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Professor Neil Armstrong

Professor Neil Armstrong

Emeritus Professor of Paediatric Physiology

 2602

 722602

 Baring Court 

 

Baring Court, University of Exeter St Luke's Campus, Heavitree Road, Exeter, EX1 2LU, UK

Overview

Neil graduated from Loughborough with BEd and MSc degrees and earned his PhD and Higher Doctorate (DSc) at Exeter. He has been awarded Honorary Doctorates by Universities in Europe and North America. Neil was appointed to Exeter in 1984 and was promoted to the first UK University Personal Chair in Sport and Health Sciences in 1992. He initiated the study of sport science in Exeter, founded the Children’s Health and Exercise Research Centre in 1987 and established the Department of Sport Science in 1998. He served as Head of the School of Postgraduate Medicine before founding the School of Sport and Health Sciences in 2002. He was appointed Deputy Vice-Chancellor in 2005 and served as Senior DVC and then as the University’s Inaugural Provost until 2014 when he decided to return to his research and writing.

Neil chaired the Sport Science Panel in the first two HEFCE Research Assessment Exercises (now REF). He was the first scientist to be awarded Fellowship of the British (FBASES), European (FECSS) and American (FACSM) Colleges of Sports Medicine/Science and he is the only person to have chaired both BASES and the Physical Education Association of the UK. He has chaired the Board of European Pediatric Work Physiology (PWP) since 2005. He served two terms as Chair of South West Sport (Ministerial appointment) and he chaired the South West 2012 Olympics Legacy Project. Neil led the physiology team in the development of the International Olympic Committee (IOC)’s guidelines for training elite young athletes. Over the last 20 years he has been a chair or member of numerous International Expert Committees (including those of IOC, WHO, FIMS, PWP, EUPEA and FIG) focused on the promotion of children’s sport, fitness, health and well-being.

Neil’s research won the first (and to date only) Queen's Anniversary Prize for Higher Education to be awarded for research in sport and exercise medicine. The Queen’s Anniversary Prize, awarded for ‘world class work which is of outstanding quality and importance to the nation’, was presented by HM the Queen at Buckingham Palace.

An active sportsman in his youth, Neil represented England at under15, under18 and University level and played professional football for 10 years. He remains a dedicated and optimistic supporter of Newcastle United despite the fact that they have not won a domestic trophy since 1955.

Qualifications

Bachelor of Education

Master of Science

Doctor of Philosophy

Doctor of Science

Doctor of Laws (honoris causa)

Docor of Sciences (honoris causa)

Research group links

Research

Research interests

Neil established the Children's Health and Exercise Research Centre (CHERC) in 1987 and supported it for 25 years with over £4 million of funding from research councils (e.g. MRC, ESRC, EPSRC), major charities (e.g. BHF, Royal Society), governmental bodies (e.g. EU, Sports Council) and industry (e.g. IBM, Reebok, Masterfoods). He has supervised 34 postgraduate students to successful completion of research degrees and externally examined 40 PhDs in 12 countries. 10 former PhD students are full professors 2 other former PhD students are National Teaching Fellows. 25 former CHERC students are teaching and researching in British universities and others are currently in academic posts in France, Portugal, Mexico, USA, Canada, Singapore, Hong Kong, Israel, and Malaysia

Neil’s research in the 1980s was the first to identify UK children’s low levels of physical activity and to link it to a potential obesity epidemic. The media coined the phrase ‘couch potatoes’ to describe his data. His subsequent research focuses on paediatric physiology and encompasses the continuum from elite young athletes through normal healthy children to young people with health problems.

Neil has authored/edited 17 books, contributed over 100 invited book chapters, and published over 300 scientific, peer-reviewed papers on paediatric physiology and children’s health and well-being. He has been invited to make keynote presentations to conferences in 45 countries and he has co-authored over 600 papers to international and national conferences. Neil’s research has been featured internationally in over 300 television and radio programmes some of which have been repeated 15-20 times. The data have generated questions in both Houses of Parliament. Neil has been invited to address Members of Parliament at the House of Commons on several occasions, and Ministers of Education and of Sport have invited him to private audiences in the Palace of Westminster and visited the Research Centre to discuss the implications of his findings for children’s sport, health, and well-being. He was invited to a private audience with Prince Philip at Buckingham Palace and HM the Queen has visited the Research Centre to see his research team in action. Neil’s research won the first (and to date only) Queen's Anniversary Prize for Higher Education to be awarded for research in sport and exercise medicine. The Queen’s Anniversary Prize, awarded for ‘world class work which is of outstanding quality and importance to the nation’, was presented by HM the Queen at Buckingham Palace with the citation:

"The Children's Health and Exercise Research Centre has established Paediatric Exercise Science as an academic field of study in this country and is now a leading world centre.  The promotion of more active lifestyles, and understanding the benefits of healthy living have become part of the agenda for many young people as a direct result of its work"

Neil has acted as a consultant to numerous national and international sports bodies, to national and international research councils from 15 countries and to industry and businesses. He has been a chair or member of numerous national and international working parties on children’s physical activity, sport and health and well-being (e.g. WHO, IOC, FIMS, PWP, FIG, HEA, PEA, BASES). He has externally advised universities all over the world on over 50 professorial appointments.

Research projects

2019 Publications

  1. Armstrong N. Development of the Youth Athlete. London, Routledge; 2019: 1-250.

  2. Armstrong N, Welsman J. Development of peak oxygen uptake from 11-16 years determined using both treadmill and cycle ergometry. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2019; 119: 801-812.

  3. Eliakim A, Falk B, Armstrong N, et al. Expert’s Choice: 2018’s Most Exciting Research in the Field of Pediatric Exercise Science. Pediatric Exercise Science. 2019; 31; 1-27

  4. Armstrong N. Youth Aerobic Fitness. Pediatric Exercise Science. 2019; 31: to be published in May issue (in press).

  5. Armstrong N, Welsman J. Sex-Specific Longitudinal Modeling of Short-Term Power in 11-18 year-olds. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2019; to be published in May (in press).

  6. Welsman J. and Armstrong N. Interpreting Youth Aerobic Fitness: The Fallacy of Ratio Scaling. Pediatric Exercise Science. 2019; 31: to be published in May issue (in press).

  7. Welsman J, Armstrong N. Interpreting Youth Aerobic Fitness: Alternatives to Ratio Scaling. Pediatric Exercise Science. 2019; 31: to be published in May issue (in press).

  8. Armstrong N, Welsman J. Sex-specific Longitudinal Modeling of Youth Peak Oxygen Uptake. Pediatric Exercise Science. 2019; 31; to be published in May issue (in press).

  9. Armstrong N, Welsman J. (Mis)Representation, (Mis)Interpretation and Mis)Use. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2019: publication data unknown (in press).

  10. Armstrong N, Welsman J. Myths, Misconceptions and the Twenty-Metre Shuttle Run. Physical Education Matters. 2019: to be published in June issue (in press).

  11. Welsman J, Armstrong N. Interpreting Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Young Clinical Populations: Folklore and Fallacy. Journal of the American Medical Association 2019: publication date unknown (in press).

  12. Armstrong N. Paediatric Physical Activity and Aerobic Fitness. In Draper N. and Stratton, G. (Eds). Physical Activity: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach. London: Routledge, 2019: 186-204.

Links


Publications

Key publications | Publications by category | Publications by year

Key publications


Armstrong N, Welsman J, Bloxham S (2019). Development of 11- to 16-year-olds' short-term power output determined using both treadmill running and cycle ergometry. Eur J Appl Physiol, 119(7), 1565-1580. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2019). Twenty-metre shuttle run: (mis)representation, (mis)interpretation and (mis)use. Br J Sports Med, 53(19). Author URL.
Armstrong N (2017). Top 10 Research Questions Related to Youth Aerobic Fitness. Res Q Exerc Sport, 88(2), 130-148. Abstract.  Author URL.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Jones AM, Williams CA (2012). The effect of baseline metabolic rate on pulmonary O₂ uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in boys and men. Respir Physiol Neurobiol, 180(2-3), 223-229. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Weisman JR, Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2010). Longitudinal Changes in the Oxygen Uptake Kinetic Response to Heavy-Intensity Exercise in 14- to 16-Year-Old Boys (Reprinted from PES, vol 22). PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 22(2), 314-325. Author URL.  Full text.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2010). Quadriceps muscle energetics during incremental exercise in children and adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42, 1303-1313.

Publications by category


Books

Armstrong N (2018). Development of the Youth Athlete., Routledge. Abstract.
Armstrong N (2018). Development of the Youth Athlete. Abstract.
Armstrong N (2017). Oxford Textbook of Children's Sport and Exercise Medicine., Oxford University Press. Abstract.
Coelho-E-Silva M, Cupido-dos-Santos A, Figueiredo AJ, Armstrong N, Ferreira JP (2013). Children and Exercise XXVIII., Routledge. Abstract.
Coelho-e-Silva MJ, Cupido-dos-Santos A, Figueiredo AJ, Ferreira JP, Armstrong N (2013). Children and exercise XXVIII: the proceedings of the 28th pediatric work physiology meeting. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Williams C (2012). Children and Exercise Xxvi. OXFORD, Routledge.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (eds)(2011). The Elite Young Athlete. Basel, Karger.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (2010). Preface.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (2010). The Elite Young Athlete. Basle, Karger.
Jurimae T, Armstrong N, Jurimae J (2008). Children and Exercise XXIV. London, Routledge.
Armstrong N, Van Mechelen W (2008). Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine(2nd edition). Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Armstrong N (2007). Paediatric Exercise Physiology. Abstract.
Armstrong N (2007). Preface.
Armstrong N (2006). Paediatric Exercise Physiology. Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone.
Armstrong N, Van Mechelen W (2000). Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Armstrong N (2000). Young People and Physical Activity. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (1997). Children and Exercise XIX. Exeter, Washington Singer Press.
Armstrong N, Kirby B, Welsman JR (1997). Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being. London, E and F Spon.
Armstrong N (1996). New Directions in Physical Education: change and Innovation. London, Cassells.
Armstrong N (1992). New Directions in Physical Education: Towards a National Curriculum. Illinois, Champaign.
Armstrong N (1991). Issues in Physical Education. London, Cassells.
Armstrong N (1990). New Directions in Physical Education. Illinois, Champaign.

Journal articles

Cockcroft EJ, williams C, jackman S, armstrong N, barker A (In Press). Agreement and Reliability of Fasted and Oral Glucose Tolerance Test-Derived Indices of Insulin Sensitivity and Beta Cell Function in Boys. International journal of sports medicince Full text.
Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Tomlinson O, Vlachopoulos D, Jackman S, Armstrong N, Barker AR (In Press). High Intensity Interval Exercise is an Effective Alternative to Moderate Intensity Exercise for Improving Insulin Sensitivity in Adolescent Boys. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport Full text.
Williams C, Breese B, Saynor Z, Barker A, Armstrong N (In Press). RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN (NON)LINEAR PHASE II PULMONARY OXYGEN UPTAKE KINETICS WITH SKELETAL MUSCLE OXYGENATION AND AGE IN 11 TO 15 Y OLDS. Experimental Physiology Full text.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (2019). Children’s fitness and health: an epic scandal of poor methodology, inappropriate statistics, questionable editorial practices and a generation of misinformation. BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine
Armstrong N, Weisman J (2019). Clarity and Confusion in the Development of Youth Aerobic Fitness. FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY, 10 Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman J, Bloxham S (2019). Development of 11- to 16-year-olds' short-term power output determined using both treadmill running and cycle ergometry. Eur J Appl Physiol, 119(7), 1565-1580. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2019). Development of peak oxygen uptake from 11-16 years determined using both treadmill and cycle ergometry. Eur J Appl Physiol, 119(3), 801-812. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Eliakim A, Falk B, Armstrong N, Baptista F, Behm DG, Dror N, Faigenbaum AD, Janz KF, Jürimäe J, McGowan AL, et al (2019). Expert's Choice: 2018's Most Exciting Research in the Field of Pediatric Exercise Science. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 31(1), 1-27. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (2019). Interpreting Aerobic Fitness in Youth: Alternatives to Ratio Scaling-A Response to Blais et al (2019). Pediatr Exerc Sci, 31(2), 256-257. Author URL.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (2019). Interpreting Aerobic Fitness in Youth: the Fallacy of Ratio Scaling. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 31(2), 184-190. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2019). Multilevel allometric modelling of maximal stroke volume and peak oxygen uptake in 11–13-year-olds. European Journal of Applied Physiology
Armstrong N, Welsman JO (2019). Sex-Specific Longitudinal Modeling of Short-Term Power in 11- to 18-Year-Olds. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 51(5), 1055-1063. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2019). Sex-Specific Longitudinal Modeling of Youth Peak Oxygen Uptake. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 31(2), 204-212. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2019). Twenty-metre shuttle run: (mis)representation, (mis)interpretation and (mis)use. Br J Sports Med, 53(19). Author URL.
Armstrong N (2019). Youth Aerobic Fitness. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 31(2), 137-143. Author URL.
Falk B, Klentrou P, Armstrong N, Rowland T, Kemper HCG (2018). A Brief History of Pediatric Exercise Physiology. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 30(1), 1-10. Author URL.
Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Jackman SR, Bassi S, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2018). A single bout of high-intensity interval exercise and work-matched moderate-intensity exercise has minimal effect on glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in 7- to 10-year-old boys. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36(2), 149-155. Abstract.  Full text.
Armstrong N (2018). Commentary on the Assessment and Interpretation of Pediatric Aerobic Fitness-The Year That Was 2017. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 30(1), 12-18. Abstract.  Author URL.
Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Weaver H, O'Connor A, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2017). Acute Exercise and Insulin Sensitivity in Boys: a Time-Course Study. Int J Sports Med, 38(13), 967-974. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Armstrong N (2017). Pediatric Aerobic Fitness and Trainability. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 29(1), 8-13. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (2017). Response to Commentary on the Special Topic: Top 10 Research Questions Related to Youth Aerobic Fitness. Res Q Exerc Sport, 88(4), 384-390. Author URL.
Armstrong N (2017). Top 10 Research Questions Related to Youth Aerobic Fitness. Res Q Exerc Sport, 88(2), 130-148. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (2017). Understanding the role of aerobic fitness in relation to young people’s health and well-being. Physical Therapy Reviews, 22(3-4), 133-138. Abstract.
Armstrong N (2016). Aerobic Fitness and Training in Children and Adolescents. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 28(1), 7-10. Author URL.
Armstrong N, McNarry M (2016). Aerobic fitness and trainability in healthy youth: Gaps in our knowledge. Pediatric Exercise Science, 28(2), 171-177. Abstract.
Bond B, Williams CA, Jackman SR, Woodward A, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). Accumulating exercise and postprandial health in adolescents. Metabolism: clinical and experimental Abstract.  Full text.
McNarry MA, Farr C, Middlebrooke A, Welford D, Breese B, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). Aerobic Function and Muscle Deoxygenation Dynamics during Ramp Exercise in Children. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 47(9), 1877-1884. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Armstrong N (2015). Aerobic fitness and training in children. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 27(1), 8-12. Author URL.
Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Tomlinson OW, Vlachopoulos D, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). High intensity interval exercise is an effective alternative to moderate intensity exercise for improving glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in adolescent boys. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18(6), 720-724. Abstract.
Bergeron MF, Mountjoy M, Armstrong N, Chia M, Côté J, Emery CA, Faigenbaum A, Hall G, Kriemler S, Léglise M, et al (2015). International Olympic Committee consensus statement on youth athletic development. Br J Sports Med, 49(13), 843-851. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Barker AR, McManus AM (2015). Muscle metabolism changes with age and maturation: How do they relate to youth sport performance?. Br J Sports Med, 49(13), 860-864. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Barker AR, McManus AM (2015). Muscle metabolism changes with age and maturation: How do they relate to youth sport performance?. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(13), 860-864. Abstract.  Full text.
Bond B, Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Harris S, Gates PE, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). Two weeks of high-intensity interval training improves novel but not traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors in adolescents. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 309(6), H1039-H1047. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Fulford J, Williams CA (2014). Influence of thigh activation on the VO₂ slow component in boys and men. Eur J Appl Physiol, 114(11), 2309-2319. Abstract.  Author URL.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Fulford J, Williams CA (2014). Influence of thigh activation on the [Formula Presented] O<inf>2</inf> slow component in boys and men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114(11), 2309-2319. Abstract.  Full text.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Fulford J, Williams CA (2014). Influence of thigh muscle activation on pulmonary O2 uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in boys and men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114, 2309-2319. Abstract.  Full text.
Willcocks RJ, Fulford J, Armstrong N, Barker AR, Williams CA (2014). Muscle metabolism during fatiguing isometric quadriceps exercise in adolescents and adults. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 39(4), 439-445. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Barker AR, Trebilcock E, Breese B, Jones AM, Armstrong N (2014). The effect of priming exercise on O2 uptake kinetics, muscle O2 delivery and utilization, muscle activity, and exercise tolerance in boys. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 39(3), 308-317. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Willcocks RJ, Fulford J, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2014). Two protocols to measure mitochondrial capacity in women and adolescent girls: a 31P-MRS preliminary study. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 26(2), 210-217. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Armstrong N (2013). Aerobic fitness and physical activity in children. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 25(4), 548-560. Abstract.  Author URL.
Durstine JL, Armstrong N, Cheng S (2013). Children's physical activity and health - Chronic disease in children and young adults. JOURNAL OF SPORT AND HEALTH SCIENCE, 2(1), 1-2. Author URL.
Durstine L, Armstrong N, Cheng S (2013). Children, Physical Activity and Health – Chronic Disease, Children and Young Adults. International Journal of Sport and Health Science(2), 1-2.
Malina RM, Baxter-Jones ADG, Armstrong N, Beunen GP, Caine D, Daly RM, Lewis RD, Rogol AD, Russell K (2013). Role of intensive training in the growth and maturation of artistic gymnasts. Sports Medicine, 43(9), 783-802. Abstract.
Barker AR, Bond B, Toman C, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2012). Critical power in adolescents: physiological bases and assessment using all-out exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol, 112(4), 1359-1370. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Barker AR (2012). New insights in paediatric exercise metabolism. JOURNAL OF SPORT AND HEALTH SCIENCE, 1(1), 18-26. Author URL.
Armstrong N, Cheng S, Durstine JL (2012). Physical activity, physical fitness, diet and the health in young people. JOURNAL OF SPORT AND HEALTH SCIENCE, 1(3), 129-130. Author URL.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Jones AM, Williams CA (2012). The effect of baseline metabolic rate on pulmonary O₂ uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in boys and men. Respir Physiol Neurobiol, 180(2-3), 223-229. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Armstrong N (2012). Young people are fit and active - Fact or fiction?. JOURNAL OF SPORT AND HEALTH SCIENCE, 1(3), 131-140. Author URL.
Armstrong N, Tomkinson G, Ekelund U (2011). Aerobic fitness and its relationship to sport, exercise training and habitual physical activity during youth. Br J Sports Med, 45(11), 849-858. Abstract.  Author URL.
Williams CA, Armstrong N (2011). Children and exercise XXVII: the proceedings of the XXVII<sup>th</sup> international symposium of the European group of Pediatric work physiology, September, 2011. International Symposium of the European Group of Pediatric Work Physiology, September, 2011, 1-333. Abstract.
Armstrong N (2011). Children are still fit, but not active. Education and Health, 29(3), 43-45.
Barker AR, Bond B, Toman C, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2011). Critical power in adolescents: physiological bases and assessment using all-out exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 1-12.
Armstrong N, Barker AR (2011). Endurance training and elite young athletes. Med Sport Sci, 56, 59-83. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Barker AR (2011). Endurance training in elite young athletes. Med Sport Sci, 56, 59-83. Abstract.
Barker AR, Williams CA, Jones AM, Armstrong N (2011). Establishing maximal oxygen uptake in young people during a ramp cycle test to exhaustion. Br J Sports Med, 45(6), 498-503. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2011). Exercise metabolism during moderate-intensity exercise in children with cystic fibrosis following heavy-intensity exercise. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 36(6), 920-927. Abstract.  Author URL.
Barker AR, Armstrong N (2011). Exercise testing elite young athletes. Med Sport Sci, 56, 106-125. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mountjoy M, Andersen LB, Armstrong N, Biddle S, Boreham C, Brandl Bedenbeck HP, Ekelund U, Engebretsen L, Hardman K, Hills A, et al (2011). International Olympic Committee consensus statement on the health and fitness of young people through physical activity and sport. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(11), 839-848.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (2011). Physiology of elite young male athletes. Med Sport Sci, 56, 1-22. Abstract.  Author URL.
Breese BC, Armstrong N, Barker AR, Williams CA (2011). The effect of pedal rate on pulmonary O2 uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in trained and untrained teenage boys. Respir Physiol Neurobiol, 177(2), 149-154. Abstract.  Author URL.
Ekelund U, Tomkinson GR, Armstrong N (2011). What proportion of youth are physically active? Measurement issues, levels and recent time trends. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(11), 859-865. Abstract.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2010). A survey of exercise testing and training in UK cystic fibrosis clinics. J Cyst Fibros, 9(5), 302-306. Abstract.  Author URL.
Willcocks RJ, Williams CA, Barker AR, Fulford J, Armstrong N (2010). Age and Sex Related Differences in Muscle Phosphocreatine and Oxygenation Kinetics during High Intensity Exercise in Adolescents and Adults. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Biomedicine
Yu CCW, McManus AM, Li AM, Sung RYT, Armstrong N (2010). Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing in Children. Hong Kong Journal of Pediatrics, 15, 35-47.
Barker AR, Armstrong N (2010). Exercise testing elite young athletes. Medicine and Sport Science, 56, 106-125. Abstract.
Montfort-Steiger V, Williams CAP, Armstrong N, Fulford J (2010). Gastric Emptying Rate of Young Cyclists by Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Three Case Studies. Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness, 8, 34-40.
Barker AR, Armstrong N (2010). Insights into Development Muscle Metabolism through the Use of 31P-Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. Pediatric Exercise Science
Barker AR, Armstrong N (2010). Insights into developmental muscle metabolism through the use of <sup>31</sup>P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy: a review. Pediatric Exercise Science, 22(3), 350-368. Abstract.
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2010). Longitudinal Changes in Oxygen Uptake Responses to Heavy Intensity Exercise in 14-16 Year Old Boys. Pediatric Exercise Science
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Weisman JR, Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2010). Longitudinal Changes in the Oxygen Uptake Kinetic Response to Heavy-Intensity Exercise in 14- to 16-Year-Old Boys (Reprinted from PES, vol 22). PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 22(2), 314-325. Author URL.  Full text.
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fawker SG, Armstrong N (2010). Longitudinal changes in the oxygen uptake kinetic response to heavy-intensity exercise in 14- to 16-year-old boys. Pediatric Exercise Science, 22(1), 69-80. Full text.
McManus AM, Armstrong N (2010). Physiology of elite young female athletes. Medicine and Sport Science, 56, 23-46. Abstract.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2010). Quadriceps muscle energetics during incremental exercise in children and adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42, 1303-1313.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2010). Quadriceps muscle energetics during incremental exercise in children and adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42(7), 1303-1313. Abstract.
Barker AR, Breese BC, Willcocks RJ, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2010). The importance of exercise intensity when studying developmental energy metabolism. Journal of Applied Physiology, 109(5), 1565-1566.
Barker AR, Jones AM, Armstrong N (2010). The influence of priming exercise on oxygen uptake, cardiac output, and muscle oxygenation kinetics during very heavy-intensity exercise in 9- to 13-yr-old boys. J Appl Physiol (1985), 109(2), 491-500. Abstract.  Author URL.
De Ste Croix MBA, Deighan MA, Ratel S, Armstrong N (2009). Age and Sex Associated differences in Isokinetic Knee Muscle Endurance Between Young Children and Adults. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, 34, 725-731.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2009). Early oxygen uptake recovery following exercise testing in children with chronic chest diseases. Pediatr Pulmonol, 44(5), 480-488. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2009). Exercise testing in young patients with cystic fibrosis and other chronic diseases. Paediatric Pulmonology(44), 480-489.
Armstrong N, Barker AR (2009). Oxygen uptake kinetics in children and adolescents: a review. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 21(2), 130-147. Abstract.
Ramos-Ibanez N, Winsley RJ, Armstrong N (2009). RELATIONSHIP AMONG DIET AND ENERGY EXPENDITURE AND INTRA-ABDOMINAL ADIPOSE TISSUE IN YOUNG GIRLS. ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM, 55, 529-529. Author URL.
Oliver J, Armstrong N, Williams CAP (2009). Relationship between brief and prolonged repeated sprint ability. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12, 238-243.
Winsley RJ, Fulford J, Roberts A, Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2009). Sex difference in Peak Oxygen Uptake in Prepubertal Children. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12, 647-651.
Brokenshire CS, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2009). The reliability of adolescent thermoregulatory responses during a heat acclimation protocol. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 8(4), 689-695. Abstract.
Oliver JL, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2008). Changes in jump performance and muscle activity following soccer specific exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26(2), 141-148.
Dodd CJ, Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2008). Energy intake and appetite following exercise in lean and overweight girls. Appetite, 51(3), 482-488. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mountjoy M, Armstrong N, Bizzini L, Blimkie C, Evans J, Gerrard D, Hangen J, Knoll K, Micheli L, Sangenis P, et al (2008). IOC consensus statement on training the elite child athlete. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 18(2), 122-123.
Mountjoy M, Armstrong N, Bizzini L, Blimkie C, Evans J, Gerrard D, Hangen J, Knoll K, Micheli L, Sangenis P, et al (2008). IOC consensus statement: "training the elite child athlete". British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(3), 163-164.
Wood LE, Dixon S, Grant C, Armstrong N (2008). Isokinetic elbow torque development in children. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 29(6), 466-470. Abstract.
Willcocks RJ, Barker AR, Fulford J, Welford D, Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2008). Kinetics of Phosphocreatine and Deoxyhemoglobin in Children and Adults During High-Intensity Exercise. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S20-S20. Author URL.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2008). Muscle phosphocreatine and pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics in children at the onset and offset of moderate intensity exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 102(6), 727-738. Abstract.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2008). Muscle phosphocreatine kinetics in children and adults at the onset and offset of moderate-intensity exercise. J Appl Physiol (1985), 105(2), 446-456. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Fawkner SG (2008). Non-invasive methods in paediatric exercise physiology. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 33(2), 402-410. Abstract.  Author URL.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2008). Quadriceps Muscle Phosphocreatine and Deoxygenation Kinetics in Children and Adults at the Onset of Moderate Intensity Exercise. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S20-S20. Author URL.
Williams CA, Willcocks RJ, Barker AR, Fulford J, Welford D, Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2008). Recovery of Muscle Oxygenation and Phosphocreatine in Children and Adults Following High-Intensity Quadriceps Exercise. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S20-S20. Author URL.
Nelson MT, Biltz G, Winsley R, Armstrong N, Fawkner S, Bywater K, Dengel DR (2008). Reliability of Heart Rate Variability by Sample Entropy at Rest and During Light Exercise in Children. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S282-S282. Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2007). Aerobic fitness: what are we measuring?. Med Sport Sci, 50, 5-25. Abstract.  Author URL.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2007). Can we confidently study V̇O<inf>2</inf> kinetics in young people?. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 6(3), 277-285. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Barrett LA, Welsman J (2007). Cardiorespiratory Training During Childhood and Adolescence. Journal of Exercise Science and Physiotherapy(3), 17-25.
Wood LE, Dixon SJ, Grant C, Armstrong N (2007). Elbow flexor strength, muscle size and moment arms in pre-pubertal children. Paediatric Exercise Science, 18, 457-469.
De Ste Croix M, Deighan M, Armstrong N (2007). Functional eccentric-concentric ratio of knee extensors and flexors in pre-pubertal children, teenagers and adult males and females. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 28(9), 768-772. Abstract.
Oliver JL, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2007). Reliability and Validity of a Soccer-Specific Test of Prolonged Repeated-Sprint Ability. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, 2(2), 137-149. Author URL.
Armstrong N (2006). Aerobic Fitness of Children and Adolescents. Journal of Pediatrics(82), 406-408.
Winsley RJ, Armstrong N, Middlebrooke AR, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams CA (2006). Aerobic fitness and visceral adipose tissue in children. Acta Paediatr, 95(11), 1435-1438. Abstract.  Author URL.
Winsley RJ, Middlebrooke AR, Armstrong N, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams CA (2006). Does Aerobic Fitness Influence the Quantity of Visceral Adipose Tissue in Children?. Acta Paediatrica(95), 2048-2051.
Ratel S, Williams CA, Oliver J, Armstrong N (2006). Effects of age and recovery duration on performance during multiple treadmill sprints. Int J Sports Med, 27(1), 1-8. Abstract.  Author URL.
Wood LE, Dixon S, Grant C, Armstrong N (2006). Elbow flexor strength, muscle size, and moment arms in prepubertal boys and girls. PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 18(4), 457-469. Author URL.  Full text.
Deighan M, De Ste Croix M, Grant C, Armstrong N (2006). Measurement of maximal muscle cross-sectional area of the elbow extensors and flexors in children, teenagers and adults. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24(5), 543-546. Abstract.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Welford D, Fulford J, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2006). Reliability of 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy during an exhaustive incremental exercise test in children. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 98(6), 556-565.
Barker A, Welsman J, Welford D, Fulford J, Williams C, Armstrong N (2006). Reliability of 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy during an exhaustive incremental exercise test in children. Eur J Appl Physiol, 98(6), 556-565. Abstract.  Author URL.
Oliver JL, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2006). Reliability of a field and laboratory test of repeated sprint ability. Pediatric Exercise Science, 18(3), 339-350. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2006). The physical activity patterns of European youth with reference to methods of assessment. Sports Med, 36(12), 1067-1086. Abstract.  Author URL.
Williams CA, Ratel S, Armstrong N (2005). Achievement of peak VO2 during a 90-s maximal intensity cycle sprint in adolescents. Can J Appl Physiol, 30(2), 157-171. Abstract.  Author URL.
Middlebrooke AR, Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Shore AC, Clark P, MacLeod KM (2005). Does aerobic fitness influence microvascular function in healthy adults at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes?. Diabet Med, 22(4), 483-489. Abstract.  Author URL.
Bloxham, S.R. Welsman JR, Armstrong, N. (2005). Ergometer-specific relationships between peak oxygen uptake and peak power output in children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 17(2), 136-148.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2005). Essay: Physiology of the child athlete. Lancet, 366 Suppl 1, S44-S45. Author URL.
Winsley RJ, Fulford J, Macleod KM, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams CAP, Armstrong N (2005). Prediction of Visceral Adipose Tissue Using Air Displacement Plethysmography in Children. Obesity Research, 13(12), 2048-2051.
Winsley RJ, Fulford J, MacLeod KM, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2005). Prediction of visceral adipose tissue using air displacement plethysmography in children. Obes Res, 13(12), 2048-2051. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman JR, Bywater K, Farr C, Welford D (2005). Reliability of Peak VO2 and Maximal Cardiac Output Assessed Using Thoracic Bioimpedence in Children. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 94(3), 228-234.
Welsman J, Bywater K, Farr C, Welford D, Armstrong N (2005). Reliability of peak VO(2) and maximal cardiac output assessed using thoracic bioimpedance in children. Eur J Appl Physiol, 94(3), 228-234. Abstract.  Author URL.
Montfort-Steiger V, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2005). The reproducibility of an endurance performance test in adolescent cyclists. Eur J Appl Physiol, 94(5-6), 618-625. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (2004). Children are Fit and Active - Fact or Fiction?. Health Education(104), 333-335.
Ratel S, Williams CAP, Oliver CA, Armstrong J (2004). Effects of age and mode of exercise on power output profiles during repeated sprints. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 92(1-2), 204-210.
Ratel S, Williams CA, Oliver J, Armstrong N (2004). Effects of age and mode of exercise on power output profiles during repeated sprints. Eur J Appl Physiol, 92(1-2), 204-210. Abstract.  Author URL.
Wood LE, Dixon S, Grant C, Armstrong N (2004). Elbow flexion and extension strength relative to body or muscle size in children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36(11), 1977-1984. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Faulkner SG (2004). Longitudinal changes in the kinetic response to heavy intensity exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 97(2), 460-466.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2004). Modelling the VO2 kinetic response to heavy intensity exercise in children. Ergonomics, 47(14), 1517-1527. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Faulkner SG (2004). Sex differences in the oxygen uptake kinetic response to heavy intensity exercise in prepubertal children. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 93, 210-216.
Moore MS, Dodd CJ, Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2004). Short-term appetite and energy intake following imposed exercise in 9- to 10-year-old girls. Appetite, 43(2), 127-134. Abstract.  Author URL.
De Ste Croix MBA, Deighan MA, Armstrong N (2004). Time to peak torque for knee and elbow extensors and flexors in children, teenagers and adults. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 12(2), 143-148. Abstract.
De Ste Croix M, Deighan M, Armstrong N (2003). Assessment and interpretation of isokinetic muscle strength during growth and maturation. Sports Med, 33(10), 727-743. Abstract.  Author URL.
Santos AMC, Armstrong N, De Ste Croix MBA, Sharpe P, Welsman JR (2003). Optimal Peak Power in Relation to Age, Body Size, Gender, and Thigh Muscle Volume. Pediatric Exercise Science, 15(4), 406-418. Abstract.
Fawkner S, Armstrong N (2003). Oxygen uptake kinetic response to exercise in children. Sports Med, 33(9), 651-669. Abstract.  Author URL.
Winsley RJ, Armstrong N, Bywater K, Fawkner SG (2003). Reliability of heart rate variability measures at rest and during light exercise in children. Br J Sports Med, 37(6), 550-552. Abstract.  Author URL.
Deighan MA, De Ste Croix MBA, Armstrong N (2003). Reliability of isokinetic concentric and eccentric knee and elbow extension and flexion in 9/10 year old boys. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 11(2), 109-115. Abstract.
Croix MBAD, Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2003). The reliability of an isokinetic knee muscle endurance test in young children. PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 15(3), 313-323. Author URL.
Armstrong N (2002). Aerobic Fitness and Anaerobic Performance During Childhood and Adolescence. Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis(7), 13-19.
Santos AMC, Welsman JR, De Ste Croix MBA, Armstrong N (2002). Age- and sex-related differences in optimal peak power. Pediatric Exercise Science, 14(2), 202-212. Abstract.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2002). Assessment of critical power with children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 14(3), 259-268. Abstract.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2002). Cardiovascular responses to submaximal treadmill running in 11-13 year olds. Acta Paediatrica, 91(2), 125-131.
Armstrong N (2002). How Important is Physical Activity in Children?. American Journal of Medicine and Sports(4), 315-319.
De Ste Croix MBA, Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Sharpe P (2002). Longitudinal changes in isokinetic leg strength in 10-14-year-olds. Ann Hum Biol, 29(1), 50-62. Abstract.  Author URL.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2002). Modelling the VO2 Kinetic Response to Moderate Intensity Exercise in Children. Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis(7), 80-84.
Armstrong N, Faulkner SG, Potter CR, Welsman JR (2002). Oxygen uptake kinetics in children and adults after the onset of moderate-intensity exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 20(4), 319-326.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N, Childs DJ, Welsman JR (2002). Reliability of the visually identified ventilatory threshold and V-slope in children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 14(2), 181-192. Abstract.
De Ste Croix MB, Armstrong N, Chia MY, Welsman JR, Parsons G, Sharpe P (2001). Changes in short-term power output in 10- to 12-year-olds. J Sports Sci, 19(2), 141-148. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (2001). Children's habitual physical activity. Science and Sports, 16(SUPPL. 1).
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2001). Peak oxygen uptake in relation to growth and maturation in 11-17-year-old humans. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 85, 546-551.
Armstrong N (2001). Physical Activity in Childhood. Journal of Continuing Education for General Practitioners
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Chia MY (2001). Short term power output in relation to growth and maturation. Br J Sports Med, 35(2), 118-124. Abstract.  Author URL.
Sutton NC, Childs DJ, Bar-Or O, Armstrong N (2000). A nonmotorized treadmill test to assess children's short-term power output. Pediatric Exercise Science, 12(1), 91-100. Abstract.
Williams CA, Armstrong N, Powell J (2000). Aerobic responses of prepubertal boys to two modes of training. Br J Sports Med, 34(3), 168-173. Abstract.  Author URL.
Stoedefalke K, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (2000). Effect of training on peak oxygen uptake and blood lipids in 13 to 14-year-old girls. Acta Paediatr, 89(11), 1290-1294. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Kirby BJ (2000). Longitudinal changes in 11-13-year-olds' physical activity. Acta Paediatr, 89(7), 775-780. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2000). Longitudinal changes in submaximal oxygen uptake in 11- to 13-year-olds. J Sports Sci, 18(3), 183-189. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Williams CA, Kirby BJ (2000). Longitudinal changes in young people's short-term power output. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 32(6), 1140-1145. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (2000). Physical Activity Patterns in Secondary School Children. European Journal of Physical Education(5), 147-157.
Armstrong N (1999). Benefits and Hazards of High and Low Intensity Exercise. Current Paediatrics(9), 91-97.
Armstrong N (1999). Benefits and hazards of high and low intensity physical activity. Current Paediatrics, 9(2), 91-96.
Potter CR, Childs DJ, Houghton W, Armstrong N (1999). Breath-to-breath "noise" in the ventilatory and gas exchange responses of children to exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 80(2), 118-124. Abstract.  Author URL.
De Ste Croix MBA, Armstrong N, Welsman JR (1999). Concentric isokinetic leg strength in pre-teen, teenage and adult males and females. Biology of Sport, 16(2), 75-86. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Nevill AM, Kirby BJ (1999). Modeling growth and maturation changes in peak oxygen uptake in 11-13 yr olds. J Appl Physiol (1985), 87(6), 2230-2236. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Kirby BJ (1999). Submaximal exercise and maturation in 12-year-olds. J Sports Sci, 17(2), 107-114. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Kirby BJ (1998). Peak oxygen uptake and maturation in 12-yr olds. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 30(1), 165-169. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (1998). Physical Activity Patterns of 5 to 7-Year-Old Children and their Mothers. European Journal of Physical Education, 2(3), 145-155.
Armstrong N, Welsman J, Kirby B (1998). Physical Activity, Peak Oxygen Uptake and Performance on the Wingate Anaerobic Test in 12-Year-Olds. Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis(3), 7-21.
McManus AM, Armstrong N, Williams CA (1997). Effect of training on the aerobic power and anaerobic performance of prepubertal girls. Acta Paediatr, 86(5), 456-459. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Winsley RJ, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Exercise performance and magnetic resonance imaging-determined thigh muscle volume in children. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 76(1), 92-97. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Kirby BJ (1997). Performance on the Wingate anaerobic test and maturation. Pediatric Exercise Science, 9(3), 253-261. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Astrand PO (1997). Physical Education and the Promotion of Health and Well-Being in Europe. European Journal of Physical Education(2), 158-159.
Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, McManus AM, Welsman JR (1997). Prepubescents' ventilatory responses to exercise with reference to sex and body size. Chest, 112(6), 1554-1560. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Withers S (1997). Responses of young girls to two modes of aerobic training. Br J Sports Med, 31(2), 139-142. Abstract.  Author URL.
Chia M, Armstrong N, Childs D (1997). The assessment of children's anaerobic performance using modifications of the Wingate Anaerobic Test. Pediatric Exercise Science, 9(1), 80-89. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Kirby B (1996). Exercise, wellbeing, and endogenous molecules of mood. LANCET, 348(9025), 477-477. Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman J, Winsley R (1996). Is peak VO2 a maximal index of children's aerobic fitness?. Int J Sports Med, 17(5), 356-359. Abstract.  Author URL.
Williams CA, Armstrong N, Eves N, Faulkner A (1996). Peak aerobic fitness of visually impaired and sighted adolescent girls. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 90(6), 495-500. Abstract.
Armstrong N, McManus A, Welsman J, Kirby B (1996). Physical activity patterns and aerobic fitness among prepubescents. European Physical Education Review, 2(1), 19-29.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Nevill AM, Winter EM, Kirby BJ (1996). Scaling peak VO2 for differences in body size. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 28(2), 259-265. Abstract.  Author URL.
Carney C, Armstrong N (1996). The Provision of Physical Education in Primary Initial Teacher Training Courses in England and Wales. European Physical Education Review(2), 64-74.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (1996). The measurement and interpretation of aerobic fitness in children: Current issues. J ROY SOC MED, 89(5), P281-P285.
Carney C, Armstrong N (1996). The provision of physical education in primary initial teacher training courses in England and Wales. European Physical Education Review, 2(1), 64-74.
Biddle S, Akande D, Armstrong N, Ashcroft M, Brooke R, Goudas M (1996). The self-motivation inventory modified for children: Evidence on psychometric properties and its use in physical exercise. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 27(3), 237-250. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, McManus AM, Welsman JR (1995). Aerobic fitness of prepubescent children. Ann Hum Biol, 22(5), 427-441. Abstract.  Author URL.
Tolfrey K, Armstrong N (1995). Child-adult differences in whole blood lactate responses to incremental treadmill exercise. Br J Sports Med, 29(3), 196-199. Abstract.  Author URL.
Barnett A, BaconShone J, Tam KH, Leung M, Armstrong N (1995). Peak oxygen uptake of 12-18-year-old boys living in a densely populated urban environment. ANNALS OF HUMAN BIOLOGY, 22(6), 525-532. Author URL.
Armstrong N (1995). The challenge of promoting physical activity. J R Soc Health, 115(3), 187-192. Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (1994). Assessment and interpretation of aerobic fitness in children and adolescents. Exerc Sport Sci Rev, 22, 435-476. Abstract.  Author URL.
Fox K, Goudas M, Biddle S, Duda J, Armstrong N (1994). Children's task and ego goal profiles in sport. Br J Educ Psychol, 64 ( Pt 2), 253-261. Abstract.  Author URL.
Fox K, Goudas M, Biddle S, Duda J, Armstrong N (1994). Children's task and ego goal profiles in sport. The British journal of educational psychology, 64 Abstract.
Fox KR, Page A, Peters DM, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1994). Dietary restraint and fatness in early adolescent girls and boys. Journal of Adolescence, 17(2), 149-161. Abstract.
Fox K, Page A, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1994). Dietary restraint and self-perceptions in early adolescence. Personality and Individual Differences, 17(1), 87-96. Abstract.
PETERS D, FOX K, ARMSTRONG N, SHARPE P, BELL M (1994). ESTIMATION OF BODY-FAT AND BODY-FAT DISTRIBUTION IN 11-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN USING MAGNETIC-RESONANCE-IMAGING AND HYDROSTATIC WEIGHING, SKINFOLDS, AND ANTHROPOMETRY. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN BIOLOGY, 6(2), 237-243. Author URL.
Gentle P, Caves R, Armstrong N, Balding J, Kirby B (1994). High and low exercisers among 14- and 15-year-old children. J Public Health Med, 16(2), 186-194. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Simons-Morton B (1994). Physical Activity and Blood Lipids in Adolescents. Pediatric Exercise Science(6), 381-405.
Fox K, Peters D, Armstrong N, Sharpe P, Bell M (1993). Abdominal fat deposition in 11-year-old children. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord, 17(1), 11-16. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (1992). Are American children and youth fit? Some international perspectives. Res Q Exerc Sport, 63(4), 449-450. Author URL.
Peters D, Fox K, Armstrong N, Sharpe P, Bell M (1992). Assessment of children's abdominal fat distribution by magnetic resonance imaging and anthropometry. International Journal of Obesity, 16(SUPPL. 2).
DUDA JL, FOX KR, BIDDLE SJH, ARMSTRONG N (1992). CHILDRENS ACHIEVEMENT GOALS AND BELIEFS ABOUT SUCCESS IN SPORT. BRITISH JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY, 62, 313-323. Author URL.
Biddle S, Armstrong N (1992). Children's physical activity: an exploratory study of psychological correlates. Soc Sci Med, 34(3), 325-331. Abstract.  Author URL.
Goudas M, Fox K, Biddle S, Armstrong N (1992). Children's task and ego goal profiles in sport: Relationships with perceived competence, enjoyment and participation. Journal of Sports Sciences, 10(6).
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (1992). Daily physical activity and blood lactate indices of aerobic fitness in children. Br J Sports Med, 26(4), 228-232. Abstract.  Author URL.
Page A, Fox K, Peters D, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1992). Dietary restraint in 11-year-old children and its relationship with specific and global self-perceptions. Journal of Sports Sciences, 10(6), 604-605.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1992). Serum lipids and blood pressure in relation to age and sexual maturity. Ann Hum Biol, 19(5), 477-487. Abstract.  Author URL.
Williams JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (1992). The influence of the site of sampling and assay medium upon the measurement and interpretation of blood lactate responses to exercise. J Sports Sci, 10(2), 95-107. Abstract.  Author URL.
Tolfrey K, Armstrong N (1992). The relationship between blood lactate responses to incremental exercise and age. Journal of Sports Sciences, 10(6), 563-564.
Peters D, Fox K, Armstrong N, Sharpe P, Bell M (1992). Total body adiposity in children using magnetic resonance imaging: Comparisons with body density and anthropometry. Journal of Sports Sciences, 10(6).
Mitchell J, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1991). Health-related behaviour modification in family groups. Journal of Sports Sciences, 9(4), 425-426.
Kirby B, Harwood C, Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P (1991). Lipids in British schoolchildren. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 623, 450-452. Author URL.
Armstrong N, Bray S (1991). Physical activity patterns defined by continuous heart rate monitoring. Arch Dis Child, 66(2), 245-247. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mitchell J, Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1991). The association of selected coronary heart disease risk factors between family members. Journal of Sports Sciences, 9(4), 424-425.
Armstrong N, Williams J, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1991). The peak oxygen uptake of British children with reference to age, sex and sexual maturity. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 62(5), 369-375. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mitchell J, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1991). The physical activity of middle-aged adults estimated using heart rate telemetry. Journal of Sports Sciences, 9(4), 423-424.
Williams JR, Armstrong N (1991). The relationship between daily physical activity and blood lactate indices of submaximal aerobic capacity measured during incremental treadmill exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 9(4).
Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1990). Estimation of coronary risk factors in British schoolchildren: a preliminary report. Br J Sports Med, 24(1), 61-66. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1990). Patterns of physical activity among 11 to 16 year old British children. British Medical Journal, 301(6745), 203-205. Abstract.
KIRBY B, ARMSTRONG N, BALDING J, GENTLE P (1990). SHOULD PREVENTION OF CORONARY HEART-DISEASE START AT SCHOOL. BRITISH HEART JOURNAL, 64(1), 44-44. Author URL.
Williams JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (1990). The 4 mM blood lactate level as an index of exercise performance in 11-13 year old children. J Sports Sci, 8(2), 139-147. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1988). CORONARY RISK FACTORS IN CHILDREN. The Lancet, 331(8590).
Armstrong N, Ellard R (1984). The Measurement of Alactacid Anaerobic Power in Trained and Untrained Children. Physical Education Review, 1(7), 73-79.
Armstrong N, Davies B (1984). The Metabolic and Physiological Responses of Children to Exercise and Training. Physical Education Review, 2(7), 90-105.
Armstrong N, Davies B, Heal M (1983). The Specificity of Energy Utilization by Trained and Untrained Adolescent Boys. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 3(17), 193-199.
Armstrong N, Walker P (1982). A Comparitive Analysis of the Physical and Physiological Characteristics of Freshman Physical Education Students. Physical Education Review, 2(5), 146-152.
Armstrong N, Davies B (1982). High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Physical Activity patterns in Children. Australian Journal of Sports Medicine, 2(14), 53-59.
Armstrong N (1982). Physical Education in a Leicestershire Community College. Australian Journal for Health, Physical Education and Recreation(95), 27-28.
Armstrong N, Davies B (1981). An Egometric Analysis of Age Group Swimmers. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 1(15), 20-26.
Armstrong N, Davies B (1980). Coronary Risk Factors in Children - the Role of the Physical Educator. Bulletin of Physical Education, 2(16), 5-11.
Armstrong N, Davies B (1980). The Prevalence of Coronary Risk Factors in Children. Acta Paediatrica Belgica, 4(33), 209-217.

Chapters

Winsley RJ (2017). Overtraining syndrome. In Armstrong N, Van Mechelen W (Eds.) Children's Sport and Exercise Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 519-526.
Rebelo-Goncalves R, Figueiredo A, Severino V, Duarte J, Simoes F, Valente-dos-Snatos J, Pereira J, Fernandes R, Vax V, Cupido-dos-Santos A, et al (2013). Agreement Between Anaerobic Peak Outputs Obtained from the Application of Common Braking Force and the Estimated Optimal Load in Soccer Goalkeepers. In Coelho-e-Silva M, Cupidos-dos-Santos A, Ferreira JP, Figueiredo AJ, Armstrong N (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXVII, London: Routeledge, 277-282.
Bapista R, Santos A, Duarte J, Rodrigues-Pereira J, Rebelo-Goncalves R, Severino V, Santos J, Rego I, Coelho-e-Silva M, Fontes-Ribeiro C, et al (2013). Allometric Modelling of Peak Power Output Obtained from Force-Velocity Protocol in 9-12 Year-Old Boys. In Coelho-e-Silva M, Cupidos-dos-Santos A, Ferreira JP, Figueiredo AJ, Armstrong A (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXVII, London: Routeledge, 293-296.
Armstrong N, Sharp NCC (2013). Gymnastics Physiology. In Caine D, Russell K, Lim L (Eds.) Gymnastics – Olympic Handbook of Sports Medicine and Science, London: Wiley, 85-97.
Armstrong N (2013). Training and Testing Elite Young Athletes. In Coelho-e-Silva M, Cupidos-dos-Santos A, Ferreira JP, Figueiredo AJ, Armstrong N (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXVII, London: Routeledge.
Jawis MN, Middlebrooke AR, Rowlands AV, Armstrong N (2012). An adaptation of central and peripheral cardiovascular exercise responses in children as a determinant of microvascular function. In Armstrong N, Williams C (Eds.) Children and Exercise Xxvi, Routledge, 233-236.
Armstrong N (2012). From playground to podium. In Armstrong N, Williams C (Eds.) Children and Exercise Xxvi, Oxford: Routledge, 5-16.
Barker, AR, Armstrong N (2012). Tests of Aerobic Power. In Mooren FC (Ed) Encyclopedia of Exercise Medicine in Health and Disease, Berlin: Springer.
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Armstrong N (2010). Effect of Pedal Rate on Pulmonary Oxygen Uptake Kinetics during High-Intensity Exercise in Trained Adolescent Cyclists. In Baquet G, Berthoin S (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXV, London: Routledge, 131-134.
Barker AR, Jones AM, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2010). Establishing Maximal Oxygen Uptake in Young People during a Ramp Cycle Test to Exhaustion. In Baquet G, Bethoin S (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXV, London: Routledge, 193-196.
McManus AM, Armstrong N (2010). Physiology of elite young female athletes. In  (Ed) The Elite Young Athlete, 23-46.  Abstract.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (2010). Physiology of elite young male athletes. In  (Ed) The Elite Young Athlete, 1-22.  Abstract.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2008). Assessment: Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 97-108.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Williams CA (2008). Assessment: Maximal Intensity Exercise. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 55-66.
Armstrong N, Mc Manus AM, Welsman JR (2008). Development: Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 269-282.
Armstrong N, Fawkner SG (2008). Development: Exercise Metabolism. In Armstrong N, Mechelen MV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 213-226.
Armstrong N (2008). Exercise Metabolism during Growth and Maturation. In  (Ed) Children and Exercise XXIV, 17-26.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2008). Interpreting Exercise Performance Data in Relation to Body Size. In Armstrong N, Mechelen MV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 13-22.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2008). Oxygen Uptake Kinetics. In  (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 297-308.
Mc Manus AM, Armstrong N (2008). The Elite Young Athlete. In  (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 489-502.
Armstrong N (2007). Physical Fitness and Physical Activity Patterns of European Youth. In Brettschneider WD, Naul R (Eds.) Obesity in Europe: Young People's Physical Activity and Sedentary Lifestyles, Berlin: Lang, 27-55.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2007). Scaling for Size: Relevance to Understanding the Effects of Growth on Performance. In Hebestreit H, Bar-Or O (Eds.) Encyclopaedia of Sports Medicine: the Young Athlete, Oxford: Blackwell, 50-62.
Armstrong N, Fawkner SG (2006). Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 161-188.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2006). Exercise Metabolism. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 71-98.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (2006). Interpreting Performance in Relation to Body Size. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 27-46.
Armstrong N, Chia M (2006). Maximal Intensity Exercise. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 99-118.
Fawkner S, Armstrong N (2006). Oxygen Uptake Kinetics. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 189-212.
Winsley RJ, Armstrong N (2004). Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, Health and Young People. In Green K, Hardman K (Eds.) Physical Education Essential Issues, Sage, 65-77.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2003). The Slow-Component Response of VO2 to Heavy Intensity Exercise in Children. In Reilly T, Marfell-Jones M (Eds.) Kinanthropometry VIII, London: Routledge, 105-113.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2003). The slow-component response of V˙O2 to heavy intensity exercise in children. In  (Ed) Kinanthropometry VIII: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference of the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK), 103-111.
Armstrong N (2001). Delivering an Exercise Prescription for a Healthier Childhood. In Harries M, Young A (Eds.) Physical Activity for Patients: an Exercise Prescription, London: Royal College of Physicians, 91-104.
Armstrong N (2001). Physical Fitness, Physical Activity and Physical Education. In Chin M-K, Hensley L, Liu Y-K (Eds.) Innovation and Application of Physical Education and Sports Science in the New Millennium - an Asia Pacific Perspective, Hong Kong: Institute of Education, 35-43.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2000). Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N, VanMechelen W (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 173-182.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2000). Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N, VanMechelen W (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 65-76.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2000). Anaerobic Performance. In Armstrong N, VanMechelen W (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 37-45.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2000). Interpreting Exercise Performance Data in Relation to Body Size. In Armstrong N, VanMechelen W (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 3-9.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2000). Physical Activity and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Young People. In Maffulli N, Chan KM, MacDonald R, Malina R, Parker R (Eds.) Sports Medicine for Specific Client Groups, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 45-56.
Armstrong N, Welsman J, Kirby B (1998). Aerobic Fitness and physical activity patterns of young people. In Hardman K, Green K (Eds.) Physical Education: a Reader, Aachen, Germany: Meyer and Meyer, 105-115.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (1998). Assessing Postexercise Lactate in Children and Adolescents. In Praagh EV (Ed) Pediatric Anaerobic Performance, Champaign, Il: Human Kinetics, 137-154.
Armstrong N (1998). Fitness and Physical Activity During Childhood and Adolescence. In Chan KM, Micheli LJ (Eds.) Sports and Children, Hong Kong: Williams and Wilkins, 50-75.
Van Mechelen W, Armstrong N (1998). How Fit and Active are Children and Youth?. In Biddle S, Cavill N, Sallis J (Eds.) Young and Active, London: HEA, 69-97.
Potter CR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (1997). Cardiac Output Responses to Submaximal Exercise in Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 440-445.
Rice S, Kirby BJ, Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Children's Dietary Choices: Implications for Health. In Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Vol 2, Exeter: Washington Singer Press, 133-138.
Chia M, Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Winsley RJ, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Exercise Performance of Young People in Relation to Thigh Muscle Volume. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 297-300.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (1997). Physical Activity Patterns of 5 to 11-Year-Old Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 139-144.
McManus AM, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (1997). Ratings of Perceived Exertion by Prepubertal Children During Submaximal Exercise. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 253-257.
Winsley RJ, Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Relationship Between Thigh Muscle MRI Relaxation Times and Peak Aerobic Power. In Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Vol 2, Exeter: Washington Singer Press, 75-78.
De Ste Croix MBA, Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Winsley RJ, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Relationship of Muscle Strength with Muscle Volume in Young Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 319-324.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1997). Specific Considerations for the Assessment of the Young Athlete. In Bird S, Davidson R (Eds.) Physiological Testing Guidelines, Leeds: BASES, 143-153.
Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, McManus AM, Welsman JR (1997). Submaximal Responses to Exercise in Prepbertal Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 221-227.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1997). The Assessment and Interpretation of Children's and Adolescents' Aerobic Fitness: an Update. In Froberg K, Lammert O, Hansen HS, Blimkie CJR (Eds.) Exercise and Fitness - Benefits and Risks, Odense: University Press, 173-182.
McManus A, Armstrong N (1997). The Physical Activity patterns of Boys and Girls. In MacFarlene DJ (Ed) Gender Issues in Sport and Exercise, Hong Kong: University Press, 36-39.
Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Mosney JR, Sutton NC, Welsman JR (1997). Ventilatory Responses to Submaximal Exercise in Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 204-210.
Armstrong N, McManus A (1996). Growth Maturation and Physical Education. In Armstrong N (Ed) New Directions in Physical Education Volume Three, London: Cassells, 19-32.
Armstrong N (1995). Children and Aerobic Exercise. In Williams I, McCraken J (Eds.) Sport, Exercise and Medicine, Nottingham University Press, 93-116.
Armstrong N (1995). Children, Physical Activity and Health. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 5-16.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1995). Laboratory Testing of Young Athletes. In  (Ed) A Colour Atlas of Sports Medicine in Childhood and Adolescence, London: Wolfe Medical, 112-125.
Winsley R, Armstrong N, Welsman J (1995). Leg Volume is Not Related to Peak Oxygen Uptake in 9-Year-Old Boys. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 70-76.
Williams CA, Armstrong N (1995). Optimised Peak Power Output of Adolescent Children During Maximal Sprint Pedalling. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 40-44.
McManus A, Armstrong N (1995). Patterns of Physical Activity Among Primary Schoolchildren. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 17-23.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (1995). The Interpretation of Peak VO2 in Prepubertal Children. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 64-69.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1993). Children's Physiological Responses to Exercise. In Lee MJ (Ed) Coaching Children in Sport, London: Spon, 64-77.
Armstrong N (1993). Independent Mobility and Children's Physical Development. In Hillman M (Ed) Children, Transport and Quality of Life, London: Institute of Policy Studies, 35-43.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1993). Training Programmes for Young Athletes. In Lee MJ (Ed) Coaching Children in Spor, London: Spon, 191-203.
Williams JR, Armstrong N, Winter E, Crichton N (1992). Changes in Peak Oxygen Uptake with Age and Sexual Maturity in Boys: Physiological Fact or Statistical Anomoly?. In J, Coudert, Praagh EV (Eds.) Children and Exercise XVI, Paris: Masson, 35-37.
Armstrong N, Biddle S (1992). Health-Related Physical Activity in the National Curriculum. In Armstrong N (Ed) New Directions in Physical Education Volume Two. Towards a National Curriculum, Champaign: Human Kinetics, 71-110.
Armstrong N (1991). Health-Related Physical Activity. In N Armstrong ACS (Ed) Issues in Physical Education, London: Cassells, 139-154.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Williams J, Kirby B (1991). Peak Oxygen Uptake in Relation to Pubertal Stage of Development. In Frenkl R, I, Szmodis (Eds.) Children and Exercise XV, Budapest: National Institute for Health Promotion, 178-184.
Williams J, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1991). The Influence of Age and Maturation on the 2.5 and 4mM.Litre Levels of Blood Lactate in Boys. In R, Frenkl, Szmodis I (Eds.) Children and Exercise XV, Budapest: National Institute for Health Promotion, 151-156.
Armstrong N (1990). Children's Physical Activity Pattern - the Implications for Physical Education. In Armstrong N (Ed) New Directions in Physical Education, Illinois: Champaign, 1-15.
Armstrong N (1990). Field Testing Children's Physical fitness. In Cooke G (Ed) The Growing Child in Competitive Sport, Leeds: BISC, 97-101.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Bray S, Gentle P, Kirby B (1990). The Physical Activity Patterns of 10 and 13 year old children. In Beunen G, Ghesquire J, Reybrouck R, Classenns AL (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIV, Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 152-157.
Armstrong N (1987). A Critique of Fitness Testing. In Biddle SJ (Ed) Foundations of Health Related Fitness in Physical Education, London: Ling Publishers, 136-138.
Armstrong N (1987). Health and Fitness Programmes in Schools:A Physiological Rationale. In Biddle SJ (Ed) Foundations of Health Related Fitness in Physical Education, London: Ling Publishers, 19-27.
Armstrong N (1987). Principles of Training Children for Sport. In Lee M (Ed) Competitive Sport and Young Children, Leeds: National Coaching Foundation, 36-40.
Armstrong N (1987). The Physiological Responses of Children to Exercise. In Lee M (Ed) Competitive Sport and Young Children, Leeds: National Coaching Foundation, 17-20.
Armstrong N, Bray S (1986). The Role of the Physical Education Teacher in Coronary Prevention. In  (Ed) Trend and Developments in Physical Education, London: E and F.C. Spon, 246-352.

Conferences

Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2008). EARLY RECOVERY OF OXYGEN UPTAKE FOLLOWING EXERCISE TESTING IN CHILDREN WITH CHRONIC CHEST DISEASES.  Author URL.
Oades PJ, Stevens D, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2008). OXYGEN UPTAKE RESPONSES IN CHILDREN WITH CHRONIC CHEST DISEASES FOLLOWING SIMULATED SPORTING ACTIVITY.  Author URL.
Farr C, Shore AC, Armstrong N, Mawson DM, Middlebrooke AR (2006). Is aerobic fitness associated with microvascular function in 9-10 year old children?.  Author URL.
Shore AC, Fulford J, Sriraman R, Ball CI, Armstrong N, Tooke JE (2006). Mitochondrial function and skeletal muscle perfusion in healthy and type 2 diabetic subjects.  Author URL.
Shore AC, Sriraman R, Ball CI, Fulford J, Armstrong N, Tooke JE (2006). Skeletal muscle perfusion and mitochondrial function in healthy and type 2 diabetic subjects.  Author URL.
Welsman J, Bloxham S, Armstrong N (2003). Age-related changes in short-term power assessed using cycling and running modes of exercise in males.  Author URL.
Bloxham S, Armstrong N, Welsman J (2003). Cross-sectional analysis of the relationship between peak oxygen uptake and peak power output in young males.  Author URL.
Fawkner S, Armstrong N, Welsman J (2003). Differences between the sexes in oxygen uptake kinetic responses to heavy intensity exercise in pre-pubertal children.  Author URL.
Wood L, Armstrong N, Barrett V, Deighan M, Dixon S (2003). Elbow flexor torque, cross-sectional area and moment arms in 9-to 10-year-old boys and girls.  Author URL.
Deighan M, Armstrong N, de Ste Criux M, Welsman J, Barratt V (2003). Peak torque per MRI-determined cross-sectional area of the knee extensors and flexors in children, teenagers and adults.  Author URL.
Middlebrooke AR, Armstrong N, Shore AC, Welsman JR, MacLeod KM (2002). Peak oxygen consumption and microvascular function in adults with Type 2 diabetes.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (2002). Physical activity and health in children and adolescents.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2001). CARDIAC OUTPUT DURING SUBMAXIMAL TREADMILL RUNNING IN 11 TO 13 YEAR OLDS.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2000). Development of aerobic fitness during childhood and adolescence.  Abstract.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2000). Statistical techniques for interpreting body size-related exercise performance during growth.  Abstract.
Armstrong N (1998). Young people's physical activity patterns as assessed by heart rate monitoring.  Abstract.  Author URL.
ARMSTRONG N (1995). Children's cardiopulmonary fitness and physical activity patterns: the European scene.  Author URL.

Publications by year


In Press

Cockcroft EJ, williams C, jackman S, armstrong N, barker A (In Press). Agreement and Reliability of Fasted and Oral Glucose Tolerance Test-Derived Indices of Insulin Sensitivity and Beta Cell Function in Boys. International journal of sports medicince Full text.
Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Tomlinson O, Vlachopoulos D, Jackman S, Armstrong N, Barker AR (In Press). High Intensity Interval Exercise is an Effective Alternative to Moderate Intensity Exercise for Improving Insulin Sensitivity in Adolescent Boys. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport Full text.
Williams C, Breese B, Saynor Z, Barker A, Armstrong N (In Press). RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN (NON)LINEAR PHASE II PULMONARY OXYGEN UPTAKE KINETICS WITH SKELETAL MUSCLE OXYGENATION AND AGE IN 11 TO 15 Y OLDS. Experimental Physiology Full text.

2019

Welsman J, Armstrong N (2019). Children’s fitness and health: an epic scandal of poor methodology, inappropriate statistics, questionable editorial practices and a generation of misinformation. BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine
Armstrong N, Weisman J (2019). Clarity and Confusion in the Development of Youth Aerobic Fitness. FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY, 10 Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman J, Bloxham S (2019). Development of 11- to 16-year-olds' short-term power output determined using both treadmill running and cycle ergometry. Eur J Appl Physiol, 119(7), 1565-1580. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2019). Development of peak oxygen uptake from 11-16 years determined using both treadmill and cycle ergometry. Eur J Appl Physiol, 119(3), 801-812. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Eliakim A, Falk B, Armstrong N, Baptista F, Behm DG, Dror N, Faigenbaum AD, Janz KF, Jürimäe J, McGowan AL, et al (2019). Expert's Choice: 2018's Most Exciting Research in the Field of Pediatric Exercise Science. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 31(1), 1-27. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (2019). Interpreting Aerobic Fitness in Youth: Alternatives to Ratio Scaling-A Response to Blais et al (2019). Pediatr Exerc Sci, 31(2), 256-257. Author URL.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (2019). Interpreting Aerobic Fitness in Youth: the Fallacy of Ratio Scaling. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 31(2), 184-190. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2019). Multilevel allometric modelling of maximal stroke volume and peak oxygen uptake in 11–13-year-olds. European Journal of Applied Physiology
Armstrong N, Welsman JO (2019). Sex-Specific Longitudinal Modeling of Short-Term Power in 11- to 18-Year-Olds. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 51(5), 1055-1063. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2019). Sex-Specific Longitudinal Modeling of Youth Peak Oxygen Uptake. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 31(2), 204-212. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2019). Twenty-metre shuttle run: (mis)representation, (mis)interpretation and (mis)use. Br J Sports Med, 53(19). Author URL.
Armstrong N (2019). Youth Aerobic Fitness. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 31(2), 137-143. Author URL.

2018

Falk B, Klentrou P, Armstrong N, Rowland T, Kemper HCG (2018). A Brief History of Pediatric Exercise Physiology. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 30(1), 1-10. Author URL.
Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Jackman SR, Bassi S, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2018). A single bout of high-intensity interval exercise and work-matched moderate-intensity exercise has minimal effect on glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in 7- to 10-year-old boys. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36(2), 149-155. Abstract.  Full text.
Armstrong N (2018). Commentary on the Assessment and Interpretation of Pediatric Aerobic Fitness-The Year That Was 2017. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 30(1), 12-18. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (2018). Development of the Youth Athlete., Routledge. Abstract.
Armstrong N (2018). Development of the Youth Athlete. Abstract.

2017

Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Weaver H, O'Connor A, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2017). Acute Exercise and Insulin Sensitivity in Boys: a Time-Course Study. Int J Sports Med, 38(13), 967-974. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Winsley RJ (2017). Overtraining syndrome. In Armstrong N, Van Mechelen W (Eds.) Children's Sport and Exercise Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 519-526.
Armstrong N (2017). Oxford Textbook of Children's Sport and Exercise Medicine., Oxford University Press. Abstract.
Armstrong N (2017). Pediatric Aerobic Fitness and Trainability. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 29(1), 8-13. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (2017). Response to Commentary on the Special Topic: Top 10 Research Questions Related to Youth Aerobic Fitness. Res Q Exerc Sport, 88(4), 384-390. Author URL.
Armstrong N (2017). Top 10 Research Questions Related to Youth Aerobic Fitness. Res Q Exerc Sport, 88(2), 130-148. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (2017). Understanding the role of aerobic fitness in relation to young people’s health and well-being. Physical Therapy Reviews, 22(3-4), 133-138. Abstract.

2016

Armstrong N (2016). Aerobic Fitness and Training in Children and Adolescents. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 28(1), 7-10. Author URL.
Armstrong N, McNarry M (2016). Aerobic fitness and trainability in healthy youth: Gaps in our knowledge. Pediatric Exercise Science, 28(2), 171-177. Abstract.

2015

Bond B, Williams CA, Jackman SR, Woodward A, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). Accumulating exercise and postprandial health in adolescents. Metabolism: clinical and experimental Abstract.  Full text.
McNarry MA, Farr C, Middlebrooke A, Welford D, Breese B, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). Aerobic Function and Muscle Deoxygenation Dynamics during Ramp Exercise in Children. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 47(9), 1877-1884. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Armstrong N (2015). Aerobic fitness and training in children. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 27(1), 8-12. Author URL.
Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Tomlinson OW, Vlachopoulos D, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). High intensity interval exercise is an effective alternative to moderate intensity exercise for improving glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in adolescent boys. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18(6), 720-724. Abstract.
Bergeron MF, Mountjoy M, Armstrong N, Chia M, Côté J, Emery CA, Faigenbaum A, Hall G, Kriemler S, Léglise M, et al (2015). International Olympic Committee consensus statement on youth athletic development. Br J Sports Med, 49(13), 843-851. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Barker AR, McManus AM (2015). Muscle metabolism changes with age and maturation: How do they relate to youth sport performance?. Br J Sports Med, 49(13), 860-864. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Barker AR, McManus AM (2015). Muscle metabolism changes with age and maturation: How do they relate to youth sport performance?. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(13), 860-864. Abstract.  Full text.
Bond B, Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Harris S, Gates PE, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR (2015). Two weeks of high-intensity interval training improves novel but not traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors in adolescents. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 309(6), H1039-H1047. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.

2014

Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Fulford J, Williams CA (2014). Influence of thigh activation on the VO₂ slow component in boys and men. Eur J Appl Physiol, 114(11), 2309-2319. Abstract.  Author URL.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Fulford J, Williams CA (2014). Influence of thigh activation on the [Formula Presented] O<inf>2</inf> slow component in boys and men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114(11), 2309-2319. Abstract.  Full text.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Fulford J, Williams CA (2014). Influence of thigh muscle activation on pulmonary O2 uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in boys and men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114, 2309-2319. Abstract.  Full text.
Willcocks RJ, Fulford J, Armstrong N, Barker AR, Williams CA (2014). Muscle metabolism during fatiguing isometric quadriceps exercise in adolescents and adults. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 39(4), 439-445. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Barker AR, Trebilcock E, Breese B, Jones AM, Armstrong N (2014). The effect of priming exercise on O2 uptake kinetics, muscle O2 delivery and utilization, muscle activity, and exercise tolerance in boys. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 39(3), 308-317. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Willcocks RJ, Fulford J, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2014). Two protocols to measure mitochondrial capacity in women and adolescent girls: a 31P-MRS preliminary study. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 26(2), 210-217. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.

2013

Armstrong N (2013). Aerobic fitness and physical activity in children. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 25(4), 548-560. Abstract.  Author URL.
Rebelo-Goncalves R, Figueiredo A, Severino V, Duarte J, Simoes F, Valente-dos-Snatos J, Pereira J, Fernandes R, Vax V, Cupido-dos-Santos A, et al (2013). Agreement Between Anaerobic Peak Outputs Obtained from the Application of Common Braking Force and the Estimated Optimal Load in Soccer Goalkeepers. In Coelho-e-Silva M, Cupidos-dos-Santos A, Ferreira JP, Figueiredo AJ, Armstrong N (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXVII, London: Routeledge, 277-282.
Bapista R, Santos A, Duarte J, Rodrigues-Pereira J, Rebelo-Goncalves R, Severino V, Santos J, Rego I, Coelho-e-Silva M, Fontes-Ribeiro C, et al (2013). Allometric Modelling of Peak Power Output Obtained from Force-Velocity Protocol in 9-12 Year-Old Boys. In Coelho-e-Silva M, Cupidos-dos-Santos A, Ferreira JP, Figueiredo AJ, Armstrong A (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXVII, London: Routeledge, 293-296.
Coelho-E-Silva M, Cupido-dos-Santos A, Figueiredo AJ, Armstrong N, Ferreira JP (2013). Children and Exercise XXVIII., Routledge. Abstract.
Coelho-e-Silva MJ, Cupido-dos-Santos A, Figueiredo AJ, Ferreira JP, Armstrong N (2013). Children and exercise XXVIII: the proceedings of the 28th pediatric work physiology meeting. Abstract.
Durstine JL, Armstrong N, Cheng S (2013). Children's physical activity and health - Chronic disease in children and young adults. JOURNAL OF SPORT AND HEALTH SCIENCE, 2(1), 1-2. Author URL.
Durstine L, Armstrong N, Cheng S (2013). Children, Physical Activity and Health – Chronic Disease, Children and Young Adults. International Journal of Sport and Health Science(2), 1-2.
Armstrong N, Sharp NCC (2013). Gymnastics Physiology. In Caine D, Russell K, Lim L (Eds.) Gymnastics – Olympic Handbook of Sports Medicine and Science, London: Wiley, 85-97.
Malina RM, Baxter-Jones ADG, Armstrong N, Beunen GP, Caine D, Daly RM, Lewis RD, Rogol AD, Russell K (2013). Role of intensive training in the growth and maturation of artistic gymnasts. Sports Medicine, 43(9), 783-802. Abstract.
Armstrong N (2013). Training and Testing Elite Young Athletes. In Coelho-e-Silva M, Cupidos-dos-Santos A, Ferreira JP, Figueiredo AJ, Armstrong N (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXVII, London: Routeledge.

2012

Jawis MN, Middlebrooke AR, Rowlands AV, Armstrong N (2012). An adaptation of central and peripheral cardiovascular exercise responses in children as a determinant of microvascular function. In Armstrong N, Williams C (Eds.) Children and Exercise Xxvi, Routledge, 233-236.
Armstrong N, Williams C (2012). Children and Exercise Xxvi. OXFORD, Routledge.
Barker AR, Bond B, Toman C, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2012). Critical power in adolescents: physiological bases and assessment using all-out exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol, 112(4), 1359-1370. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (2012). From playground to podium. In Armstrong N, Williams C (Eds.) Children and Exercise Xxvi, Oxford: Routledge, 5-16.
Armstrong N, Barker AR (2012). New insights in paediatric exercise metabolism. JOURNAL OF SPORT AND HEALTH SCIENCE, 1(1), 18-26. Author URL.
Armstrong N, Cheng S, Durstine JL (2012). Physical activity, physical fitness, diet and the health in young people. JOURNAL OF SPORT AND HEALTH SCIENCE, 1(3), 129-130. Author URL.
Barker, AR, Armstrong N (2012). Tests of Aerobic Power. In Mooren FC (Ed) Encyclopedia of Exercise Medicine in Health and Disease, Berlin: Springer.
Breese BC, Barker AR, Armstrong N, Jones AM, Williams CA (2012). The effect of baseline metabolic rate on pulmonary O₂ uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in boys and men. Respir Physiol Neurobiol, 180(2-3), 223-229. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Armstrong N (2012). Young people are fit and active - Fact or fiction?. JOURNAL OF SPORT AND HEALTH SCIENCE, 1(3), 131-140. Author URL.

2011

Armstrong N, Tomkinson G, Ekelund U (2011). Aerobic fitness and its relationship to sport, exercise training and habitual physical activity during youth. Br J Sports Med, 45(11), 849-858. Abstract.  Author URL.
Williams CA, Armstrong N (2011). Children and exercise XXVII: the proceedings of the XXVII<sup>th</sup> international symposium of the European group of Pediatric work physiology, September, 2011. International Symposium of the European Group of Pediatric Work Physiology, September, 2011, 1-333. Abstract.
Armstrong N (2011). Children are still fit, but not active. Education and Health, 29(3), 43-45.
Barker AR, Bond B, Toman C, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2011). Critical power in adolescents: physiological bases and assessment using all-out exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 1-12.
Armstrong N, Barker AR (2011). Endurance training and elite young athletes. Med Sport Sci, 56, 59-83. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Barker AR (2011). Endurance training in elite young athletes. Med Sport Sci, 56, 59-83. Abstract.
Barker AR, Williams CA, Jones AM, Armstrong N (2011). Establishing maximal oxygen uptake in young people during a ramp cycle test to exhaustion. Br J Sports Med, 45(6), 498-503. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2011). Exercise metabolism during moderate-intensity exercise in children with cystic fibrosis following heavy-intensity exercise. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 36(6), 920-927. Abstract.  Author URL.
Barker AR, Armstrong N (2011). Exercise testing elite young athletes. Med Sport Sci, 56, 106-125. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mountjoy M, Andersen LB, Armstrong N, Biddle S, Boreham C, Brandl Bedenbeck HP, Ekelund U, Engebretsen L, Hardman K, Hills A, et al (2011). International Olympic Committee consensus statement on the health and fitness of young people through physical activity and sport. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(11), 839-848.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (2011). Physiology of elite young male athletes. Med Sport Sci, 56, 1-22. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (eds)(2011). The Elite Young Athlete. Basel, Karger.
Breese BC, Armstrong N, Barker AR, Williams CA (2011). The effect of pedal rate on pulmonary O2 uptake kinetics during very heavy intensity exercise in trained and untrained teenage boys. Respir Physiol Neurobiol, 177(2), 149-154. Abstract.  Author URL.
Ekelund U, Tomkinson GR, Armstrong N (2011). What proportion of youth are physically active? Measurement issues, levels and recent time trends. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(11), 859-865. Abstract.

2010

Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2010). A survey of exercise testing and training in UK cystic fibrosis clinics. J Cyst Fibros, 9(5), 302-306. Abstract.  Author URL.
Willcocks RJ, Williams CA, Barker AR, Fulford J, Armstrong N (2010). Age and Sex Related Differences in Muscle Phosphocreatine and Oxygenation Kinetics during High Intensity Exercise in Adolescents and Adults. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Biomedicine
Yu CCW, McManus AM, Li AM, Sung RYT, Armstrong N (2010). Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing in Children. Hong Kong Journal of Pediatrics, 15, 35-47.
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Armstrong N (2010). Effect of Pedal Rate on Pulmonary Oxygen Uptake Kinetics during High-Intensity Exercise in Trained Adolescent Cyclists. In Baquet G, Berthoin S (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXV, London: Routledge, 131-134.
Barker AR, Jones AM, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2010). Establishing Maximal Oxygen Uptake in Young People during a Ramp Cycle Test to Exhaustion. In Baquet G, Bethoin S (Eds.) Children and Exercise XXV, London: Routledge, 193-196.
Barker AR, Armstrong N (2010). Exercise testing elite young athletes. Medicine and Sport Science, 56, 106-125. Abstract.
Montfort-Steiger V, Williams CAP, Armstrong N, Fulford J (2010). Gastric Emptying Rate of Young Cyclists by Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Three Case Studies. Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness, 8, 34-40.
Barker AR, Armstrong N (2010). Insights into Development Muscle Metabolism through the Use of 31P-Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. Pediatric Exercise Science
Barker AR, Armstrong N (2010). Insights into developmental muscle metabolism through the use of <sup>31</sup>P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy: a review. Pediatric Exercise Science, 22(3), 350-368. Abstract.
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2010). Longitudinal Changes in Oxygen Uptake Responses to Heavy Intensity Exercise in 14-16 Year Old Boys. Pediatric Exercise Science
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Weisman JR, Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2010). Longitudinal Changes in the Oxygen Uptake Kinetic Response to Heavy-Intensity Exercise in 14- to 16-Year-Old Boys (Reprinted from PES, vol 22). PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 22(2), 314-325. Author URL.  Full text.
Breese BC, Williams CA, Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fawker SG, Armstrong N (2010). Longitudinal changes in the oxygen uptake kinetic response to heavy-intensity exercise in 14- to 16-year-old boys. Pediatric Exercise Science, 22(1), 69-80. Full text.
McManus AM, Armstrong N (2010). Physiology of elite young female athletes. Medicine and Sport Science, 56, 23-46. Abstract.
McManus AM, Armstrong N (2010). Physiology of elite young female athletes. In  (Ed) The Elite Young Athlete, 23-46.  Abstract.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (2010). Physiology of elite young male athletes. In  (Ed) The Elite Young Athlete, 1-22.  Abstract.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (2010). Preface.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2010). Quadriceps muscle energetics during incremental exercise in children and adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42, 1303-1313.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2010). Quadriceps muscle energetics during incremental exercise in children and adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42(7), 1303-1313. Abstract.
Armstrong N, McManus AM (2010). The Elite Young Athlete. Basle, Karger.
Barker AR, Breese BC, Willcocks RJ, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2010). The importance of exercise intensity when studying developmental energy metabolism. Journal of Applied Physiology, 109(5), 1565-1566.
Barker AR, Jones AM, Armstrong N (2010). The influence of priming exercise on oxygen uptake, cardiac output, and muscle oxygenation kinetics during very heavy-intensity exercise in 9- to 13-yr-old boys. J Appl Physiol (1985), 109(2), 491-500. Abstract.  Author URL.

2009

De Ste Croix MBA, Deighan MA, Ratel S, Armstrong N (2009). Age and Sex Associated differences in Isokinetic Knee Muscle Endurance Between Young Children and Adults. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, 34, 725-731.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2009). Early oxygen uptake recovery following exercise testing in children with chronic chest diseases. Pediatr Pulmonol, 44(5), 480-488. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2009). Exercise testing in young patients with cystic fibrosis and other chronic diseases. Paediatric Pulmonology(44), 480-489.
Armstrong N, Barker AR (2009). Oxygen uptake kinetics in children and adolescents: a review. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 21(2), 130-147. Abstract.
Ramos-Ibanez N, Winsley RJ, Armstrong N (2009). RELATIONSHIP AMONG DIET AND ENERGY EXPENDITURE AND INTRA-ABDOMINAL ADIPOSE TISSUE IN YOUNG GIRLS. ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM, 55, 529-529. Author URL.
Oliver J, Armstrong N, Williams CAP (2009). Relationship between brief and prolonged repeated sprint ability. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12, 238-243.
Winsley RJ, Fulford J, Roberts A, Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2009). Sex difference in Peak Oxygen Uptake in Prepubertal Children. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12, 647-651.
Brokenshire CS, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2009). The reliability of adolescent thermoregulatory responses during a heat acclimation protocol. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 8(4), 689-695. Abstract.

2008

Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2008). Assessment: Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 97-108.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Williams CA (2008). Assessment: Maximal Intensity Exercise. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 55-66.
Oliver JL, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2008). Changes in jump performance and muscle activity following soccer specific exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26(2), 141-148.
Jurimae T, Armstrong N, Jurimae J (2008). Children and Exercise XXIV. London, Routledge.
Armstrong N, Mc Manus AM, Welsman JR (2008). Development: Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N, Mechelen WV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 269-282.
Armstrong N, Fawkner SG (2008). Development: Exercise Metabolism. In Armstrong N, Mechelen MV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 213-226.
Stevens D, Oades PJ, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2008). EARLY RECOVERY OF OXYGEN UPTAKE FOLLOWING EXERCISE TESTING IN CHILDREN WITH CHRONIC CHEST DISEASES.  Author URL.
Dodd CJ, Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2008). Energy intake and appetite following exercise in lean and overweight girls. Appetite, 51(3), 482-488. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (2008). Exercise Metabolism during Growth and Maturation. In  (Ed) Children and Exercise XXIV, 17-26.
Mountjoy M, Armstrong N, Bizzini L, Blimkie C, Evans J, Gerrard D, Hangen J, Knoll K, Micheli L, Sangenis P, et al (2008). IOC consensus statement on training the elite child athlete. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 18(2), 122-123.
Mountjoy M, Armstrong N, Bizzini L, Blimkie C, Evans J, Gerrard D, Hangen J, Knoll K, Micheli L, Sangenis P, et al (2008). IOC consensus statement: "training the elite child athlete". British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(3), 163-164.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2008). Interpreting Exercise Performance Data in Relation to Body Size. In Armstrong N, Mechelen MV (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 13-22.
Wood LE, Dixon S, Grant C, Armstrong N (2008). Isokinetic elbow torque development in children. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 29(6), 466-470. Abstract.
Willcocks RJ, Barker AR, Fulford J, Welford D, Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2008). Kinetics of Phosphocreatine and Deoxyhemoglobin in Children and Adults During High-Intensity Exercise. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S20-S20. Author URL.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2008). Muscle phosphocreatine and pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics in children at the onset and offset of moderate intensity exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 102(6), 727-738. Abstract.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2008). Muscle phosphocreatine kinetics in children and adults at the onset and offset of moderate-intensity exercise. J Appl Physiol (1985), 105(2), 446-456. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Fawkner SG (2008). Non-invasive methods in paediatric exercise physiology. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 33(2), 402-410. Abstract.  Author URL.
Oades PJ, Stevens D, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2008). OXYGEN UPTAKE RESPONSES IN CHILDREN WITH CHRONIC CHEST DISEASES FOLLOWING SIMULATED SPORTING ACTIVITY.  Author URL.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2008). Oxygen Uptake Kinetics. In  (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 297-308.
Armstrong N, Van Mechelen W (2008). Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine(2nd edition). Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Fulford J, Welford D, Armstrong N (2008). Quadriceps Muscle Phosphocreatine and Deoxygenation Kinetics in Children and Adults at the Onset of Moderate Intensity Exercise. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S20-S20. Author URL.
Williams CA, Willcocks RJ, Barker AR, Fulford J, Welford D, Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2008). Recovery of Muscle Oxygenation and Phosphocreatine in Children and Adults Following High-Intensity Quadriceps Exercise. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S20-S20. Author URL.
Nelson MT, Biltz G, Winsley R, Armstrong N, Fawkner S, Bywater K, Dengel DR (2008). Reliability of Heart Rate Variability by Sample Entropy at Rest and During Light Exercise in Children. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40(5), S282-S282. Author URL.
Mc Manus AM, Armstrong N (2008). The Elite Young Athlete. In  (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 489-502.

2007

Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2007). Aerobic fitness: what are we measuring?. Med Sport Sci, 50, 5-25. Abstract.  Author URL.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2007). Can we confidently study V̇O<inf>2</inf> kinetics in young people?. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 6(3), 277-285. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Barrett LA, Welsman J (2007). Cardiorespiratory Training During Childhood and Adolescence. Journal of Exercise Science and Physiotherapy(3), 17-25.
Wood LE, Dixon SJ, Grant C, Armstrong N (2007). Elbow flexor strength, muscle size and moment arms in pre-pubertal children. Paediatric Exercise Science, 18, 457-469.
De Ste Croix M, Deighan M, Armstrong N (2007). Functional eccentric-concentric ratio of knee extensors and flexors in pre-pubertal children, teenagers and adult males and females. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 28(9), 768-772. Abstract.
Armstrong N (2007). Paediatric Exercise Physiology. Abstract.
Armstrong N (2007). Physical Fitness and Physical Activity Patterns of European Youth. In Brettschneider WD, Naul R (Eds.) Obesity in Europe: Young People's Physical Activity and Sedentary Lifestyles, Berlin: Lang, 27-55.
Armstrong N (2007). Preface.
Oliver JL, Armstrong N, Williams CA (2007). Reliability and Validity of a Soccer-Specific Test of Prolonged Repeated-Sprint Ability. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, 2(2), 137-149. Author URL.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2007). Scaling for Size: Relevance to Understanding the Effects of Growth on Performance. In Hebestreit H, Bar-Or O (Eds.) Encyclopaedia of Sports Medicine: the Young Athlete, Oxford: Blackwell, 50-62.

2006

Armstrong N, Fawkner SG (2006). Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 161-188.
Armstrong N (2006). Aerobic Fitness of Children and Adolescents. Journal of Pediatrics(82), 406-408.
Winsley RJ, Armstrong N, Middlebrooke AR, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams CA (2006). Aerobic fitness and visceral adipose tissue in children. Acta Paediatr, 95(11), 1435-1438. Abstract.  Author URL.
Winsley RJ, Middlebrooke AR, Armstrong N, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams CA (2006). Does Aerobic Fitness Influence the Quantity of Visceral Adipose Tissue in Children?. Acta Paediatrica(95), 2048-2051.
Ratel S, Williams CA, Oliver J, Armstrong N (2006). Effects of age and recovery duration on performance during multiple treadmill sprints. Int J Sports Med, 27(1), 1-8. Abstract.  Author URL.
Wood LE, Dixon S, Grant C, Armstrong N (2006). Elbow flexor strength, muscle size, and moment arms in prepubertal boys and girls. PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 18(4), 457-469. Author URL.  Full text.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2006). Exercise Metabolism. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 71-98.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (2006). Interpreting Performance in Relation to Body Size. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 27-46.
Farr C, Shore AC, Armstrong N, Mawson DM, Middlebrooke AR (2006). Is aerobic fitness associated with microvascular function in 9-10 year old children?.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Chia M (2006). Maximal Intensity Exercise. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 99-118.
Deighan M, De Ste Croix M, Grant C, Armstrong N (2006). Measurement of maximal muscle cross-sectional area of the elbow extensors and flexors in children, teenagers and adults. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24(5), 543-546. Abstract.
Shore AC, Fulford J, Sriraman R, Ball CI, Armstrong N, Tooke JE (2006). Mitochondrial function and skeletal muscle perfusion in healthy and type 2 diabetic subjects.  Author URL.
Fawkner S, Armstrong N (2006). Oxygen Uptake Kinetics. In Armstrong N (Ed) Paediatric Exercise Physiology, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 189-212.
Armstrong N (2006). Paediatric Exercise Physiology. Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone.
Barker AR, Welsman JR, Welford D, Fulford J, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2006). Reliability of 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy during an exhaustive incremental exercise test in children. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 98(6), 556-565.
Barker A, Welsman J, Welford D, Fulford J, Williams C, Armstrong N (2006). Reliability of 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy during an exhaustive incremental exercise test in children. Eur J Appl Physiol, 98(6), 556-565. Abstract.  Author URL.
Oliver JL, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2006). Reliability of a field and laboratory test of repeated sprint ability. Pediatric Exercise Science, 18(3), 339-350. Abstract.
Shore AC, Sriraman R, Ball CI, Fulford J, Armstrong N, Tooke JE (2006). Skeletal muscle perfusion and mitochondrial function in healthy and type 2 diabetic subjects.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2006). The physical activity patterns of European youth with reference to methods of assessment. Sports Med, 36(12), 1067-1086. Abstract.  Author URL.

2005

Williams CA, Ratel S, Armstrong N (2005). Achievement of peak VO2 during a 90-s maximal intensity cycle sprint in adolescents. Can J Appl Physiol, 30(2), 157-171. Abstract.  Author URL.
Middlebrooke AR, Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Shore AC, Clark P, MacLeod KM (2005). Does aerobic fitness influence microvascular function in healthy adults at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes?. Diabet Med, 22(4), 483-489. Abstract.  Author URL.
Bloxham, S.R. Welsman JR, Armstrong, N. (2005). Ergometer-specific relationships between peak oxygen uptake and peak power output in children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 17(2), 136-148.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (2005). Essay: Physiology of the child athlete. Lancet, 366 Suppl 1, S44-S45. Author URL.
Winsley RJ, Fulford J, Macleod KM, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams CAP, Armstrong N (2005). Prediction of Visceral Adipose Tissue Using Air Displacement Plethysmography in Children. Obesity Research, 13(12), 2048-2051.
Winsley RJ, Fulford J, MacLeod KM, Ramos-Ibanez N, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2005). Prediction of visceral adipose tissue using air displacement plethysmography in children. Obes Res, 13(12), 2048-2051. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman JR, Bywater K, Farr C, Welford D (2005). Reliability of Peak VO2 and Maximal Cardiac Output Assessed Using Thoracic Bioimpedence in Children. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 94(3), 228-234.
Welsman J, Bywater K, Farr C, Welford D, Armstrong N (2005). Reliability of peak VO(2) and maximal cardiac output assessed using thoracic bioimpedance in children. Eur J Appl Physiol, 94(3), 228-234. Abstract.  Author URL.
Montfort-Steiger V, Williams CA, Armstrong N (2005). The reproducibility of an endurance performance test in adolescent cyclists. Eur J Appl Physiol, 94(5-6), 618-625. Abstract.  Author URL.

2004

Armstrong N (2004). Children are Fit and Active - Fact or Fiction?. Health Education(104), 333-335.
Ratel S, Williams CAP, Oliver CA, Armstrong J (2004). Effects of age and mode of exercise on power output profiles during repeated sprints. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 92(1-2), 204-210.
Ratel S, Williams CA, Oliver J, Armstrong N (2004). Effects of age and mode of exercise on power output profiles during repeated sprints. Eur J Appl Physiol, 92(1-2), 204-210. Abstract.  Author URL.
Wood LE, Dixon S, Grant C, Armstrong N (2004). Elbow flexion and extension strength relative to body or muscle size in children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36(11), 1977-1984. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Faulkner SG (2004). Longitudinal changes in the kinetic response to heavy intensity exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 97(2), 460-466.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2004). Modelling the VO2 kinetic response to heavy intensity exercise in children. Ergonomics, 47(14), 1517-1527. Abstract.  Author URL.
Winsley RJ, Armstrong N (2004). Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, Health and Young People. In Green K, Hardman K (Eds.) Physical Education Essential Issues, Sage, 65-77.
Armstrong N, Faulkner SG (2004). Sex differences in the oxygen uptake kinetic response to heavy intensity exercise in prepubertal children. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 93, 210-216.
Moore MS, Dodd CJ, Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2004). Short-term appetite and energy intake following imposed exercise in 9- to 10-year-old girls. Appetite, 43(2), 127-134. Abstract.  Author URL.
De Ste Croix MBA, Deighan MA, Armstrong N (2004). Time to peak torque for knee and elbow extensors and flexors in children, teenagers and adults. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 12(2), 143-148. Abstract.

2003

Welsman J, Bloxham S, Armstrong N (2003). Age-related changes in short-term power assessed using cycling and running modes of exercise in males.  Author URL.
De Ste Croix M, Deighan M, Armstrong N (2003). Assessment and interpretation of isokinetic muscle strength during growth and maturation. Sports Med, 33(10), 727-743. Abstract.  Author URL.
Bloxham S, Armstrong N, Welsman J (2003). Cross-sectional analysis of the relationship between peak oxygen uptake and peak power output in young males.  Author URL.
Fawkner S, Armstrong N, Welsman J (2003). Differences between the sexes in oxygen uptake kinetic responses to heavy intensity exercise in pre-pubertal children.  Author URL.
Wood L, Armstrong N, Barrett V, Deighan M, Dixon S (2003). Elbow flexor torque, cross-sectional area and moment arms in 9-to 10-year-old boys and girls.  Author URL.
Santos AMC, Armstrong N, De Ste Croix MBA, Sharpe P, Welsman JR (2003). Optimal Peak Power in Relation to Age, Body Size, Gender, and Thigh Muscle Volume. Pediatric Exercise Science, 15(4), 406-418. Abstract.
Fawkner S, Armstrong N (2003). Oxygen uptake kinetic response to exercise in children. Sports Med, 33(9), 651-669. Abstract.  Author URL.
Deighan M, Armstrong N, de Ste Criux M, Welsman J, Barratt V (2003). Peak torque per MRI-determined cross-sectional area of the knee extensors and flexors in children, teenagers and adults.  Author URL.
Winsley RJ, Armstrong N, Bywater K, Fawkner SG (2003). Reliability of heart rate variability measures at rest and during light exercise in children. Br J Sports Med, 37(6), 550-552. Abstract.  Author URL.
Deighan MA, De Ste Croix MBA, Armstrong N (2003). Reliability of isokinetic concentric and eccentric knee and elbow extension and flexion in 9/10 year old boys. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 11(2), 109-115. Abstract.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2003). The Slow-Component Response of VO2 to Heavy Intensity Exercise in Children. In Reilly T, Marfell-Jones M (Eds.) Kinanthropometry VIII, London: Routledge, 105-113.
Croix MBAD, Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2003). The reliability of an isokinetic knee muscle endurance test in young children. PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 15(3), 313-323. Author URL.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2003). The slow-component response of V˙O2 to heavy intensity exercise in children. In  (Ed) Kinanthropometry VIII: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference of the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK), 103-111.

2002

Armstrong N (2002). Aerobic Fitness and Anaerobic Performance During Childhood and Adolescence. Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis(7), 13-19.
Santos AMC, Welsman JR, De Ste Croix MBA, Armstrong N (2002). Age- and sex-related differences in optimal peak power. Pediatric Exercise Science, 14(2), 202-212. Abstract.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2002). Assessment of critical power with children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 14(3), 259-268. Abstract.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2002). Cardiovascular responses to submaximal treadmill running in 11-13 year olds. Acta Paediatrica, 91(2), 125-131.
Armstrong N (2002). How Important is Physical Activity in Children?. American Journal of Medicine and Sports(4), 315-319.
De Ste Croix MBA, Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Sharpe P (2002). Longitudinal changes in isokinetic leg strength in 10-14-year-olds. Ann Hum Biol, 29(1), 50-62. Abstract.  Author URL.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N (2002). Modelling the VO2 Kinetic Response to Moderate Intensity Exercise in Children. Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis(7), 80-84.
Armstrong N, Faulkner SG, Potter CR, Welsman JR (2002). Oxygen uptake kinetics in children and adults after the onset of moderate-intensity exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 20(4), 319-326.
Middlebrooke AR, Armstrong N, Shore AC, Welsman JR, MacLeod KM (2002). Peak oxygen consumption and microvascular function in adults with Type 2 diabetes.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (2002). Physical activity and health in children and adolescents.  Author URL.
Fawkner SG, Armstrong N, Childs DJ, Welsman JR (2002). Reliability of the visually identified ventilatory threshold and V-slope in children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 14(2), 181-192. Abstract.

2001

Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2001). CARDIAC OUTPUT DURING SUBMAXIMAL TREADMILL RUNNING IN 11 TO 13 YEAR OLDS.  Author URL.
De Ste Croix MB, Armstrong N, Chia MY, Welsman JR, Parsons G, Sharpe P (2001). Changes in short-term power output in 10- to 12-year-olds. J Sports Sci, 19(2), 141-148. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (2001). Children's habitual physical activity. Science and Sports, 16(SUPPL. 1).
Armstrong N (2001). Delivering an Exercise Prescription for a Healthier Childhood. In Harries M, Young A (Eds.) Physical Activity for Patients: an Exercise Prescription, London: Royal College of Physicians, 91-104.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2001). Peak oxygen uptake in relation to growth and maturation in 11-17-year-old humans. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 85, 546-551.
Armstrong N (2001). Physical Activity in Childhood. Journal of Continuing Education for General Practitioners
Armstrong N (2001). Physical Fitness, Physical Activity and Physical Education. In Chin M-K, Hensley L, Liu Y-K (Eds.) Innovation and Application of Physical Education and Sports Science in the New Millennium - an Asia Pacific Perspective, Hong Kong: Institute of Education, 35-43.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Chia MY (2001). Short term power output in relation to growth and maturation. Br J Sports Med, 35(2), 118-124. Abstract.  Author URL.

2000

Sutton NC, Childs DJ, Bar-Or O, Armstrong N (2000). A nonmotorized treadmill test to assess children's short-term power output. Pediatric Exercise Science, 12(1), 91-100. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2000). Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N, VanMechelen W (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 173-182.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2000). Aerobic Fitness. In Armstrong N, VanMechelen W (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 65-76.
Williams CA, Armstrong N, Powell J (2000). Aerobic responses of prepubertal boys to two modes of training. Br J Sports Med, 34(3), 168-173. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2000). Anaerobic Performance. In Armstrong N, VanMechelen W (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 37-45.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2000). Development of aerobic fitness during childhood and adolescence.  Abstract.
Stoedefalke K, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (2000). Effect of training on peak oxygen uptake and blood lipids in 13 to 14-year-old girls. Acta Paediatr, 89(11), 1290-1294. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2000). Interpreting Exercise Performance Data in Relation to Body Size. In Armstrong N, VanMechelen W (Eds.) Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 3-9.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Kirby BJ (2000). Longitudinal changes in 11-13-year-olds' physical activity. Acta Paediatr, 89(7), 775-780. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2000). Longitudinal changes in submaximal oxygen uptake in 11- to 13-year-olds. J Sports Sci, 18(3), 183-189. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Williams CA, Kirby BJ (2000). Longitudinal changes in young people's short-term power output. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 32(6), 1140-1145. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Van Mechelen W (2000). Paediatric Exercise Science and Medicine. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (2000). Physical Activity Patterns in Secondary School Children. European Journal of Physical Education(5), 147-157.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR (2000). Physical Activity and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Young People. In Maffulli N, Chan KM, MacDonald R, Malina R, Parker R (Eds.) Sports Medicine for Specific Client Groups, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 45-56.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (2000). Statistical techniques for interpreting body size-related exercise performance during growth.  Abstract.
Armstrong N (2000). Young People and Physical Activity. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

1999

Armstrong N (1999). Benefits and Hazards of High and Low Intensity Exercise. Current Paediatrics(9), 91-97.
Armstrong N (1999). Benefits and hazards of high and low intensity physical activity. Current Paediatrics, 9(2), 91-96.
Potter CR, Childs DJ, Houghton W, Armstrong N (1999). Breath-to-breath "noise" in the ventilatory and gas exchange responses of children to exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 80(2), 118-124. Abstract.  Author URL.
De Ste Croix MBA, Armstrong N, Welsman JR (1999). Concentric isokinetic leg strength in pre-teen, teenage and adult males and females. Biology of Sport, 16(2), 75-86. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Nevill AM, Kirby BJ (1999). Modeling growth and maturation changes in peak oxygen uptake in 11-13 yr olds. J Appl Physiol (1985), 87(6), 2230-2236. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Kirby BJ (1999). Submaximal exercise and maturation in 12-year-olds. J Sports Sci, 17(2), 107-114. Abstract.  Author URL.

1998

Armstrong N, Welsman J, Kirby B (1998). Aerobic Fitness and physical activity patterns of young people. In Hardman K, Green K (Eds.) Physical Education: a Reader, Aachen, Germany: Meyer and Meyer, 105-115.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (1998). Assessing Postexercise Lactate in Children and Adolescents. In Praagh EV (Ed) Pediatric Anaerobic Performance, Champaign, Il: Human Kinetics, 137-154.
Armstrong N (1998). Fitness and Physical Activity During Childhood and Adolescence. In Chan KM, Micheli LJ (Eds.) Sports and Children, Hong Kong: Williams and Wilkins, 50-75.
Van Mechelen W, Armstrong N (1998). How Fit and Active are Children and Youth?. In Biddle S, Cavill N, Sallis J (Eds.) Young and Active, London: HEA, 69-97.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Kirby BJ (1998). Peak oxygen uptake and maturation in 12-yr olds. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 30(1), 165-169. Abstract.  Author URL.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (1998). Physical Activity Patterns of 5 to 7-Year-Old Children and their Mothers. European Journal of Physical Education, 2(3), 145-155.
Armstrong N, Welsman J, Kirby B (1998). Physical Activity, Peak Oxygen Uptake and Performance on the Wingate Anaerobic Test in 12-Year-Olds. Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis(3), 7-21.
Armstrong N (1998). Young people's physical activity patterns as assessed by heart rate monitoring.  Abstract.  Author URL.

1997

Potter CR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (1997). Cardiac Output Responses to Submaximal Exercise in Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 440-445.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (1997). Children and Exercise XIX. Exeter, Washington Singer Press.
Armstrong N, Kirby B, Welsman JR (1997). Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being. London, E and F Spon.
Rice S, Kirby BJ, Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Children's Dietary Choices: Implications for Health. In Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Vol 2, Exeter: Washington Singer Press, 133-138.
McManus AM, Armstrong N, Williams CA (1997). Effect of training on the aerobic power and anaerobic performance of prepubertal girls. Acta Paediatr, 86(5), 456-459. Abstract.  Author URL.
Chia M, Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Winsley RJ, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Exercise Performance of Young People in Relation to Thigh Muscle Volume. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 297-300.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Winsley RJ, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Exercise performance and magnetic resonance imaging-determined thigh muscle volume in children. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 76(1), 92-97. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Kirby BJ (1997). Performance on the Wingate anaerobic test and maturation. Pediatric Exercise Science, 9(3), 253-261. Abstract.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (1997). Physical Activity Patterns of 5 to 11-Year-Old Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 139-144.
Armstrong N, Astrand PO (1997). Physical Education and the Promotion of Health and Well-Being in Europe. European Journal of Physical Education(2), 158-159.
Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, McManus AM, Welsman JR (1997). Prepubescents' ventilatory responses to exercise with reference to sex and body size. Chest, 112(6), 1554-1560. Abstract.  Author URL.
McManus AM, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (1997). Ratings of Perceived Exertion by Prepubertal Children During Submaximal Exercise. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 253-257.
Winsley RJ, Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Relationship Between Thigh Muscle MRI Relaxation Times and Peak Aerobic Power. In Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Vol 2, Exeter: Washington Singer Press, 75-78.
De Ste Croix MBA, Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Winsley RJ, Parsons G, Sharpe P (1997). Relationship of Muscle Strength with Muscle Volume in Young Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 319-324.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Withers S (1997). Responses of young girls to two modes of aerobic training. Br J Sports Med, 31(2), 139-142. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1997). Specific Considerations for the Assessment of the Young Athlete. In Bird S, Davidson R (Eds.) Physiological Testing Guidelines, Leeds: BASES, 143-153.
Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, McManus AM, Welsman JR (1997). Submaximal Responses to Exercise in Prepbertal Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 221-227.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1997). The Assessment and Interpretation of Children's and Adolescents' Aerobic Fitness: an Update. In Froberg K, Lammert O, Hansen HS, Blimkie CJR (Eds.) Exercise and Fitness - Benefits and Risks, Odense: University Press, 173-182.
McManus A, Armstrong N (1997). The Physical Activity patterns of Boys and Girls. In MacFarlene DJ (Ed) Gender Issues in Sport and Exercise, Hong Kong: University Press, 36-39.
Chia M, Armstrong N, Childs D (1997). The assessment of children's anaerobic performance using modifications of the Wingate Anaerobic Test. Pediatric Exercise Science, 9(1), 80-89. Abstract.
Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Mosney JR, Sutton NC, Welsman JR (1997). Ventilatory Responses to Submaximal Exercise in Children. In Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, Welsman JR (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIX, Promoting Health and Well-Being, London: Spon, 204-210.

1996

Armstrong N, Kirby B (1996). Exercise, wellbeing, and endogenous molecules of mood. LANCET, 348(9025), 477-477. Author URL.
Armstrong N, McManus A (1996). Growth Maturation and Physical Education. In Armstrong N (Ed) New Directions in Physical Education Volume Three, London: Cassells, 19-32.
Armstrong N, Welsman J, Winsley R (1996). Is peak VO2 a maximal index of children's aerobic fitness?. Int J Sports Med, 17(5), 356-359. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (1996). New Directions in Physical Education: change and Innovation. London, Cassells.
Williams CA, Armstrong N, Eves N, Faulkner A (1996). Peak aerobic fitness of visually impaired and sighted adolescent girls. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 90(6), 495-500. Abstract.
Armstrong N, McManus A, Welsman J, Kirby B (1996). Physical activity patterns and aerobic fitness among prepubescents. European Physical Education Review, 2(1), 19-29.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N, Nevill AM, Winter EM, Kirby BJ (1996). Scaling peak VO2 for differences in body size. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 28(2), 259-265. Abstract.  Author URL.
Carney C, Armstrong N (1996). The Provision of Physical Education in Primary Initial Teacher Training Courses in England and Wales. European Physical Education Review(2), 64-74.
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (1996). The measurement and interpretation of aerobic fitness in children: Current issues. J ROY SOC MED, 89(5), P281-P285.
Carney C, Armstrong N (1996). The provision of physical education in primary initial teacher training courses in England and Wales. European Physical Education Review, 2(1), 64-74.
Biddle S, Akande D, Armstrong N, Ashcroft M, Brooke R, Goudas M (1996). The self-motivation inventory modified for children: Evidence on psychometric properties and its use in physical exercise. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 27(3), 237-250. Abstract.

1995

Armstrong N, Kirby BJ, McManus AM, Welsman JR (1995). Aerobic fitness of prepubescent children. Ann Hum Biol, 22(5), 427-441. Abstract.  Author URL.
Tolfrey K, Armstrong N (1995). Child-adult differences in whole blood lactate responses to incremental treadmill exercise. Br J Sports Med, 29(3), 196-199. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (1995). Children and Aerobic Exercise. In Williams I, McCraken J (Eds.) Sport, Exercise and Medicine, Nottingham University Press, 93-116.
ARMSTRONG N (1995). Children's cardiopulmonary fitness and physical activity patterns: the European scene.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (1995). Children, Physical Activity and Health. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 5-16.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1995). Laboratory Testing of Young Athletes. In  (Ed) A Colour Atlas of Sports Medicine in Childhood and Adolescence, London: Wolfe Medical, 112-125.
Winsley R, Armstrong N, Welsman J (1995). Leg Volume is Not Related to Peak Oxygen Uptake in 9-Year-Old Boys. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 70-76.
Williams CA, Armstrong N (1995). Optimised Peak Power Output of Adolescent Children During Maximal Sprint Pedalling. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 40-44.
McManus A, Armstrong N (1995). Patterns of Physical Activity Among Primary Schoolchildren. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 17-23.
Barnett A, BaconShone J, Tam KH, Leung M, Armstrong N (1995). Peak oxygen uptake of 12-18-year-old boys living in a densely populated urban environment. ANNALS OF HUMAN BIOLOGY, 22(6), 525-532. Author URL.
Welsman J, Armstrong N (1995). The Interpretation of Peak VO2 in Prepubertal Children. In Ring FJ (Ed) Children in Sport, Bath: University Press, 64-69.
Armstrong N (1995). The challenge of promoting physical activity. J R Soc Health, 115(3), 187-192. Author URL.

1994

Armstrong N, Welsman JR (1994). Assessment and interpretation of aerobic fitness in children and adolescents. Exerc Sport Sci Rev, 22, 435-476. Abstract.  Author URL.
Fox K, Goudas M, Biddle S, Duda J, Armstrong N (1994). Children's task and ego goal profiles in sport. Br J Educ Psychol, 64 ( Pt 2), 253-261. Abstract.  Author URL.
Fox K, Goudas M, Biddle S, Duda J, Armstrong N (1994). Children's task and ego goal profiles in sport. The British journal of educational psychology, 64 Abstract.
Fox KR, Page A, Peters DM, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1994). Dietary restraint and fatness in early adolescent girls and boys. Journal of Adolescence, 17(2), 149-161. Abstract.
Fox K, Page A, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1994). Dietary restraint and self-perceptions in early adolescence. Personality and Individual Differences, 17(1), 87-96. Abstract.
PETERS D, FOX K, ARMSTRONG N, SHARPE P, BELL M (1994). ESTIMATION OF BODY-FAT AND BODY-FAT DISTRIBUTION IN 11-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN USING MAGNETIC-RESONANCE-IMAGING AND HYDROSTATIC WEIGHING, SKINFOLDS, AND ANTHROPOMETRY. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN BIOLOGY, 6(2), 237-243. Author URL.
Gentle P, Caves R, Armstrong N, Balding J, Kirby B (1994). High and low exercisers among 14- and 15-year-old children. J Public Health Med, 16(2), 186-194. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Simons-Morton B (1994). Physical Activity and Blood Lipids in Adolescents. Pediatric Exercise Science(6), 381-405.

1993

Fox K, Peters D, Armstrong N, Sharpe P, Bell M (1993). Abdominal fat deposition in 11-year-old children. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord, 17(1), 11-16. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1993). Children's Physiological Responses to Exercise. In Lee MJ (Ed) Coaching Children in Sport, London: Spon, 64-77.
Armstrong N (1993). Independent Mobility and Children's Physical Development. In Hillman M (Ed) Children, Transport and Quality of Life, London: Institute of Policy Studies, 35-43.
Armstrong N, Welsman J (1993). Training Programmes for Young Athletes. In Lee MJ (Ed) Coaching Children in Spor, London: Spon, 191-203.

1992

Armstrong N (1992). Are American children and youth fit? Some international perspectives. Res Q Exerc Sport, 63(4), 449-450. Author URL.
Peters D, Fox K, Armstrong N, Sharpe P, Bell M (1992). Assessment of children's abdominal fat distribution by magnetic resonance imaging and anthropometry. International Journal of Obesity, 16(SUPPL. 2).
DUDA JL, FOX KR, BIDDLE SJH, ARMSTRONG N (1992). CHILDRENS ACHIEVEMENT GOALS AND BELIEFS ABOUT SUCCESS IN SPORT. BRITISH JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY, 62, 313-323. Author URL.
Williams JR, Armstrong N, Winter E, Crichton N (1992). Changes in Peak Oxygen Uptake with Age and Sexual Maturity in Boys: Physiological Fact or Statistical Anomoly?. In J, Coudert, Praagh EV (Eds.) Children and Exercise XVI, Paris: Masson, 35-37.
Biddle S, Armstrong N (1992). Children's physical activity: an exploratory study of psychological correlates. Soc Sci Med, 34(3), 325-331. Abstract.  Author URL.
Goudas M, Fox K, Biddle S, Armstrong N (1992). Children's task and ego goal profiles in sport: Relationships with perceived competence, enjoyment and participation. Journal of Sports Sciences, 10(6).
Welsman JR, Armstrong N (1992). Daily physical activity and blood lactate indices of aerobic fitness in children. Br J Sports Med, 26(4), 228-232. Abstract.  Author URL.
Page A, Fox K, Peters D, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1992). Dietary restraint in 11-year-old children and its relationship with specific and global self-perceptions. Journal of Sports Sciences, 10(6), 604-605.
Armstrong N, Biddle S (1992). Health-Related Physical Activity in the National Curriculum. In Armstrong N (Ed) New Directions in Physical Education Volume Two. Towards a National Curriculum, Champaign: Human Kinetics, 71-110.
Armstrong N (1992). New Directions in Physical Education: Towards a National Curriculum. Illinois, Champaign.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1992). Serum lipids and blood pressure in relation to age and sexual maturity. Ann Hum Biol, 19(5), 477-487. Abstract.  Author URL.
Williams JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (1992). The influence of the site of sampling and assay medium upon the measurement and interpretation of blood lactate responses to exercise. J Sports Sci, 10(2), 95-107. Abstract.  Author URL.
Tolfrey K, Armstrong N (1992). The relationship between blood lactate responses to incremental exercise and age. Journal of Sports Sciences, 10(6), 563-564.
Peters D, Fox K, Armstrong N, Sharpe P, Bell M (1992). Total body adiposity in children using magnetic resonance imaging: Comparisons with body density and anthropometry. Journal of Sports Sciences, 10(6).

1991

Armstrong N (1991). Health-Related Physical Activity. In N Armstrong ACS (Ed) Issues in Physical Education, London: Cassells, 139-154.
Mitchell J, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1991). Health-related behaviour modification in family groups. Journal of Sports Sciences, 9(4), 425-426.
Armstrong N (1991). Issues in Physical Education. London, Cassells.
Kirby B, Harwood C, Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P (1991). Lipids in British schoolchildren. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 623, 450-452. Author URL.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Williams J, Kirby B (1991). Peak Oxygen Uptake in Relation to Pubertal Stage of Development. In Frenkl R, I, Szmodis (Eds.) Children and Exercise XV, Budapest: National Institute for Health Promotion, 178-184.
Armstrong N, Bray S (1991). Physical activity patterns defined by continuous heart rate monitoring. Arch Dis Child, 66(2), 245-247. Abstract.  Author URL.
Williams J, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1991). The Influence of Age and Maturation on the 2.5 and 4mM.Litre Levels of Blood Lactate in Boys. In R, Frenkl, Szmodis I (Eds.) Children and Exercise XV, Budapest: National Institute for Health Promotion, 151-156.
Mitchell J, Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1991). The association of selected coronary heart disease risk factors between family members. Journal of Sports Sciences, 9(4), 424-425.
Armstrong N, Williams J, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1991). The peak oxygen uptake of British children with reference to age, sex and sexual maturity. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 62(5), 369-375. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mitchell J, Armstrong N, Kirby B (1991). The physical activity of middle-aged adults estimated using heart rate telemetry. Journal of Sports Sciences, 9(4), 423-424.
Williams JR, Armstrong N (1991). The relationship between daily physical activity and blood lactate indices of submaximal aerobic capacity measured during incremental treadmill exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 9(4).

1990

Armstrong N (1990). Children's Physical Activity Pattern - the Implications for Physical Education. In Armstrong N (Ed) New Directions in Physical Education, Illinois: Champaign, 1-15.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1990). Estimation of coronary risk factors in British schoolchildren: a preliminary report. Br J Sports Med, 24(1), 61-66. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N (1990). Field Testing Children's Physical fitness. In Cooke G (Ed) The Growing Child in Competitive Sport, Leeds: BISC, 97-101.
Armstrong N (1990). New Directions in Physical Education. Illinois, Champaign.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1990). Patterns of physical activity among 11 to 16 year old British children. British Medical Journal, 301(6745), 203-205. Abstract.
KIRBY B, ARMSTRONG N, BALDING J, GENTLE P (1990). SHOULD PREVENTION OF CORONARY HEART-DISEASE START AT SCHOOL. BRITISH HEART JOURNAL, 64(1), 44-44. Author URL.
Williams JR, Armstrong N, Kirby BJ (1990). The 4 mM blood lactate level as an index of exercise performance in 11-13 year old children. J Sports Sci, 8(2), 139-147. Abstract.  Author URL.
Armstrong N, Balding J, Bray S, Gentle P, Kirby B (1990). The Physical Activity Patterns of 10 and 13 year old children. In Beunen G, Ghesquire J, Reybrouck R, Classenns AL (Eds.) Children and Exercise XIV, Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 152-157.

1988

Armstrong N, Balding J, Gentle P, Kirby B (1988). CORONARY RISK FACTORS IN CHILDREN. The Lancet, 331(8590).

1987

Armstrong N (1987). A Critique of Fitness Testing. In Biddle SJ (Ed) Foundations of Health Related Fitness in Physical Education, London: Ling Publishers, 136-138.
Armstrong N (1987). Health and Fitness Programmes in Schools:A Physiological Rationale. In Biddle SJ (Ed) Foundations of Health Related Fitness in Physical Education, London: Ling Publishers, 19-27.
Armstrong N (1987). Principles of Training Children for Sport. In Lee M (Ed) Competitive Sport and Young Children, Leeds: National Coaching Foundation, 36-40.
Armstrong N (1987). The Physiological Responses of Children to Exercise. In Lee M (Ed) Competitive Sport and Young Children, Leeds: National Coaching Foundation, 17-20.

1986

Armstrong N, Bray S (1986). The Role of the Physical Education Teacher in Coronary Prevention. In  (Ed) Trend and Developments in Physical Education, London: E and F.C. Spon, 246-352.

1984

Armstrong N, Ellard R (1984). The Measurement of Alactacid Anaerobic Power in Trained and Untrained Children. Physical Education Review, 1(7), 73-79.
Armstrong N, Davies B (1984). The Metabolic and Physiological Responses of Children to Exercise and Training. Physical Education Review, 2(7), 90-105.

1983

Armstrong N, Davies B, Heal M (1983). The Specificity of Energy Utilization by Trained and Untrained Adolescent Boys. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 3(17), 193-199.

1982

Armstrong N, Walker P (1982). A Comparitive Analysis of the Physical and Physiological Characteristics of Freshman Physical Education Students. Physical Education Review, 2(5), 146-152.
Armstrong N, Davies B (1982). High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Physical Activity patterns in Children. Australian Journal of Sports Medicine, 2(14), 53-59.
Armstrong N (1982). Physical Education in a Leicestershire Community College. Australian Journal for Health, Physical Education and Recreation(95), 27-28.

1981

Armstrong N, Davies B (1981). An Egometric Analysis of Age Group Swimmers. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 1(15), 20-26.

1980

Armstrong N, Davies B (1980). Coronary Risk Factors in Children - the Role of the Physical Educator. Bulletin of Physical Education, 2(16), 5-11.
Armstrong N, Davies B (1980). The Prevalence of Coronary Risk Factors in Children. Acta Paediatrica Belgica, 4(33), 209-217.

Neil_Armstrong Details from cache as at 2019-11-22 04:03:41

Refresh publications

External Engagement and Impact

Awards/Honorary fellowships

Awards:

Queen’s Anniversary Prize for Higher Education in Medicine and Health for ‘world class work which is of outstanding quality and importance to the nation’

The Ling Prize for ‘a lifetime distinguished contribution to the physical education profession’

Honorary degrees:

Doctor of Sciences (ScD), University of Coimbra, Portugal for an oustanding contribution to the international development of sport science and physical education
Doctor of Laws (LLD), Brock University, Canada for an outstanding international contribution to the promotion of children's health and well-being

Chartered Awards:

Chartered Scientist (CSci)
Chartered Biologist (CBiol)

Fellowships:

British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences (Honorary Fellow) (FBASES)

American College of Sport Medicine (FACSM)

European College of Sport Science (Inaugural Fellow) (FECSS)

American Academy of Kinesiology (International Fellow) (FAAK)

Royal Society of Biology (FRSB)

Royal Society of Arts (Life Fellow) (FRSA)

Royal Society of Health (FRSH)

Physical Education Association of the UK FPEA)

Higher Education Academy (FHEA)


Committee/panel activities

Major Positions:

Chair of the Higher Education Authority Research Excellence Assessment Sports-Related Panel

Chair of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences

President of the Physical Education Association of the United Kingdom

Chair of the Board of European Pediatric Physiology (PWP)

Core member of IOC Expert Committees on Children’s Sport and Health

Chair of South West Sport

Chair of South West Olympic 2012 Legacy

President of Regional United Nations Association


Editorial responsibilities

Books and Journal Editorship

Neil has authored 17 books and contributed over 100 invited book chapters. His book 'The Oxford Textbook off Sport and Exercise Medicine (3rd Edition)' edited with Willem van Mechelen was highly commended and shortlisted for the British Medical Association Book of the Year. He edited the European Journal of Physical Education for 5 years and he is currently Deputy Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Sport and Health Sciences. He has served on the Editorial Boards of 12 journals, acted as an expert reviewer for over 60 journals and edited 7 Special Issues of Journals. He edited the Book Series ‘New Directions in Physical Education’.

Invited Lectures

Neil has presented over 600 lectures in 45 countries including numerous 'Named Lectures' such as the Prince Philip Lecture; the Legends of Paediatric Physiology Lecture; the Astrand Lecture; the Rutenfranz Lecture; the A.D. Munrow Lecture; the Silvio Lima Lecture.


Media Coverage

Media Coverage

Over a 25 year period Neil’s research has been regularly and prominently featured in the national press and on over 300 national television and radio programmes such as Panorama, BBC and ITN National News, Medicine Now, the Education Programme, PM, Clean Slate, On the Line and TVAM etc. A Dispatches programme, "Sick at Heart", focused on the Coronary Prevention in Children Project which is based in the Centre and has become the most widely internationally distributed and repeated Dispatches programme. Other television programmes have been broadcast world –wide and some have been repeated 15-20 times. This intensive coverage increased public awareness of children's current lifestyle and the need for change.

Teaching

Supervision / Group

Postdoctoral researchers

  • Dr Alan Barker (2007-2010)

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