Professor Sam Vine
Professor of Psychology
Richards Building RB18
Richard's Building, University of Exeter, St Luke's Campus, Heavitree Road, Exeter, EX1 2LU, UK
I am a Psychologist, with interests in skill learning, expertise and performance under pressure. I am particularly interested in how visual attention and other physiological processes mediate motor skill and decision making performance. I apply my research to a range of different domains (e.g., sport, surgery, military, and aviation) and populations (e.g., children, elite performers and patient groups). I am interested in eye tracking and virtual reality technology.
Broad research specialisms
- Visual attentional processes that support motor control and decision making. I have a particular interest in the 'Quiet Eye'.
- Mechanistic theories of the anxiety-performance relationship.The processes through which anxiety hinders (or helps) performance.
- Transactional models of stress that explain individualistic reactions to performance pressure.
- Training interventions designed to expedite learning (e.g. quiet eye/gaze training and implicit motor learning).
- Performance under pressure, and interventions that help to protect motor control and decision making in stressful environments.
- Simulated/synthetic training (e.g. the use of virtual reality simulations).
- The measurement of psychophysiological markers (e.g. workload, invested effort, fatigue, gaze control) to examine the human-machine interface in the context of skill learning and performance.
Contact details and links to web pages
- I am a member of the Human Movement Science and Virtual Reality research groups.
- EMAIL: email@example.com
- Twitter: @samueljamesvine
- Google Scholar.
- YouTube: see some of my Eye tracking videos and consultancy work
- Eye Tracking Consultancy: Eye Track Solutions
- Immersive VR Training & Human Performance Business: Cineon Training
BSc Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter.
PhD Psychology, University of Exeter.
Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA)
Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Soociety (AFBPsP)
Chartered Psychologist (CPsychol)
I completed my PhD in Performance Psychology at the University of Exeter in 2010, entitled: Anxiety, Attention and Performance Variability in Visuo-motor Skills. I worked as an Associate Teaching Fellow in Exeter for one year, before being appointed as a Lecturer in August 2011. I was promoted to senior lecturer in 2015, and Associate Professor in 2018.
Research group links
My research is interested in the acquisition, refinement and resilient performance of motor and decision making skills. I examine the visual, attentional and physiological processes that underpin learning and expertise and I am particularly interested in the quiet eye phenomenon (and quiet eye training), theories of motor learning (e.g. Implicit Learning) and anxiety/stress (see our recent Intergrative frame-work of stress, attention and visuomotor performance). My research is applicable to a range of different domains (e.g., sport, surgery, military, and aviation) and populations (e.g., children, elite performers and patients) and I have an interest in applied Performance Psychology. I am a chartered psychologist and work as a consultant with a number of different athletes and organisations to assess and develop training interventions, predominately through the use of eye tracking technology. I am a co-founder of Cineon Training, an organisaiton that designs and delivers immersive training interventions.
[Feb 2019] Developing a virtual reality tool for personal protective equipment training, Phase 2. Innovate UK, Small Business Research Initiative grant. [Principal Investigator; £50k].
[Nov 2018] Robots and Dinos: Developing a mixed reality educational experience. Innovate UK Audience of the Future Demonstrator fund (total project ~£5m). [Co-investigator; £100k to University of Exeter].
[April 2019] Development of a web-hosted, video-based sport skill training platform for children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). [Co-Investigator; £2500].
[August 2018] The psychology of upper-limb prosthetic use. Experimental Psychology Society workshop. [Co-Investigator, £1.5k].
[July 2018] Developing a virtual reality tool for personal protective equipment training. Innovate UK, Small Business Research Initiative grant. [Principal Investigator; £33k].
[June 2018] Evaluating virtual reality training of cognitive skills for counter terror policing. The Royal Academy of engineering fellowship for Dr David Harris [Principal Investigator; £200k].
[Nov 2016] Feed forward eye movement training (FFEMT). The Ministry of Defence, Defence Human Capability Science and Technology Centre (DHCSTC; TIN 3.233). [£125k, Co-Investigator].
[Sept 2016] Examining the potential for a group-based intervention for interception skill learning for children with developmental coordination disorder. Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), Impact Acceleration Account (IAA). [£2.5k, Co-Investigator].
[July 2016] Observational Learning of Surgical Skills on the Da Vinci System. Intuitive Surgical (Ltd) Research Grants Scheme. [$49k, Co- Investigator].
[Sept 2016] Identification and evaluation of tools to enhance cognitive performance. The Ministry of Defence, Defence Human Capability Science and Technology Centre (DHCSTC; TIN 3.215). [£100k, Principal Investigator].
[October 2015] Helping athletes meet the challenge: The importance of positive stress evaluations for performing under pressure. Commonwealth Scholarship Programme. [£6k, Principal Investigator).
[March 2015] Examining the visuomotor challenges of using a prosthetic limb. The Royal Society research grants scheme. [£15k, Co-Investigator].
[September 2014] VOTEADVICE: Industry and Doctoral Training in Vote Advice Applications. Marie Curie Initial Training Networks (ITN) Call: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN. [$543k (£457k), Co-Investigator].
[Sept 2014] Reappraising stress to induce a challenge state. PhD funded by the Commonwealth Scholarship Fund. [£69k; Principal Investigator].
[July 2016] The development of immersive human factors training for safety critical and high performance industries. Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), Impact Acceleration Account (IAA). [£3k, Principal Investigator].
[February 2015] Developing Evidence Based Training for Surgeons. Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), Impact Acceleration Account (IAA). [£2.5k, Principal Investigator].
[February 2015] Human Factors in Aviation. Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), Impact Acceleration Account (IAA). [£17k, Principal Investigator].
[February 2015] How Quiet Eye Training reduces Perceptual-Motor control break down under pressure. Mizuno Sports Promotion Foundation, Japan. [£5k, Co-Investigator].
[January 2015] Can parachuting skills be improved by the use of feed forward eye movement training? A literature review. The Ministry of Defence, Defence Human Capability Science and Technology Centre (DHCSTC; TIN 3.152). [£10k, Co-Investigator].
[January 2014] Human Factors in robotically assisted surgery. HEFCE Open Innovation Platform, Business Link Fund [£1k].
[September 2012] The da Vinci robot vs. conventional laparoscopy: Examining benefits for the surgeon. Intuitive Surgical (Ltd) Research Grants Scheme. [$349k (£225k), Principal Investigator].
[August 2012] Investigating novel training for small arms operators; developing methods to assess and improve performance in a simulated maritime environment The Ministry of Defence, Defence Human Capability Science and Technology Centre (DHCSTC; TIN 3.012). [£54k, Co-Investigator].
[June 2012] Resilience to interruption and stress in emergency checklist execution; can it be trained? HEFCE Open Innovation Platform, Business Partnership Fund (partner: Flybe Ltd, Exeter) [£10k, Principal Investigator].
[April 2012] Does quiet eye training improve visuomotor planning and control in children with DCD? The Waterloo Foundation [£38k + £10k follow up; Co-Investigator].
[January 2012] Facilitating Movement Implicitly (FMI): Implicit motor learning in patients with cognitive impairments: Framework, strategies and tools. RAAK-International Project, Stichting Innovatie Alliantie (SIA), The Netherlands. [€300k (£200k); Co-Investigator).
[January 2012] A ‘human factors’ approach to examining surgical simulators. HEFCE Open Innovation Platform, Business Link Fund [£1k].
[January 2012] Gaze control training for golfers. ESRC Business Voucher via the University of Exeter’s Capacity Building Cluster in Sport, Leisure and Tourism (RES-187-24-0002) [£3k; Co-Investigator]. http://www.exeter.ac.uk/slt/ourresearch/gazecontrolanalysistotraingolfers/
Publications by category
Publications by year
Samuel_Vine Details from cache as at 2022-05-19 20:19:20
External Engagement and Impact
July 2011 European College of Sports Science- Young Investigator Award. The quiet eye period and performance failure under pressure.
Sept 2011 Winner of the best oral presentation, British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS), Annual Meeting, Aberdeen, UK, 1st -2nd Sept.
April 2010 Winner of the poster prize in the category 'Simulation and Technology in Surgery' at the International Surgical Congress of the Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland (ASGBI), Liverpool, UK.
Associate Editor - Cognitive Processing
Academic Editor - PLOS one
Associate Editor Fronteirs in Psychology- Movement Science and Sport Psychology
Editor for Special Issue- European Journal of Sport Sciences- The Quiet Eye.
Guest Associate Editor- Journal of Experimental Psychology- Human Perception and Performance.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied: http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/xap/
Frontiers in Movement Science and Sport Psychology
Human Movement Science (HMS): www.journals.elsevier.com/human-movement-science/
Journal of Sport Science (JSS): www.tandfonline.com/loi/rjsp20
- The Devon and Cornwall Police annual Men's Health Conference (Feb 2019): ‘The science of rising to the occasion’: Exeter City Football Club.
- The Philosophical Breakfast Club Annual Conference (theme: High Performing Teams; May 2018).
- Peninsula pre-hospital emergency medicine conference (Feb 2018). I spy with my virtual eye; performance psychology in action. Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital.
- Manchester Metropolitan University and University of Salford (Dec 2017). Understanding and training expertise in surgery: How can this be applied to eye-hand coordination in upper-limb prosthesis users? Invited talk from Dr Greg Wood.
- Fulham F.C. & University College London (June 2017). Decision making under pressure. Invited talk from Prof Vince Walsh.
- The Institute of pre-hospital care: London’s air ambulance (June 2017). Factors affecting performance under pressure. Performance Psychology Symposium, Royal London Hospital.
- Association of Applied Sport Psychology (May 2017). Workshop on eye tracking and virtual reality training, University of Winchester.
- The 14th European Congress of Sport Psychology, Bern Switzerland. (June 2015). Invited Symposium: Perception & Action Coupling: The Quiet Eye in action.
- University of Plymouth, College of St Mark and St John (May 2014). Visual attention and performance under pressure. Invited presentation to faculty members and undergraduate students.
- University of Bern, Switzerland (Feb 2014). Developing Quiet eye theory. Invited talk to faculty members at annual ‘Winterakademie’.
- Intuitive Surgical, California (Jan 2014). The da Vinci vs. conventional laparoscopy: Examining benefits for the surgeon. Key note speaker at the annual research symposium.
- British Psychological Society workshop (Dec 2013). Using a Mobile Eye-tracker in Research and Applied Settings.
- Herriot-Watt University, Edinburgh (October 2013). Stress, attention and human performance. Invited talk to the Psychology department.
- Loughborough College (April 2013). Visual attention and performance under pressure. Invited talk to staff and students from Loughborough College and Loughborough University.
- Intuitive surgical, California (April 2013). From Sport, to Surgery to Robotics; principles of skills acquisition and performance under pressure. Invited presentation to Intuitive surgical research and development team.
- Exeter Surgical Health Services Research Unit (HeSRU). Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital, Exeter. (Sept 2012). Tracking surgeons – from the golf course to the theatre. Invited presentation to the president of the Royal College of Surgeons for the official opening of HeSRU.
At undergraduate level I teach on the Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology (ESS1605) module, and at postgraduate level I teach on the Current Issues in Sport and Exercise Psychology (M023) module.
I oversee the departments widening participation program and am actively involved in student recruitment and outreach activities.
- ESS1605 - Foundations of Exercise and Sport Psychology
- SHSM023 - Current Issues in Sport and Exercise Psychology
Supervision / Group
- Tom Arthur
- Don Lee Mechanisms underpinning quiet eye training effects. University of Exeter [part funded by the South Korean government].
- Charlotte Miles Quiet eye, sporting ability and movement clumsiness. University of Exeter [funded by University of Exeter].
- Katie Payne
- Nadine Sammy
- Liis Uiga (Research Associate, finished Jan 2013)
- Rosanna Walters-Symons