Professor Neil Armstrong
Professor of Paediatric Physiology

Key publications | Publications by category | Publications by year

Key publications



Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Jones AM, Williams CA (2012). The effect of baseline metabolic rate on pulmonary O₂ uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in boys and men. Respir Physiol Neurobiol, 180(2-3), 223-229. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Weisman JR, Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2010). Longitudinal Changes in the Oxygen Uptake Kinetic Response to Heavy-Intensity Exercise in 14- to 16-Year-Old Boys (Reprinted from PES, vol 22). PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 22(2), 314-325. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2010). Quadriceps muscle energetics during incremental exercise in children and adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42, 1303-1313. DOI.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2008). Muscle phosphocreatine kinetics in children and adults at the onset and offset of moderate-intensity exercise. J Appl Physiol (1985), 105(2), 446-456. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

Publications by category


Books

Coelho-E-Silva M, Cupido-dos-Santos A, Figueiredo AJ, Armstrong N, Ferreira JP (2013). Children and Exercise XXVIII., Routledge. Abstract.
Coelho-e-Silva MJ, Cupido-dos-Santos A, Figueiredo AJ, Ferreira JP, Armstrong N (2013). Children and exercise XXVIII: the proceedings of the 28th pediatric work physiology meeting. Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N, Williams C (2012). Children and Exercise Xxvi. OXFORD, Routledge.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (eds)(2011). The Elite Young Athlete. Basel, Karger.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (2010). Preface.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (2010). The Elite Young Athlete. Basle, Karger.
Jurimae T, Armstrong N, Jurimae J (2008). Children and Exercise XXIV. London, Routledge.
Armstrong N, Van Mechelen W (2008). Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine(2nd edition). Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Armstrong N (2007). Paediatric Exercise Physiology. Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N (2007). Preface. DOI.
Armstrong N (2006). Paediatric Exercise Physiology. Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone.
Armstrong N, Van Mechelen W (2000). Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Armstrong N (2000). Young People and Physical Activity. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (1997). Children and Exercise XIX. Exeter, Washington Singer Press.
Armstrong N, Kirby B, Welsman JR (1997). Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being. London, E and F Spon.
Armstrong N (1996). New Directions in Physical Education: change and Innovation. London, Cassells.
Armstrong N (1992). New Directions in Physical Education: Towards a National Curriculum. Illinois, Champaign.
Armstrong N (1991). Issues in Physical Education. London, Cassells.
Armstrong N (1990). New Directions in Physical Education. Illinois, Champaign.

Journal articles

Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Tomlinson O, Vlachopoulos D, Jackman S, Armstrong N, Barker AR (In Press). High Intensity Interval Exercise is an Effective Alternative to Moderate Intensity Exercise for Improving Insulin Sensitivity in Adolescent Boys. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport Full text.
Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Jackman SR, Bassi S, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2018). A single bout of high-intensity interval exercise and work-matched moderate-intensity exercise has minimal effect on glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in 7- to 10-year-old boys. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36(2), 149-155. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Armstrong N (2016). Aerobic Fitness and Training in Children and Adolescents. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 28(1), 7-10. Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, McNarry M (2016). Aerobic fitness and trainability in healthy youth: Gaps in our knowledge. Pediatric Exercise Science, 28(2), 171-177. Abstract. DOI.
Bond B, Williams CA, Jackman SR, Woodward A, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). Accumulating exercise and postprandial health in adolescents. Metabolism: clinical and experimental Abstract.  Full text.
McNarry MA, Farr C, Middlebrooke A, Welford D, Breese B, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). Aerobic Function and Muscle Deoxygenation Dynamics during Ramp Exercise in Children. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 47(9), 1877-1884. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Armstrong N (2015). Aerobic fitness and training in children. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 27(1), 8-12. Author URL. DOI.
Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Tomlinson OW, Vlachopoulos D, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). High intensity interval exercise is an effective alternative to moderate intensity exercise for improving glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in adolescent boys. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18(6), 720-724. Abstract. DOI.
Bergeron MF, Mountjoy M, Armstrong N, Chia M, Côté J, Emery CA, Faigenbaum A, Hall G, Kriemler S, Léglise M, et al (2015). International Olympic Committee consensus statement on youth athletic development. Br J Sports Med, 49(13), 843-851. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Barker AR, McManus AM (2015). Muscle metabolism changes with age and maturation: How do they relate to youth sport performance?. Br J Sports Med, 49(13), 860-864. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Barker AR, McManus AM (2015). Muscle metabolism changes with age and maturation: How do they relate to youth sport performance?. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(13), 860-864. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Bond B, Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Harris S, Gates PE, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). Two weeks of high-intensity interval training improves novel but not traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors in adolescents. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 309(6), H1039-H1047. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Fulford J, Williams CA (2014). Influence of thigh activation on the VO₂ slow component in boys and men. Eur J Appl Physiol, 114(11), 2309-2319. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Fulford J, Williams CA (2014). Influence of thigh activation on the [Formula Presented] O<inf>2</inf>slow component in boys and men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114(11), 2309-2319. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Fulford J, Williams CA (2014). Influence of thigh muscle activation on pulmonary O2 uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in boys and men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114, 2309-2319. Abstract.  Full text.
Willcocks RJ, Fulford J, Armstrong N, Barker AR, Williams CA (2014). Muscle metabolism during fatiguing isometric quadriceps exercise in adolescents and adults. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 39(4), 439-445. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Barker AR, Trebilcock E, Breese B, Jones AM, Armstrong N (2014). The effect of priming exercise on O2 uptake kinetics, muscle O2 delivery and utilization, muscle activity, and exercise tolerance in boys. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 39(3), 308-317. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Willcocks RJ, Fulford J, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2014). Two protocols to measure mitochondrial capacity in women and adolescent girls: a 31P-MRS preliminary study. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 26(2), 210-217. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Armstrong N (2013). Aerobic fitness and physical activity in children. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 25(4), 548-560. Abstract.  Author URL.
Durstine JL, Armstrong N, Cheng S (2013). Children's physical activity and health - Chronic disease in children and young adults. JOURNAL OF SPORT AND HEALTH SCIENCE, 2(1), 1-2. Author URL. DOI.
Durstine L, Armstrong N, Cheng S (2013). Children, Physical Activity and Health – Chronic Disease, Children and Young Adults. International Journal of Sport and Health Science(2), 1-2.
Malina RM, Baxter-Jones ADG, Armstrong N, Beunen GP, Caine D, Daly RM, Lewis RD, Rogol AD, Russell K (2013). Role of intensive training in the growth and maturation of artistic gymnasts. Sports Medicine, 43(9), 783-802. Abstract. DOI.
Barker AR, Bond B, Toman C, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2012). Critical power in adolescents: physiological bases and assessment using all-out exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol, 112(4), 1359-1370. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Barker AR (2012). New insights in paediatric exercise metabolism. JOURNAL OF SPORT AND HEALTH SCIENCE, 1(1), 18-26. Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Cheng S, Durstine JL (2012). Physical activity, physical fitness, diet and the health in young people. JOURNAL OF SPORT AND HEALTH SCIENCE, 1(3), 129-130. Author URL. DOI.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Jones AM, Williams CA (2012). The effect of baseline metabolic rate on pulmonary O₂ uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in boys and men. Respir Physiol Neurobiol, 180(2-3), 223-229. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Armstrong N (2012). Young people are fit and active - Fact or fiction?. JOURNAL OF SPORT AND HEALTH SCIENCE, 1(3), 131-140. Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Tomkinson G, Ekelund U (2011). Aerobic fitness and its relationship to sport, exercise training and habitual physical activity during youth. Br J Sports Med, 45(11), 849-858. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Armstrong N (2011). Children and exercise XXVII: the proceedings of the XXVII<sup>th</sup>international symposium of the European group of Pediatric work physiology, September, 2011. International Symposium of the European Group of Pediatric Work Physiology, September, 2011, 1-333. Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N (2011). Children are still fit, but not active. Education and Health, 29(3), 43-45.
Barker AR, Bond B, Toman C, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2011). Critical power in adolescents: physiological bases and assessment using all-out exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 1-12.
Armstrong N, Barker AR (2011). Endurance training and elite young athletes. Med Sport Sci, 56, 59-83. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Barker AR (2011). Endurance training in elite young athletes. Med Sport Sci, 56, 59-83. Abstract.   Publisher URL.
Barker AR, Williams CA, Jones AM, Armstrong N (2011). Establishing maximal oxygen uptake in young people during a ramp cycle test to exhaustion. Br J Sports Med, 45(6), 498-503. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2011). Exercise metabolism during moderate-intensity exercise in children with cystic fibrosis following heavy-intensity exercise. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 36(6), 920-927. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Barker AR, Armstrong N (2011). Exercise testing elite young athletes. Med Sport Sci, 56, 106-125. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Mountjoy M, Andersen LB, Armstrong N, Biddle S, Boreham C, Brandl Bedenbeck HP, Ekelund U, Engebretsen L, Hardman K, Hills A, et al (2011). International Olympic Committee consensus statement on the health and fitness of young people through physical activity and sport. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(11), 839-848. DOI.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (2011). Physiology of elite young male athletes. Med Sport Sci, 56, 1-22. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Breese BC, Armstrong N, Barker AR, Williams CA (2011). The effect of pedal rate on pulmonary O2 uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in trained and untrained teenage boys. Respir Physiol Neurobiol, 177(2), 149-154. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Ekelund U, Tomkinson GR, Armstrong N (2011). What proportion of youth are physically active? Measurement issues, levels and recent time trends. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(11), 859-865. Abstract. DOI.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2010). A survey of exercise testing and training in UK cystic fibrosis clinics. J Cyst Fibros, 9(5), 302-306. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Willcocks RJ, Williams CA, Barker AR, Fulford J, Armstrong N (2010). Age and Sex Related Differences in Muscle Phosphocreatine and Oxygenation Kinetics during High Intensity Exercise in Adolescents and Adults. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Biomedicine
Yu CCW, McManus AM, Li AM, Sung RYT, Armstrong N (2010). Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing in Children. Hong Kong Journal of Pediatrics, 15, 35-47.
Barker AR, Armstrong N (2010). Exercise testing elite young athletes. Medicine and Sport Science, 56, 106-125. Abstract. DOI.
Montfort-Steiger V, Williams CAP, Armstrong N, Fulford J (2010). Gastric Emptying Rate of Young Cyclists by Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Three Case Studies. Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness, 8, 34-40.
Barker AR, Armstrong N (2010). Insights into Development Muscle Metabolism through the Use of 31P-Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. Pediatric Exercise Science
Barker AR, Armstrong N (2010). Insights into developmental muscle metabolism through the use of<sup>31</sup>P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy: a review. Pediatric Exercise Science, 22(3), 350-368. Abstract. DOI.
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2010). Longitudinal Changes in Oxygen Uptake Responses to Heavy Intensity Exercise in 14-16 Year Old Boys. Pediatric Exercise Science
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Weisman JR, Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2010). Longitudinal Changes in the Oxygen Uptake Kinetic Response to Heavy-Intensity Exercise in 14- to 16-Year-Old Boys (Reprinted from PES, vol 22). PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 22(2), 314-325. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fawker SG, Armstrong N (2010). Longitudinal changes in the oxygen uptake kinetic response to heavy-intensity exercise in 14- to 16-year-old boys. Pediatric Exercise Science, 22(1), 69-80. Full text. DOI.
McManus AM, Armstrong N (2010). Physiology of elite young female athletes. Medicine and Sport Science, 56, 23-46. Abstract. DOI.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2010). Quadriceps muscle energetics during incremental exercise in children and adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42, 1303-1313. DOI.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2010). Quadriceps muscle energetics during incremental exercise in children and adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42(7), 1303-1313. Abstract. DOI.
Barker AR, Breese BC, Willcocks RJ, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2010). The importance of exercise intensity when studying developmental energy metabolism. Journal of Applied Physiology, 109(5), 1565-1566. DOI.
Barker AR, Jones AM, Armstrong N (2010). The influence of priming exercise on oxygen uptake, cardiac output, and muscle oxygenation kinetics during very heavy-intensity exercise in 9- to 13-yr-old boys. J Appl Physiol (1985), 109(2), 491-500. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
De Ste Croix MBA, Deighan MA, Ratel S, Armstrong N (2009). Age and Sex Associated differences in Isokinetic Knee Muscle Endurance Between Young Children and Adults. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, 34, 725-731.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2009). Early oxygen uptake recovery following exercise testing in children with chronic chest diseases. Pediatr Pulmonol, 44(5), 480-488. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2009). Exercise testing in young patients with cystic fibrosis and other chronic diseases. Paediatric Pulmonology(44), 480-489.
Armstrong N, Barker AR (2009). Oxygen uptake kinetics in children and adolescents: a review. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 21(2), 130-147. Abstract.
Ramos-Ibanez N, Winsley RJ, Armstrong N (2009). RELATIONSHIP AMONG DIET AND ENERGY EXPENDITURE AND INTRA-ABDOMINAL ADIPOSE TISSUE IN YOUNG GIRLS. ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM, 55, 529-529. Author URL.
Oliver J, Armstrong N, Williams CAP (2009). Relationship between brief and prolonged repeated sprint ability. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12, 238-243.
Winsley RJ, Fulford J, Roberts A, Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2009). Sex difference in Peak Oxygen Uptake in Prepubertal Children. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12, 647-651.
Brokenshire CS, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2009). The reliability of adolescent thermoregulatory responses during a heat acclimation protocol. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 8(4), 689-695. Abstract.
Oliver JL, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2008). Changes in jump performance and muscle activity following soccer specific exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26(2), 141-148.
Dodd CJ, Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2008). Energy intake and appetite following exercise in lean and overweight girls. Appetite, 51(3), 482-488. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Mountjoy M, Armstrong N, Bizzini L, Blimkie C, Evans J, Gerrard D, Hangen J, Knoll K, Micheli L, Sangenis P, et al (2008). IOC consensus statement on training the elite child athlete. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 18(2), 122-123. DOI.
Mountjoy M, Armstrong N, Bizzini L, Blimkie C, Evans J, Gerrard D, Hangen J, Knoll K, Micheli L, Sangenis P, et al (2008). IOC consensus statement: "training the elite child athlete". British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(3), 163-164. DOI.
Wood LE, Dixon S, Grant C, Armstrong N (2008). Isokinetic elbow torque development in children. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 29(6), 466-470. Abstract. DOI.
Willcocks RJ, Barker AR, Fulford J, Welford D, Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2008). Kinetics of Phosphocreatine and Deoxyhemoglobin in Children and Adults During High-Intensity Exercise. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S20-S20. Author URL. DOI.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2008). Muscle phosphocreatine and pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics in children at the onset and offset of moderate intensity exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 102(6), 727-738. Abstract. DOI.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2008). Muscle phosphocreatine kinetics in children and adults at the onset and offset of moderate-intensity exercise. J Appl Physiol (1985), 105(2), 446-456. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Fawkner SG (2008). Non-invasive methods in paediatric exercise physiology. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 33(2), 402-410. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2008). Quadriceps Muscle Phosphocreatine and Deoxygenation Kinetics in Children and Adults at the Onset of Moderate Intensity Exercise. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S20-S20. Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Willcocks RJ, Barker AR, Fulford J, Welford D, Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2008). Recovery of Muscle Oxygenation and Phosphocreatine in Children and Adults Following High-Intensity Quadriceps Exercise. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S20-S20. Author URL. DOI.
Nelson MT, Biltz G, Winsley R, Armstrong N, Fawkner S, Bywater K, Dengel DR (2008). Reliability of Heart Rate Variability by Sample Entropy at Rest and During Light Exercise in Children. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S282-S282. Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2007). Aerobic fitness: what are we measuring?. Med Sport Sci, 50, 5-25. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2007). Can we confidently study V̇O<inf>2</inf> kinetics in young people?. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 6(3), 277-285. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Barrett L, Welsman J (2007). Cardiorespiratory Training During Childhood and Adolescence. Journal of Exercise Science and Physiotherapy(3), 17-25.
Wood LE, Dixon SJ, Grant C, Armstrong N (2007). Elbow flexor strength, muscle size and moment arms in pre-pubertal children. Paediatric Exercise Science, 18, 457-469.
De Ste Croix M, Deighan M, Armstrong N (2007). Functional eccentric-concentric ratio of knee extensors and flexors in pre-pubertal children, teenagers and adult males and females. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 28(9), 768-772. Abstract. DOI.
Oliver JL, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2007). Reliability and Validity of a Soccer-Specific Test of Prolonged Repeated-Sprint Ability. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, 2(2), 137-149. Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N (2006). Aerobic Fitness of Children and Adolescents. Journal of Pediatrics(82), 406-408.
Winsley RJ, Armstrong N, Middlebrooke AR, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams CA (2006). Aerobic fitness and visceral adipose tissue in children. Acta Paediatr, 95(11), 1435-1438. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Winsley R, Middlebrooke A, Armstrong N, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams C (2006). Does Aerobic Fitness Influence the Quantity of Visceral Adipose Tissue in Children?. Acta Paediatrica(95), 2048-2051.
Ratel S, Williams CA, Oliver J, Armstrong N (2006). Effects of age and recovery duration on performance during multiple treadmill sprints. Int J Sports Med, 27(1), 1-8. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Wood LE, Dixon S, Grant C, Armstrong N (2006). Elbow flexor strength, muscle size, and moment arms in prepubertal boys and girls. PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 18(4), 457-469. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Deighan M, De Ste Croix M, Grant C, Armstrong N (2006). Measurement of maximal muscle cross-sectional area of the elbow extensors and flexors in children, teenagers and adults. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24(5), 543-546. Abstract. DOI.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Welford D, Fulford J, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2006). Reliability of 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy during an exhaustive incremental exercise test in children. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 98(6), 556-565.
Barker A, Welsman J, Welford D, Fulford J, Williams C, Armstrong N (2006). Reliability of 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy during an exhaustive incremental exercise test in children. Eur J Appl Physiol, 98(6), 556-565. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Oliver JL, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2006). Reliability of a field and laboratory test of repeated sprint ability. Pediatric Exercise Science, 18(3), 339-350. Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2006). The physical activity patterns of European youth with reference to methods of assessment. Sports Med, 36(12), 1067-1086. Abstract.  Author URL.
Williams CA, Ratel S, Armstrong N (2005). Achievement of peak VO2 during a 90-s maximal intensity cycle sprint in adolescents. Can J Appl Physiol, 30(2), 157-171. Abstract.  Author URL.
Middlebrooke AR, Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Shore AC, Clark P, MacLeod KM (2005). Does aerobic fitness influence microvascular function in healthy adults at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes?. Diabet Med, 22(4), 483-489. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Bloxham, S.R. Welsman JR, Armstrong, N. (2005). Ergometer-specific relationships between peak oxygen uptake and peak power output in children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 17(2), 136-148.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2005). Essay: Physiology of the child athlete. Lancet, 366 Suppl 1, S44-S45. Author URL. DOI.
Winsley RJ, Fulford J, Macleod KM, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams CAP, Armstrong N (2005). Prediction of Visceral Adipose Tissue Using Air Displacement Plethysmography in Children. Obesity Research, 13(12), 2048-2051.
Winsley RJ, Fulford J, MacLeod KM, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2005). Prediction of visceral adipose tissue using air displacement plethysmography in children. Obes Res, 13(12), 2048-2051. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Welsman JR, Bywater K, Farr C, Welford D (2005). Reliability of Peak VO2 and Maximal Cardiac Output Assessed Using Thoracic Bioimpedence in Children. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 94(3), 228-234. DOI.
Welsman J, Bywater K, Farr C, Welford D, Armstrong N (2005). Reliability of peak VO(2) and maximal cardiac output assessed using thoracic bioimpedance in children. Eur J Appl Physiol, 94(3), 228-234. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Montfort-Steiger V, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2005). The reproducibility of an endurance performance test in adolescent cyclists. Eur J Appl Physiol, 94(5-6), 618-625. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N (2004). Children are Fit and Active - Fact or Fiction?. Health Education(104), 333-335.
Ratel S, Williams CAP, Oliver CA, Armstrong J (2004). Effects of age and mode of exercise on power output profiles during repeated sprints. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 92(1-2), 204-210. DOI.
Ratel S, Williams CA, Oliver J, Armstrong N (2004). Effects of age and mode of exercise on power output profiles during repeated sprints. Eur J Appl Physiol, 92(1-2), 204-210. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Wood LE, Dixon S, Grant C, Armstrong N (2004). Elbow flexion and extension strength relative to body or muscle size in children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36(11), 1977-1984. Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N, Faulkner SG (2004). Longitudinal changes in the kinetic response to heavy intensity exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 97(2), 460-466. DOI.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2004). Modelling the VO2 kinetic response to heavy intensity exercise in children. Ergonomics, 47(14), 1517-1527. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Faulkner SG (2004). Sex differences in the oxygen uptake kinetic response to heavy intensity exercise in prepubertal children. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 93, 210-216. DOI.
Moore MS, Dodd CJ, Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2004). Short-term appetite and energy intake following imposed exercise in 9- to 10-year-old girls. Appetite, 43(2), 127-134. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
De Ste Croix MBA, Deighan MA, Armstrong N (2004). Time to peak torque for knee and elbow extensors and flexors in children, teenagers and adults. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 12(2), 143-148. Abstract.
De Ste Croix M, Deighan M, Armstrong N (2003). Assessment and interpretation of isokinetic muscle strength during growth and maturation. Sports Med, 33(10), 727-743. Abstract.  Author URL.
Santos AMC, Armstrong N, De Ste Croix MBA, Sharpe P, Welsman JR (2003). Optimal Peak Power in Relation to Age, Body Size, Gender, and Thigh Muscle Volume. Pediatric Exercise Science, 15(4), 406-418. Abstract. DOI.
Fawkner S, Armstrong N (2003). Oxygen uptake kinetic response to exercise in children. Sports Med, 33(9), 651-669. Abstract.  Author URL.
Winsley RJ, Armstrong N, Bywater K, Fawkner SG (2003). Reliability of heart rate variability measures at rest and during light exercise in children. Br J Sports Med, 37(6), 550-552. Abstract.  Author URL.
Deighan MA, De Ste Croix MBA, Armstrong N (2003). Reliability of isokinetic concentric and eccentric knee and elbow extension and flexion in 9/10 year old boys. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 11(2), 109-115. Abstract.
Croix MBAD, Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2003). The reliability of an isokinetic knee muscle endurance test in young children. PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 15(3), 313-323. Author URL.
Armstrong N (2002). Aerobic Fitness and Anaerobic Performance During Childhood and Adolescence. Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis(7), 13-19.
Santos AMC, Welsman JR, De Ste Croix MBA, Armstrong N (2002). Age- and sex-related differences in optimal peak power. Pediatric Exercise Science, 14(2), 202-212. Abstract. DOI.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2002). Assessment of critical power with children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 14(3), 259-268. Abstract. DOI.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2002). Cardiovascular responses to submaximal treadmill running in 11-13 year olds. Acta Paediatrica, 91(2), 125-131. DOI.
Armstrong N (2002). How Important is Physical Activity in Children?. American Journal of Medicine and Sports(4), 315-319.
De Ste Croix MBA, Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Sharpe P (2002). Longitudinal changes in isokinetic leg strength in 10-14-year-olds. Ann Hum Biol, 29(1), 50-62. Abstract.  Author URL.
Fawkner S, Armstrong N (2002). Modelling the VO2 Kinetic Response to Moderate Intensity Exercise in Children. Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis(7), 80-84.
Armstrong N, Faulkner SG, Potter CR, Welsman JR (2002). Oxygen uptake kinetics in children and adults after the onset of moderate-intensity exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 20(4), 319-326. DOI.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N, Childs DJ, Welsman JR (2002). Reliability of the visually identified ventilatory threshold and V-slope in children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 14(2), 181-192. Abstract. DOI.
De Ste Croix MB, Armstrong N, Chia MY, Welsman JR, Parsons G, Sharpe P (2001). Changes in short-term power output in 10- to 12-year-olds. J Sports Sci, 19(2), 141-148. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N (2001). Children's habitual physical activity. Science and Sports, 16(SUPPL. 1).
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2001). Peak oxygen uptake in relation to growth and maturation in 11-17-year-old humans. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 85, 546-551. DOI.
Armstrong N (2001). Physical Activity in Childhood. Journal of Continuing Education for General Practitioners
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Chia MY (2001). Short term power output in relation to growth and maturation. Br J Sports Med, 35(2), 118-124. Abstract.  Author URL.
Sutton NC, Childs DJ, Bar-Or O, Armstrong N (2000). A nonmotorized treadmill test to assess children's short-term power output. Pediatric Exercise Science, 12(1), 91-100. Abstract. DOI.
Williams CA, Armstrong N, Powell J (2000). Aerobic responses of prepubertal boys to two modes of training. Br J Sports Med, 34(3), 168-173. Abstract.  Author URL.
Stoedefalke K, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (2000). Effect of training on peak oxygen uptake and blood lipids in 13 to 14-year-old girls. Acta Paediatr, 89(11), 1290-1294. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Kirby BJ (2000). Longitudinal changes in 11-13-year-olds' physical activity. Acta Paediatr, 89(7), 775-780. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2000). Longitudinal changes in submaximal oxygen uptake in 11- to 13-year-olds. J Sports Sci, 18(3), 183-189. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Williams CA, Kirby BJ (2000). Longitudinal changes in young people's short-term power output. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 32(6), 1140-1145. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (2000). Physical Activity Patterns in Secondary School Children. European Journal of Physical Education(5), 147-157.
Armstrong N (1999). Benefits and Hazards of High and Low Intensity Exercise. Current Paediatrics(9), 91-97.
Armstrong N (1999). Benefits and hazards of high and low intensity physical activity. Current Paediatrics, 9(2), 91-96. DOI.
Potter CR, Childs DJ, Houghton W, Armstrong N (1999). Breath-to-breath "noise" in the ventilatory and gas exchange responses of children to exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 80(2), 118-124. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
De Ste Croix MBA, Armstrong N, Welsman JR (1999). Concentric isokinetic leg strength in pre-teen, teenage and adult males and females. Biology of Sport, 16(2), 75-86. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Nevill AM, Kirby BJ (1999). Modeling growth and maturation changes in peak oxygen uptake in 11-13 yr olds. J Appl Physiol (1985), 87(6), 2230-2236. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Kirby BJ (1999). Submaximal exercise and maturation in 12-year-olds. J Sports Sci, 17(2), 107-114. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Kirby BJ (1998). Peak oxygen uptake and maturation in 12-yr olds. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 30(1), 165-169. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (1998). Physical Activity Patterns of 5 to 7-Year-Old Children and their Mothers. European Journal of Physical Education, 2(3), 145-155.
Armstrong N, Welsman J, Kirby B (1998). Physical Activity, Peak Oxygen Uptake and Performance on the Wingate Anaerobic Test in 12-Year-Olds. Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis(3), 7-21.
McManus AM, Armstrong N, Williams CA (1997). Effect of training on the aerobic power and anaerobic performance of prepubertal girls. Acta Paediatr, 86(5), 456-459. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Winsley RJ, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Exercise performance and magnetic resonance imaging-determined thigh muscle volume in children. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 76(1), 92-97. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Kirby BJ (1997). Performance on the Wingate anaerobic test and maturation. Pediatric Exercise Science, 9(3), 253-261. Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N, Astrand P (1997). Physical Education and the Promotion of Health and Well-Being in Europe. European Journal of Physical Education(2), 158-159.
Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, McManus AM, Welsman JR (1997). Prepubescents' ventilatory responses to exercise with reference to sex and body size. Chest, 112(6), 1554-1560. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Withers S (1997). Responses of young girls to two modes of aerobic training. Br J Sports Med, 31(2), 139-142. Abstract.  Author URL.
Chia M, Armstrong N, Childs D (1997). The assessment of children's anaerobic performance using modifications of the Wingate Anaerobic Test. Pediatric Exercise Science, 9(1), 80-89. Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N, Kirby B (1996). Exercise, wellbeing, and endogenous molecules of mood. LANCET, 348(9025), 477-477. Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Welsman J, Winsley R (1996). Is peak VO2 a maximal index of children's aerobic fitness?. Int J Sports Med, 17(5), 356-359. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Armstrong N, Eves N, Faulkner A (1996). Peak aerobic fitness of visually impaired and sighted adolescent girls. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 90(6), 495-500. Abstract.
Armstrong N, McManus A, Welsman J, Kirby B (1996). Physical activity patterns and aerobic fitness among prepubescents. European Physical Education Review, 2(1), 19-29. DOI.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Nevill AM, Winter EM, Kirby BJ (1996). Scaling peak VO2 for differences in body size. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 28(2), 259-265. Abstract.  Author URL.
Carney C, Armstrong N (1996). The Provision of Physical Education in Primary Initial Teacher Training Courses in England and Wales. European Physical Education Review(2), 64-74.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (1996). The measurement and interpretation of aerobic fitness in children: Current issues. J ROY SOC MED, 89(5), P281-P285.
Carney C, Armstrong N (1996). The provision of physical education in primary initial teacher training courses in England and Wales. European Physical Education Review, 2(1), 64-74. DOI.
Biddle S, Akande D, Armstrong N, Ashcroft M, Brooke R, Goudas M (1996). The self-motivation inventory modified for children: Evidence on psychometric properties and its use in physical exercise. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 27(3), 237-250. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, McManus AM, Welsman JR (1995). Aerobic fitness of prepubescent children. Ann Hum Biol, 22(5), 427-441. Abstract.  Author URL.
Tolfrey K, Armstrong N (1995). Child-adult differences in whole blood lactate responses to incremental treadmill exercise. Br J Sports Med, 29(3), 196-199. Abstract.  Author URL.
Barnett A, BaconShone J, Tam KH, Leung M, Armstrong N (1995). Peak oxygen uptake of 12-18-year-old boys living in a densely populated urban environment. ANNALS OF HUMAN BIOLOGY, 22(6), 525-532. Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N (1995). The challenge of promoting physical activity. J R Soc Health, 115(3), 187-192. Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (1994). Assessment and interpretation of aerobic fitness in children and adolescents. Exerc Sport Sci Rev, 22, 435-476. Abstract.  Author URL.
Fox K, Goudas M, Biddle S, Duda J, Armstrong N (1994). Children's task and ego goal profiles in sport. Br J Educ Psychol, 64 ( Pt 2), 253-261. Abstract.  Author URL.
Fox K, Goudas M, Biddle S, Duda J, Armstrong N (1994). Children's task and ego goal profiles in sport. The British journal of educational psychology, 64 Abstract.
Fox KR, Page A, Peters DM, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1994). Dietary restraint and fatness in early adolescent girls and boys. Journal of Adolescence, 17(2), 149-161. Abstract. DOI.
Fox K, Page A, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1994). Dietary restraint and self-perceptions in early adolescence. Personality and Individual Differences, 17(1), 87-96. Abstract. DOI.
PETERS D, FOX K, ARMSTRONG N, SHARPE P, BELL M (1994). ESTIMATION OF BODY-FAT AND BODY-FAT DISTRIBUTION IN 11-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN USING MAGNETIC-RESONANCE-IMAGING AND HYDROSTATIC WEIGHING, SKINFOLDS, AND ANTHROPOMETRY. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN BIOLOGY, 6(2), 237-243. Author URL. DOI.
Gentle P, Caves R, Armstrong N, Balding J, Kirby B (1994). High and low exercisers among 14- and 15-year-old children. J Public Health Med, 16(2), 186-194. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Simons-Morton B (1994). Physical Activity and Blood Lipids in Adolescents. Pediatric Exercise Science(6), 381-405.
Fox K, Peters D, Armstrong N, Sharpe P, Bell M (1993). Abdominal fat deposition in 11-year-old children. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord, 17(1), 11-16. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (1992). Are American children and youth fit? Some international perspectives. Res Q Exerc Sport, 63(4), 449-450. Author URL. DOI.
Peters D, Fox K, Armstrong N, Sharpe P, Bell M (1992). Assessment of children's abdominal fat distribution by magnetic resonance imaging and anthropometry. International Journal of Obesity, 16(SUPPL. 2).
DUDA JL, FOX KR, BIDDLE SJH, ARMSTRONG N (1992). CHILDRENS ACHIEVEMENT GOALS AND BELIEFS ABOUT SUCCESS IN SPORT. BRITISH JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY, 62, 313-323. Author URL. DOI.
Biddle S, Armstrong N (1992). Children's physical activity: an exploratory study of psychological correlates. Soc Sci Med, 34(3), 325-331. Abstract.  Author URL.
Goudas M, Fox K, Biddle S, Armstrong N (1992). Children's task and ego goal profiles in sport: Relationships with perceived competence, enjoyment and participation. Journal of Sports Sciences, 10(6).
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (1992). Daily physical activity and blood lactate indices of aerobic fitness in children. Br J Sports Med, 26(4), 228-232. Abstract.  Author URL.
Page A, Fox K, Peters D, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1992). Dietary restraint in 11-year-old children and its relationship with specific and global self-perceptions. Journal of Sports Sciences, 10(6), 604-605.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1992). Serum lipids and blood pressure in relation to age and sexual maturity. Ann Hum Biol, 19(5), 477-487. Abstract.  Author URL.
Williams JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (1992). The influence of the site of sampling and assay medium upon the measurement and interpretation of blood lactate responses to exercise. J Sports Sci, 10(2), 95-107. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Tolfrey K, Armstrong N (1992). The relationship between blood lactate responses to incremental exercise and age. Journal of Sports Sciences, 10(6), 563-564.
Peters D, Fox K, Armstrong N, Sharpe P, Bell M (1992). Total body adiposity in children using magnetic resonance imaging: Comparisons with body density and anthropometry. Journal of Sports Sciences, 10(6).
Mitchell J, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1991). Health-related behaviour modification in family groups. Journal of Sports Sciences, 9(4), 425-426.
Kirby B, Harwood C, Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P (1991). Lipids in British schoolchildren. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 623, 450-452. Author URL.
Armstrong N, Bray S (1991). Physical activity patterns defined by continuous heart rate monitoring. Arch Dis Child, 66(2), 245-247. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mitchell J, Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1991). The association of selected coronary heart disease risk factors between family members. Journal of Sports Sciences, 9(4), 424-425.
Armstrong N, Williams J, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1991). The peak oxygen uptake of British children with reference to age, sex and sexual maturity. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 62(5), 369-375. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mitchell J, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1991). The physical activity of middle-aged adults estimated using heart rate telemetry. Journal of Sports Sciences, 9(4), 423-424.
Williams JR, Armstrong N (1991). The relationship between daily physical activity and blood lactate indices of submaximal aerobic capacity measured during incremental treadmill exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 9(4).
Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1990). Estimation of coronary risk factors in British schoolchildren: a preliminary report. Br J Sports Med, 24(1), 61-66. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1990). Patterns of physical activity among 11 to 16 year old British children. British Medical Journal, 301(6745), 203-205. Abstract.
KIRBY B, ARMSTRONG N, BALDING J, GENTLE P (1990). SHOULD PREVENTION OF CORONARY HEART-DISEASE START AT SCHOOL. BRITISH HEART JOURNAL, 64(1), 44-44. Author URL.
Williams JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (1990). The 4 mM blood lactate level as an index of exercise performance in 11-13 year old children. J Sports Sci, 8(2), 139-147. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1988). CORONARY RISK FACTORS IN CHILDREN. The Lancet, 331(8590). DOI.
Armstrong N, Ellard R (1984). The Measurement of Alactacid Anaerobic Power in Trained and Untrained Children. Physical Education Review, 1(7), 73-79.
Armstrong N, Davies B (1984). The Metabolic and Physiological Responses of Children to Exercise and Training. Physical Education Review, 2(7), 90-105.
Armstrong N, Davies B, Heal M (1983). The Specificity of Energy Utilization by Trained and Untrained Adolescent Boys. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 3(17), 193-199.
Armstrong N, Walker P (1982). A Comparitive Analysis of the Physical and Physiological Characteristics of Freshman Physical Education Students. Physical Education Review, 2(5), 146-152.
Armstrong N, Davies B (1982). High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Physical Activity patterns in Children. Australian Journal of Sports Medicine, 2(14), 53-59.
Armstrong N (1982). Physical Education in a Leicestershire Community College. Australian Journal for Health, Physical Education and Recreation(95), 27-28.
Armstrong N, Davies B (1981). An Egometric Analysis of Age Group Swimmers. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 1(15), 20-26.
Armstrong N, Davies B (1980). Coronary Risk Factors in Children - the Role of the Physical Educator. Bulletin of Physical Education, 2(16), 5-11.
Armstrong N, Davies B (1980). The Prevalence of Coronary Risk Factors in Children. Acta Paediatrica Belgica, 4(33), 209-217.

Chapters

Rebelo-Goncalves R, Figueiredo A, Severino V, Duarte J, Simoes F, Valente-dos-Snatos J, Pereira J, Fernandes R, Vax V, Cupido-dos-Santos A, et al (2013). Agreement Between Anaerobic Peak Outputs Obtained from the Application of Common Braking Force and the Estimated Optimal Load in Soccer Goalkeepers. In Coelho-e-Silva M, Cupidos-dos-Santos A, Ferreira JP, Figueiredo AJ, Armstrong N (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXVII, London: Routeledge, 277-282.
Bapista R, Santos A, Duarte J, Rodrigues-Pereira J, Rebelo-Goncalves R, Severino V, Santos J, Rego I, Coelho-e-Silva M, Fontes-Ribeiro C, et al (2013). Allometric Modelling of Peak Power Output Obtained from Force-Velocity Protocol in 9-12 Year-Old Boys. In Coelho-e-Silva M, Cupidos-dos-Santos A, Ferreira JP, Figueiredo AJ, Armstrong A (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXVII, London: Routeledge, 293-296.
Armstrong N, Sharp NCC (2013). Gymnastics Physiology. In Caine D, Russell K, Lim L (Eds.) Gymnastics – Olympic Handbook of Sports Medicine and Science, London: Wiley, 85-97.
Armstrong N (2013). Training and Testing Elite Young Athletes. In Coelho-e-Silva M, Cupidos-dos-Santos A, Ferreira JP, Figueiredo AJ, Armstrong N (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXVII, London: Routeledge.
Jawis MN, Middlebrooke AR, Rowlands AV, Armstrong N (2012). An adaptation of central and peripheral cardiovascular exercise responses in children as a determinant of microvascular function. In Armstrong N, Williams C (Eds.) Children and Exercise Xxvi, Routledge, 233-236.
Armstrong N (2012). From playground to podium. In Armstrong N, Williams C (Eds.) Children and Exercise Xxvi, Oxford: Routledge, 5-16.
Barker, AR, Armstrong N (2012). Tests of Aerobic Power. In Mooren FC (Ed) Encyclopedia of Exercise Medicine in Health and Disease, Berlin: Springer.
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Armstrong N (2010). Effect of Pedal Rate on Pulmonary Oxygen Uptake Kinetics during High-Intensity Exercise in Trained Adolescent Cyclists. In Baquet G, Berthoin S (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXV, London: Routledge, 131-134.
Barker AR, Jones AM, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2010). Establishing Maximal Oxygen Uptake in Young People during a Ramp Cycle Test to Exhaustion. In Baquet G, Bethoin S (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXV, London: Routledge, 193-196.
McManus AM, Armstrong N (2010). Physiology of elite young female athletes. In  (Ed) The Elite Young Athlete, 23-46.  Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (2010). Physiology of elite young male athletes. In  (Ed) The Elite Young Athlete, 1-22.  Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2008). Assessment: Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 97-108.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Williams CA (2008). Assessment: Maximal Intensity Exercise. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 55-66.
Armstrong N, Mc Manus AM, Welsman JR (2008). Development: Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 269-282.
Armstrong N, Fawkner SG (2008). Development: Exercise Metabolism. In Armstrong N, Mechelen MV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 213-226.
Armstrong N (2008). Exercise Metabolism during Growth and Maturation. In  (Ed) Children and Exercise XXIV, 17-26.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2008). Interpreting Exercise Performance Data in Relation to Body Size. In Armstrong N, Mechelen MV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 13-22.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2008). Oxygen Uptake Kinetics. In  (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 297-308.
Mc Manus AM, Armstrong N (2008). The Elite Young Athlete. In  (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 489-502.
Armstrong N (2007). Physical Fitness and Physical Activity Patterns of European Youth. In Brettschneider WD, Naul R (Eds.) Obesity in Europe: Young People's Physical Activity and Sedentary Lifestyles, Berlin: Lang, 27-55.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (2007). Scaling for Size: Relevance to Understanding the Effects of Growth on Performance. In Hebestreit H, Bar-Or O (Eds.) Encyclopaedia of Sports Medicine: the Young Athlete, Oxford: Blackwell, 50-62.
Armstrong N, Fawkner S (2006). Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 161-188.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2006). Exercise Metabolism. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 71-98.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (2006). Interpreting Performance in Relation to Body Size. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 27-46.
Armstrong N, Chia M (2006). Maximal Intensity Exercise. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 99-118.
Fawkner S, Armstrong N (2006). Oxygen Uptake Kinetics. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 189-212.
Winsley R, Armstrong N (2004). Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, Health and Young People. In Green K, Hardman K (Eds.) Physical Education Essential Issues, Sage, 65-77.
Fawkner S, Armstrong N (2003). The Slow-Component Response of VO2 to Heavy Intensity Exercise in Children. In Reilly T, Marfell-Jones M (Eds.) Kinanthropometry VIII, London: Routledge, 105-113.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2003). The slow-component response of V˙O2 to heavy intensity exercise in children. In  (Ed) Kinanthropometry VIII: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference of the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK), 103-111. DOI.
Armstrong N (2001). Delivering an Exercise Prescription for a Healthier Childhood. In Harries M, Young A (Eds.) Physical Activity for Patients: an Exercise Prescription, London: Royal College of Physicians, 91-104.
Armstrong N (2001). Physical Fitness, Physical Activity and Physical Education. In Chin M-K, Hensley L, Liu Y-K (Eds.) Innovation and Application of Physical Education and Sports Science in the New Millennium - an Asia Pacific Perspective, Hong Kong: Institute of Education, 35-43.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2000). Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N, VanMechelen W (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 173-182.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2000). Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N, VanMechelen W (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 65-76.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2000). Anaerobic Performance. In Armstrong N, VanMechelen W (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 37-45.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (2000). Interpreting Exercise Performance Data in Relation to Body Size. In Armstrong N, VanMechelen W (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 3-9.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2000). Physical Activity and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Young People. In Maffulli N, Chan KM, MacDonald R, Malina R, Parker R (Eds.) Sports Medicine for Specific Client Groups, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 45-56.
Armstrong N, Welsman J, Kirby B (1998). Aerobic Fitness and physical activity patterns of young people. In Hardman K, Green K (Eds.) Physical Education: a Reader, Aachen, Germany: Meyer and Meyer, 105-115.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (1998). Assessing Postexercise Lactate in Children and Adolescents. In Praagh EV (Ed) Pediatric Anaerobic Performance, Champaign, Il: Human Kinetics, 137-154.
Armstrong N (1998). Fitness and Physical Activity During Childhood and Adolescence. In Chan KM, Micheli LJ (Eds.) Sports and Children, Hong Kong: Williams and Wilkins, 50-75.
Van Mechelen W, Armstrong N (1998). How Fit and Active are Children and Youth?. In Biddle S, Cavill N, Sallis J (Eds.) Young and Active, London: HEA, 69-97.
Potter C, Armstrong N, Kirby B, Welsman J (1997). Cardiac Output Responses to Submaximal Exercise in Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 440-445.
Rice S, Kirby B, Armstrong N, Welsman J, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Children's Dietary Choices: Implications for Health. In Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Vol 2, Exeter: Washington Singer Press, 133-138.
Chia M, Armstrong N, Welsman J, Winsley R, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Exercise Performance of Young People in Relation to Thigh Muscle Volume. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 297-300.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (1997). Physical Activity Patterns of 5 to 11-Year-Old Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 139-144.
McManus A, Armstrong N, Kirby B, Welsman J (1997). Ratings of Perceived Exertion by Prepubertal Children During Submaximal Exercise. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 253-257.
Winsley R, Armstrong N, Welsman J, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Relationship Between Thigh Muscle MRI Relaxation Times and Peak Aerobic Power. In Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Vol 2, Exeter: Washington Singer Press, 75-78.
De Ste Croix M, Armstrong N, Welsman J, Winsley R, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Relationship of Muscle Strength with Muscle Volume in Young Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 319-324.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1997). Specific Considerations for the Assessment of the Young Athlete. In Bird S, Davidson R (Eds.) Physiological Testing Guidelines, Leeds: BASES, 143-153.
Armstrong N, Kirby B, McManus A, Welsman J (1997). Submaximal Responses to Exercise in Prepbertal Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 221-227.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1997). The Assessment and Interpretation of Children's and Adolescents' Aerobic Fitness: an Update. In Froberg K, Lammert O, Hansen HS, Blimkie CJR (Eds.) Exercise and Fitness - Benefits and Risks, Odense: University Press, 173-182.
McManus A, Armstrong N (1997). The Physical Activity patterns of Boys and Girls. In MacFarlene DJ (Ed) Gender Issues in Sport and Exercise, Hong Kong: University Press, 36-39.
Armstrong N, Kirby B, Mosney J, Sutton N, Welsman J (1997). Ventilatory Responses to Submaximal Exercise in Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 204-210.
Armstrong N, McManus A (1996). Growth Maturation and Physical Education. In Armstrong N (Ed) New Directions in Physical Education Volume Three, London: Cassells, 19-32.
Armstrong N (1995). Children and Aerobic Exercise. In Williams I, McCraken J (Eds.) Sport, Exercise and Medicine, Nottingham University Press, 93-116.
Armstrong N (1995). Children, Physical Activity and Health. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 5-16.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1995). Laboratory Testing of Young Athletes. In  (Ed) A Colour Atlas of Sports Medicine in Childhood and Adolescence, London: Wolfe Medical, 112-125.
Winsley R, Armstrong N, Welsman J (1995). Leg Volume is Not Related to Peak Oxygen Uptake in 9-Year-Old Boys. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 70-76.
Williams C, Armstrong N (1995). Optimised Peak Power Output of Adolescent Children During Maximal Sprint Pedalling. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 40-44.
McManus A, Armstrong N (1995). Patterns of Physical Activity Among Primary Schoolchildren. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 17-23.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (1995). The Interpretation of Peak VO2 in Prepubertal Children. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 64-69.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1993). Children's Physiological Responses to Exercise. In Lee MJ (Ed) Coaching Children in Sport, London: Spon, 64-77.
Armstrong N (1993). Independent Mobility and Children's Physical Development. In Hillman M (Ed) Children, Transport and Quality of Life, London: Institute of Policy Studies, 35-43.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1993). Training Programmes for Young Athletes. In Lee MJ (Ed) Coaching Children in Spor, London: Spon, 191-203.
Williams JR, Armstrong N, Winter E, Crichton N (1992). Changes in Peak Oxygen Uptake with Age and Sexual Maturity in Boys: Physiological Fact or Statistical Anomoly?. In J, Coudert, Praagh EV (Eds.) Children and Exercise XVI, Paris: Masson, 35-37.
Armstrong N, Biddle S (1992). Health-Related Physical Activity in the National Curriculum. In Armstrong N (Ed) New Directions in Physical Education Volume Two. Towards a National Curriculum, Champaign: Human Kinetics, 71-110.
Armstrong N (1991). Health-Related Physical Activity. In N Armstrong ACS (Ed) Issues in Physical Education, London: Cassells, 139-154.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Williams J, Kirby B (1991). Peak Oxygen Uptake in Relation to Pubertal Stage of Development. In Frenkl R, I, Szmodis (Eds.) Children and Exercise XV, Budapest: National Institute for Health Promotion, 178-184.
Williams J, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1991). The Influence of Age and Maturation on the 2.5 and 4mM.Litre Levels of Blood Lactate in Boys. In R, Frenkl, Szmodis I (Eds.) Children and Exercise XV, Budapest: National Institute for Health Promotion, 151-156.
Armstrong N (1990). Children's Physical Activity Pattern - the Implications for Physical Education. In Armstrong N (Ed) New Directions in Physical Education, Illinois: Champaign, 1-15.
Armstrong N (1990). Field Testing Children's Physical fitness. In Cooke G (Ed) The Growing Child in Competitive Sport, Leeds: BISC, 97-101.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Bray S, Gentle P, Kirby B (1990). The Physical Activity Patterns of 10 and 13 year old children. In Beunen G, Ghesquire J, Reybrouck R, Classenns AL (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIV, Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 152-157.
Armstrong N (1987). A Critique of Fitness Testing. In Biddle SJ (Ed) Foundations of Health Related Fitness in Physical Education, London: Ling Publishers, 136-138.
Armstrong N (1987). Health and Fitness Programmes in Schools:A Physiological Rationale. In Biddle SJ (Ed) Foundations of Health Related Fitness in Physical Education, London: Ling Publishers, 19-27.
Armstrong N (1987). Principles of Training Children for Sport. In Lee M (Ed) Competitive Sport and Young Children, Leeds: National Coaching Foundation, 36-40.
Armstrong N (1987). The Physiological Responses of Children to Exercise. In Lee M (Ed) Competitive Sport and Young Children, Leeds: National Coaching Foundation, 17-20.
Armstrong N, Bray S (1986). The Role of the Physical Education Teacher in Coronary Prevention. In  (Ed) Trend and Developments in Physical Education, London: E and F.C. Spon, 246-352.

Conferences

Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2008). EARLY RECOVERY OF OXYGEN UPTAKE FOLLOWING EXERCISE TESTING IN CHILDREN WITH CHRONIC CHEST DISEASES.  Author URL.
Oades PJ, Stevens D, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2008). OXYGEN UPTAKE RESPONSES IN CHILDREN WITH CHRONIC CHEST DISEASES FOLLOWING SIMULATED SPORTING ACTIVITY.  Author URL.
Farr C, Shore AC, Armstrong N, Mawson DM, Middlebrooke AR (2006). Is aerobic fitness associated with microvascular function in 9-10 year old children?.  Author URL.
Shore AC, Fulford J, Sriraman R, Ball CI, Armstrong N, Tooke JE (2006). Mitochondrial function and skeletal muscle perfusion in healthy and type 2 diabetic subjects.  Author URL.
Shore AC, Sriraman R, Ball CI, Fulford J, Armstrong N, Tooke JE (2006). Skeletal muscle perfusion and mitochondrial function in healthy and type 2 diabetic subjects.  Author URL.
Welsman J, Bloxham S, Armstrong N (2003). Age-related changes in short-term power assessed using cycling and running modes of exercise in males.  Author URL.
Bloxham S, Armstrong N, Welsman J (2003). Cross-sectional analysis of the relationship between peak oxygen uptake and peak power output in young males.  Author URL.
Fawkner S, Armstrong N, Welsman J (2003). Differences between the sexes in oxygen uptake kinetic responses to heavy intensity exercise in pre-pubertal children.  Author URL.
Wood L, Armstrong N, Barrett V, Deighan M, Dixon S (2003). Elbow flexor torque, cross-sectional area and moment arms in 9-to 10-year-old boys and girls.  Author URL.
Deighan M, Armstrong N, de Ste Criux M, Welsman J, Barratt V (2003). Peak torque per MRI-determined cross-sectional area of the knee extensors and flexors in children, teenagers and adults.  Author URL.
Middlebrooke AR, Armstrong N, Shore AC, Welsman JR, MacLeod KM (2002). Peak oxygen consumption and microvascular function in adults with Type 2 diabetes.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (2002). Physical activity and health in children and adolescents.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2000). Development of aerobic fitness during childhood and adolescence.  Abstract. DOI.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2000). Statistical techniques for interpreting body size-related exercise performance during growth.  Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N (1998). Young people's physical activity patterns as assessed by heart rate monitoring. England.  Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
ARMSTRONG N (1995). Children's cardiopulmonary fitness and physical activity patterns: the European scene.  Author URL.

Publications by year



In Press

Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Tomlinson O, Vlachopoulos D, Jackman S, Armstrong N, Barker AR (In Press). High Intensity Interval Exercise is an Effective Alternative to Moderate Intensity Exercise for Improving Insulin Sensitivity in Adolescent Boys. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport Full text.

2018

Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Jackman SR, Bassi S, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2018). A single bout of high-intensity interval exercise and work-matched moderate-intensity exercise has minimal effect on glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in 7- to 10-year-old boys. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36(2), 149-155. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.

2016

Armstrong N (2016). Aerobic Fitness and Training in Children and Adolescents. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 28(1), 7-10. Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, McNarry M (2016). Aerobic fitness and trainability in healthy youth: Gaps in our knowledge. Pediatric Exercise Science, 28(2), 171-177. Abstract. DOI.

2015

Bond B, Williams CA, Jackman SR, Woodward A, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). Accumulating exercise and postprandial health in adolescents. Metabolism: clinical and experimental Abstract.  Full text.
McNarry MA, Farr C, Middlebrooke A, Welford D, Breese B, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). Aerobic Function and Muscle Deoxygenation Dynamics during Ramp Exercise in Children. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 47(9), 1877-1884. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Armstrong N (2015). Aerobic fitness and training in children. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 27(1), 8-12. Author URL. DOI.
Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Tomlinson OW, Vlachopoulos D, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). High intensity interval exercise is an effective alternative to moderate intensity exercise for improving glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in adolescent boys. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18(6), 720-724. Abstract. DOI.
Bergeron MF, Mountjoy M, Armstrong N, Chia M, Côté J, Emery CA, Faigenbaum A, Hall G, Kriemler S, Léglise M, et al (2015). International Olympic Committee consensus statement on youth athletic development. Br J Sports Med, 49(13), 843-851. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Barker AR, McManus AM (2015). Muscle metabolism changes with age and maturation: How do they relate to youth sport performance?. Br J Sports Med, 49(13), 860-864. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Barker AR, McManus AM (2015). Muscle metabolism changes with age and maturation: How do they relate to youth sport performance?. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(13), 860-864. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Bond B, Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Harris S, Gates PE, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). Two weeks of high-intensity interval training improves novel but not traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors in adolescents. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 309(6), H1039-H1047. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.

2014

Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Fulford J, Williams CA (2014). Influence of thigh activation on the VO₂ slow component in boys and men. Eur J Appl Physiol, 114(11), 2309-2319. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Fulford J, Williams CA (2014). Influence of thigh activation on the [Formula Presented] O<inf>2</inf>slow component in boys and men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114(11), 2309-2319. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Fulford J, Williams CA (2014). Influence of thigh muscle activation on pulmonary O2 uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in boys and men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114, 2309-2319. Abstract.  Full text.
Willcocks RJ, Fulford J, Armstrong N, Barker AR, Williams CA (2014). Muscle metabolism during fatiguing isometric quadriceps exercise in adolescents and adults. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 39(4), 439-445. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Barker AR, Trebilcock E, Breese B, Jones AM, Armstrong N (2014). The effect of priming exercise on O2 uptake kinetics, muscle O2 delivery and utilization, muscle activity, and exercise tolerance in boys. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 39(3), 308-317. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Willcocks RJ, Fulford J, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2014). Two protocols to measure mitochondrial capacity in women and adolescent girls: a 31P-MRS preliminary study. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 26(2), 210-217. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.

2013

Armstrong N (2013). Aerobic fitness and physical activity in children. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 25(4), 548-560. Abstract.  Author URL.
Rebelo-Goncalves R, Figueiredo A, Severino V, Duarte J, Simoes F, Valente-dos-Snatos J, Pereira J, Fernandes R, Vax V, Cupido-dos-Santos A, et al (2013). Agreement Between Anaerobic Peak Outputs Obtained from the Application of Common Braking Force and the Estimated Optimal Load in Soccer Goalkeepers. In Coelho-e-Silva M, Cupidos-dos-Santos A, Ferreira JP, Figueiredo AJ, Armstrong N (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXVII, London: Routeledge, 277-282.
Bapista R, Santos A, Duarte J, Rodrigues-Pereira J, Rebelo-Goncalves R, Severino V, Santos J, Rego I, Coelho-e-Silva M, Fontes-Ribeiro C, et al (2013). Allometric Modelling of Peak Power Output Obtained from Force-Velocity Protocol in 9-12 Year-Old Boys. In Coelho-e-Silva M, Cupidos-dos-Santos A, Ferreira JP, Figueiredo AJ, Armstrong A (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXVII, London: Routeledge, 293-296.
Coelho-E-Silva M, Cupido-dos-Santos A, Figueiredo AJ, Armstrong N, Ferreira JP (2013). Children and Exercise XXVIII., Routledge. Abstract.
Coelho-e-Silva MJ, Cupido-dos-Santos A, Figueiredo AJ, Ferreira JP, Armstrong N (2013). Children and exercise XXVIII: the proceedings of the 28th pediatric work physiology meeting. Abstract. DOI.
Durstine JL, Armstrong N, Cheng S (2013). Children's physical activity and health - Chronic disease in children and young adults. JOURNAL OF SPORT AND HEALTH SCIENCE, 2(1), 1-2. Author URL. DOI.
Durstine L, Armstrong N, Cheng S (2013). Children, Physical Activity and Health – Chronic Disease, Children and Young Adults. International Journal of Sport and Health Science(2), 1-2.
Armstrong N, Sharp NCC (2013). Gymnastics Physiology. In Caine D, Russell K, Lim L (Eds.) Gymnastics – Olympic Handbook of Sports Medicine and Science, London: Wiley, 85-97.
Malina RM, Baxter-Jones ADG, Armstrong N, Beunen GP, Caine D, Daly RM, Lewis RD, Rogol AD, Russell K (2013). Role of intensive training in the growth and maturation of artistic gymnasts. Sports Medicine, 43(9), 783-802. Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N (2013). Training and Testing Elite Young Athletes. In Coelho-e-Silva M, Cupidos-dos-Santos A, Ferreira JP, Figueiredo AJ, Armstrong N (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXVII, London: Routeledge.

2012

Jawis MN, Middlebrooke AR, Rowlands AV, Armstrong N (2012). An adaptation of central and peripheral cardiovascular exercise responses in children as a determinant of microvascular function. In Armstrong N, Williams C (Eds.) Children and Exercise Xxvi, Routledge, 233-236.
Armstrong N, Williams C (2012). Children and Exercise Xxvi. OXFORD, Routledge.
Barker AR, Bond B, Toman C, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2012). Critical power in adolescents: physiological bases and assessment using all-out exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol, 112(4), 1359-1370. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N (2012). From playground to podium. In Armstrong N, Williams C (Eds.) Children and Exercise Xxvi, Oxford: Routledge, 5-16.
Armstrong N, Barker AR (2012). New insights in paediatric exercise metabolism. JOURNAL OF SPORT AND HEALTH SCIENCE, 1(1), 18-26. Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Cheng S, Durstine JL (2012). Physical activity, physical fitness, diet and the health in young people. JOURNAL OF SPORT AND HEALTH SCIENCE, 1(3), 129-130. Author URL. DOI.
Barker, AR, Armstrong N (2012). Tests of Aerobic Power. In Mooren FC (Ed) Encyclopedia of Exercise Medicine in Health and Disease, Berlin: Springer.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Jones AM, Williams CA (2012). The effect of baseline metabolic rate on pulmonary O₂ uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in boys and men. Respir Physiol Neurobiol, 180(2-3), 223-229. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Armstrong N (2012). Young people are fit and active - Fact or fiction?. JOURNAL OF SPORT AND HEALTH SCIENCE, 1(3), 131-140. Author URL. DOI.

2011

Armstrong N, Tomkinson G, Ekelund U (2011). Aerobic fitness and its relationship to sport, exercise training and habitual physical activity during youth. Br J Sports Med, 45(11), 849-858. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Armstrong N (2011). Children and exercise XXVII: the proceedings of the XXVII<sup>th</sup>international symposium of the European group of Pediatric work physiology, September, 2011. International Symposium of the European Group of Pediatric Work Physiology, September, 2011, 1-333. Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N (2011). Children are still fit, but not active. Education and Health, 29(3), 43-45.
Barker AR, Bond B, Toman C, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2011). Critical power in adolescents: physiological bases and assessment using all-out exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 1-12.
Armstrong N, Barker AR (2011). Endurance training and elite young athletes. Med Sport Sci, 56, 59-83. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Barker AR (2011). Endurance training in elite young athletes. Med Sport Sci, 56, 59-83. Abstract.   Publisher URL.
Barker AR, Williams CA, Jones AM, Armstrong N (2011). Establishing maximal oxygen uptake in young people during a ramp cycle test to exhaustion. Br J Sports Med, 45(6), 498-503. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2011). Exercise metabolism during moderate-intensity exercise in children with cystic fibrosis following heavy-intensity exercise. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 36(6), 920-927. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Barker AR, Armstrong N (2011). Exercise testing elite young athletes. Med Sport Sci, 56, 106-125. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Mountjoy M, Andersen LB, Armstrong N, Biddle S, Boreham C, Brandl Bedenbeck HP, Ekelund U, Engebretsen L, Hardman K, Hills A, et al (2011). International Olympic Committee consensus statement on the health and fitness of young people through physical activity and sport. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(11), 839-848. DOI.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (2011). Physiology of elite young male athletes. Med Sport Sci, 56, 1-22. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (eds)(2011). The Elite Young Athlete. Basel, Karger.
Breese BC, Armstrong N, Barker AR, Williams CA (2011). The effect of pedal rate on pulmonary O2 uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in trained and untrained teenage boys. Respir Physiol Neurobiol, 177(2), 149-154. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Ekelund U, Tomkinson GR, Armstrong N (2011). What proportion of youth are physically active? Measurement issues, levels and recent time trends. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(11), 859-865. Abstract. DOI.

2010

Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2010). A survey of exercise testing and training in UK cystic fibrosis clinics. J Cyst Fibros, 9(5), 302-306. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Willcocks RJ, Williams CA, Barker AR, Fulford J, Armstrong N (2010). Age and Sex Related Differences in Muscle Phosphocreatine and Oxygenation Kinetics during High Intensity Exercise in Adolescents and Adults. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Biomedicine
Yu CCW, McManus AM, Li AM, Sung RYT, Armstrong N (2010). Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing in Children. Hong Kong Journal of Pediatrics, 15, 35-47.
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Armstrong N (2010). Effect of Pedal Rate on Pulmonary Oxygen Uptake Kinetics during High-Intensity Exercise in Trained Adolescent Cyclists. In Baquet G, Berthoin S (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXV, London: Routledge, 131-134.
Barker AR, Jones AM, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2010). Establishing Maximal Oxygen Uptake in Young People during a Ramp Cycle Test to Exhaustion. In Baquet G, Bethoin S (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXV, London: Routledge, 193-196.
Barker AR, Armstrong N (2010). Exercise testing elite young athletes. Medicine and Sport Science, 56, 106-125. Abstract. DOI.
Montfort-Steiger V, Williams CAP, Armstrong N, Fulford J (2010). Gastric Emptying Rate of Young Cyclists by Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Three Case Studies. Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness, 8, 34-40.
Barker AR, Armstrong N (2010). Insights into Development Muscle Metabolism through the Use of 31P-Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. Pediatric Exercise Science
Barker AR, Armstrong N (2010). Insights into developmental muscle metabolism through the use of<sup>31</sup>P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy: a review. Pediatric Exercise Science, 22(3), 350-368. Abstract. DOI.
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2010). Longitudinal Changes in Oxygen Uptake Responses to Heavy Intensity Exercise in 14-16 Year Old Boys. Pediatric Exercise Science
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Weisman JR, Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2010). Longitudinal Changes in the Oxygen Uptake Kinetic Response to Heavy-Intensity Exercise in 14- to 16-Year-Old Boys (Reprinted from PES, vol 22). PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 22(2), 314-325. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fawker SG, Armstrong N (2010). Longitudinal changes in the oxygen uptake kinetic response to heavy-intensity exercise in 14- to 16-year-old boys. Pediatric Exercise Science, 22(1), 69-80. Full text. DOI.
McManus AM, Armstrong N (2010). Physiology of elite young female athletes. In  (Ed) The Elite Young Athlete, 23-46.  Abstract. DOI.
McManus AM, Armstrong N (2010). Physiology of elite young female athletes. Medicine and Sport Science, 56, 23-46. Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (2010). Physiology of elite young male athletes. In  (Ed) The Elite Young Athlete, 1-22.  Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (2010). Preface.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2010). Quadriceps muscle energetics during incremental exercise in children and adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42, 1303-1313. DOI.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2010). Quadriceps muscle energetics during incremental exercise in children and adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42(7), 1303-1313. Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (2010). The Elite Young Athlete. Basle, Karger.
Barker AR, Breese BC, Willcocks RJ, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2010). The importance of exercise intensity when studying developmental energy metabolism. Journal of Applied Physiology, 109(5), 1565-1566. DOI.
Barker AR, Jones AM, Armstrong N (2010). The influence of priming exercise on oxygen uptake, cardiac output, and muscle oxygenation kinetics during very heavy-intensity exercise in 9- to 13-yr-old boys. J Appl Physiol (1985), 109(2), 491-500. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2009

De Ste Croix MBA, Deighan MA, Ratel S, Armstrong N (2009). Age and Sex Associated differences in Isokinetic Knee Muscle Endurance Between Young Children and Adults. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, 34, 725-731.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2009). Early oxygen uptake recovery following exercise testing in children with chronic chest diseases. Pediatr Pulmonol, 44(5), 480-488. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2009). Exercise testing in young patients with cystic fibrosis and other chronic diseases. Paediatric Pulmonology(44), 480-489.
Armstrong N, Barker AR (2009). Oxygen uptake kinetics in children and adolescents: a review. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 21(2), 130-147. Abstract.
Ramos-Ibanez N, Winsley RJ, Armstrong N (2009). RELATIONSHIP AMONG DIET AND ENERGY EXPENDITURE AND INTRA-ABDOMINAL ADIPOSE TISSUE IN YOUNG GIRLS. ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM, 55, 529-529. Author URL.
Oliver J, Armstrong N, Williams CAP (2009). Relationship between brief and prolonged repeated sprint ability. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12, 238-243.
Winsley RJ, Fulford J, Roberts A, Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2009). Sex difference in Peak Oxygen Uptake in Prepubertal Children. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12, 647-651.
Brokenshire CS, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2009). The reliability of adolescent thermoregulatory responses during a heat acclimation protocol. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 8(4), 689-695. Abstract.

2008

Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2008). Assessment: Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 97-108.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Williams CA (2008). Assessment: Maximal Intensity Exercise. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 55-66.
Oliver JL, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2008). Changes in jump performance and muscle activity following soccer specific exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26(2), 141-148.
Jurimae T, Armstrong N, Jurimae J (2008). Children and Exercise XXIV. London, Routledge.
Armstrong N, Mc Manus AM, Welsman JR (2008). Development: Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 269-282.
Armstrong N, Fawkner SG (2008). Development: Exercise Metabolism. In Armstrong N, Mechelen MV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 213-226.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2008). EARLY RECOVERY OF OXYGEN UPTAKE FOLLOWING EXERCISE TESTING IN CHILDREN WITH CHRONIC CHEST DISEASES.  Author URL.
Dodd CJ, Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2008). Energy intake and appetite following exercise in lean and overweight girls. Appetite, 51(3), 482-488. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N (2008). Exercise Metabolism during Growth and Maturation. In  (Ed) Children and Exercise XXIV, 17-26.
Mountjoy M, Armstrong N, Bizzini L, Blimkie C, Evans J, Gerrard D, Hangen J, Knoll K, Micheli L, Sangenis P, et al (2008). IOC consensus statement on training the elite child athlete. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 18(2), 122-123. DOI.
Mountjoy M, Armstrong N, Bizzini L, Blimkie C, Evans J, Gerrard D, Hangen J, Knoll K, Micheli L, Sangenis P, et al (2008). IOC consensus statement: "training the elite child athlete". British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(3), 163-164. DOI.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2008). Interpreting Exercise Performance Data in Relation to Body Size. In Armstrong N, Mechelen MV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 13-22.
Wood LE, Dixon S, Grant C, Armstrong N (2008). Isokinetic elbow torque development in children. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 29(6), 466-470. Abstract. DOI.
Willcocks RJ, Barker AR, Fulford J, Welford D, Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2008). Kinetics of Phosphocreatine and Deoxyhemoglobin in Children and Adults During High-Intensity Exercise. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S20-S20. Author URL. DOI.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2008). Muscle phosphocreatine and pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics in children at the onset and offset of moderate intensity exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 102(6), 727-738. Abstract. DOI.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2008). Muscle phosphocreatine kinetics in children and adults at the onset and offset of moderate-intensity exercise. J Appl Physiol (1985), 105(2), 446-456. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Fawkner SG (2008). Non-invasive methods in paediatric exercise physiology. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 33(2), 402-410. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Oades PJ, Stevens D, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2008). OXYGEN UPTAKE RESPONSES IN CHILDREN WITH CHRONIC CHEST DISEASES FOLLOWING SIMULATED SPORTING ACTIVITY.  Author URL.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2008). Oxygen Uptake Kinetics. In  (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 297-308.
Armstrong N, Van Mechelen W (2008). Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine(2nd edition). Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2008). Quadriceps Muscle Phosphocreatine and Deoxygenation Kinetics in Children and Adults at the Onset of Moderate Intensity Exercise. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S20-S20. Author URL. DOI.
Williams CA, Willcocks RJ, Barker AR, Fulford J, Welford D, Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2008). Recovery of Muscle Oxygenation and Phosphocreatine in Children and Adults Following High-Intensity Quadriceps Exercise. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S20-S20. Author URL. DOI.
Nelson MT, Biltz G, Winsley R, Armstrong N, Fawkner S, Bywater K, Dengel DR (2008). Reliability of Heart Rate Variability by Sample Entropy at Rest and During Light Exercise in Children. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S282-S282. Author URL. DOI.
Mc Manus AM, Armstrong N (2008). The Elite Young Athlete. In  (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 489-502.

2007

Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2007). Aerobic fitness: what are we measuring?. Med Sport Sci, 50, 5-25. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2007). Can we confidently study V̇O<inf>2</inf> kinetics in young people?. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 6(3), 277-285. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Barrett L, Welsman J (2007). Cardiorespiratory Training During Childhood and Adolescence. Journal of Exercise Science and Physiotherapy(3), 17-25.
Wood LE, Dixon SJ, Grant C, Armstrong N (2007). Elbow flexor strength, muscle size and moment arms in pre-pubertal children. Paediatric Exercise Science, 18, 457-469.
De Ste Croix M, Deighan M, Armstrong N (2007). Functional eccentric-concentric ratio of knee extensors and flexors in pre-pubertal children, teenagers and adult males and females. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 28(9), 768-772. Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N (2007). Paediatric Exercise Physiology. Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N (2007). Physical Fitness and Physical Activity Patterns of European Youth. In Brettschneider WD, Naul R (Eds.) Obesity in Europe: Young People's Physical Activity and Sedentary Lifestyles, Berlin: Lang, 27-55.
Armstrong N (2007). Preface. DOI.
Oliver JL, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2007). Reliability and Validity of a Soccer-Specific Test of Prolonged Repeated-Sprint Ability. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, 2(2), 137-149. Author URL. DOI.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (2007). Scaling for Size: Relevance to Understanding the Effects of Growth on Performance. In Hebestreit H, Bar-Or O (Eds.) Encyclopaedia of Sports Medicine: the Young Athlete, Oxford: Blackwell, 50-62.

2006

Armstrong N, Fawkner S (2006). Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 161-188.
Armstrong N (2006). Aerobic Fitness of Children and Adolescents. Journal of Pediatrics(82), 406-408.
Winsley RJ, Armstrong N, Middlebrooke AR, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams CA (2006). Aerobic fitness and visceral adipose tissue in children. Acta Paediatr, 95(11), 1435-1438. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Winsley R, Middlebrooke A, Armstrong N, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams C (2006). Does Aerobic Fitness Influence the Quantity of Visceral Adipose Tissue in Children?. Acta Paediatrica(95), 2048-2051.
Ratel S, Williams CA, Oliver J, Armstrong N (2006). Effects of age and recovery duration on performance during multiple treadmill sprints. Int J Sports Med, 27(1), 1-8. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Wood LE, Dixon S, Grant C, Armstrong N (2006). Elbow flexor strength, muscle size, and moment arms in prepubertal boys and girls. PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 18(4), 457-469. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2006). Exercise Metabolism. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 71-98.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (2006). Interpreting Performance in Relation to Body Size. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 27-46.
Farr C, Shore AC, Armstrong N, Mawson DM, Middlebrooke AR (2006). Is aerobic fitness associated with microvascular function in 9-10 year old children?.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Chia M (2006). Maximal Intensity Exercise. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 99-118.
Deighan M, De Ste Croix M, Grant C, Armstrong N (2006). Measurement of maximal muscle cross-sectional area of the elbow extensors and flexors in children, teenagers and adults. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24(5), 543-546. Abstract. DOI.
Shore AC, Fulford J, Sriraman R, Ball CI, Armstrong N, Tooke JE (2006). Mitochondrial function and skeletal muscle perfusion in healthy and type 2 diabetic subjects.  Author URL.
Fawkner S, Armstrong N (2006). Oxygen Uptake Kinetics. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 189-212.
Armstrong N (2006). Paediatric Exercise Physiology. Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Welford D, Fulford J, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2006). Reliability of 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy during an exhaustive incremental exercise test in children. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 98(6), 556-565.
Barker A, Welsman J, Welford D, Fulford J, Williams C, Armstrong N (2006). Reliability of 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy during an exhaustive incremental exercise test in children. Eur J Appl Physiol, 98(6), 556-565. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Oliver JL, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2006). Reliability of a field and laboratory test of repeated sprint ability. Pediatric Exercise Science, 18(3), 339-350. Abstract. DOI.
Shore AC, Sriraman R, Ball CI, Fulford J, Armstrong N, Tooke JE (2006). Skeletal muscle perfusion and mitochondrial function in healthy and type 2 diabetic subjects.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2006). The physical activity patterns of European youth with reference to methods of assessment. Sports Med, 36(12), 1067-1086. Abstract.  Author URL.

2005

Williams CA, Ratel S, Armstrong N (2005). Achievement of peak VO2 during a 90-s maximal intensity cycle sprint in adolescents. Can J Appl Physiol, 30(2), 157-171. Abstract.  Author URL.
Middlebrooke AR, Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Shore AC, Clark P, MacLeod KM (2005). Does aerobic fitness influence microvascular function in healthy adults at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes?. Diabet Med, 22(4), 483-489. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Bloxham, S.R. Welsman JR, Armstrong, N. (2005). Ergometer-specific relationships between peak oxygen uptake and peak power output in children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 17(2), 136-148.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2005). Essay: Physiology of the child athlete. Lancet, 366 Suppl 1, S44-S45. Author URL. DOI.
Winsley RJ, Fulford J, Macleod KM, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams CAP, Armstrong N (2005). Prediction of Visceral Adipose Tissue Using Air Displacement Plethysmography in Children. Obesity Research, 13(12), 2048-2051.
Winsley RJ, Fulford J, MacLeod KM, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2005). Prediction of visceral adipose tissue using air displacement plethysmography in children. Obes Res, 13(12), 2048-2051. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Welsman JR, Bywater K, Farr C, Welford D (2005). Reliability of Peak VO2 and Maximal Cardiac Output Assessed Using Thoracic Bioimpedence in Children. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 94(3), 228-234. DOI.
Welsman J, Bywater K, Farr C, Welford D, Armstrong N (2005). Reliability of peak VO(2) and maximal cardiac output assessed using thoracic bioimpedance in children. Eur J Appl Physiol, 94(3), 228-234. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Montfort-Steiger V, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2005). The reproducibility of an endurance performance test in adolescent cyclists. Eur J Appl Physiol, 94(5-6), 618-625. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2004

Armstrong N (2004). Children are Fit and Active - Fact or Fiction?. Health Education(104), 333-335.
Ratel S, Williams CAP, Oliver CA, Armstrong J (2004). Effects of age and mode of exercise on power output profiles during repeated sprints. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 92(1-2), 204-210. DOI.
Ratel S, Williams CA, Oliver J, Armstrong N (2004). Effects of age and mode of exercise on power output profiles during repeated sprints. Eur J Appl Physiol, 92(1-2), 204-210. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Wood LE, Dixon S, Grant C, Armstrong N (2004). Elbow flexion and extension strength relative to body or muscle size in children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36(11), 1977-1984. Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N, Faulkner SG (2004). Longitudinal changes in the kinetic response to heavy intensity exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 97(2), 460-466. DOI.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2004). Modelling the VO2 kinetic response to heavy intensity exercise in children. Ergonomics, 47(14), 1517-1527. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Winsley R, Armstrong N (2004). Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, Health and Young People. In Green K, Hardman K (Eds.) Physical Education Essential Issues, Sage, 65-77.
Armstrong N, Faulkner SG (2004). Sex differences in the oxygen uptake kinetic response to heavy intensity exercise in prepubertal children. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 93, 210-216. DOI.
Moore MS, Dodd CJ, Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2004). Short-term appetite and energy intake following imposed exercise in 9- to 10-year-old girls. Appetite, 43(2), 127-134. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
De Ste Croix MBA, Deighan MA, Armstrong N (2004). Time to peak torque for knee and elbow extensors and flexors in children, teenagers and adults. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 12(2), 143-148. Abstract.

2003

Welsman J, Bloxham S, Armstrong N (2003). Age-related changes in short-term power assessed using cycling and running modes of exercise in males.  Author URL.
De Ste Croix M, Deighan M, Armstrong N (2003). Assessment and interpretation of isokinetic muscle strength during growth and maturation. Sports Med, 33(10), 727-743. Abstract.  Author URL.
Bloxham S, Armstrong N, Welsman J (2003). Cross-sectional analysis of the relationship between peak oxygen uptake and peak power output in young males.  Author URL.
Fawkner S, Armstrong N, Welsman J (2003). Differences between the sexes in oxygen uptake kinetic responses to heavy intensity exercise in pre-pubertal children.  Author URL.
Wood L, Armstrong N, Barrett V, Deighan M, Dixon S (2003). Elbow flexor torque, cross-sectional area and moment arms in 9-to 10-year-old boys and girls.  Author URL.
Santos AMC, Armstrong N, De Ste Croix MBA, Sharpe P, Welsman JR (2003). Optimal Peak Power in Relation to Age, Body Size, Gender, and Thigh Muscle Volume. Pediatric Exercise Science, 15(4), 406-418. Abstract. DOI.
Fawkner S, Armstrong N (2003). Oxygen uptake kinetic response to exercise in children. Sports Med, 33(9), 651-669. Abstract.  Author URL.
Deighan M, Armstrong N, de Ste Criux M, Welsman J, Barratt V (2003). Peak torque per MRI-determined cross-sectional area of the knee extensors and flexors in children, teenagers and adults.  Author URL.
Winsley RJ, Armstrong N, Bywater K, Fawkner SG (2003). Reliability of heart rate variability measures at rest and during light exercise in children. Br J Sports Med, 37(6), 550-552. Abstract.  Author URL.
Deighan MA, De Ste Croix MBA, Armstrong N (2003). Reliability of isokinetic concentric and eccentric knee and elbow extension and flexion in 9/10 year old boys. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 11(2), 109-115. Abstract.
Fawkner S, Armstrong N (2003). The Slow-Component Response of VO2 to Heavy Intensity Exercise in Children. In Reilly T, Marfell-Jones M (Eds.) Kinanthropometry VIII, London: Routledge, 105-113.
Croix MBAD, Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2003). The reliability of an isokinetic knee muscle endurance test in young children. PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 15(3), 313-323. Author URL.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2003). The slow-component response of V˙O2 to heavy intensity exercise in children. In  (Ed) Kinanthropometry VIII: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference of the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK), 103-111. DOI.

2002

Armstrong N (2002). Aerobic Fitness and Anaerobic Performance During Childhood and Adolescence. Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis(7), 13-19.
Santos AMC, Welsman JR, De Ste Croix MBA, Armstrong N (2002). Age- and sex-related differences in optimal peak power. Pediatric Exercise Science, 14(2), 202-212. Abstract. DOI.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2002). Assessment of critical power with children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 14(3), 259-268. Abstract. DOI.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2002). Cardiovascular responses to submaximal treadmill running in 11-13 year olds. Acta Paediatrica, 91(2), 125-131. DOI.
Armstrong N (2002). How Important is Physical Activity in Children?. American Journal of Medicine and Sports(4), 315-319.
De Ste Croix MBA, Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Sharpe P (2002). Longitudinal changes in isokinetic leg strength in 10-14-year-olds. Ann Hum Biol, 29(1), 50-62. Abstract.  Author URL.
Fawkner S, Armstrong N (2002). Modelling the VO2 Kinetic Response to Moderate Intensity Exercise in Children. Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis(7), 80-84.
Armstrong N, Faulkner SG, Potter CR, Welsman JR (2002). Oxygen uptake kinetics in children and adults after the onset of moderate-intensity exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 20(4), 319-326. DOI.
Middlebrooke AR, Armstrong N, Shore AC, Welsman JR, MacLeod KM (2002). Peak oxygen consumption and microvascular function in adults with Type 2 diabetes.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (2002). Physical activity and health in children and adolescents.  Author URL.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N, Childs DJ, Welsman JR (2002). Reliability of the visually identified ventilatory threshold and V-slope in children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 14(2), 181-192. Abstract. DOI.

2001

De Ste Croix MB, Armstrong N, Chia MY, Welsman JR, Parsons G, Sharpe P (2001). Changes in short-term power output in 10- to 12-year-olds. J Sports Sci, 19(2), 141-148. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N (2001). Children's habitual physical activity. Science and Sports, 16(SUPPL. 1).
Armstrong N (2001). Delivering an Exercise Prescription for a Healthier Childhood. In Harries M, Young A (Eds.) Physical Activity for Patients: an Exercise Prescription, London: Royal College of Physicians, 91-104.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2001). Peak oxygen uptake in relation to growth and maturation in 11-17-year-old humans. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 85, 546-551. DOI.
Armstrong N (2001). Physical Activity in Childhood. Journal of Continuing Education for General Practitioners
Armstrong N (2001). Physical Fitness, Physical Activity and Physical Education. In Chin M-K, Hensley L, Liu Y-K (Eds.) Innovation and Application of Physical Education and Sports Science in the New Millennium - an Asia Pacific Perspective, Hong Kong: Institute of Education, 35-43.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Chia MY (2001). Short term power output in relation to growth and maturation. Br J Sports Med, 35(2), 118-124. Abstract.  Author URL.

2000

Sutton NC, Childs DJ, Bar-Or O, Armstrong N (2000). A nonmotorized treadmill test to assess children's short-term power output. Pediatric Exercise Science, 12(1), 91-100. Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2000). Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N, VanMechelen W (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 173-182.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2000). Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N, VanMechelen W (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 65-76.
Williams CA, Armstrong N, Powell J (2000). Aerobic responses of prepubertal boys to two modes of training. Br J Sports Med, 34(3), 168-173. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2000). Anaerobic Performance. In Armstrong N, VanMechelen W (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 37-45.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2000). Development of aerobic fitness during childhood and adolescence.  Abstract. DOI.
Stoedefalke K, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (2000). Effect of training on peak oxygen uptake and blood lipids in 13 to 14-year-old girls. Acta Paediatr, 89(11), 1290-1294. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (2000). Interpreting Exercise Performance Data in Relation to Body Size. In Armstrong N, VanMechelen W (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 3-9.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Kirby BJ (2000). Longitudinal changes in 11-13-year-olds' physical activity. Acta Paediatr, 89(7), 775-780. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2000). Longitudinal changes in submaximal oxygen uptake in 11- to 13-year-olds. J Sports Sci, 18(3), 183-189. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Williams CA, Kirby BJ (2000). Longitudinal changes in young people's short-term power output. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 32(6), 1140-1145. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Van Mechelen W (2000). Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (2000). Physical Activity Patterns in Secondary School Children. European Journal of Physical Education(5), 147-157.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2000). Physical Activity and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Young People. In Maffulli N, Chan KM, MacDonald R, Malina R, Parker R (Eds.) Sports Medicine for Specific Client Groups, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 45-56.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2000). Statistical techniques for interpreting body size-related exercise performance during growth.  Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N (2000). Young People and Physical Activity. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

1999

Armstrong N (1999). Benefits and Hazards of High and Low Intensity Exercise. Current Paediatrics(9), 91-97.
Armstrong N (1999). Benefits and hazards of high and low intensity physical activity. Current Paediatrics, 9(2), 91-96. DOI.
Potter CR, Childs DJ, Houghton W, Armstrong N (1999). Breath-to-breath "noise" in the ventilatory and gas exchange responses of children to exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 80(2), 118-124. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
De Ste Croix MBA, Armstrong N, Welsman JR (1999). Concentric isokinetic leg strength in pre-teen, teenage and adult males and females. Biology of Sport, 16(2), 75-86. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Nevill AM, Kirby BJ (1999). Modeling growth and maturation changes in peak oxygen uptake in 11-13 yr olds. J Appl Physiol (1985), 87(6), 2230-2236. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Kirby BJ (1999). Submaximal exercise and maturation in 12-year-olds. J Sports Sci, 17(2), 107-114. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

1998

Armstrong N, Welsman J, Kirby B (1998). Aerobic Fitness and physical activity patterns of young people. In Hardman K, Green K (Eds.) Physical Education: a Reader, Aachen, Germany: Meyer and Meyer, 105-115.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (1998). Assessing Postexercise Lactate in Children and Adolescents. In Praagh EV (Ed) Pediatric Anaerobic Performance, Champaign, Il: Human Kinetics, 137-154.
Armstrong N (1998). Fitness and Physical Activity During Childhood and Adolescence. In Chan KM, Micheli LJ (Eds.) Sports and Children, Hong Kong: Williams and Wilkins, 50-75.
Van Mechelen W, Armstrong N (1998). How Fit and Active are Children and Youth?. In Biddle S, Cavill N, Sallis J (Eds.) Young and Active, London: HEA, 69-97.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Kirby BJ (1998). Peak oxygen uptake and maturation in 12-yr olds. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 30(1), 165-169. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (1998). Physical Activity Patterns of 5 to 7-Year-Old Children and their Mothers. European Journal of Physical Education, 2(3), 145-155.
Armstrong N, Welsman J, Kirby B (1998). Physical Activity, Peak Oxygen Uptake and Performance on the Wingate Anaerobic Test in 12-Year-Olds. Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis(3), 7-21.
Armstrong N (1998). Young people's physical activity patterns as assessed by heart rate monitoring. England.  Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

1997

Potter C, Armstrong N, Kirby B, Welsman J (1997). Cardiac Output Responses to Submaximal Exercise in Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 440-445.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (1997). Children and Exercise XIX. Exeter, Washington Singer Press.
Armstrong N, Kirby B, Welsman JR (1997). Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being. London, E and F Spon.
Rice S, Kirby B, Armstrong N, Welsman J, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Children's Dietary Choices: Implications for Health. In Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Vol 2, Exeter: Washington Singer Press, 133-138.
McManus AM, Armstrong N, Williams CA (1997). Effect of training on the aerobic power and anaerobic performance of prepubertal girls. Acta Paediatr, 86(5), 456-459. Abstract.  Author URL.
Chia M, Armstrong N, Welsman J, Winsley R, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Exercise Performance of Young People in Relation to Thigh Muscle Volume. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 297-300.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Winsley RJ, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Exercise performance and magnetic resonance imaging-determined thigh muscle volume in children. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 76(1), 92-97. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Kirby BJ (1997). Performance on the Wingate anaerobic test and maturation. Pediatric Exercise Science, 9(3), 253-261. Abstract. DOI.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (1997). Physical Activity Patterns of 5 to 11-Year-Old Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 139-144.
Armstrong N, Astrand P (1997). Physical Education and the Promotion of Health and Well-Being in Europe. European Journal of Physical Education(2), 158-159.
Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, McManus AM, Welsman JR (1997). Prepubescents' ventilatory responses to exercise with reference to sex and body size. Chest, 112(6), 1554-1560. Abstract.  Author URL.
McManus A, Armstrong N, Kirby B, Welsman J (1997). Ratings of Perceived Exertion by Prepubertal Children During Submaximal Exercise. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 253-257.
Winsley R, Armstrong N, Welsman J, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Relationship Between Thigh Muscle MRI Relaxation Times and Peak Aerobic Power. In Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Vol 2, Exeter: Washington Singer Press, 75-78.
De Ste Croix M, Armstrong N, Welsman J, Winsley R, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Relationship of Muscle Strength with Muscle Volume in Young Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 319-324.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Withers S (1997). Responses of young girls to two modes of aerobic training. Br J Sports Med, 31(2), 139-142. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1997). Specific Considerations for the Assessment of the Young Athlete. In Bird S, Davidson R (Eds.) Physiological Testing Guidelines, Leeds: BASES, 143-153.
Armstrong N, Kirby B, McManus A, Welsman J (1997). Submaximal Responses to Exercise in Prepbertal Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 221-227.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1997). The Assessment and Interpretation of Children's and Adolescents' Aerobic Fitness: an Update. In Froberg K, Lammert O, Hansen HS, Blimkie CJR (Eds.) Exercise and Fitness - Benefits and Risks, Odense: University Press, 173-182.
McManus A, Armstrong N (1997). The Physical Activity patterns of Boys and Girls. In MacFarlene DJ (Ed) Gender Issues in Sport and Exercise, Hong Kong: University Press, 36-39.
Chia M, Armstrong N, Childs D (1997). The assessment of children's anaerobic performance using modifications of the Wingate Anaerobic Test. Pediatric Exercise Science, 9(1), 80-89. Abstract. DOI.
Armstrong N, Kirby B, Mosney J, Sutton N, Welsman J (1997). Ventilatory Responses to Submaximal Exercise in Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 204-210.

1996

Armstrong N, Kirby B (1996). Exercise, wellbeing, and endogenous molecules of mood. LANCET, 348(9025), 477-477. Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, McManus A (1996). Growth Maturation and Physical Education. In Armstrong N (Ed) New Directions in Physical Education Volume Three, London: Cassells, 19-32.
Armstrong N, Welsman J, Winsley R (1996). Is peak VO2 a maximal index of children's aerobic fitness?. Int J Sports Med, 17(5), 356-359. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N (1996). New Directions in Physical Education: change and Innovation. London, Cassells.
Williams CA, Armstrong N, Eves N, Faulkner A (1996). Peak aerobic fitness of visually impaired and sighted adolescent girls. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 90(6), 495-500. Abstract.
Armstrong N, McManus A, Welsman J, Kirby B (1996). Physical activity patterns and aerobic fitness among prepubescents. European Physical Education Review, 2(1), 19-29. DOI.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Nevill AM, Winter EM, Kirby BJ (1996). Scaling peak VO2 for differences in body size. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 28(2), 259-265. Abstract.  Author URL.
Carney C, Armstrong N (1996). The Provision of Physical Education in Primary Initial Teacher Training Courses in England and Wales. European Physical Education Review(2), 64-74.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (1996). The measurement and interpretation of aerobic fitness in children: Current issues. J ROY SOC MED, 89(5), P281-P285.
Carney C, Armstrong N (1996). The provision of physical education in primary initial teacher training courses in England and Wales. European Physical Education Review, 2(1), 64-74. DOI.
Biddle S, Akande D, Armstrong N, Ashcroft M, Brooke R, Goudas M (1996). The self-motivation inventory modified for children: Evidence on psychometric properties and its use in physical exercise. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 27(3), 237-250. Abstract.

1995

Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, McManus AM, Welsman JR (1995). Aerobic fitness of prepubescent children. Ann Hum Biol, 22(5), 427-441. Abstract.  Author URL.
Tolfrey K, Armstrong N (1995). Child-adult differences in whole blood lactate responses to incremental treadmill exercise. Br J Sports Med, 29(3), 196-199. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (1995). Children and Aerobic Exercise. In Williams I, McCraken J (Eds.) Sport, Exercise and Medicine, Nottingham University Press, 93-116.
ARMSTRONG N (1995). Children's cardiopulmonary fitness and physical activity patterns: the European scene.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (1995). Children, Physical Activity and Health. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 5-16.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1995). Laboratory Testing of Young Athletes. In  (Ed) A Colour Atlas of Sports Medicine in Childhood and Adolescence, London: Wolfe Medical, 112-125.
Winsley R, Armstrong N, Welsman J (1995). Leg Volume is Not Related to Peak Oxygen Uptake in 9-Year-Old Boys. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 70-76.
Williams C, Armstrong N (1995). Optimised Peak Power Output of Adolescent Children During Maximal Sprint Pedalling. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 40-44.
McManus A, Armstrong N (1995). Patterns of Physical Activity Among Primary Schoolchildren. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 17-23.
Barnett A, BaconShone J, Tam KH, Leung M, Armstrong N (1995). Peak oxygen uptake of 12-18-year-old boys living in a densely populated urban environment. ANNALS OF HUMAN BIOLOGY, 22(6), 525-532. Author URL. DOI.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (1995). The Interpretation of Peak VO2 in Prepubertal Children. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 64-69.
Armstrong N (1995). The challenge of promoting physical activity. J R Soc Health, 115(3), 187-192. Author URL.

1994

Armstrong N, Welsman JR (1994). Assessment and interpretation of aerobic fitness in children and adolescents. Exerc Sport Sci Rev, 22, 435-476. Abstract.  Author URL.
Fox K, Goudas M, Biddle S, Duda J, Armstrong N (1994). Children's task and ego goal profiles in sport. Br J Educ Psychol, 64 ( Pt 2), 253-261. Abstract.  Author URL.
Fox K, Goudas M, Biddle S, Duda J, Armstrong N (1994). Children's task and ego goal profiles in sport. The British journal of educational psychology, 64 Abstract.
Fox KR, Page A, Peters DM, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1994). Dietary restraint and fatness in early adolescent girls and boys. Journal of Adolescence, 17(2), 149-161. Abstract. DOI.
Fox K, Page A, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1994). Dietary restraint and self-perceptions in early adolescence. Personality and Individual Differences, 17(1), 87-96. Abstract. DOI.
PETERS D, FOX K, ARMSTRONG N, SHARPE P, BELL M (1994). ESTIMATION OF BODY-FAT AND BODY-FAT DISTRIBUTION IN 11-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN USING MAGNETIC-RESONANCE-IMAGING AND HYDROSTATIC WEIGHING, SKINFOLDS, AND ANTHROPOMETRY. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN BIOLOGY, 6(2), 237-243. Author URL. DOI.
Gentle P, Caves R, Armstrong N, Balding J, Kirby B (1994). High and low exercisers among 14- and 15-year-old children. J Public Health Med, 16(2), 186-194. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Simons-Morton B (1994). Physical Activity and Blood Lipids in Adolescents. Pediatric Exercise Science(6), 381-405.

1993

Fox K, Peters D, Armstrong N, Sharpe P, Bell M (1993). Abdominal fat deposition in 11-year-old children. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord, 17(1), 11-16. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1993). Children's Physiological Responses to Exercise. In Lee MJ (Ed) Coaching Children in Sport, London: Spon, 64-77.
Armstrong N (1993). Independent Mobility and Children's Physical Development. In Hillman M (Ed) Children, Transport and Quality of Life, London: Institute of Policy Studies, 35-43.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1993). Training Programmes for Young Athletes. In Lee MJ (Ed) Coaching Children in Spor, London: Spon, 191-203.

1992

Armstrong N (1992). Are American children and youth fit? Some international perspectives. Res Q Exerc Sport, 63(4), 449-450. Author URL. DOI.
Peters D, Fox K, Armstrong N, Sharpe P, Bell M (1992). Assessment of children's abdominal fat distribution by magnetic resonance imaging and anthropometry. International Journal of Obesity, 16(SUPPL. 2).
DUDA JL, FOX KR, BIDDLE SJH, ARMSTRONG N (1992). CHILDRENS ACHIEVEMENT GOALS AND BELIEFS ABOUT SUCCESS IN SPORT. BRITISH JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY, 62, 313-323. Author URL. DOI.
Williams JR, Armstrong N, Winter E, Crichton N (1992). Changes in Peak Oxygen Uptake with Age and Sexual Maturity in Boys: Physiological Fact or Statistical Anomoly?. In J, Coudert, Praagh EV (Eds.) Children and Exercise XVI, Paris: Masson, 35-37.
Biddle S, Armstrong N (1992). Children's physical activity: an exploratory study of psychological correlates. Soc Sci Med, 34(3), 325-331. Abstract.  Author URL.
Goudas M, Fox K, Biddle S, Armstrong N (1992). Children's task and ego goal profiles in sport: Relationships with perceived competence, enjoyment and participation. Journal of Sports Sciences, 10(6).
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (1992). Daily physical activity and blood lactate indices of aerobic fitness in children. Br J Sports Med, 26(4), 228-232. Abstract.  Author URL.
Page A, Fox K, Peters D, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1992). Dietary restraint in 11-year-old children and its relationship with specific and global self-perceptions. Journal of Sports Sciences, 10(6), 604-605.
Armstrong N, Biddle S (1992). Health-Related Physical Activity in the National Curriculum. In Armstrong N (Ed) New Directions in Physical Education Volume Two. Towards a National Curriculum, Champaign: Human Kinetics, 71-110.
Armstrong N (1992). New Directions in Physical Education: Towards a National Curriculum. Illinois, Champaign.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1992). Serum lipids and blood pressure in relation to age and sexual maturity. Ann Hum Biol, 19(5), 477-487. Abstract.  Author URL.
Williams JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (1992). The influence of the site of sampling and assay medium upon the measurement and interpretation of blood lactate responses to exercise. J Sports Sci, 10(2), 95-107. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Tolfrey K, Armstrong N (1992). The relationship between blood lactate responses to incremental exercise and age. Journal of Sports Sciences, 10(6), 563-564.
Peters D, Fox K, Armstrong N, Sharpe P, Bell M (1992). Total body adiposity in children using magnetic resonance imaging: Comparisons with body density and anthropometry. Journal of Sports Sciences, 10(6).

1991

Armstrong N (1991). Health-Related Physical Activity. In N Armstrong ACS (Ed) Issues in Physical Education, London: Cassells, 139-154.
Mitchell J, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1991). Health-related behaviour modification in family groups. Journal of Sports Sciences, 9(4), 425-426.
Armstrong N (1991). Issues in Physical Education. London, Cassells.
Kirby B, Harwood C, Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P (1991). Lipids in British schoolchildren. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 623, 450-452. Author URL.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Williams J, Kirby B (1991). Peak Oxygen Uptake in Relation to Pubertal Stage of Development. In Frenkl R, I, Szmodis (Eds.) Children and Exercise XV, Budapest: National Institute for Health Promotion, 178-184.
Armstrong N, Bray S (1991). Physical activity patterns defined by continuous heart rate monitoring. Arch Dis Child, 66(2), 245-247. Abstract.  Author URL.
Williams J, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1991). The Influence of Age and Maturation on the 2.5 and 4mM.Litre Levels of Blood Lactate in Boys. In R, Frenkl, Szmodis I (Eds.) Children and Exercise XV, Budapest: National Institute for Health Promotion, 151-156.
Mitchell J, Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1991). The association of selected coronary heart disease risk factors between family members. Journal of Sports Sciences, 9(4), 424-425.
Armstrong N, Williams J, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1991). The peak oxygen uptake of British children with reference to age, sex and sexual maturity. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 62(5), 369-375. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mitchell J, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1991). The physical activity of middle-aged adults estimated using heart rate telemetry. Journal of Sports Sciences, 9(4), 423-424.
Williams JR, Armstrong N (1991). The relationship between daily physical activity and blood lactate indices of submaximal aerobic capacity measured during incremental treadmill exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 9(4).

1990

Armstrong N (1990). Children's Physical Activity Pattern - the Implications for Physical Education. In Armstrong N (Ed) New Directions in Physical Education, Illinois: Champaign, 1-15.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1990). Estimation of coronary risk factors in British schoolchildren: a preliminary report. Br J Sports Med, 24(1), 61-66. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (1990). Field Testing Children's Physical fitness. In Cooke G (Ed) The Growing Child in Competitive Sport, Leeds: BISC, 97-101.
Armstrong N (1990). New Directions in Physical Education. Illinois, Champaign.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1990). Patterns of physical activity among 11 to 16 year old British children. British Medical Journal, 301(6745), 203-205. Abstract.
KIRBY B, ARMSTRONG N, BALDING J, GENTLE P (1990). SHOULD PREVENTION OF CORONARY HEART-DISEASE START AT SCHOOL. BRITISH HEART JOURNAL, 64(1), 44-44. Author URL.
Williams JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (1990). The 4 mM blood lactate level as an index of exercise performance in 11-13 year old children. J Sports Sci, 8(2), 139-147. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Bray S, Gentle P, Kirby B (1990). The Physical Activity Patterns of 10 and 13 year old children. In Beunen G, Ghesquire J, Reybrouck R, Classenns AL (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIV, Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 152-157.

1988

Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1988). CORONARY RISK FACTORS IN CHILDREN. The Lancet, 331(8590). DOI.

1987

Armstrong N (1987). A Critique of Fitness Testing. In Biddle SJ (Ed) Foundations of Health Related Fitness in Physical Education, London: Ling Publishers, 136-138.
Armstrong N (1987). Health and Fitness Programmes in Schools:A Physiological Rationale. In Biddle SJ (Ed) Foundations of Health Related Fitness in Physical Education, London: Ling Publishers, 19-27.
Armstrong N (1987). Principles of Training Children for Sport. In Lee M (Ed) Competitive Sport and Young Children, Leeds: National Coaching Foundation, 36-40.
Armstrong N (1987). The Physiological Responses of Children to Exercise. In Lee M (Ed) Competitive Sport and Young Children, Leeds: National Coaching Foundation, 17-20.

1986

Armstrong N, Bray S (1986). The Role of the Physical Education Teacher in Coronary Prevention. In  (Ed) Trend and Developments in Physical Education, London: E and F.C. Spon, 246-352.

1984

Armstrong N, Ellard R (1984). The Measurement of Alactacid Anaerobic Power in Trained and Untrained Children. Physical Education Review, 1(7), 73-79.
Armstrong N, Davies B (1984). The Metabolic and Physiological Responses of Children to Exercise and Training. Physical Education Review, 2(7), 90-105.

1983

Armstrong N, Davies B, Heal M (1983). The Specificity of Energy Utilization by Trained and Untrained Adolescent Boys. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 3(17), 193-199.

1982

Armstrong N, Walker P (1982). A Comparitive Analysis of the Physical and Physiological Characteristics of Freshman Physical Education Students. Physical Education Review, 2(5), 146-152.
Armstrong N, Davies B (1982). High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Physical Activity patterns in Children. Australian Journal of Sports Medicine, 2(14), 53-59.
Armstrong N (1982). Physical Education in a Leicestershire Community College. Australian Journal for Health, Physical Education and Recreation(95), 27-28.

1981

Armstrong N, Davies B (1981). An Egometric Analysis of Age Group Swimmers. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 1(15), 20-26.

1980

Armstrong N, Davies B (1980). Coronary Risk Factors in Children - the Role of the Physical Educator. Bulletin of Physical Education, 2(16), 5-11.
Armstrong N, Davies B (1980). The Prevalence of Coronary Risk Factors in Children. Acta Paediatrica Belgica, 4(33), 209-217.