Dr Francis Stephens
Associate Professor

Key publications | Publications by category | Publications by year

Key publications



Shannon CE, Nixon AV, Greenhaff PL, Stephens FB (2016). Protein ingestion acutely inhibits insulin-stimulated muscle carnitine uptake in healthy young men. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 103(1), 276-282. Abstract. DOI.
Chee C, Shannon CE, Burns A, Selby AL, Wilkinson D, Smith K, Greenhaff PL, Stephens FB (2016). Relative contribution of intramyocellular lipid to whole-body fat oxidation is reduced with age but subsarcolemmal lipid accumulation and insulin resistance are only associated with overweight individuals. Diabetes, 65(4), 840-850. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Stephens FB, Chee C, Wall BT, Murton AJ, Shannon CE, van Loon LJC, Tsintzas K (2015). Lipid-induced insulin resistance is associated with an impaired skeletal muscle protein synthetic response to amino acid ingestion in healthy young men. Diabetes, 64(5), 1615-1620. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Stephens FB, Wall BT, Marimuthu K, Shannon CE, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Macdonald IA, Greenhaff PL (2013). Skeletal muscle carnitine loading increases energy expenditure, modulates fuel metabolism gene networks and prevents body fat accumulation in humans. J Physiol, 591(18), 4655-4666. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Stephens FB, Constantin-teodosiu D, Greenhaff PL (2007). New insights concerning the role of carnitine in the regulation of fuel metabolism in skeletal muscle. Journal of Physiology, 581(2), 431-444. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens FB, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Laithwaite D, Simpson EJ, Greenhaff PL (2006). An acute increase in skeletal muscle carnitine content alters fuel metabolism in resting human skeletal muscle. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 91(12), 5013-5018. Abstract. DOI.

Publications by category


Journal articles

Murton AJ, Maddocks M, Stephens FB, Marimuthu K, England R, Wilcock A (In Press). Consequences of Late-Stage Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Cachexia on Muscle Metabolic Processes. Clin Lung Cancer, 18(1), e1-e11. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Samms RJ, Lewis JE, Norton L, Stephens FB, Gaffney CJ, Butterfield T, Smith DP, Cheng CC, Perfield JW, Adams AC, et al (In Press). FGF21 is an Insulin-Dependent Postprandial Hormone in Adult Humans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 102(10), 3806-3813. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Stephens FB, Shannon CE, Ghasemi R, Greenhaff PL (In Press). Increasing skeletal muscle carnitine availability does not alter the adaptations to high-intensity interval training. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports Full text.
Tsintzas K, Stephens FB, Snijders T, Wall BT, Cooper S, Mallinson J, Verdijk LB, van Loon LJC (In Press). Intramyocellular lipid content and lipogenic gene expression responses following a single bout of resistance type exercise differ between young and older men. Exp Gerontol, 93, 36-45. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Dirks ML, Stephens FB, Jackman SR, Gordo J, Machin D, Pulsford R, van Loon L, Wall B (2018). A single day of bed rest, irrespective of energy balance, does not affect skeletal muscle gene expression or insulin sensitivity. Experimental Physiology Full text.
Stephens FB (2018). Does skeletal muscle carnitine availability influence fuel selection during exercise?. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 77(1), 11-19. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Parmar B, Lewis JE, Samms RJ, Ebling FJP, Cheng CC, Adams AC, Mallinson J, Cooper S, Taylor T, Ghasemi R, et al (2018). Eccentric exercise increases circulating fibroblast activation protein α but not bioactive fibroblast growth factor 21 in healthy humans. Exp Physiol, 103(6), 876-883. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Stephens FB, Tsintzas K (2018). Metabolic and molecular changes associated with the increased skeletal muscle insulin action 24-48 h after exercise in young and old humans. Biochem Soc Trans, 46(1), 111-118. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Gaffney CJ, Mansell P, Stephens FB, Macdonald IA, Tsintzas K (2017). Exercise Metabolism in Nonobese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Following the Acute Restoration of Normoglycaemia. J Diabetes Res, 2017 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Shannon CE, Nixon AV, Greenhaff PL, Stephens FB (2016). Protein ingestion acutely inhibits insulin-stimulated muscle carnitine uptake in healthy young men. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 103(1), 276-282. Abstract. DOI.
Chee C, Shannon CE, Burns A, Selby AL, Wilkinson D, Smith K, Greenhaff PL, Stephens FB (2016). Relative contribution of intramyocellular lipid to whole-body fat oxidation is reduced with age but subsarcolemmal lipid accumulation and insulin resistance are only associated with overweight individuals. Diabetes, 65(4), 840-850. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Chee C, Mansell P, Stephens F, Cordon S, Kaviani M, Hoad C, Bawden S, Gowland P, Macdonald I (2016). The effects of hyperenergetic carbohydrate vs fat diets on liver fat content and insulin sensitivity in overweight healthy males. DIABETIC MEDICINE, 33, 29-29. Author URL.
Murton AJ, Stephens FB, Billeter R, Wall BT (2015). COMMENTARY RESPONSE TO VIEWPOINT: "WHAT IS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ACUTE MEASURES OF MUSCLE PROTEIN SYNTHESIS AND CHANGES IN MUSCLE MASS?". JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 118(4), 500-500. Author URL.
Atherton PJ, Phillips BE, Brook MS, Wilkinson DJ, Smith K, Etheridge TE, Miller BF, Hamilton KL, Burd NA, Beals JW, et al (2015). Commentaries on Viewpoint: What is the relationship between acute measure of muscle protein synthesis and changes in muscle mass?. J Appl Physiol (1985), 118(4), 498-503. Author URL. DOI.
Stephens FB, Chee C, Wall BT, Murton AJ, Shannon CE, van Loon LJC, Tsintzas K (2015). Lipid-induced insulin resistance is associated with an impaired skeletal muscle protein synthetic response to amino acid ingestion in healthy young men. Diabetes, 64(5), 1615-1620. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Constantin-Teodosiu D, Stephens FB, Greenhaff PL (2015). Perpetual muscle PDH activation in PDH kinase knockout mice protects against high-fat feeding-induced muscle insulin resistance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(8). DOI.
Wall BT, Dirks ML, Snijders T, Stephens FB, Senden JMG, Verscheijden M-L, van Loon LJC (2015). Short-term muscle disuse atrophy is not associated with increased intramuscular lipid deposition or a decline in the maximal activity of key mitochondrial enzymes in young and older males. Exp Gerontol, 61, 76-83. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Murton A, Chee C, Wall B, van Loon L, Tsintzas K, Stephens F (2014). Acute lipid administration inhibits amino acid induced phosphorylation of translation repressor 4E-BP1 in human muscle in an apparent mTOR independent manner. FASEB JOURNAL, 28(1). Author URL.
Stephens FB, Mendis B, Shannon CE, Cooper S, Ortori CA, Barrett DA, Mansell P, Tsintzas K (2014). Fish oil omega-3 fatty acids partially prevent lipid-induced insulin resistance in human skeletal muscle without limiting acylcarnitine accumulation. Clinical Science, 127(5), 315-322. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens F, Chee C, Wall B, Murton A, van Loon L, Tsintzas K (2014). Lipid-induced insulin resistance is associated with impaired muscle protein synthetic response to amino acid ingestion in healthy young men. FASEB JOURNAL, 28(1). Author URL.
Shannon C, Nixon A, Greenhaff P, Stephens F (2014). Protein ingestion impairs insulin-stimulated net muscle carnitine uptake in healthy young men. FASEB JOURNAL, 28(1). Author URL.
Wall B, Dirks M, Snijders T, Stephens F, Senden J, van Loon L (2014). Short-term muscle disuse atrophy is not associated with increased skeletal muscle lipid accumulation or impaired oxidative enzyme activity in young or old men. FASEB JOURNAL, 28(1). Author URL.
Murton AJ, Billeter R, Stephens FB, Des Etages SG, Graber F, Hill RJ, Marimuthu K, Greenhaff PL (2014). Transient transcriptional events in human skeletal muscle at the outset of concentric resistance exercise training. Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(1), 113-125. Abstract. DOI.
Gunnarsson TP, Bendiksen M, Bischoff R, Christensen PM, Lesivig B, Madsen K, Stephens F, Greenhaff P, Krustrup P, Bangsbo J, et al (2013). Effect of whey protein- and carbohydrate-enriched diet on glycogen resynthesis during the first 48 h after a soccer game. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 23(4), 508-515. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Gunnarsson TP, Bendiksen M, Bischoff R, Christensen PM, Lesivig B, Madsen K, Stephens F, Greenhaff P, Krustrup P, Bangsbo J, et al (2013). Effect of whey protein- and carbohydrate-enriched diet on glycogen resynthesis during the first 48h after a soccer game. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 23(4), 508-515. Abstract. DOI.
Tsintzas K, Norton L, Chokkalingam K, Nizamani N, Cooper S, Stephens F, Billeter R, Bennett A (2013). Independent and combined effects of acute physiological hyperglycaemia and hyperinsulinaemia on metabolic gene expression in human skeletal muscle. Clinical Science, 124(11), 675-684. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens F (2013). REVISITING THE ERGOGENIC PROPERTIES OF L-CARNITINE. ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM, 63, 30-31. Author URL.
Wall BT, Stephens FB, van Loon LJC, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Macdonald IA, Greenhaff PL (2013). Reduced fat oxidation during high intensity, submaximal exercise: is the availability of carnitine important?. European Journal of Sport Science, 13(2), 191-199. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens FB, Wall BT, Marimuthu K, Shannon CE, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Macdonald IA, Greenhaff PL (2013). Skeletal muscle carnitine loading increases energy expenditure, modulates fuel metabolism gene networks and prevents body fat accumulation in humans. Journal of Physiology, 591(18), 4655-4666. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens FB, Wall BT, Marimuthu K, Shannon CE, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Macdonald IA, Greenhaff PL (2013). Skeletal muscle carnitine loading increases energy expenditure, modulates fuel metabolism gene networks and prevents body fat accumulation in humans. J Physiol, 591(18), 4655-4666. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Wall BT, Stephens FB, Marimuthu K, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Macdonald IA, Greenhaff PL (2012). Acute pantothenic acid and cysteine supplementation does not affect muscle coenzyme a content, fuel selection, or exercise performance in healthy humans. J Appl Physiol (1985), 112(2), 272-278. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Awad S, Stephens F, Shannon C, Lobo DN (2012). Perioperative perturbations in carnitine metabolism are attenuated by preoperative carbohydrate treatment: Another mechanism by which preoperative feeding may attenuate development of postoperative insulin resistance. Clinical Nutrition, 31(5), 717-720. Abstract. DOI.
Constantin-Teodosiu D, Constantin D, Stephens F, Laithwaite D, Greenhaff PL (2012). The role of FOXO and PPAR transcription factors in diet-mediated inhibition of PDC activation and carbohydrate oxidation during exercise in humans and the role of pharmacological activation of PDC in overriding these changes. Diabetes, 61(5), 1017-1024. Abstract. DOI.
Wall BT, Stephens FB, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Marimuthu K, Macdonald IA, Greenhaff PL (2011). Chronic oral ingestion of L-carnitine and carbohydrate increases muscle carnitine content and alters muscle fuel metabolism during exercise in humans. J Physiol, 589(Pt 4), 963-973. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Wall BT, Stephens FB, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Marimuthu K, Macdonald IA, Greenhaff PL (2011). Chronic oral ingestion of l-carnitine and carbohydrate increases muscle carnitine content and alters muscle fuel metabolism during exercise in humans. Journal of Physiology, 589(4), 963-973. Abstract. DOI.
Wall BT, Stephens FB, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Marimuthu K, Macdonald IA, Greenhaff PL (2011). Increasing muscle carnitine content alters muscle fuel metabolism and improves exercise performance in humans. JAPANESE JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL FITNESS AND SPORTS MEDICINE, 60(1), 85-85. Author URL. DOI.
Krustrup P, Ortenblad N, Nielsen J, Nybo L, Gunnarsson TP, Iaia FM, Madsen K, Stephens F, Greenhaff P, Bangsbo J, et al (2011). Maximal voluntary contraction force, SR function and glycogen resynthesis during the first 72 h after a high-level competitive soccer game. Eur J Appl Physiol, 111(12), 2987-2995. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Stephens FB, Marimuthu K, Cheng Y, Patel N, Constantin D, Simpson EJ, Greenhaff PL (2011). Vegetarians have a reduced skeletal muscle carnitine transport capacity. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 94(3), 938-944. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens FB, Norton L, Jewell K, Chokkalingam K, Parr T, Tsintzas K (2010). Basal and insulin-stimulated pyruvate dehydrogenase complex activation, glycogen synthesis and metabolic gene expression in human skeletal muscle the day after a single bout of exercise. Experimental Physiology, 95(7), 808-818. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens FB (2010). New developments in sports nutrition. Food Science and Technology, 24(2), 31-33. Abstract.
Burke LM, Castell LM, Stear SJ, Rogers PJ, Blomstrand E, Gurr S, Mitchell N, Stephens FB, Greenhaff PL (2009). BJSM reviews: A-Z of nutritional supplements: Dietary supplements, sports nutrition foods and ergogenic aids for health and performance Part 4. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43(14), 1088-1090. DOI.
Stephens FB, Roig M, Armstrong G, Greenhaff PL (2008). Post-exercise ingestion of a unique, high molecular weight glucose polymer solution improves performance during a subsequent bout of cycling exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26(2), 149-154. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens FB, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Greenhaff PL (2007). A central role for carnitine in the in vivo regulation of fuel metabolism in skeletal muscle. AMINO ACIDS, 33(3), LX-LX. Author URL.
Stephens FB, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Laithwaite D, Simpson EJ, Greenhaff PL (2007). A threshold exists for the stimulatory effect of insulin on plasma L-carnitine clearance in humans. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism, 292(2). Abstract. DOI.
Stephens FB, Evans CE, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Greenhaff PL (2007). Carbohydrate ingestion augments L-carnitine retention in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology, 102(3), 1065-1070. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens FB, Constantin-teodosiu D, Greenhaff PL (2007). New insights concerning the role of carnitine in the regulation of fuel metabolism in skeletal muscle. Journal of Physiology, 581(2), 431-444. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens FB, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Laithwaite D, Simpson EJ, Greenhaff PL (2006). An acute increase in skeletal muscle carnitine content alters fuel metabolism in resting human skeletal muscle. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 91(12), 5013-5018. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens FB, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Laithwaite D, Simpson EJ, Greenhaff PL (2006). Insulin stimulates L-carnitine accumulation in human skeletal muscle. FASEB Journal, 20(2), 377-379. DOI.

Chapters

Stephens FB, Greenhaff PL (2013). Creatine. In  (Ed) Sports Nutrition, 301-312. DOI.

Conferences

Walker A, Nixon A, Cordon S, Marshall M, Yeo M, Devadason D, Muhammed R, Tsintzas K, Kirkham S, Stephens F, et al (2018). Paediatric Crohn's disease patients in remission have a reduced skeletal muscle protein balance after feeding.  Author URL.
Stephens FB, Gaffney CJ, Mansell P, Greenhaff PL, Tsintzas K (2017). Dietary fat oxidation is elevated in middle-aged type 2 diabetes.  Author URL.  Full text.
Burns A, Nixon A, Stephens F, Francis S, Gowland P, Greenhaff P (2016). Novel Insight Regarding the Trajectory and Time-course of Immobilisation Induced Impairment of Limb Glucose Uptake in Healthy Volunteers.  Author URL.  Full text.
Chee C, Mansell P, Stephens F, Cordon S, Kavani M, Bawden S, Hoad C, Gowland P, Macdonald I (2015). Differential effects of carbohydrate vs fat overfeeding on liver fat content and lipid metabolism in healthy overweight males.  Author URL.
Stephens FB, Galloway SDR (2013). Carnitine and fat oxidation.  Abstract. DOI.
Awad S, Stephens F, Shannon C, Lobo DN (2012). Carnitine, pre-operative carbohydrate loading and post-operative insulin resistance: a potential mechanism.  Author URL.
Stephens F, Wall B, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Marimuthu K, Macdonald I, Greenhaff P (2011). Elevating skeletal muscle total carnitine content increases the expression of genes regulating fat metabolism in humans.  Author URL.
Murton AJ, Billeter-Clark R, Stephens F, Marimuthu K, Greenhaff P (2011). The magnitude of exercise-induced change in the muscle transcriptome is related to the scale of muscle damage in humans.  Author URL.
Stephens F, Constantin-Teodosiu T, Greenhaff P (2004). Insulin stimulates L-carnitine retention in humans.  Author URL.

Publications by year



In Press

Murton AJ, Maddocks M, Stephens FB, Marimuthu K, England R, Wilcock A (In Press). Consequences of Late-Stage Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Cachexia on Muscle Metabolic Processes. Clin Lung Cancer, 18(1), e1-e11. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Samms RJ, Lewis JE, Norton L, Stephens FB, Gaffney CJ, Butterfield T, Smith DP, Cheng CC, Perfield JW, Adams AC, et al (In Press). FGF21 is an Insulin-Dependent Postprandial Hormone in Adult Humans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 102(10), 3806-3813. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Stephens FB, Shannon CE, Ghasemi R, Greenhaff PL (In Press). Increasing skeletal muscle carnitine availability does not alter the adaptations to high-intensity interval training. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports Full text.
Tsintzas K, Stephens FB, Snijders T, Wall BT, Cooper S, Mallinson J, Verdijk LB, van Loon LJC (In Press). Intramyocellular lipid content and lipogenic gene expression responses following a single bout of resistance type exercise differ between young and older men. Exp Gerontol, 93, 36-45. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.

2018

Dirks ML, Stephens FB, Jackman SR, Gordo J, Machin D, Pulsford R, van Loon L, Wall B (2018). A single day of bed rest, irrespective of energy balance, does not affect skeletal muscle gene expression or insulin sensitivity. Experimental Physiology Full text.
Stephens FB (2018). Does skeletal muscle carnitine availability influence fuel selection during exercise?. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 77(1), 11-19. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Parmar B, Lewis JE, Samms RJ, Ebling FJP, Cheng CC, Adams AC, Mallinson J, Cooper S, Taylor T, Ghasemi R, et al (2018). Eccentric exercise increases circulating fibroblast activation protein α but not bioactive fibroblast growth factor 21 in healthy humans. Exp Physiol, 103(6), 876-883. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Stephens FB, Tsintzas K (2018). Metabolic and molecular changes associated with the increased skeletal muscle insulin action 24-48 h after exercise in young and old humans. Biochem Soc Trans, 46(1), 111-118. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Walker A, Nixon A, Cordon S, Marshall M, Yeo M, Devadason D, Muhammed R, Tsintzas K, Kirkham S, Stephens F, et al (2018). Paediatric Crohn's disease patients in remission have a reduced skeletal muscle protein balance after feeding.  Author URL.

2017

Stephens FB, Gaffney CJ, Mansell P, Greenhaff PL, Tsintzas K (2017). Dietary fat oxidation is elevated in middle-aged type 2 diabetes.  Author URL.  Full text.
Gaffney CJ, Mansell P, Stephens FB, Macdonald IA, Tsintzas K (2017). Exercise Metabolism in Nonobese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Following the Acute Restoration of Normoglycaemia. J Diabetes Res, 2017 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.

2016

Burns A, Nixon A, Stephens F, Francis S, Gowland P, Greenhaff P (2016). Novel Insight Regarding the Trajectory and Time-course of Immobilisation Induced Impairment of Limb Glucose Uptake in Healthy Volunteers.  Author URL.  Full text.
Shannon CE, Nixon AV, Greenhaff PL, Stephens FB (2016). Protein ingestion acutely inhibits insulin-stimulated muscle carnitine uptake in healthy young men. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 103(1), 276-282. Abstract. DOI.
Chee C, Shannon CE, Burns A, Selby AL, Wilkinson D, Smith K, Greenhaff PL, Stephens FB (2016). Relative contribution of intramyocellular lipid to whole-body fat oxidation is reduced with age but subsarcolemmal lipid accumulation and insulin resistance are only associated with overweight individuals. Diabetes, 65(4), 840-850. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Chee C, Mansell P, Stephens F, Cordon S, Kaviani M, Hoad C, Bawden S, Gowland P, Macdonald I (2016). The effects of hyperenergetic carbohydrate vs fat diets on liver fat content and insulin sensitivity in overweight healthy males. DIABETIC MEDICINE, 33, 29-29. Author URL.

2015

Murton AJ, Stephens FB, Billeter R, Wall BT (2015). COMMENTARY RESPONSE TO VIEWPOINT: "WHAT IS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ACUTE MEASURES OF MUSCLE PROTEIN SYNTHESIS AND CHANGES IN MUSCLE MASS?". JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 118(4), 500-500. Author URL.
Atherton PJ, Phillips BE, Brook MS, Wilkinson DJ, Smith K, Etheridge TE, Miller BF, Hamilton KL, Burd NA, Beals JW, et al (2015). Commentaries on Viewpoint: What is the relationship between acute measure of muscle protein synthesis and changes in muscle mass?. J Appl Physiol (1985), 118(4), 498-503. Author URL. DOI.
Chee C, Mansell P, Stephens F, Cordon S, Kavani M, Bawden S, Hoad C, Gowland P, Macdonald I (2015). Differential effects of carbohydrate vs fat overfeeding on liver fat content and lipid metabolism in healthy overweight males.  Author URL.
Stephens FB, Chee C, Wall BT, Murton AJ, Shannon CE, van Loon LJC, Tsintzas K (2015). Lipid-induced insulin resistance is associated with an impaired skeletal muscle protein synthetic response to amino acid ingestion in healthy young men. Diabetes, 64(5), 1615-1620. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Constantin-Teodosiu D, Stephens FB, Greenhaff PL (2015). Perpetual muscle PDH activation in PDH kinase knockout mice protects against high-fat feeding-induced muscle insulin resistance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(8). DOI.
Wall BT, Dirks ML, Snijders T, Stephens FB, Senden JMG, Verscheijden M-L, van Loon LJC (2015). Short-term muscle disuse atrophy is not associated with increased intramuscular lipid deposition or a decline in the maximal activity of key mitochondrial enzymes in young and older males. Exp Gerontol, 61, 76-83. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.

2014

Murton A, Chee C, Wall B, van Loon L, Tsintzas K, Stephens F (2014). Acute lipid administration inhibits amino acid induced phosphorylation of translation repressor 4E-BP1 in human muscle in an apparent mTOR independent manner. FASEB JOURNAL, 28(1). Author URL.
Stephens FB, Mendis B, Shannon CE, Cooper S, Ortori CA, Barrett DA, Mansell P, Tsintzas K (2014). Fish oil omega-3 fatty acids partially prevent lipid-induced insulin resistance in human skeletal muscle without limiting acylcarnitine accumulation. Clinical Science, 127(5), 315-322. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens F, Chee C, Wall B, Murton A, van Loon L, Tsintzas K (2014). Lipid-induced insulin resistance is associated with impaired muscle protein synthetic response to amino acid ingestion in healthy young men. FASEB JOURNAL, 28(1). Author URL.
Shannon C, Nixon A, Greenhaff P, Stephens F (2014). Protein ingestion impairs insulin-stimulated net muscle carnitine uptake in healthy young men. FASEB JOURNAL, 28(1). Author URL.
Wall B, Dirks M, Snijders T, Stephens F, Senden J, van Loon L (2014). Short-term muscle disuse atrophy is not associated with increased skeletal muscle lipid accumulation or impaired oxidative enzyme activity in young or old men. FASEB JOURNAL, 28(1). Author URL.
Murton AJ, Billeter R, Stephens FB, Des Etages SG, Graber F, Hill RJ, Marimuthu K, Greenhaff PL (2014). Transient transcriptional events in human skeletal muscle at the outset of concentric resistance exercise training. Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(1), 113-125. Abstract. DOI.

2013

Stephens FB, Galloway SDR (2013). Carnitine and fat oxidation.  Abstract. DOI.
Stephens FB, Greenhaff PL (2013). Creatine. In  (Ed) Sports Nutrition, 301-312. DOI.
Gunnarsson TP, Bendiksen M, Bischoff R, Christensen PM, Lesivig B, Madsen K, Stephens F, Greenhaff P, Krustrup P, Bangsbo J, et al (2013). Effect of whey protein- and carbohydrate-enriched diet on glycogen resynthesis during the first 48 h after a soccer game. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 23(4), 508-515. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Gunnarsson TP, Bendiksen M, Bischoff R, Christensen PM, Lesivig B, Madsen K, Stephens F, Greenhaff P, Krustrup P, Bangsbo J, et al (2013). Effect of whey protein- and carbohydrate-enriched diet on glycogen resynthesis during the first 48h after a soccer game. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 23(4), 508-515. Abstract. DOI.
Tsintzas K, Norton L, Chokkalingam K, Nizamani N, Cooper S, Stephens F, Billeter R, Bennett A (2013). Independent and combined effects of acute physiological hyperglycaemia and hyperinsulinaemia on metabolic gene expression in human skeletal muscle. Clinical Science, 124(11), 675-684. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens F (2013). REVISITING THE ERGOGENIC PROPERTIES OF L-CARNITINE. ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM, 63, 30-31. Author URL.
Wall BT, Stephens FB, van Loon LJC, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Macdonald IA, Greenhaff PL (2013). Reduced fat oxidation during high intensity, submaximal exercise: is the availability of carnitine important?. European Journal of Sport Science, 13(2), 191-199. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens FB, Wall BT, Marimuthu K, Shannon CE, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Macdonald IA, Greenhaff PL (2013). Skeletal muscle carnitine loading increases energy expenditure, modulates fuel metabolism gene networks and prevents body fat accumulation in humans. Journal of Physiology, 591(18), 4655-4666. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens FB, Wall BT, Marimuthu K, Shannon CE, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Macdonald IA, Greenhaff PL (2013). Skeletal muscle carnitine loading increases energy expenditure, modulates fuel metabolism gene networks and prevents body fat accumulation in humans. J Physiol, 591(18), 4655-4666. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2012

Wall BT, Stephens FB, Marimuthu K, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Macdonald IA, Greenhaff PL (2012). Acute pantothenic acid and cysteine supplementation does not affect muscle coenzyme a content, fuel selection, or exercise performance in healthy humans. J Appl Physiol (1985), 112(2), 272-278. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Awad S, Stephens F, Shannon C, Lobo DN (2012). Carnitine, pre-operative carbohydrate loading and post-operative insulin resistance: a potential mechanism.  Author URL.
Awad S, Stephens F, Shannon C, Lobo DN (2012). Perioperative perturbations in carnitine metabolism are attenuated by preoperative carbohydrate treatment: Another mechanism by which preoperative feeding may attenuate development of postoperative insulin resistance. Clinical Nutrition, 31(5), 717-720. Abstract. DOI.
Constantin-Teodosiu D, Constantin D, Stephens F, Laithwaite D, Greenhaff PL (2012). The role of FOXO and PPAR transcription factors in diet-mediated inhibition of PDC activation and carbohydrate oxidation during exercise in humans and the role of pharmacological activation of PDC in overriding these changes. Diabetes, 61(5), 1017-1024. Abstract. DOI.

2011

Wall BT, Stephens FB, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Marimuthu K, Macdonald IA, Greenhaff PL (2011). Chronic oral ingestion of L-carnitine and carbohydrate increases muscle carnitine content and alters muscle fuel metabolism during exercise in humans. J Physiol, 589(Pt 4), 963-973. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Wall BT, Stephens FB, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Marimuthu K, Macdonald IA, Greenhaff PL (2011). Chronic oral ingestion of l-carnitine and carbohydrate increases muscle carnitine content and alters muscle fuel metabolism during exercise in humans. Journal of Physiology, 589(4), 963-973. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens F, Wall B, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Marimuthu K, Macdonald I, Greenhaff P (2011). Elevating skeletal muscle total carnitine content increases the expression of genes regulating fat metabolism in humans.  Author URL.
Wall BT, Stephens FB, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Marimuthu K, Macdonald IA, Greenhaff PL (2011). Increasing muscle carnitine content alters muscle fuel metabolism and improves exercise performance in humans. JAPANESE JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL FITNESS AND SPORTS MEDICINE, 60(1), 85-85. Author URL. DOI.
Krustrup P, Ortenblad N, Nielsen J, Nybo L, Gunnarsson TP, Iaia FM, Madsen K, Stephens F, Greenhaff P, Bangsbo J, et al (2011). Maximal voluntary contraction force, SR function and glycogen resynthesis during the first 72 h after a high-level competitive soccer game. Eur J Appl Physiol, 111(12), 2987-2995. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Murton AJ, Billeter-Clark R, Stephens F, Marimuthu K, Greenhaff P (2011). The magnitude of exercise-induced change in the muscle transcriptome is related to the scale of muscle damage in humans.  Author URL.
Stephens FB, Marimuthu K, Cheng Y, Patel N, Constantin D, Simpson EJ, Greenhaff PL (2011). Vegetarians have a reduced skeletal muscle carnitine transport capacity. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 94(3), 938-944. Abstract. DOI.

2010

Stephens FB, Norton L, Jewell K, Chokkalingam K, Parr T, Tsintzas K (2010). Basal and insulin-stimulated pyruvate dehydrogenase complex activation, glycogen synthesis and metabolic gene expression in human skeletal muscle the day after a single bout of exercise. Experimental Physiology, 95(7), 808-818. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens FB (2010). New developments in sports nutrition. Food Science and Technology, 24(2), 31-33. Abstract.

2009

Burke LM, Castell LM, Stear SJ, Rogers PJ, Blomstrand E, Gurr S, Mitchell N, Stephens FB, Greenhaff PL (2009). BJSM reviews: A-Z of nutritional supplements: Dietary supplements, sports nutrition foods and ergogenic aids for health and performance Part 4. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43(14), 1088-1090. DOI.

2008

Stephens FB, Roig M, Armstrong G, Greenhaff PL (2008). Post-exercise ingestion of a unique, high molecular weight glucose polymer solution improves performance during a subsequent bout of cycling exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26(2), 149-154. Abstract. DOI.

2007

Stephens FB, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Greenhaff PL (2007). A central role for carnitine in the in vivo regulation of fuel metabolism in skeletal muscle. AMINO ACIDS, 33(3), LX-LX. Author URL.
Stephens FB, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Laithwaite D, Simpson EJ, Greenhaff PL (2007). A threshold exists for the stimulatory effect of insulin on plasma L-carnitine clearance in humans. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism, 292(2). Abstract. DOI.
Stephens FB, Evans CE, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Greenhaff PL (2007). Carbohydrate ingestion augments L-carnitine retention in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology, 102(3), 1065-1070. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens FB, Constantin-teodosiu D, Greenhaff PL (2007). New insights concerning the role of carnitine in the regulation of fuel metabolism in skeletal muscle. Journal of Physiology, 581(2), 431-444. Abstract. DOI.

2006

Stephens FB, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Laithwaite D, Simpson EJ, Greenhaff PL (2006). An acute increase in skeletal muscle carnitine content alters fuel metabolism in resting human skeletal muscle. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 91(12), 5013-5018. Abstract. DOI.
Stephens FB, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Laithwaite D, Simpson EJ, Greenhaff PL (2006). Insulin stimulates L-carnitine accumulation in human skeletal muscle. FASEB Journal, 20(2), 377-379. DOI.

2004

Stephens F, Constantin-Teodosiu T, Greenhaff P (2004). Insulin stimulates L-carnitine retention in humans.  Author URL.