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Dr Sharon Dixon

Dr Sharon Dixon

Associate Professor in Biomechanics

 4712

 Richards Building RB111

 

Richard's Building, University of Exeter, St Luke's Campus, Heavitree Road, Exeter, EX1 2LU, UK

 Office hours:

Monday - Thursday

Overview

Dr Sharon Dixon is an Associate Professor in the School of Sport and Health Sciences at the University of Exeter, and has been a lecturer here since January 1999. Dr Dixon gained her Ph.D. (Loughborough University) in 1996, investigating the influence of footwear interventions on Achilles tendon loading. In the period 1997-1998, she held postdoctoral research positions in the School of Civil Engineering, University of Nottingham and in the Human Performance Laboratory, University of Calgary. Dr Dixon leads the Exeter Biomechanics Research Team (ExBiRT), comprising fellow lecturers, post-doctoral staff and research students. She teaches on the undergraduate and postgraduate taught programmes in Sport and Health Sciences. Dr Dixon is the Equality and Diversity Champion for Sport and Health Sciences, and is a lead member of the Athena SWAN working group.

Broad research specialisms:

  • Lower extremity overuse injury mechanisms in sports and exercise
  • Influence of footwear, insert and surface manipulations on lower limb biomechanics and injury risk.

Qualifications

PhD, BSc (Hons)

Research group links

Research

Research interests

Dr Dixon's research interests are in the understanding of lower extremity overuse injury mechanisms, and the influence of footwear, shoe insert and surface manipulations on lower extremity biomechanics. She has published in a range of international peer reviewed journals in the fields of sports and exercise related biomechanics, sports medicine and sports engineering. Dr Dixon has performed collaborative projects with industry (e.g. International Tennis Federation, Umbro, RSscan International, MoD) and has managed EPSRC-funded research projects on sports playing surfaces and footwear. Dr Dixon is member of the International Society of Biomechanics (ISB), the Footwear Biomechanics Group (FBG) and the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences (BASES), and is a core member of the SportSURF Network.

Research projects

Understanding traction for sports shoe surface combinations. 
EPSRC Project Grant (EP/G038295/1). Collaboration with Matt Carré, University of Sheffield and the International Tennis Federation.

Player Perceptions of Tennis Surfaces and Relationship with Injury Risk and Performance.
PhD studentship funded by the International Tennis Federation.

Biomechanical variables associated with stress fractures in Royal Marine recruits phase II: Prospective study. 
Collaboration with Commando Training Centre, Royal Marines and Institute of Naval Medicine.

Influence of fatigue on risk factors for Royal Marine recruit injury. 
PhD studentship supported by the Institute of Naval Medicine.

Biomechanical and physiological factors influencing running economy.
Collaboration with the Women’s Running Network, PhD studentship.

Grants/Funding:

Nov 2009 (30 months)
Understanding traction for sports shoe surface combinations. Principal Investigator.
EPSRC Project Grant (EP/G038295/1): £230,371

Oct 2007 (12 months)
Shoe signature monitoring for advanced running technique. Principal Investigator.
EPSRC Project Grant (EP/F006349/1) £9,897

August 2005 (12 months)
Engineering sustainable sports surfaces.  Co-investigator.
PSRC Project Grant (EP/C512243/1) £125,272
(£42,000 to Exeter)

August 2008
Playing performance of soccer boots with focus on comfort
Umbro £10,000

May 2009
Biomechanical variables associated with stress fractures phase II: Prospective study. Contribution to funding of project: purchase of CODA markers and batteries.
Institute of Naval Medicine  £4,575

July 2010
Impact of Women’s Running Network Programmes on Participants’ Biomechanical, Physiological and Psychological Status.Funding of PhD Studentship (With Professor Andy Jones).
Women’s Running Network £60,000

July 2010
Player Perceptions of Tennis Surfaces and Relationship with Injury Risk and Performance    
International Tennis Federation £16,500

June 2011
Risk factors for Royal Marine recruit injury. Contribution to PhD studentship
Institute of Naval Medicine £4,500

October 2012   
Biomechanics of key tennis movements on acrylic and clay surfaces   
International Tennis Federation £4,000

Publications

Key publications | Publications by category | Publications by year

Key publications


Dixon S, Nunns M, House C, Rice H, Mostazir M, Stiles V, Davey T, Fallowfield J, Allsopp A (2019). Prospective study of biomechanical risk factors for second and third metatarsal stress fractures in military recruits. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 22(2), 135-139. Abstract.  Full text.
Nunns MP, House CM, Rice H, Mostazir M, Davey P, Stiles V, Fallowfield J, Allsopp A, Dixon SJ (2016). Four biomechanical and anthropometric measures predict tibial stress fracture:. A prospective study of 1065 Royal Marines. British Journal of Sports Medicine Abstract.  Full text.
Moore IS, Jones AM, Dixon SJ (2016). Reduced oxygen cost of running is related to alignment of the resultant GRF and leg axis vector: a pilot study. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 26(7), 809-815. Abstract.  Author URL.
Moore IS, Jones A, Dixon S (2014). The pursuit of improved running performance: can changes in cushioning and somatosensory feedback influence running economy and injury risk?. Footwear Science, 6(1), 1-11. Abstract.
Moore IS, Jones AM, Dixon SJ (2012). Mechanisms for improved running economy in beginner runners. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 44(9), 1756-1763. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lilley K, Stiles V, Dixon SJ (2011). A Biomechanical Comparison of the Running Gait of Mature and Young Females. Gait and Posture, 43, 496-500. Abstract.

Publications by category


Books

Dixon S, Fleming P, James I, Carré M (2015). Introduction: History and development of sports surfaces.
Dixon S, Fleming P, James I, Carré M (2015). Preface.
Dixon S, Fleming P, James I, Carré M (2015). The science and engineering of sport surfaces. Abstract.

Journal articles

Rice HM, Nunns M, House C, Fallowfield J, Allsopp A, Dixon S (In Press). A narrow bimalleolar width is a risk factor for ankle inversion injury in male military recruits: a prospective study. Clinical Biomechanics Full text.
Nunns M, Dixon SJ, Clarke J, carre M (In Press). Boot-insole effects on comfort and plantar loading at the heel and fifth metatarsal during running and turning in soccer. Journal of Sports Sciences Full text.
Warner MB, Wilson DA, Herrington L, Dixon S, Power C, Jones R, Heller MO, Carden P, Lewis CL (2019). A systematic review of the discriminating biomechanical parameters during the single leg squat. Physical Therapy in Sport, 36, 78-91. Abstract.
Rice H, Fallowfield J, Allsopp A, Dixon S (2019). Altered forefoot function following a military training activity. Gait & Posture, 74, 182-186. Full text.
Dixon S, Nunns M, House C, Rice H, Mostazir M, Stiles V, Davey T, Fallowfield J, Allsopp A (2019). Prospective study of biomechanical risk factors for second and third metatarsal stress fractures in military recruits. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 22(2), 135-139. Abstract.  Full text.
Roberts A, Roscoe D, Hulse D, Bennett AN, Dixon S (2017). Biomechanical differences between cases with chronic exertional compartment syndrome and asymptomatic controls during walking and marching gait. Gait Posture, 58, 66-71. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Roberts A, Roscoe D, Hulse D, Bennett AN, Dixon S (2017). Biomechanical differences between cases with suspected chronic exertional compartment syndrome and asymptomatic controls during running. Gait Posture, 58, 374-379. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Starbuck C, Stiles V, Urà D, Carré M, Dixon S (2017). Biomechanical responses to changes in friction on a clay court surface. J Sci Med Sport, 20(5), 459-463. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Nunns M, Stiles V, Fulford J, Dixon S (2017). Estimated third metatarsal bending stresses are highly susceptible to variations in bone geometry. Footwear Science, 9(3), 127-137. Abstract.  Full text.
Rice H, Fallowfield J, Allsopp A, Dixon S (2017). Influence of a 12.8-km military load carriage activity on lower limb gait mechanics and muscle activity. Ergonomics, 60(5), 649-656. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Roberts A, Hulse D, Bennett AN, Dixon S (2017). Plantar pressure differences between cases with symptoms of clinically diagnosed chronic exertional compartment syndrome and asymptomatic controls. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon), 50, 27-31. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Nunns MPI, Dixon SJ, Clarke J, Carré M (2016). Boot-insole effects on comfort and plantar loading at the heel and fifth metatarsal during running and turning in soccer. J Sports Sci, 34(8), 730-737. Abstract.  Author URL.
Nunns MP, House CM, Rice H, Mostazir M, Davey P, Stiles V, Fallowfield J, Allsopp A, Dixon SJ (2016). Four biomechanical and anthropometric measures predict tibial stress fracture:. A prospective study of 1065 Royal Marines. British Journal of Sports Medicine Abstract.  Full text.
Moore IS, Jones AM, Dixon SJ (2016). Reduced oxygen cost of running is related to alignment of the resultant GRF and leg axis vector: a pilot study. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 26(7), 809-815. Abstract.  Author URL.
Low DC, Dixon SJ (2016). The influence of shock-pad density and footwear cushioning on heel impact and forefoot loading during running and turning movements. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SURFACE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, 10(1), 86-99. Author URL.
Starbuck C, Damm L, Clarke J, Carré M, Capel-Davis J, Miller S, Stiles V, Dixon S (2016). The influence of tennis court surfaces on player perceptions and biomechanical response. J Sports Sci, 34(17), 1627-1636. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Moore IS, Dixon SJ (2014). Changes in sagittal plane kinematics with treadmill familiarization to barefoot running. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 30(5), 626-631. Abstract.
Ura D, Carré MJ, Starbuck C, Dixon SJ (2014). Effect of varying the volume infill sand on synthetic clay surfaces in terms of the shoe-surface friction. Procedia Engineering, 72, 877-882. Abstract.
Moore IS, Pitt W, Nunns M, Dixon S (2014). Effects of a seven-week minimalist footwear transition programme on footstrike modality, pressure variables and loading rates. Footwear Science
Carré MJ, Clarke JD, Damm L, Dixon SJ (2014). Friction at the tennis shoe-court interface: How biomechanically informed lab-based testing can enhance understanding. Procedia Engineering, 72, 883-888. Abstract.
Moore IS, Jones AM, Dixon SJ (2014). Relationship between metabolic cost and muscular coactivation across running speeds. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 17(6), 671-676. Abstract.
Moore IS, Jones AM, Dixon SJ (2014). Relationship between metabolic cost and muscular coactivation across running speeds. J Sci Med Sport, 17(6), 671-676. Abstract.  Author URL.
Damm L, Starbuck C, Stocker N, Clarke J, Carré M, Dixon S (2014). Shoe-surface friction in tennis: Influence on plantar pressure and implications for injury. Footwear Science, 6(3), 155-164. Abstract.
Moore IS, Jones A, Dixon S (2014). The pursuit of improved running performance: can changes in cushioning and somatosensory feedback influence running economy and injury risk?. Footwear Science
Moore IS, Jones A, Dixon S (2014). The pursuit of improved running performance: can changes in cushioning and somatosensory feedback influence running economy and injury risk?. Footwear Science, 6(1), 1-11. Abstract.
Low DC, Dixon SJ (2014). Understanding the Effect of Changes to Natural Turf Hardness on Lower Extremity Loading. MEASUREMENT & CONTROL, 47(7), 212-218. Author URL.
Damm L, Clarke J, Carré M, Dixon S (2013). Biomechanical and mechanical testing of non-sliding and sliding tennis surfaces. Footwear Science, 5(SUPPL. 1).
Nunns M, House C, Fallowfield J, Allsopp A, Dixon S (2013). Biomechanical characteristics of barefoot footstrike modalities. J Biomech, 46(15), 2603-2610. Abstract.  Author URL.
Rice H, Nunns M, House C, Fallowfield J, Allsopp A, Dixon S (2013). High medial plantar pressures during barefoot running are associated with increased risk of ankle inversion injury in Royal Marine recruits. Gait Posture, 38(4), 614-618. Abstract.  Author URL.
Clarke J, Carre MJ, Damm L, Dixon S (2013). The development of an apparatus to understand the traction developed at the shoe-surface interface in tennis. PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART P-JOURNAL OF SPORTS ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, 227(3), 149-160. Author URL.
Clarke J, Dixon SJ, Damm L, Carré MJ (2013). The effect of normal load force and roughness on the dynamic traction developed at the shoe-surface interface in tennis. Sports Engineering, 16(3), 165-171. Abstract.
Damm L, Low D, Richardson A, Clarke J, Carré M, Dixon S (2013). The effects of surface traction characteristics on frictional demand and kinematics in tennis. Sports Biomech, 12(4), 389-402. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lilley K, Stiles VH, Dixon S (2013). The influence of motion control shoes on the running gait of mature and young females. Gait and Posture, 37(3), 331-335. Abstract.
Moore IS, Jones AM, Dixon SJ (2012). Mechanisms for improved running economy in beginner runners. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 44(9), 1756-1763. Abstract.  Author URL.
Clarke J, Carré M, Damm L, Dixon S (2012). The influence of surface characteristics on the tribological interactions at the shoe-surface interface in tennis. Procedia Engineering, 34, 866-871. Abstract.
Clarke J, Carre M, Damm L, Dixon S (2012). Understanding the influence of surface roughness on the tribological interactions at the shoe-surface interface in tennis. PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART J-JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING TRIBOLOGY, 226(J7), 636-647. Author URL.
Lilley K, Stiles V, Dixon SJ (2011). A Biomechanical Comparison of the Running Gait of Mature and Young Females. Gait and Posture, 43, 496-500. Abstract.
Stiles VH, Guisasola IN, James IT, Dixon SJ (2011). Biomechanical Response to Changes in Natural Turf during Running and Turning. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 27(1), 54-63. Abstract.
Clarke J, Carré M, Richardson A, Yang Z, Damm L, Dixon S (2011). Understanding the traction of tennis surfaces. Procedia Engineering, 13, 402-408. Abstract.
Fleming P, Young C, Dixon S, Carre M (2010). Athlete and coach perceptions of technology needs for evaluating running performance. Sports Engineering, 13(1), 1-18. Abstract.
Guisasola I, James I, Stiles V, Dixon S (2010). Dynamic behaviour of soils used for natural turf sports surfaces. Sports Engineering, 12(3), 111-122. Abstract.
Low DC, Dixon SJ (2010). Footscan pressure insoles: accuracy and reliability of force and pressure measurements in running. Gait Posture, 32(4), 664-666. Abstract.  Author URL.
Dixon SJ, Hinman RS, Creaby MW, Kemp G, Crossley KM (2010). Knee joint stiffness during walking in knee osteoarthritis. Arthritis Care and Research, 62(1), 38-44. Abstract.
Guisasola I, James I, Llewellyn C, Stiles V, Dixon S (2010). Quasi-static mechanical behaviour of soils used for natural turf sports surfaces and stud force prediction. Sports Engineering, 12(2), 99-109. Abstract.
Stiles VH, James IT, Dixon SJ, Guisasola IN (2009). Natural turf surfaces: the case for continued research. Sports Med, 39(1), 65-84. Abstract.  Author URL.
Wood LE, Dixon SJ, Grant C, Armstrong N (2008). Age and gender differences in isokinetic elbow flexion and extension torque development in children. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 29, 466-470.
Creaby MW, Dixon SJ (2008). External frontal plane loads may be associated with tibial stress fracture. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 40(9), 1669-1674. Abstract.  Author URL.
Dixon SJ, James IT, Low D (2008). Influence of footwear and soil density on loading within the shoe and soil surface during running. Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology, 222(P1), 1-10.
Dixon SJ, McNally K (2008). Influence of orthotic devices prescribed using pressure data on lower extremity kinematics and pressures beneath the shoe during running. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon), 23(5), 593-600. Abstract.  Author URL.
Wood LE, Dixon S, Grant C, Armstrong N (2008). Isokinetic elbow torque development in children. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 29(6), 466-470. Abstract.
Dixon SJ (2008). Use of pressure insoles to compare in-shoe loading for modern running shoes. Ergonomics, 51(10), 1503-1514. Abstract.  Author URL.
Stiles VH, Dixon SJ (2007). Biomechanical response to systematic changes in impact interface cushioning while performing a tennis specific movement. Journal of Sport Sciences, 25(11), 1229-1239.
Wood LE, Dixon SJ, Grant C, Armstrong N (2007). Elbow flexor strength, muscle size and moment arms in pre-pubertal children. Paediatric Exercise Science, 18, 457-469.
Dixon SJ (2007). Influence of a commercially available orthotic device on rearfoot eversion and vertical ground reaction force when running in military footwear. Mil Med, 172(4), 446-450. Abstract.  Author URL.
Dixon SJ (2006). Application of centre of pressure to indicate rearfoot inversion-eversion in shod running. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 96(4), 305-312.
Dixon SJ, Allsopp A, Creaby MW (2006). Comparison of static and dynamic biomechanical measures in military recruits with and without a history of third metatarsal stress fracture. Clinical Biomechanics, 21(4), 412-419.
Wood LE, Dixon S, Grant C, Armstrong N (2006). Elbow flexor strength, muscle size, and moment arms in prepubertal boys and girls. PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 18(4), 457-469. Author URL.  Full text.
Stiles VH, Dixon SJ (2006). The influence of different playing surfaces on the biomechanics of a tennis running forehand foot plant. J Appl Biomech, 22(1), 14-24. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Dixon SJ, Collop AC, Batt ME (2005). Compensatory adjustments in lower extremity kinematics in response to a reduced cushioning of the impact interface in heel-toe running. Sports Engineering, 8, 47-56.
Dixon SJ (2005). Diagnostic assessment of preparedness of level one sports science students for biomechanics modules. International Journal of Mathematics Education in Science and Technology, 36, 49-64.
Wood LE, Dixon S, Grant C, Armstrong N (2004). Elbow flexion and extension strength relative to body or muscle size in children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36(11), 1977-1984. Abstract.
Wood LE, Dixon SJ, Grant C, Armstrong N (2004). Strength Relative to Body or Muscle Size in Children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36, 1977-1984.
House CM, Dixon SJ, Allsopp AJ (2004). User trial and insulation tests to determine whether shock-absorbing insoles are suitable for use by military recruits during training. Military Medicine, 169(9), 741-746. Abstract.
Dixon SJ, House CM, Smith CV, Waterworth C (2003). Biomechanical analysis of ground contact when running in military boots with new and degraded insoles. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 35(3), 472-479.
Dixon SJ, Stiles VH (2003). Shoe-surface interaction in tennis. Sports Engineering, 6(1), 1-10.
Waterworth, C. Allsop, A.J. House, C.M. (2002). The influence of simulated wear upon the ability of insoles to reduce peak pressures during running when wearing military boots. Gait and Posture, 16(3), 297-303.
Dixon SJ, Kerwin DG (2002). Variations in Achilles Tendon Loading with Heel Intervention in Heel-Toe Runners. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 18, 321-331. Full text.
Dixon SJ, Collop AC, Batt ME (2000). Surface effects on ground reaction forces and lower extremity kinematics in running. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 32(11), 1919-1926. Abstract.  Author URL.
Dixon SJ, Batt ME, Collop AC (1999). Artificial playing surfaces research: a review of medical, engineering and biomechanical aspects. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 20(4), 209-218. Abstract.
Dixon SJ, Kerwin DG (1999). The influence of heal lift manipulation on sagittal plane kinematics in running. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 15(2), 139-151. Abstract.

Chapters

Damm L, Stiles V, Dixon S (In Press). Human-shoe-surface interaction. In Dixon S, Fleming P, James I, Carre M (Eds.) The Science and Engineering of Sport Surfaces, Oxon: Routledge, 135-157.
Stiles VH, Dixon S (In Press). Sports surfaces, biomechanics and injury. In Dixon S, Fleming P, James I, Carre M (Eds.) The Science and Engineering of Sport Surfaces, Oxon: Routledge, 70-97.
Dixon S, Fleming P, James I, Carré M (2015). The future of sports surfaces. In  (Ed) The Science and Engineering of Sport Surfaces, 179-186.

Conferences

Nunns M, Stiles V, Dixon S (2012). The effects of standard issue Royal Marine recruit footwear on risk factors associated with third metatarsal stress fractures.  Abstract.
Dixon SJ, Creaby MW, Hinman RS, Kemp G, Crossley KM (2008). Functional knee joint stiffness in medial tibiofemoral osteoarthritis.  Author URL.
Stiles VH, Dixon SD, Guisasola IN, James IT (2008). Kinematic response to variations in natural turf during running.  Author URL.
Stiles VH, Dixon SJ, James IT (2006). An Initial Investigation of Human-Natural Turf Interaction in the Laboratory. ISEA 2006 Conference on Engineering of Sport 6.  Abstract.
Dixon SJ, Turrell JK (2002). Relationship between rearfoot movement and medial forces during barefoot running.  Author URL.
Dixon SJ, Collop AC, Batt ME (2000). The importance of running surface on the biomechanical assessment of sports shoes.

Internet publications

VStil, Dixon SJ (2007). Biomechanical response to systematic changes in impact interface cushioning while performing a tennis specific movement                    .

Publications by year


In Press

Rice HM, Nunns M, House C, Fallowfield J, Allsopp A, Dixon S (In Press). A narrow bimalleolar width is a risk factor for ankle inversion injury in male military recruits: a prospective study. Clinical Biomechanics Full text.
Nunns M, Dixon SJ, Clarke J, carre M (In Press). Boot-insole effects on comfort and plantar loading at the heel and fifth metatarsal during running and turning in soccer. Journal of Sports Sciences Full text.
Damm L, Stiles V, Dixon S (In Press). Human-shoe-surface interaction. In Dixon S, Fleming P, James I, Carre M (Eds.) The Science and Engineering of Sport Surfaces, Oxon: Routledge, 135-157.
Stiles VH, Dixon S (In Press). Sports surfaces, biomechanics and injury. In Dixon S, Fleming P, James I, Carre M (Eds.) The Science and Engineering of Sport Surfaces, Oxon: Routledge, 70-97.

2019

Warner MB, Wilson DA, Herrington L, Dixon S, Power C, Jones R, Heller MO, Carden P, Lewis CL (2019). A systematic review of the discriminating biomechanical parameters during the single leg squat. Physical Therapy in Sport, 36, 78-91. Abstract.
Rice H, Fallowfield J, Allsopp A, Dixon S (2019). Altered forefoot function following a military training activity. Gait & Posture, 74, 182-186. Full text.
Dixon S, Nunns M, House C, Rice H, Mostazir M, Stiles V, Davey T, Fallowfield J, Allsopp A (2019). Prospective study of biomechanical risk factors for second and third metatarsal stress fractures in military recruits. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 22(2), 135-139. Abstract.  Full text.

2017

Roberts A, Roscoe D, Hulse D, Bennett AN, Dixon S (2017). Biomechanical differences between cases with chronic exertional compartment syndrome and asymptomatic controls during walking and marching gait. Gait Posture, 58, 66-71. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Roberts A, Roscoe D, Hulse D, Bennett AN, Dixon S (2017). Biomechanical differences between cases with suspected chronic exertional compartment syndrome and asymptomatic controls during running. Gait Posture, 58, 374-379. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Starbuck C, Stiles V, Urà D, Carré M, Dixon S (2017). Biomechanical responses to changes in friction on a clay court surface. J Sci Med Sport, 20(5), 459-463. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Nunns M, Stiles V, Fulford J, Dixon S (2017). Estimated third metatarsal bending stresses are highly susceptible to variations in bone geometry. Footwear Science, 9(3), 127-137. Abstract.  Full text.
Rice H, Fallowfield J, Allsopp A, Dixon S (2017). Influence of a 12.8-km military load carriage activity on lower limb gait mechanics and muscle activity. Ergonomics, 60(5), 649-656. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Roberts A, Hulse D, Bennett AN, Dixon S (2017). Plantar pressure differences between cases with symptoms of clinically diagnosed chronic exertional compartment syndrome and asymptomatic controls. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon), 50, 27-31. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.

2016

Nunns MPI, Dixon SJ, Clarke J, Carré M (2016). Boot-insole effects on comfort and plantar loading at the heel and fifth metatarsal during running and turning in soccer. J Sports Sci, 34(8), 730-737. Abstract.  Author URL.
Nunns MP, House CM, Rice H, Mostazir M, Davey P, Stiles V, Fallowfield J, Allsopp A, Dixon SJ (2016). Four biomechanical and anthropometric measures predict tibial stress fracture:. A prospective study of 1065 Royal Marines. British Journal of Sports Medicine Abstract.  Full text.
Moore IS, Jones AM, Dixon SJ (2016). Reduced oxygen cost of running is related to alignment of the resultant GRF and leg axis vector: a pilot study. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 26(7), 809-815. Abstract.  Author URL.
Low DC, Dixon SJ (2016). The influence of shock-pad density and footwear cushioning on heel impact and forefoot loading during running and turning movements. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SURFACE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, 10(1), 86-99. Author URL.
Starbuck C, Damm L, Clarke J, Carré M, Capel-Davis J, Miller S, Stiles V, Dixon S (2016). The influence of tennis court surfaces on player perceptions and biomechanical response. J Sports Sci, 34(17), 1627-1636. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.

2015

Dixon S, Fleming P, James I, Carré M (2015). Introduction: History and development of sports surfaces.
Dixon S, Fleming P, James I, Carré M (2015). Preface.
Dixon S, Fleming P, James I, Carré M (2015). The future of sports surfaces. In  (Ed) The Science and Engineering of Sport Surfaces, 179-186.
Dixon S, Fleming P, James I, Carré M (2015). The science and engineering of sport surfaces. Abstract.

2014

Moore IS, Dixon SJ (2014). Changes in sagittal plane kinematics with treadmill familiarization to barefoot running. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 30(5), 626-631. Abstract.
Ura D, Carré MJ, Starbuck C, Dixon SJ (2014). Effect of varying the volume infill sand on synthetic clay surfaces in terms of the shoe-surface friction. Procedia Engineering, 72, 877-882. Abstract.
Moore IS, Pitt W, Nunns M, Dixon S (2014). Effects of a seven-week minimalist footwear transition programme on footstrike modality, pressure variables and loading rates. Footwear Science
Carré MJ, Clarke JD, Damm L, Dixon SJ (2014). Friction at the tennis shoe-court interface: How biomechanically informed lab-based testing can enhance understanding. Procedia Engineering, 72, 883-888. Abstract.
Moore IS, Jones AM, Dixon SJ (2014). Relationship between metabolic cost and muscular coactivation across running speeds. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 17(6), 671-676. Abstract.
Moore IS, Jones AM, Dixon SJ (2014). Relationship between metabolic cost and muscular coactivation across running speeds. J Sci Med Sport, 17(6), 671-676. Abstract.  Author URL.
Damm L, Starbuck C, Stocker N, Clarke J, Carré M, Dixon S (2014). Shoe-surface friction in tennis: Influence on plantar pressure and implications for injury. Footwear Science, 6(3), 155-164. Abstract.
Moore IS, Jones A, Dixon S (2014). The pursuit of improved running performance: can changes in cushioning and somatosensory feedback influence running economy and injury risk?. Footwear Science
Moore IS, Jones A, Dixon S (2014). The pursuit of improved running performance: can changes in cushioning and somatosensory feedback influence running economy and injury risk?. Footwear Science, 6(1), 1-11. Abstract.
Low DC, Dixon SJ (2014). Understanding the Effect of Changes to Natural Turf Hardness on Lower Extremity Loading. MEASUREMENT & CONTROL, 47(7), 212-218. Author URL.

2013

Damm L, Clarke J, Carré M, Dixon S (2013). Biomechanical and mechanical testing of non-sliding and sliding tennis surfaces. Footwear Science, 5(SUPPL. 1).
Nunns M, House C, Fallowfield J, Allsopp A, Dixon S (2013). Biomechanical characteristics of barefoot footstrike modalities. J Biomech, 46(15), 2603-2610. Abstract.  Author URL.
Rice H, Nunns M, House C, Fallowfield J, Allsopp A, Dixon S (2013). High medial plantar pressures during barefoot running are associated with increased risk of ankle inversion injury in Royal Marine recruits. Gait Posture, 38(4), 614-618. Abstract.  Author URL.
Clarke J, Carre MJ, Damm L, Dixon S (2013). The development of an apparatus to understand the traction developed at the shoe-surface interface in tennis. PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART P-JOURNAL OF SPORTS ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, 227(3), 149-160. Author URL.
Clarke J, Dixon SJ, Damm L, Carré MJ (2013). The effect of normal load force and roughness on the dynamic traction developed at the shoe-surface interface in tennis. Sports Engineering, 16(3), 165-171. Abstract.
Damm L, Low D, Richardson A, Clarke J, Carré M, Dixon S (2013). The effects of surface traction characteristics on frictional demand and kinematics in tennis. Sports Biomech, 12(4), 389-402. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lilley K, Stiles VH, Dixon S (2013). The influence of motion control shoes on the running gait of mature and young females. Gait and Posture, 37(3), 331-335. Abstract.

2012

Moore IS, Jones AM, Dixon SJ (2012). Mechanisms for improved running economy in beginner runners. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 44(9), 1756-1763. Abstract.  Author URL.
Nunns M, Stiles V, Dixon S (2012). The effects of standard issue Royal Marine recruit footwear on risk factors associated with third metatarsal stress fractures.  Abstract.
Clarke J, Carré M, Damm L, Dixon S (2012). The influence of surface characteristics on the tribological interactions at the shoe-surface interface in tennis. Procedia Engineering, 34, 866-871. Abstract.
Clarke J, Carre M, Damm L, Dixon S (2012). Understanding the influence of surface roughness on the tribological interactions at the shoe-surface interface in tennis. PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART J-JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING TRIBOLOGY, 226(J7), 636-647. Author URL.

2011

Lilley K, Stiles V, Dixon SJ (2011). A Biomechanical Comparison of the Running Gait of Mature and Young Females. Gait and Posture, 43, 496-500. Abstract.
Stiles VH, Guisasola IN, James IT, Dixon SJ (2011). Biomechanical Response to Changes in Natural Turf during Running and Turning. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 27(1), 54-63. Abstract.
Clarke J, Carré M, Richardson A, Yang Z, Damm L, Dixon S (2011). Understanding the traction of tennis surfaces. Procedia Engineering, 13, 402-408. Abstract.

2010

Fleming P, Young C, Dixon S, Carre M (2010). Athlete and coach perceptions of technology needs for evaluating running performance. Sports Engineering, 13(1), 1-18. Abstract.
Guisasola I, James I, Stiles V, Dixon S (2010). Dynamic behaviour of soils used for natural turf sports surfaces. Sports Engineering, 12(3), 111-122. Abstract.
Low DC, Dixon SJ (2010). Footscan pressure insoles: accuracy and reliability of force and pressure measurements in running. Gait Posture, 32(4), 664-666. Abstract.  Author URL.
Dixon SJ, Hinman RS, Creaby MW, Kemp G, Crossley KM (2010). Knee joint stiffness during walking in knee osteoarthritis. Arthritis Care and Research, 62(1), 38-44. Abstract.
Guisasola I, James I, Llewellyn C, Stiles V, Dixon S (2010). Quasi-static mechanical behaviour of soils used for natural turf sports surfaces and stud force prediction. Sports Engineering, 12(2), 99-109. Abstract.

2009

Stiles VH, James IT, Dixon SJ, Guisasola IN (2009). Natural turf surfaces: the case for continued research. Sports Med, 39(1), 65-84. Abstract.  Author URL.

2008

Wood LE, Dixon SJ, Grant C, Armstrong N (2008). Age and gender differences in isokinetic elbow flexion and extension torque development in children. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 29, 466-470.
Creaby MW, Dixon SJ (2008). External frontal plane loads may be associated with tibial stress fracture. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 40(9), 1669-1674. Abstract.  Author URL.
Dixon SJ, Creaby MW, Hinman RS, Kemp G, Crossley KM (2008). Functional knee joint stiffness in medial tibiofemoral osteoarthritis.  Author URL.
Dixon SJ, James IT, Low D (2008). Influence of footwear and soil density on loading within the shoe and soil surface during running. Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology, 222(P1), 1-10.
Dixon SJ, McNally K (2008). Influence of orthotic devices prescribed using pressure data on lower extremity kinematics and pressures beneath the shoe during running. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon), 23(5), 593-600. Abstract.  Author URL.
Wood LE, Dixon S, Grant C, Armstrong N (2008). Isokinetic elbow torque development in children. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 29(6), 466-470. Abstract.
Stiles VH, Dixon SD, Guisasola IN, James IT (2008). Kinematic response to variations in natural turf during running.  Author URL.
Dixon SJ (2008). Use of pressure insoles to compare in-shoe loading for modern running shoes. Ergonomics, 51(10), 1503-1514. Abstract.  Author URL.

2007

Stiles VH, Dixon SJ (2007). Biomechanical response to systematic changes in impact interface cushioning while performing a tennis specific movement. Journal of Sport Sciences, 25(11), 1229-1239.
VStil, Dixon SJ (2007). Biomechanical response to systematic changes in impact interface cushioning while performing a tennis specific movement                    .
Wood LE, Dixon SJ, Grant C, Armstrong N (2007). Elbow flexor strength, muscle size and moment arms in pre-pubertal children. Paediatric Exercise Science, 18, 457-469.
Dixon SJ (2007). Influence of a commercially available orthotic device on rearfoot eversion and vertical ground reaction force when running in military footwear. Mil Med, 172(4), 446-450. Abstract.  Author URL.

2006

Stiles VH, Dixon SJ, James IT (2006). An Initial Investigation of Human-Natural Turf Interaction in the Laboratory. ISEA 2006 Conference on Engineering of Sport 6.  Abstract.
Dixon SJ (2006). Application of centre of pressure to indicate rearfoot inversion-eversion in shod running. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 96(4), 305-312.
Dixon SJ, Allsopp A, Creaby MW (2006). Comparison of static and dynamic biomechanical measures in military recruits with and without a history of third metatarsal stress fracture. Clinical Biomechanics, 21(4), 412-419.
Wood LE, Dixon S, Grant C, Armstrong N (2006). Elbow flexor strength, muscle size, and moment arms in prepubertal boys and girls. PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 18(4), 457-469. Author URL.  Full text.
Stiles VH, Dixon SJ (2006). The influence of different playing surfaces on the biomechanics of a tennis running forehand foot plant. J Appl Biomech, 22(1), 14-24. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.

2005

Dixon SJ, Collop AC, Batt ME (2005). Compensatory adjustments in lower extremity kinematics in response to a reduced cushioning of the impact interface in heel-toe running. Sports Engineering, 8, 47-56.
Dixon SJ (2005). Diagnostic assessment of preparedness of level one sports science students for biomechanics modules. International Journal of Mathematics Education in Science and Technology, 36, 49-64.

2004

Wood LE, Dixon S, Grant C, Armstrong N (2004). Elbow flexion and extension strength relative to body or muscle size in children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36(11), 1977-1984. Abstract.
Wood LE, Dixon SJ, Grant C, Armstrong N (2004). Strength Relative to Body or Muscle Size in Children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36, 1977-1984.
House CM, Dixon SJ, Allsopp AJ (2004). User trial and insulation tests to determine whether shock-absorbing insoles are suitable for use by military recruits during training. Military Medicine, 169(9), 741-746. Abstract.

2003

Dixon SJ, House CM, Smith CV, Waterworth C (2003). Biomechanical analysis of ground contact when running in military boots with new and degraded insoles. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 35(3), 472-479.
Dixon SJ, Stiles VH (2003). Shoe-surface interaction in tennis. Sports Engineering, 6(1), 1-10.

2002

Dixon SJ, Turrell JK (2002). Relationship between rearfoot movement and medial forces during barefoot running.  Author URL.
Waterworth, C. Allsop, A.J. House, C.M. (2002). The influence of simulated wear upon the ability of insoles to reduce peak pressures during running when wearing military boots. Gait and Posture, 16(3), 297-303.
Dixon SJ, Kerwin DG (2002). Variations in Achilles Tendon Loading with Heel Intervention in Heel-Toe Runners. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 18, 321-331. Full text.

2000

Dixon SJ, Collop AC, Batt ME (2000). Surface effects on ground reaction forces and lower extremity kinematics in running. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 32(11), 1919-1926. Abstract.  Author URL.
Dixon SJ, Collop AC, Batt ME (2000). The importance of running surface on the biomechanical assessment of sports shoes.

1999

Dixon SJ, Batt ME, Collop AC (1999). Artificial playing surfaces research: a review of medical, engineering and biomechanical aspects. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 20(4), 209-218. Abstract.
Dixon SJ, Kerwin DG (1999). The influence of heal lift manipulation on sagittal plane kinematics in running. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 15(2), 139-151. Abstract.

Sharon_Dixon Details from cache as at 2019-12-10 17:37:59

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External Engagement and Impact

Awards/Honorary fellowships

Young Investigator Award BASES Conference 1994

Young Investigator Award European College of Sports Sciences Conference 1997

Sportese Award at BASES Conference for best sports science presentation 2004

BASES Sportese Sport Science Award 2013


Committee/panel activities

Scientific review committee, Footwear Biomechanics Symposium 2011, 2013, www.fbs2013.org

Co-organiser of 1st UK Footwear Science Meeting, 2016.

Chair-Elect of International Society of Biomechanics, Footwear Biomechanics Group (2017-)


Editorial responsibilities

Associate Editor for journal Footwear Science

Editorial board member for Journal of Sport Sciences.

 


Invited lectures

British Association of Sport and Exercise Medicine (BASEM) Easter Meeting 2008

BASEM Conference 2008

European College of Sports Science 2008 South West Podiatry Conference 2008

Staffordshire Conference on Clinical Biomechanics 2010 and 2011

Sport and Exercise Medicine South West (SEMSW) 2010 and 2011

UKSEM (Sport and Exercise Medicine) 2011

World Congress of Biomechanics 2014

Invited Keynote speaker International Society of Biomechanics Congress 2015

 


Significant Impact

Royal Marines - Injury
The Exeter Biomechanics Research Team, led by Dr Sharon Dixon of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, has performed studies which have led to interventions that have reduced the incidence of overuse injury in Royal Marine recruits. Published studies on the efficacy of using cushioning insoles within military footwear led to the development of a bespoke insole design for standard issue to recruits, significantly reducing injury during training. A training review has identified aspects of training associated with a heightened risk of injury. Biomechanical data have informed prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of injury in this population.

Sports Surfaces
By simulating sports movements in a laboratory environment, typical forces applied to surfaces during play have been quantified. The data have been used to develop a mechanical apparatus to allow the investigation of the influence of shoe-surface properties on friction behaviour. This device provides a simple and safe method of testing these surfaces under the large forces applied in sports, when players are at most risk of injury. The apparatus developed is being used within a current PhD project at Sheffield, supported by the International Tennis Federation, to investigate the friction behaviour of different shoe-surface combinations, informing standards which can be applied internationally to competition surfaces to help reduce player injuries.


Workshops/Conferences organised

Core committee member of Sportsurf (Sports Surfaces Research Forum), a network set up and initially funded through EPSRC network funding and now self-sustaining. We run regular workshops, and the Network has organised two international conferences. http://sportsurf.lboro.ac.uk/.

Scientific review committee, Footwear Biomechanics Symposium 2013, www.fbs2013.org.

Teaching

Undergraduate:

  • ESS2004 Biomechanics and Kinesiology Level 2
  • ESS3805 Biomechanical Analysis of Human Movement Level 3

Postgraduate:

  • SHSM005 Biomechanical Aspects of Lower Limb Injury

Modules

2019/20


Supervision / Group

Postgraduate researchers

  • Isabel Moore Factors affecting running economy, PhD submission due 2013
  • Michael Nunns Prospective risk factors for lower limb stress fractures in Royal Marines, PhD submission due September 2013
  • Hannah Rice Prospective risk factors for injury in Royal Marine recruits, PhD submission due 2014
  • Andrew Roberts Biomechanical effects of gait modification and anterior compartment fasciotomy on Exercise-Induced Lower Leg Pain (P/T). PhD submission due 2018.
  • Chelsea Starbuck Biomechanical aspects and perception of tennis surfaces, PhD submission due 2013

Alumni

  • Mark Creaby (PhD) Biomechanical risk factors for lower limb stress fractures in Royal Marines
  • Dr Loic Damm (2009-2012) 30-month postdoctoral position funded through EPSRC (EP/G038295/1).
  • Kim Lilley (PhD) Running gait of mature female runners
  • Daniel Low (PhD) Biomechanics of shoe-surface interaction in football
  • Victoria Stiles (PhD) Biomechanics of shoe-surface interaction in tennis
  • Dr Vicky Stiles (2005-2006) One-year postdoctoral position funded through EPSRC (EP/C512243/1).
  • Louise Wood (PhD) Strength development in children

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