures of percentage body fat. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 77(3), 271-277. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Pate RR, Trost SG, Williams CAP (1998). Critique of existing guidelines for physical activity in youth. In Biddle, S, Sallis, J, Cavill, N (Eds.) Young and Active - Current Policy and Implications, Health Education Authority, 162-176.
Williams CA (1998). Young people and physical activity - a literature review. HEALTH EDUCATION RESEARCH, 13(1), 156-157. Author URL.
Williams CA (1998). Young people and physical activity - Promoting better practice. HEALTH EDUCATION RESEARCH, 13(1), 157-157. Author URL. DOI.

1997

Williams CA (1997). Children’s and Adolescents’ Anaerobic Performance During Cycle Ergometry. Sports Medicine, 24, 227-240.
Willíams CA, Singh M (1997). Dynamic trunk strength of Canadian football players, soccer players, and middle to long distance runners. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 25(4), 271-276. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
McManus AM, Armstrong N, Williams CA (1997). Effect of training on the aerobic power and anaerobic performance of prepubertal girls. Acta Paediatr, 86(5), 456-459. Abstract.  Author URL.

1996

Williams CA, Armstrong N, Eves N, Faulkner A (1996). Peak aerobic fitness of visually impaired and sighted adolescent girls. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 90(6), 495-500. Abstract.

1994

Williams CA (1994). Child-Adult Anaerobic Performance Differences. British Journal of Physical Education, 25(2).

1993

Williams CA, Armstrong N (1993). Test-Retest Reproducibility of Optimised Peak Power Output During Maximal Sprint Pedalling. British Journal of Physical Education, Research Supplement, 13, 12-15.